Rome The Roman Republic

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Rome The Roman Republic - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who ruled Rome during the Roman Republic?        

    • A.

      Kings

    • B.

      Tyrants

    • C.

      Dictators

    • D.

      Emperors

    • E.

      Consuls

    Correct Answer
    E. Consuls
    Explanation
    During the Roman Republic, Rome was ruled by two consuls. Consuls were elected officials who served as the highest authority in the government for a one-year term. They were responsible for leading the Roman army, presiding over the Senate, and making important decisions for the republic. This system of dual leadership was designed to prevent any one individual from gaining too much power and becoming a tyrant or dictator. The consuls were chosen from the patrician class, and their primary duty was to uphold the interests of the Roman state and ensure the stability of the republic.

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  • 2. 

    What was the role of the tribunes in the Roman Republic?           

    • A.

      They were the top leaders in the land.

    • B.

      They wrote the laws and advised the consuls.

    • C.

      They represented the interests of the plebians.

    • D.

      They were in charge of public works .

    • E.

      They kept the peace in foreign provinces and collected taxes.

    Correct Answer
    C. They represented the interests of the plebians.
    Explanation
    The role of the tribunes in the Roman Republic was to represent the interests of the plebeians. They were elected officials who had the power to veto decisions made by the Senate and other magistrates, ensuring that the plebeians' rights and concerns were taken into account. The tribunes were responsible for protecting the plebeians from unfair treatment and advocating for their rights within the political system.

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  • 3. 

    What group of leaders advised and guided the consuls?          

    • A.

      Tribunes

    • B.

      Senators

    • C.

      Censors

    • D.

      Plebeians

    Correct Answer
    B. Senators
    Explanation
    Senators were the group of leaders who advised and guided the consuls. In the Roman Republic, the Senate was a political institution composed of wealthy and influential individuals who held significant power. They were responsible for making decisions on matters of state, including advising the consuls on various issues. The senators were chosen from the upper class and played a crucial role in the governance and administration of the Republic.

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  • 4. 

    Who killed Julius Caesar?

    • A.

      A group of senators.

    • B.

      A Rubicon soldier.

    • C.

      Crassus Pompey.

    • D.

      His adopted son, Octavian.

    Correct Answer
    A. A group of senators.
    Explanation
    Julius Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators. This event took place on March 15, 44 BC, in Rome. The senators involved in the conspiracy believed that Caesar's growing power and influence threatened the Roman Republic. Led by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus, the group of senators stabbed Caesar to death during a meeting at the Theatre of Pompey. This act ultimately led to a power struggle and the downfall of the Roman Republic, paving the way for the rise of the Roman Empire.

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  • 5. 

    The Roman Republic had a detailed written constitution that protected the rights and freedoms of all the citizens of Rome.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Roman Republic did not have a detailed written constitution. Instead, it relied on a combination of unwritten laws, customs, and traditions that were passed down through generations. While there were certain legal principles and institutions in place to protect the rights and freedoms of citizens, these were not codified in a single document like a constitution.

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  • 6. 

    What was the first code of Roman law called?

    • A.

      The Twelve Tablets.

    • B.

      The Four Gospels.

    • C.

      The Ten Commandments.

    • D.

      The 95 Theses.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Twelve Tablets.
    Explanation
    The first code of Roman law was called The Twelve Tablets. It was a set of laws that were inscribed on twelve bronze tablets and displayed publicly in Rome. These laws covered various aspects of Roman society, including property rights, family law, and criminal law. The Twelve Tablets were significant because they provided a written record of the laws, ensuring that they were accessible to all citizens and establishing a foundation for Roman legal principles.

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  • 7. 

    What is the main idea behind the Twelve Tablets?

    • A.

      All people are equal under the law.

    • B.

      No person should go hungry.

    • C.

      All people had a right to participate in Roman government.

    • D.

      Al people should have access to the internet.

    Correct Answer
    A. All people are equal under the law.
    Explanation
    The main idea behind the Twelve Tablets is that all people are equal under the law. This means that no one is above the law and everyone is entitled to the same legal rights and protections. The Twelve Tablets were a set of laws created in ancient Rome to establish a standardized legal system and ensure fairness and justice for all citizens. This principle of equality under the law is a fundamental aspect of the Roman legal system and has had a significant influence on modern legal systems around the world.

