Mr. Duck's Roman Republic

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| By Rob Duckworth
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Rob Duckworth
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 2,544
Questions: 31 | Attempts: 310

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Roman Republic Quizzes & Trivia

A brief review of some key terms and concepts on the Roman Republic.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What river flowed through Rome?

    • A.

      Tiber River

    • B.

      Tigger River

    • C.

      Tiblisi River

    • D.

      Crymea River

    Correct Answer
    A. Tiber River
    Explanation
    The Tiber River is the correct answer because it is the river that flows through Rome. It is the third longest river in Italy and has played a significant role in the history and development of Rome. The river provided a water source for the city and served as an important transportation route. Additionally, it was a strategic defense feature for the city, as it provided a natural barrier against potential invaders.

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  • 2. 

    The Romans fought the three Punic Wars with a bitter rival from

    • A.

      Greece

    • B.

      Gaul

    • C.

      Macedonia

    • D.

      Carthage

    Correct Answer
    D. Carthage
    Explanation
    The Romans fought the three Punic Wars with Carthage. Carthage was a powerful city-state located in North Africa. The wars were fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC. The conflicts were primarily over control of trade routes and dominance in the Mediterranean region. The Punic Wars resulted in Rome's victory and the eventual destruction of Carthage, solidifying Rome's position as the dominant power in the Mediterranean.

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  • 3. 

    Early Rome was influenced by all of the following except.

    • A.

      Greeks

    • B.

      Etruscans

    • C.

      Babylonians

    • D.

      Latins

    Correct Answer
    C. Babylonians
    Explanation
    Early Rome was influenced by the Greeks, Etruscans, and Latins, as these cultures had significant interactions with Rome during its early development. The Greeks influenced Roman art, architecture, and literature, while the Etruscans influenced their political and religious systems. The Latins, who were the indigenous people of the region, also played a crucial role in shaping Roman culture. However, there is no historical evidence to suggest that the Babylonians had a direct influence on early Rome. Therefore, the correct answer is Babylonians.

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  • 4. 

    Following the overthrow of the Etruscan king In 509, the Romans established what form of government?

    • A.

      A tyranny

    • B.

      A democracy

    • C.

      A republic

    • D.

      An oligarchy

    Correct Answer
    C. A republic
    Explanation
    After the Etruscan king was overthrown in 509, the Romans established a republic as their form of government. In a republic, the power is held by the citizens who elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. This system allowed for a more inclusive and participatory government compared to a tyranny or oligarchy, where power is concentrated in the hands of a single ruler or a small group of elites. A democracy, on the other hand, is a form of government where all citizens have a direct say in decision-making, which is not the case in the Roman republic.

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  • 5. 

    Roman society was divided by different classes. What were the wealthy landowners called ?

    • A.

      Pushtans

    • B.

      Patricians

    • C.

      Palookas

    • D.

      Plebeians

    Correct Answer
    B. Patricians
    Explanation
    In Roman society, the wealthy landowners were called Patricians. They belonged to the upper class and held significant political and social power. The Patricians were known for their wealth, influence, and privileged status in society. They were the ruling class and held important positions in the government and military. The term "Patrician" is derived from the Latin word "patres" which means "fathers," indicating their authority and leadership role in Roman society.

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  • 6. 

    The two leaders that headed the Republic were called

    • A.

      Consuls

    • B.

      Kings

    • C.

      Queens

    • D.

      Conifers

    Correct Answer
    A. Consuls
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "consuls". In the Roman Republic, the two leaders who headed the government were known as consuls. They were elected annually and held executive power, acting as the highest-ranking officials in the state. Consuls were responsible for commanding the military, enforcing the law, and representing the interests of the Roman people. They served as a system of checks and balances, with each consul having the power to veto the other's decisions. This dual leadership helped prevent the concentration of power and ensured a more balanced and stable government.

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  • 7. 

    The two leaders of the Republic were initially advised by a group of men who belonged to the

    • A.

      Assembly

    • B.

      Congress

    • C.

      Senate

    • D.

      Supreme Court

    Correct Answer
    C. Senate
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Senate. In the context of the question, the two leaders of the Republic were advised by a group of men. This group of men is commonly associated with the Senate, as the Senate is a legislative body that provides advice and consent to the leaders of a republic. Therefore, it can be inferred that the Senate is the correct answer in this scenario.

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  • 8. 

    Around 800bc a group of people called the __________ settled in Erutria an area on the Northwestern part of the Italian peninsula.

    • A.

      Dorians

    • B.

      Etruscans

    • C.

      Romans

    • D.

