Can You Pass This Roman History MCQ Quiz?

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| By Rkleine74
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Quizzes Created: 15 | Total Attempts: 7,057
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Can You Pass This Roman History MCQ Quiz? - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Members of the landholding upper class during the early Roman republic were called:

    • A.

      Plebeians

    • B.

      Tribunes

    • C.

      Patricians

    • D.

      Consuls

    Correct Answer
    C. Patricians
    Explanation
    During the early Roman republic, members of the landholding upper class were called patricians. This term refers to the aristocracy or elite class who held significant political and social power. They were typically wealthy and influential individuals who inherited their status and held important positions in the government and society. The patricians enjoyed privileges and had exclusive rights, distinguishing them from the plebeians who were the common people and had fewer rights and opportunities for social advancement.

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  • 2. 

    One reason why most conquered people remained loyal to Rome was:

    • A.

      Rome didn't require them to pay taxes

    • B.

      Rome allowed some of them to become citizens

    • C.

      Rome allowed their leaders to become senators

    • D.

      Rome threatened destruction if they rebelled

    Correct Answer
    B. Rome allowed some of them to become citizens
    Explanation
    Rome's policy of granting citizenship to some conquered people could be a reason for their loyalty. By allowing them to become citizens, Rome provided them with certain rights, privileges, and protections. This inclusion into Roman society may have fostered a sense of belonging and loyalty among the conquered people, as they were now part of the empire and could benefit from its resources and opportunities. This policy could have also helped in integrating the conquered territories into the Roman administrative and political systems, ensuring stability and control.

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  • 3. 

    In the Punic Wars, Rome gained control of lands around the Mediterranean Sea by defeating:

    • A.

      The Sicilians

    • B.

      The Carthaginians

    • C.

      The Persians

    • D.

      The Greeks

    Correct Answer
    B. The Carthaginians
    Explanation
    In the Punic Wars, Rome gained control of lands around the Mediterranean Sea by defeating the Carthaginians. The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage, a powerful city-state in North Africa. The wars lasted for over a century and resulted in Rome's victory and the destruction of Carthage. This victory allowed Rome to expand its influence and control over territories in the Mediterranean, including Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and parts of Spain.

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  • 4. 

    What was the basic plot of the Aeneid?

    • A.

      A hero escapes from the city of Troy to found Rome

    • B.

      A hero escapes from fighting in Troy to go back home

    • C.

      Roman senators rebel against the loss of liberty

    • D.

      Roman women plot to show men the stupidity of war

    Correct Answer
    A. A hero escapes from the city of Troy to found Rome
    Explanation
    The basic plot of the Aeneid is about a hero who escapes from the city of Troy and embarks on a journey to found Rome.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following statements is true about Jesus?

    • A.

      His teachings were rooted in Jewish tradition

    • B.

      He questioned the teachings of the Old Testament

    • C.

      He encouraged Jews to rebel against the Romans

    • D.

      He taught that there were many paths to God

    Correct Answer
    A. His teachings were rooted in Jewish tradition
    Explanation
    Jesus' teachings were rooted in Jewish tradition. This is evident in the fact that Jesus was born and raised in a Jewish family, observed Jewish customs and practices, and frequently referenced Jewish scripture in his teachings. He often quoted from the Old Testament and emphasized the importance of upholding Jewish laws and traditions. Jesus' teachings were a continuation and interpretation of the Jewish faith, rather than a rejection or questioning of it.

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  • 6. 

    Who was the great general that nearly defeated Rome in the Second Punic War?

    • A.

      Mark Antony

    • B.

      Hannibal

    • C.

      Alexander

    • D.

      Pompey

    Correct Answer
    B. Hannibal
    Explanation
    Hannibal was the great general who nearly defeated Rome in the Second Punic War. He was known for his strategic brilliance and his audacious tactics, such as crossing the Alps with his army and using elephants in battle. Hannibal won several major battles against Rome, including the famous Battle of Cannae, where he inflicted a devastating defeat on the Roman army. Despite his successes, Hannibal was ultimately unable to capture Rome itself, and the war ended in a Roman victory. Nonetheless, his military achievements and his ability to challenge Rome's dominance make him one of the greatest generals in history.

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  • 7. 

    Julius Caesar's enemies assassinated him because:

    • A.

      They were afraid he was setting himself up to become king

    • B.

      They were angry about his many military failures in Gaul

    • C.

      They were opposed to his military conquest of other lands

    • D.

      They wanted to set up a candidate of their own as king

    Correct Answer
    A. They were afraid he was setting himself up to become king
    Explanation
    Julius Caesar's enemies assassinated him because they feared that he was establishing himself as a monarch. Caesar's growing power and influence made them uneasy, as they believed he would eventually declare himself as king, which would undermine the existing political system. The assassination was a preemptive strike to prevent Caesar from consolidating more power and potentially becoming a tyrant.

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  • 8. 

    What was the popular Roman philosophy that focused on the importance of duty and acceptance of fate?

    • A.

      Objectivism

    • B.

      Stoicism

    • C.

      Pragmatism

    • D.

      Hellenism

    Correct Answer
    B. Stoicism
    Explanation
    Stoicism was a popular Roman philosophy that emphasized the significance of duty and the acceptance of fate. Stoics believed in living in accordance with nature and focusing on what they could control, rather than being consumed by external circumstances. They believed that one's duty was to live virtuously and accept whatever outcomes life presented, as everything was predetermined by fate. Stoicism taught individuals to remain calm and content in the face of adversity, and to prioritize moral integrity and inner peace.

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  • 9. 

    Romans used their engineering skills to build:

    • A.

      Cathedrals

    • B.

      Printing presses

    • C.

      Aqueducts

    • D.

      Siege engines

    Correct Answer
    C. Aqueducts
    Explanation
    The Romans used their engineering skills to build aqueducts. Aqueducts were structures designed to transport water from one place to another, often over long distances. These impressive feats of engineering allowed the Romans to bring water to their cities, providing a reliable water supply for drinking, bathing, and other daily needs. The construction of aqueducts required careful planning, precise calculations, and skilled craftsmanship. The Romans built numerous aqueducts throughout their empire, showcasing their advanced engineering abilities and their understanding of hydraulic principles.

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  • 10. 

    What important change did Roman emperor Constantine make in 313 AD?

    • A.

      He divided the empire into two parts

    • B.

      He reestablished the Roman republic

    • C.

      He granted religious toleration to Christians

    • D.

      He moved the empire's capital to Jerusalem

    Correct Answer
    C. He granted religious toleration to Christians
    Explanation
    In 313 AD, Roman emperor Constantine made an important change by granting religious toleration to Christians. This was a significant shift in policy as previously, Christians had faced persecution and oppression. Constantine's Edict of Milan allowed Christians to freely practice their faith without fear of persecution, marking a turning point in the history of Christianity and paving the way for its eventual acceptance and dominance in the Roman Empire.

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  • 11. 

    Under pressure from attacks, the first land surrendered by the Roman empire was in:

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Spain

    • C.

      Germany

    • D.

      Britain

    Correct Answer
    D. Britain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Britain. The Roman empire faced attacks from various barbarian tribes, and in order to focus their resources on defending the heart of the empire, they decided to withdraw their forces from Britain. This marked the first significant land loss for the Roman empire, as they abandoned their control over the island. This decision was influenced by the increasing pressure and attacks they were facing from other regions, leading to the surrender of Britain.

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