Schmidt_apush Practice Test #1

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 69

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Schmidt_apush Practice Test #1

Practice Test for the May 2011 AP Exam (40 Questions)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Compromise of 1820 averted sectional conflict by
    • A. 

      Removing federal troops from the South

    • B. 

      Preserving the balance of power between free and slave states

    • C. 

      Implementing a more stringent Fugitive Slave Law

    • D. 

      Lowering tariff rates

    • E. 

      Eliminating the consitutional ban on the importation of the slaves

  • 2. 
    All of the following relate to the McCarthy Era except
    • A. 

      Alger Hiss trial

    • B. 

      McCarran Act

    • C. 

      Federal Loyalty Program

    • D. 

      "Palmer Raids"

    • E. 

      "Hollywood Ten"

  • 3. 
    Samuel Gompers
    • A. 

      Used the state militia to break up the Boston police strike

    • B. 

      Led the American Federation of Labor

    • C. 

      Directed President Franklin D. Roosevelt's War Labor Board

    • D. 

      Was a Populist candidate for governor in Kansas

    • E. 

      Advocated Socialism as head of the Industrial Workers of the World

  • 4. 
    During the Second New Deal, President Franklin D. Roosevelt
    • A. 

      Sought passage of more long-lasting reform measures

    • B. 

      Experienced less opposition from conservatives in Congress

    • C. 

      Attempted to cooperate with business leaders to promote recovery

    • D. 

      Averted a financial crisis with the Emergency Banking Act

    • E. 

      Focused primarily on the creation of relief agencies such as the Civilian Conservation Corps

  • 5. 
    The trial of John Peter Zenger in 1735 contributed to the codification of which of the following principles of the Constitution?
    • A. 

      Freedom of religion

    • B. 

      Freedom of the press

    • C. 

      Separation of powers

    • D. 

      Checks and balances

    • E. 

      Taxation by elected representatives

  • 6. 
    "Vietnamization" of the Vietnam War took place under which of the following presidents?
    • A. 

      Harry S. Truman

    • B. 

      Dwight D. Eisenhower

    • C. 

      John F. Kennedy

    • D. 

      Lyndon B. Johnson

    • E. 

      Richard M. Nixon

  • 7. 
    The Wilmot Proviso heightened sectional tensions by proposing
    • A. 

      To ban the importation of slaves in 1808

    • B. 

      To repeal the "three-fifths" compromise

    • C. 

      A constitutional amendment to free the slaves

    • D. 

      That all Western lands be purchased with specie rather than paper money

    • E. 

      To ban the importation of slaves into land acquired from Mexico

  • 8. 
    Harvard College was founded primarily to
    • A. 

      Promote the study of sciences and technology

    • B. 

      Accommodate new movements in theology

    • C. 

      Train Puritan ministers

    • D. 

      Offer women a classical education

    • E. 

      Give technical training to African-Americans in the South

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements best summarizes the Rosenberg case?
    • A. 

      It represented the height of racial tensions in the 1890s

    • B. 

      It was influenced by the nativism of the 1920s

    • C. 

      It decentralized the power of the federal government in the 1930s

    • D. 

      It exemplified the anticommunist hysteria of the 1950s

    • E. 

      It ensured the rights of those accused of crimes in the 1960s

  • 10. 
    Who wrote The Jungle, in response to the disgusting conditions he or she witnessed in the meatpacking houses of Chicago?
    • A. 

      Upton Sinclair

    • B. 

      Henry George

    • C. 

      John Spargo

    • D. 

      Jacob Riis

    • E. 

      Ida Tarbel

  • 11. 
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964
    • A. 

      Completed the desegregation of the armed forces

    • B. 

      Integrated all colleges and universities

    • C. 

      Banned segregation in public places

    • D. 

      Outlawed poll taxes and literacy tests

    • E. 

      Proposed the Equal Rights Amendment

  • 12. 
    During his administration, President Theodore Roosevelt sought to limit the effects of industrial consolidation.  He directed his attorney general to bring suit against specific monopolies under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890).  In Northern Securities Company v. United States (1904), the Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of a proposed monopoly in which of the following industries?
    • A. 

      Steel

    • B. 

      Railroad

    • C. 

      Oil

    • D. 

      Meatpacking

    • E. 

      Automotive

  • 13. 
    The cartoon below refers to a scandal that marred the administration of The political cartoon, "Juggernaut," April 1924; courtesy of the Library of Congress
    • A. 

      Ulysses. S. Grant

    • B. 

      William J. Clinton

    • C. 