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  • 8. 

    What were the Punic Wars fought over?  ​

    • A.

      Control of trade in the Mediterranean. ​

    • B.

      ​Control of the northern passes through the Alps. ​

    • C.

      Mistreatment of circus elephants.

    • D.

      The right to call the Mediterranean "mare nostrum," or "our sea."

    Correct Answer
    A. Control of trade in the Mediterranean. ​
    Explanation
    The Punic Wars were fought between Rome and Carthage, two powerful empires in the Mediterranean region. The primary cause of these wars was the struggle for control over trade routes and economic dominance in the Mediterranean. Both Rome and Carthage sought to expand their influence and secure lucrative trade opportunities. The wars were characterized by naval battles and sieges, with Rome eventually emerging victorious and establishing itself as the dominant power in the Mediterranean.

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  • 9. 

    Which two powers fought the Punic Wars?

    • A.

      Carthage and Rome.

    • B.

      Greece and Rome.

    • C.

      Hannibal and Rome.

    • D.

      Sicily and Carthage.

    Correct Answer
    A. Carthage and Rome.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Carthage and Rome. The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between the city-state of Carthage and the Roman Republic. These wars took place from 264 BC to 146 BC and were primarily fought over control of the Mediterranean Sea and trade routes. The conflict was sparked by territorial disputes and competition for dominance in the region. Hannibal, a Carthaginian general, played a significant role in the wars, but it was ultimately Carthage as a whole that fought against Rome.

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  • 10. 

    After the Second Punic War, Carthage remained a wealthy trading center.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    After the Second Punic War, Carthage remained a wealthy trading center because despite the destruction caused by the war, Carthage was able to rebuild its economy and regain its position as a major hub for trade in the Mediterranean. The city's strategic location and its ability to produce and export goods such as textiles, pottery, and agricultural products contributed to its continued prosperity. Additionally, Carthage had established trade networks with various regions, allowing it to benefit from the exchange of goods and resources.

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  • 11. 

    What problems were caused by Rome's growth after the Punic Wars?

    • A.

      Unrest between the Plebeians and the Patricians

    • B.

      Plebeians needed in the army could not work their farms.

    • C.

      Soldiers began to feel more allegiance to military leaders than to the government.

    • D.

      The income gap between the Plebeians and the Patricians declined, upsetting the Patricians.

    • E.

      Civil wars broke about across Roman territory.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Unrest between the Plebeians and the Patricians
    B. Plebeians needed in the army could not work their farms.
    C. Soldiers began to feel more allegiance to military leaders than to the government.
    E. Civil wars broke about across Roman territory.
    Explanation
    The growth of Rome after the Punic Wars led to several problems. First, there was unrest between the Plebeians and the Patricians, which created social tension within the society. Additionally, as Plebeians were needed in the army, they were unable to work on their farms, leading to economic difficulties. Moreover, soldiers started to feel more loyalty towards their military leaders rather than the government, which could undermine the stability of the state. Finally, the growth also resulted in civil wars breaking out across Roman territory, further destabilizing the empire.

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  • 12. 

    What was the First Triumvirate?

    • A.

      The power sharing agreement between Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey.

    • B.

      The power sharing agreement between the Consuls, the Senate, and the Tribunes.

    • C.

      The three buildings used to house Roman government.

    • D.

      The declaration of war that began the Punic Wars.

    Correct Answer
    A. The power sharing agreement between Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey.
    Explanation
    The First Triumvirate refers to the power sharing agreement between Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey. This agreement was formed in 60 BCE and allowed the three men to consolidate their power and influence in Rome. Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey agreed to work together in order to achieve their political goals and maintain their individual positions of power. This alliance played a significant role in shaping the political landscape of Rome during this period and ultimately led to the downfall of the Roman Republic.

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  • 13. 

    Why did the Romans create a tripartite government?

    • A.

      A tripartite government was created so that no part of the government would have too much power.