      Greeks

    Correct Answer
    B. Etruscans
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Etruscans. Around 800 BC, the Etruscans settled in Etruria, an area on the Northwestern part of the Italian peninsula.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following was a Roman contribution to architecture?

    • A.

      Arch

    • B.

      Column

    • C.

      Dome

    • D.

      Stone stairway

    Correct Answer
    C. Dome
    Explanation
    The Roman contribution to architecture was the dome. The Romans were known for their innovative use of arches and vaults, which allowed them to create large, open spaces. The dome was a natural extension of this architectural technique, as it allowed for even larger and more impressive structures to be built. The most famous example of Roman dome architecture is the Pantheon in Rome, which has a massive dome that is still standing today.

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  • 10. 

    The Roman Republic came to an end

    • A.

      During the first Punic War.

    • B.

      When the Etruscans were driven out of Rome.

    • C.

      When Julius Caesar defeated Pompey the Great.

    • D.

      Following the death of Julius Caesar.

    Correct Answer
    D. Following the death of Julius Caesar.
    Explanation
    Following the death of Julius Caesar, the Roman Republic came to an end. This marked the beginning of the Roman Empire, as power was consolidated by Caesar's adopted heir, Octavian, who later became known as Augustus Caesar. The death of Julius Caesar led to a power struggle and political instability in Rome, eventually resulting in the end of the republican system of government and the establishment of an imperial rule.

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  • 11. 

    What famous general marched across the Alps with elephants, took over most of the Italian peninsula yet was unable to capture Rome?

    • A.

      Cicero

    • B.

      Diocletian

    • C.

      Bulla

    • D.

      Hannibal

    Correct Answer
    D. Hannibal
    Explanation
    Hannibal was a famous general who led his army, including elephants, across the Alps and successfully conquered most of the Italian peninsula. However, he was unable to capture Rome, despite several attempts.

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  • 12. 

    What does "Crossing the Rubicon" mean?

    • A.

      Life gives you a second chance.

    • B.

      Making a decision about which there is no turning back.

    • C.

      Refers to when Julius Caesar tricked his best friend Rubicon.

    • D.

      It is the winning move in a Roman board game.

    Correct Answer
    B. Making a decision about which there is no turning back.
    Explanation
    "Crossing the Rubicon" refers to making a decision about which there is no turning back. This phrase originated from the historical event where Julius Caesar made the irreversible decision to cross the Rubicon river with his army, which marked the beginning of a civil war in ancient Rome. Once the Rubicon was crossed, there was no way to go back, symbolizing the point of no return in decision-making.

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  • 13. 

    The Twelve Tables of Law were important because they

    • A.

      Allowed Plebeians to serve in the Senate

    • B.

      Allowed Roman women to divorce their husbands

    • C.

      Made Rome a Republic

    • D.

      Gave Rome it's first written legal code

    Correct Answer
    D. Gave Rome it's first written legal code
    Explanation
    The Twelve Tables of Law were important because they provided Rome with its first written legal code. This code was significant as it established a set of laws that applied to all Roman citizens, ensuring fairness and consistency in the legal system. It also allowed for greater transparency and accessibility of the laws, as they were no longer solely based on oral tradition. The Twelve Tables became the foundation of Roman law and played a crucial role in shaping the legal system of the Roman Republic.

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  • 14. 

    In a time of crisis in the Roman republic, a dictator could be appointed to run Rome for

    • A.

      One year

    • B.

      Ten years

    • C.

      Thirty days

    • D.

      Six months

    Correct Answer
    D. Six months
    Explanation
    During a crisis in the Roman republic, a dictator could be appointed to run Rome for six months. This limited duration was intended to prevent the dictator from acquiring too much power and becoming a threat to the republic's democratic system. By having a fixed term of six months, the dictator could address the immediate crisis and restore stability without the risk of prolonged authoritarian rule. This system aimed to strike a balance between granting temporary extraordinary powers to address emergencies while safeguarding the republic's principles.

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  • 15. 

    Plebeians were dissatisfied with the early Roman Republic because it was dominated by

    • A.

      Merchants

    • B.

      Dictators

    • C.

      Patricians

    • D.

      Censors

    Correct Answer
    C. Patricians
    Explanation
    The plebeians were dissatisfied with the early Roman Republic because it was dominated by patricians. The patricians were the aristocratic class in ancient Rome, who held most of the political power and wealth. They controlled the government and made decisions that primarily benefited themselves and their own interests. This led to a significant wealth and power gap between the patricians and the plebeians, who were the common people. The plebeians felt oppressed and marginalized, as they had limited political representation and economic opportunities. This dissatisfaction ultimately led to social and political unrest, and the plebeians fought for greater rights and representation in the Roman Republic.