      Richard M. Nixon

    • D. 

      Grover Cleveland

    • E. 

      Warren G. Harding

  • 14. 
    The Tea Act (1773) angered American colonists because it
    • A. 

      Passed a revenue tax on a popular consumer item

    • B. 

      Pitted eastern merchants against western farmers

    • C. 

      Followed the closing of Boston Harbor

    • D. 

      Granted the East India Company a virtual monopoly on the tea trade

    • E. 

      Ruined colonial trade with the West Indies

  • 15. 
    Federalists opposed the purchase of the Louisiana territory primarliy because
    • A. 

      It threatened the balance of power between political parties

    • B. 

      They feared a war with Spain

    • C. 

      They rejected the idea of the federal government accumulating debt

    • D. 

      It would not improve Western commerce

    • E. 

      It might jeopardize their goal of purchasing Canada

  • 16. 
    Which of the following Civil War battles resulted in Union control of the Mississippi River?
    • A. 

      Vicksburg

    • B. 

      Gettysburg

    • C. 

      Shiloh

    • D. 

      Chancellorsville

    • E. 

      New Orleans

  • 17. 
    All of the following were part of President Woodrow Wilson's "New Freedom" legislation except the
    • A. 

      Fedederal Trade commission Act

    • B. 

      Pure Food and Drug Act

    • C. 

      Underwood Tariff

    • D. 

      Clayton Antitrust Act

    • E. 

      Federal Reserve Act

  • 18. 
    In his message to Congress, President Grover Cleveland resisted the annexation of Hawaii mainly because he
    • A. 

      Feared the influx of cheap labor to the West Coast

    • B. 

      Did not want to extend citizenship rights to nonwhites

    • C. 

      Believed that the provisional government had unjustly undermined the existing government

    • D. 

      Had little support for annexation from Republicans in Congress

    • E. 

      Was more concerned with mounting tensions with Spain

  • 19. 
    Cesar Chavez is significant because he
    • A. 

      Led the AIM occupation of Alcatraz Island

    • B. 

      Wrote the Pentagon Papers

    • C. 

      Integrated the University of Mississippi in 1962

    • D. 

      Was the first Hispanic mayor of a major U.S. city

    • E. 

      Organized farm workers into a powerful union

  • 20. 
    A "flapper" was
    • A. 

      A mass-produced automobile

    • B. 

      A young woman who challenged traditional gender roles in the 1920s

    • C. 

      A steel ship introduced at the turn of the century

    • D. 

      An electric record player of the 1930s

    • E. 

      A jazz instrument

  • 21. 
    The Marshall Plan was
    • A. 

      An international agreement that outlawed war

    • B. 

      The blueprint for the Allied invasion at Normandy on June 6, 1944

    • C. 

      An effort to root out communists from the State Department during the Truman Administration

    • D. 

      An effort to provide economic aid to countries devastated by World War II

    • E. 

      Designed to send military aid to Middle Eastern nations battling communism

  • 22. 
    The "Great Migration" which involved the movement of African-Americans from the South to the industrial cities of the North and West, occurred primarily
    • A. 

      During the Civil War

    • B. 

      In the 1880s

    • C. 

      During and after World War I

    • D. 

      After World War II

    • E. 

      During and after the Vietnam War

  • 23. 
    Which of the following statements best expresses the pro-business stance of the Republican administrations in the late 19th century?
    • A. 

      They maintained very high tariff rates to protect American industry

    • B. 

      They lowered corporate and income taxes for the wealthy industrialists

    • C. 

      They bargained with labor leaders to forestall crippling strikes

    • D. 

      They passed legislation limiting investments abroad

    • E. 

      They expanded the federal government's role in regulating economic growth

  • 24. 
    Throughout the 1920s, American farmers suffered from depressed agricultural prices.  As a result, President Franklin D. Roosevelt hoped to stabilize the farm economy by attempting to control production and fixing the price of farm goods.  The agency in charge of monitoring the agricultural sector of the economy was the
    • A. 

      Farmers' Holiday Association

    • B. 

      NRA

    • C. 

      RFC

    • D. 

      AAA

    • E. 

      Farm Board

  • 25. 
    The "supremacy clause" of the Constitution
    • A. 

      Distributed power among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government

    • B. 

      Made presidential authority superior to Congress through the chief executive's veto powers

    • C. 

      Empowered the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to supervise impeachement proceedings

    • D. 

      Ensured that all states would be equally represented in the Senate

    • E. 

      Forced the state legislatures to conform to federal laws

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