Rmp Prep: Gastroenterology

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 121

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Rmp Prep: Gastroenterology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The small soft tissue projection that hangs form the soft palate and aids in the production of sound and speech is called the
    • A. 

      Palate

    • B. 

      Papillae

    • C. 

      Tonsils

    • D. 

      Uvula

  • 2. 
    Prevacid and Prilosec are used to treat
    • A. 

      GERD

    • B. 

      Diarrhea

    • C. 

      Constipation

    • D. 

      Nausea

  • 3. 
    Which of the following terms is used to describe involuntary, progressive, and rhythmic contraction of the intestines that propels contents onward?
    • A. 

      Intussusception

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Diffusion

    • D. 

      Peristalsis

  • 4. 
    The upper portion of the stomach is called the
    • A. 

      Antrum

    • B. 

      Body

    • C. 

      Fundus

    • D. 

      Sphincter

  • 5. 
    The folds contained within the mucous membrane lining the stomach are called
    • A. 

      Diverticula

    • B. 

      Papillae

    • C. 

      Rugae

    • D. 

      Villi

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is transcribed correctly?
    • A. 

      Colonoscopy was carried out to the cecum and terminal ileum. There were also small internal hemorrhoids and occasional diverticulum seen.

    • B. 

      Colonoscoopy was carried out to the cecum and terminal ilium. There were also small internal hemorrhoids and occasional diverticula seen.

    • C. 

      Colonoscopy was carried out to the cecum and terminal ileum. There were also small internal hemorrhoids and occasional diverticula seen.

    • D. 

      Colonoscopy was carried out to the cecum and terminal ilium. There were also small internal hemorrhoids and occasional diverticulum seen.

  • 7. 
    Hepatitis B is caused by
    • A. 

      A bacterium

    • B. 

      A virus

    • C. 

      A drug

    • D. 

      Alcohol

  • 8. 
    Phenegran and Reglan are used to treat
    • A. 

      Nausea

    • B. 

      Jaundice

    • C. 

      PUD

    • D. 

      H. pylori

  • 9. 
    ALT, AST, bilirubin, and alkaline phosphate are
    • A. 

      Tests to assess liver function

    • B. 

      Pancreatic enzymes

    • C. 

      Digestive enzymes

    • D. 

      Contained in bile

  • 10. 
    Pedunculated and sessile describe
    • A. 

      Villi

    • B. 

      Ulcers

    • C. 

      Polyps

    • D. 

      Hernias

  • 11. 
    The combining form of choledoch/o refers to the
    • A. 

      Cecum

    • B. 

      Colon

    • C. 

      Bile duct

    • D. 

      Intestines

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is transcribed correctly?
    • A. 

      The patient presents to the ER status post motor vehicle accident with abominable injuries and possible fracture of the ilium.

    • B. 

      The patient presents to the ER status post motor vehicle accident with abdominal injuries and possible fracture of the lieum.

    • C. 

      The patient presents to the ER status post motor vehicle accident with abominable injuries and possible fracture of the lieum.

    • D. 

      The patient presents to the ER status post motor vehicle accident with abdominal injuries and possible fracture of the ilium.

  • 13. 
    A barium swallow is also known as a (an)
    • A. 

      Upper GI series

    • B. 

      ERCP

    • C. 

      Guaiac test

    • D. 

      Colonoscopy

  • 14. 
    Epsom salt and milk of magnesia are used as
    • A. 

      Antiemetics

    • B. 

      Constrast media

    • C. 

      Laxatives

    • D. 

      Anacids

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is transcribed correctly?
    • A. 

      The patient presents today complaining of ascitic stomach, for which she has taken antacids, and colic in the left lower quadrant.

    • B. 

      The patient presents today complaining of acidic stomach, for which she has taken antacids, and colic in the left lower quadrant.

    • C. 

      The patient presents today complaining of ascitic stomach, for which she has taken antacids, and cholic in the left lower quadrant.

    • D. 

      The patient presents today complaining of acidic stomach, for which she has taken antacids, and cholic in the left lower quadrant.

  • 16. 
    The medical term for surgical removal of the gallbladder is
    • A. 

      Cholecystectomy

    • B. 

      Enterostomy

    • C. 

      Colectomy

    • D. 

      Pylorotomy

  • 17. 
    An abnormal twisting of the intestines resulting in intestinal blockage is a (an)
    • A. 

      Intussusception

    • B. 

      Hernia

    • C. 

      Prolapse

    • D. 

      Volvulus

  • 18. 
    A chronic, intermittent inflammatory bowel disease that causes bloody diarrhea with mucus and lesions in the lining of the large intestine is known as
    • A. 

      Gastroenteritis

    • B. 

      GERD

    • C. 

      Irritable bowel syndrome

    • D. 

      Ulcerative colitis

  • 19. 
    Which of the following medications is used to treat diarrhea?
    • A. 

      Diuril

    • B. 

      Senna

    • C. 

      Lomotil

    • D. 

      MiraLax

  • 20. 
    The part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jujunum is the
    • A. 

      Cecum

    • B. 

      Duodenum

    • C. 

      Ileum

    • D. 

      Pylorus

  • 21. 
    Steatorrhea is
    • A. 

      Fat in the stool

    • B. 

      Bile in the stool

    • C. 

      Diarrhea caused by steroids

    • D. 

      Mucus in the stool

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is transcribed correctly?
    • A. 

      The patient presents with a 5-day history of diarrhea and cramping after returning from Mexico. Stool will be sent for O&P.

    • B. 

      The patient presents with a 5 day history of diarrhea and cramping after returning from Mexico. Stool will be sent for ONP.

    • C. 

      The patient presents with a 5-day history of diarrhea and cramping after returning from Mexico. Stool will be sent for ONP.

    • D. 

      The patient presents with a 5 day history of diarrhea and cramping after returning from Mexico. Stool will be sent for O&P.

  • 23. 
    A tear in the mucosa at the gastroesophageal junction causing bleeding is known as
    • A. 

      Ileus

    • B. 

      Achalasia

    • C. 

      Mallory-Weiss syndrome

    • D. 

      Prader-Willi syndrome

  • 24. 
    Examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract with a fiberoptic instrument is called
    • A. 

      Cystoscopy

    • B. 

      Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

    • C. 

      Nasopharyngoscopy

    • D. 

      Pharyngohinoscopy

  • 25. 
    Passage of bright red blood from the rectum is called
    • A. 

      Hematochezia

    • B. 

      Melena

    • C. 

      Flatus

    • D. 

      Hematemesis