    • B.

      A tripartite government was created so that no Consul would have too much power.

    • C.

      A tripartite government was created so that none of Rome's three districts got overlooked.

    • D.

      A tripartite government was created so that all Romans paid taxes.

    Correct Answer
    A. A tripartite government was created so that no part of the government would have too much power.
    Explanation
    The Romans created a tripartite government to prevent any single part of the government from becoming too powerful. This system of dividing power among three branches, namely the executive, legislative, and judicial, ensured a system of checks and balances. Each branch had its own specific powers and responsibilities, preventing any one branch from dominating the others. This system aimed to promote stability, prevent tyranny, and ensure that decisions were made collectively rather than by a single ruler or group.

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  • 14. 

    What does the word "veto" mean in Latin?

    • A.

      I forbid!

    • B.

      I vote!

    • C.

      I did it!

    • D.

      Me too!

    Correct Answer
    A. I forbid!
    Explanation
    The word "veto" in Latin means "I forbid!" This term is commonly used to express the power of rejecting or prohibiting something. It is derived from the Latin verb "vetare," which means to forbid or prohibit.

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  • 15. 

    The United States is a republic.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The United States is a republic because it is a representative democracy where the citizens elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. In a republic, the power is held by the people and exercised through their elected representatives, rather than a monarch or a ruling elite. The United States has a system of government based on a constitution that guarantees individual rights and freedoms, and the power is distributed among different branches of government to prevent any one group from becoming too powerful.

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  • 16. 

    Who made the laws during the time of the Roman Republic?

    • A.

      Patricians made the laws.

    • B.

      Plebeians made the laws.

    • C.

      Patricians and plebeians could both make laws.

    • D.

      Only the Consuls could make laws.

    Correct Answer
    A. Patricians made the laws.
    Explanation
    During the time of the Roman Republic, the laws were made by the Patricians. The Patricians were the aristocratic upper class of Rome, consisting of wealthy and influential families. They held most of the political power and were responsible for making and enforcing laws. The Plebeians, on the other hand, were the common people who had limited political rights and were not involved in the law-making process. Therefore, the correct answer is that the Patricians made the laws.

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  • 17. 

    Who had veto power in Rome's republic?

    • A.

      The Consuls.

    • B.

      The Tribunes.

    • C.

      The Senate.

    • D.

      The Assembly.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The Consuls.
    B. The Tribunes.
    Explanation
    The Consuls and the Tribunes both had veto power in Rome's republic. The Consuls were the highest elected officials and had the power to veto decisions made by the Senate or the Assembly. The Tribunes, on the other hand, were representatives of the plebeians and had the power to veto any decision made by the Senate or the Assembly that they believed would harm the interests of the common people. Therefore, both the Consuls and the Tribunes had the authority to veto decisions in order to protect their respective constituencies.

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  • 18. 

    Why did the plebeians threaten to go on strike?

    • A.

      They thought their interests were not represented in government.

    • B.

      Their role in government was taking too much time away from their farms.

    • C.

      They wanted shorter working hours.

    • D.

      They wanted better food in the army.

    Correct Answer
    A. They thought their interests were not represented in government.
    Explanation
    The plebeians threatened to go on strike because they believed that their interests were not being represented in the government. This suggests that they felt marginalized and excluded from the decision-making process, leading them to resort to the threat of a strike as a means of demanding better representation and a voice in the government.

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  • 19. 

    What did the government do to avoid a plebeian strike?

    • A.

      They changed marriage laws to allow plebeians to marry patricians.

    • B.

      They abolished slavery as a punishment for unpaid debts.

    • C.

      They made home plate smaller.

    • D.

      They added tribunes to the government.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. They changed marriage laws to allow plebeians to marry patricians.
    B. They abolished slavery as a punishment for unpaid debts.
    D. They added tribunes to the government.
    Explanation
    The government changed marriage laws to allow plebeians to marry patricians in order to address the social division and avoid a plebeian strike. By allowing intermarriage between the two classes, the government aimed to promote social integration and reduce tensions between plebeians and patricians. Additionally, by abolishing slavery as a punishment for unpaid debts, the government aimed to alleviate the economic burden on plebeians and prevent further unrest. Lastly, the addition of tribunes to the government provided plebeians with a voice and representation, allowing them to advocate for their rights and interests.

