Rome From Republic To Empire

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 137

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Rome From Republic To Empire

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Roman Empire began due to a collapse of the Roman Republic. Why did the Republic end?
    • A. 

      Rome was attacked by Carthage.

    • B. 

      Augustus declared himself King.

    • C. 

      The Plebeians went on strike.

    • D. 

      Caesar was assassinated by senators.

  • 2. 
    What happened immediately after the Republic collapsed?  
    • A. 

      Roman citizens left Italy.

    • B. 

      Octavian became emperor.

    • C. 

      A civil war broke out.

    • D. 

      The Etruscan kings came back.

  • 3. 
    What was the Pax Romana?
    • A. 

      The biggest war in history.

    • B. 

      Rome's greatest Emperor.

    • C. 

      A long period of peace when the empire flourished.

    • D. 

      The most popular Italian video game of the 1980s.

  • 4. 
    The Roman Empire was spread out through....
    • A. 

      Europe.

    • B. 

      Asia.

    • C. 

      North Africa.

    • D. 

      Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

  • 5. 
    Who ruled as the first emperor of the Roman Empire?
    • A. 

      Trajan Hadrian

    • B. 

      Julius Caesar

    • C. 

      Caligula Nero

    • D. 

      Caesar Augustus

  • 6. 
    What steps did Augustus take to restore peace and order to Roman lands? ​
    • A. 

      He created a standing army and fire department.

    • B. 

      He restored the Republic's constitution.

    • C. 

      He made himself a king.

    • D. 

      He built massive roads and bridges, government buildings, and huge public baths.

    • E. 

      He made sure that taxes were fair across the empire.

    • F. 

      He made education for free for all social classes.

  • 7. 
    What was the second triumvirate? 
    • A. 

      The second triumvirate was the festival held after Octavian's triumph over his second rival, Marc Antony.

    • B. 

      The second triumvirate was the power-sharing agreement reached between Octavian and two generals after the collapse of the Republic.

    • C. 

      The second triumvirate was the name of the staff held by Neptune, Roman god of the sea.​

    • D. 

      The second triumvirate was the name of Augustus' "second in command" once he became emperor.​

  • 8. 
    What did Mark Antony and Cleopatra do after they lost the battle at Actium?   
    • A. 

      They ran away to China together.

    • B. 

      They surrendered and returned to Rome.

    • C. 

      They got married and retreated to the royal palace to raise their children.

    • D. 

      They committed suicide.

  • 9. 
    During the Pax Romana, Rome reached its peak of political power, economic prosperity, and artistic creativity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    What was the focus of the Roman economy when Rome was at the height of its power?
    • A. 

      Politics and war.

    • B. 

      Farming and trade.

    • C. 

      Real estate and religious festivals..

    • D. 

      Art and education.

  • 11. 
    Why are Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Atoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius called the Five Good Emperors? 
    • A. 

      They are considered to have led with wisdom and honesty.

    • B. 

      During their reign, they increased public services, supported the arts, and improved relations with the Roman Senate.

    • C. 

      They ruled during the Pax Romana, when Rome was at its peak pf power.

    • D. 

      All are correct.

  • 12. 
    To increase trade, the Roman Empire did all of the following EXCEPT....
    • A. 

      The Roman navy kept trade routes safe across the Mediterranean Sea.

    • B. 

      The Roman Empire maintained a good system of paved roads.

    • C. 

      They used a common system of weights and measures, as well as a common currency.

    • D. 

      They demanded that all trade take place using Latin as a common language.

  • 13. 
    How would one describe the period of time following the Pax Romana.
    • A. 

      It was a period of confusion and violence.

    • B. 

      It was a time of food shortages and high inflation.

    • C. 

      It was a time when the government lost power and the army gained power.

    • D. 

      It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.

    • E. 

      It was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.

  • 14. 
    Despite good intentions, why didn't Emperor Diocletians' reforms work?
    • A. 

      The government was already too weak to enforce his reforms.

    • B. 

      By dividing the empire into four regions, he created a power struggle between regional rulers.

    • C. 

      Happy the way things were, no one really wanted the reforms.

    • D. 

      The Germanic tribes on the Empire's borders didn't understand Latin.

  • 15. 
    What happened after Constantine moved the capital from Rome to Constantinople?
    • A. 

      Different cultures developed in the eastern and western halves of the Empire.

    • B. 

      He changed the name of the new capital to Istanbul.

    • C. 

      Peace and order were finally restored to the empire.

    • D. 

      To improve the economy, a new calendar was adopted

  • 16. 
    What was one of the key cultural shifts during the time of Constantine? 
    • A. 

      The growth of Christianity

    • B. 

      Paganism was outlawed.

    • C. 

      The eastern half of the empire did away with social classes.

    • D. 

      Border regions adopted German as the official language.

  • 17. 
    What are some key reasons why the western half of the empire fell to Odoacer in 476 CE?
    • A. 

      A divided army left the western half of the empire weak.

    • B. 

      The growth of Christianity left the western half of the empire weak.

    • C. 

      The invasion of Europe by the Huns.

    • D. 

      Outlawing slavery left the western half of the empire weak.