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  • 16. 

    March 15, 44 BC is famous because it was the date

    • A.

      The Romans defeated the Gauls at the Battle of Tours.

    • B.

      Caesar crossed the Alps.

    • C.

      Hannibal was crushed by an elephant that he said looked like Ms. L.

    • D.

      Julius Caesar was murdered.

    Correct Answer
    D. Julius Caesar was murdered.
    Explanation
    March 15, 44 BC is famous because it was the date when Julius Caesar was murdered. This event is significant in history as it marked the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire. Caesar's assassination was a result of a conspiracy led by a group of senators who feared his growing power and influence. The event had far-reaching consequences and led to a series of civil wars in Rome.

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  • 17. 

    Roman official who registered the population for tax and voting purposes.

    • A.

      Censor

    • B.

      Dictator

    • C.

      Praetor

    • D.

      Plebian

    Correct Answer
    A. Censor
    Explanation
    A censor was a Roman official responsible for registering the population for tax and voting purposes. They were in charge of conducting censuses and maintaining records of the citizens. This role was crucial for the efficient administration of the Roman Empire and ensuring that the government had accurate information about its population. The censor's duties also included assessing property values and determining the social status of individuals. Therefore, the correct answer is "censor."

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  • 18. 

    A triumph was

    • A.

      A grand parade in Rome to celebrate the military accomplishments of a general.

    • B.

      A kind of chariot favored by the patricians

    • C.

      The celebration the Romans gave for a consuls birthday.

    • D.

      A huge arch erected to celebrate a general's victory.

    Correct Answer
    A. A grand parade in Rome to celebrate the military accomplishments of a general.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a grand parade in Rome to celebrate the military accomplishments of a general. This is because a triumph was a significant event in ancient Rome where a victorious general would be honored with a grand parade through the city. It was a way for the Romans to celebrate and recognize the military achievements of their generals.

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  • 19. 

    An alliance among three politicians in ancient Rome was called

    • A.

      A consulship

    • B.

      A triglyph

    • C.

      A triumvirate

    • D.

      A triceratops

    Correct Answer
    C. A triumvirate
    Explanation
    In ancient Rome, an alliance among three politicians was called a triumvirate. This term refers to a political arrangement where power is shared between three individuals. The most famous example of a triumvirate in ancient Rome was the First Triumvirate, which consisted of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus. They formed this alliance to consolidate their power and influence in Rome. The term "triumvirate" is derived from the Latin word "triumvir," which means "three men." This political arrangement was a common way for politicians to form alliances and exert their influence in ancient Rome.

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  • 20. 

    A major engineering feat of the Romans was to build devices to get large amounts of water to major cities. These were called...

    • A.

      Aquacarts

    • B.

      Artesian wells

    • C.

      Aquaducts

    • D.

      Bota bags carried by slaves

    Correct Answer
    C. Aquaducts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is aqueducts. Aqueducts were a major engineering accomplishment of the Romans as they allowed for the transportation of large amounts of water to major cities. These structures were built to carry water over long distances, using a combination of gravity and arches to ensure a steady flow. Aqueducts played a crucial role in providing water for drinking, bathing, and irrigation, and were an impressive display of Roman engineering and ingenuity.

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  • 21. 

    What were the underground tombs that the Etruscans and the Romans built to bury their dead called.

    • A.

      Catacombs

    • B.

      Necropolis

    • C.

      Grave yards

    • D.

      Sub burial plots

    Correct Answer
    A. Catacombs
    Explanation
    The correct answer is catacombs. The underground tombs that the Etruscans and the Romans built to bury their dead were called catacombs. These were elaborate networks of tunnels and chambers where the deceased were laid to rest. The catacombs served as both burial grounds and places of religious significance, with intricate decorations and frescoes adorning the walls. They were an important part of ancient burial customs and are still considered significant historical and archaeological sites today.

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  • 22. 

    What famous female Egyptian leader did Julius Caesar develop a relationship with?

    • A.

      Hatshepsut

    • B.

      Nefertiti

    • C.

      Cleopatra

    • D.

      Sobeknofru

    Correct Answer
    C. Cleopatra
    Explanation
    Julius Caesar developed a relationship with Cleopatra, a famous female Egyptian leader. Cleopatra was the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt and is known for her political alliances with powerful Roman leaders, including Julius Caesar and later Mark Antony. Their relationship had significant political implications and eventually led to Cleopatra becoming a prominent figure in Roman history.

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  • 23. 

    Military road connecting Rome to other Italian cities.

    • A.

      The Caesar Causeway

    • B.