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  • 20. 

    Why did the Romans set up a government of checks and balances?

    • A.

      So that the treasury would not overspend and go into debt.

    • B.

      So that no part of the government had more power than another part.

    • C.

      So that all Romans had equal representation in government.

    • D.

      So that all Romans had something to complain about.

    Correct Answer
    B. So that no part of the government had more power than another part.
    Explanation
    The Romans set up a government of checks and balances to ensure that no part of the government had more power than another part. This system was designed to prevent any one branch or individual from becoming too powerful and potentially abusing their authority. By dividing power among different branches and establishing mechanisms for oversight and accountability, the Romans aimed to maintain a balance of power and safeguard against tyranny or corruption.

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  • 21. 

    What was the role of a dictator during the time of the Roman Republic?

    • A.

      Dictators were called on to squash disagreement within the Senate.

    • B.

      Dictators were called on to serve during emergencies or times of war.

    • C.

      Dictators were called on to ensure that public building projects were completed on time and on budget.

    • D.

      Dictators were called on to manage slave labor during the harvests.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dictators were called on to serve during emergencies or times of war.
    Explanation
    During the time of the Roman Republic, dictators were appointed to serve during emergencies or times of war. They were given temporary absolute power to make quick decisions and take necessary actions to protect the republic. This included leading the military, making laws, and suspending normal political processes. Once the crisis was resolved, their power would be relinquished, and they would return to their regular roles within the government.

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  • 22. 

    What event marked the end of the roman Republic?

    • A.

      Caesar's rise to power marked the end of the Republic.

    • B.

      Caesar's death marked the end of the Republic.

    • C.

      500 years marked the end of the Republic.

    • D.

      The rise to power of the First Triumvirate marked the end of the Republic.

    Correct Answer
    B. Caesar's death marked the end of the Republic.
    Explanation
    Caesar's death marked the end of the Republic because it led to a power struggle and eventually the rise of Augustus as the first Roman Emperor. After Caesar's assassination, the Roman Republic descended into a period of civil war and political instability. Augustus emerged as the victor and established the Roman Empire, effectively ending the republican system of government.

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  • 23. 

    Upon taking charge, Caesar did the following things to restore order to the Republic.

    • A.

      He forced patricians to hire plebeians to work the land.

    • B.

      He donated all the profits from his family's salad dressings to charity.

    • C.

      He appointed Senators who supported his plans.

    • D.

      He established new colonies so plebeians and former soldiers could own land.

    • E.

      He began lots and lots of new public building projects.

    • F.

      He established day light's savings time so plebeian farmers had more time to harvest their crops.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. He forced patricians to hire plebeians to work the land.
    C. He appointed Senators who supported his plans.
    D. He established new colonies so plebeians and former soldiers could own land.
    E. He began lots and lots of new public building projects.
  • 24. 

    Caesar's supporters and critics alike agreed that he was a strong leader.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that both Caesar's supporters and critics agreed on his strong leadership. However, the correct answer is false because it is highly unlikely that both groups would have the same opinion about his leadership. Supporters would likely view him as a strong leader, while critics would have a different perspective and may not agree with his leadership abilities.

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  • 25. 

    What does the phrase, "crossing the rubicon" mean today?

    • A.

      It means that one has passed the point of no return.

    • B.

      It means that one has reached the highest Rubic's cube skill level.

    • C.

      It means that someone has been made very angry.

    • D.

      It means that someone has been offered a blessing.

    Correct Answer
    A. It means that one has passed the point of no return.
    Explanation
    The phrase "crossing the Rubicon" originated from Julius Caesar's decision to lead his army across the Rubicon River, which was considered an act of rebellion against the Roman Senate. Today, it has taken on a metaphorical meaning, indicating that someone has reached a critical point where they can no longer turn back or change their course of action. It implies that a decision or action has been taken that has significant consequences and cannot be undone.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
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