      Brutus Boulevard

    • C.

      The Appian Way

    • D.

      The Alpine Way

    Correct Answer
    C. The Appian Way
    Explanation
    The Appian Way is the correct answer because it was a famous military road in ancient Rome that connected Rome to other Italian cities. It was one of the earliest and most important roads in the Roman Empire, built in 312 BC. The road was named after Appius Claudius Caecus, the Roman censor who was responsible for its construction. The Appian Way played a crucial role in the transportation of troops and supplies, as well as the expansion and control of the Roman Empire.

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  • 24. 

    The Latin word for "I forbid".

    • A.

      Ich verbiete

    • B.

      Veto

    • C.

      Eu proibo

    • D.

      Lanfersiek

    Correct Answer
    B. Veto
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "veto." In Latin, "veto" means "I forbid." This word is commonly used in English to refer to the power of a person or group to reject or prohibit a decision or action.

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  • 25. 

    Among the Senators that plotted and murdered Julius Caesar was one of his best friends named ...

    • A.

      Pompey

    • B.

      Brutus

    • C.

      Tiberious

    • D.

      Augustus

    Correct Answer
    B. Brutus
    Explanation
    Brutus was one of Julius Caesar's best friends who was involved in the plot to murder him. This historical event took place during the Roman Republic era, where a group of senators, including Brutus, conspired to assassinate Caesar due to their concerns about his growing power and influence. Despite their close friendship, Brutus believed that killing Caesar was necessary for the preservation of the Roman Republic.

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  • 26. 

    Trained fighters who battled in colosseum.

    • A.

      Hoplites

    • B.

      Thracians

    • C.

      Slavilators

    • D.

      Gladiators

    Correct Answer
    D. Gladiators
    Explanation
    Gladiators were trained fighters who battled in colosseums. They were typically slaves or prisoners of war who fought for the entertainment of the Roman audience. They were trained in various combat techniques and fought with different weapons. Gladiatorial combat was a popular form of entertainment in ancient Rome.

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  • 27. 

    The language of Rome (that gave rise to the "Romance" languages) was

    • A.

      Etruscalese

    • B.

      German

    • C.

      Corsican

    • D.

      Latin

    Correct Answer
    D. Latin
    Explanation
    Latin was the language of Rome that gave rise to the "Romance" languages. Latin was spoken by the ancient Romans and became the official language of the Roman Empire. As the Roman Empire expanded, Latin spread throughout Europe and eventually evolved into the Romance languages such as Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Romanian. Latin had a significant influence on the development of Western languages, literature, and culture, making it an important language in history.

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  • 28. 

    Rome's location was advantageous for building an empire because it was

    • A.

      At the center of the Mediterranean Sea.

    • B.

      Close to Northern Europe.

    • C.

      Full of mountains.

    • D.

      Landlocked.

    Correct Answer
    A. At the center of the Mediterranean Sea.
    Explanation
    Rome's location at the center of the Mediterranean Sea was advantageous for building an empire because it provided easy access to trade routes and allowed for control over maritime commerce. The Mediterranean Sea acted as a natural barrier, protecting Rome from invasions from the south, while also allowing for expansion and colonization of nearby territories. The sea also facilitated communication and transportation, enabling the empire to maintain control over its vast territories and project its power across the region.

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  • 29. 

    Large Roman plantations were called

    • A.

      Garens

    • B.

      Latinofundias

    • C.

      Agripolonies

    • D.

      Latifundias

    Correct Answer
    D. Latifundias
    Explanation
    Large Roman plantations were called latifundias. The term "latifundias" refers to large agricultural estates that were owned by wealthy individuals or families. These estates were typically worked by slaves or tenant farmers and produced a variety of crops such as wheat, olives, and grapes. The latifundias played a significant role in the Roman economy and were known for their vast size and productivity.

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  • 30. 

    The last Etruscan king was named

    • A.

      Augustus Duckworth

    • B.

      Tarquin the Proud

    • C.

      Nero the Fiddler

    • D.

      Hadrian the Horrible

    Correct Answer
    D. Hadrian the Horrible
  • 31. 

    Rome was supposedly founded on which of the seven hills

    • A.

      Aventine Hill

    • B.

      Capitoline Hill

    • C.

      Quirinal Hill

    • D.

      Palatine Hill

    Correct Answer
    D. Palatine Hill
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Palatine Hill. This hill is believed to be the location where Rome was founded. It is one of the seven hills of Rome and is known for its historical significance. The Palatine Hill is also home to the Palatine Museum, which showcases artifacts and remains from ancient Rome.

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 26, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Rob Duckworth
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