Hepatology Test

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| By Timmy198
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Hepatology Test - Quiz

Hepatology is the aspect of medicine that is concerned with structures viz pancreas, liver, gall bladder, and biliary tree and the treatment of diseases involving these structures. That's just a simple explanation to help jog your memory.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Hematological disorders can develop as a result of the following except 

    • A.

      Overdose of paracetamol

    • B.

      Enzyme defects

    • C.

      Jaundice

    • D.

      Migraines

    Correct Answer
    D. Migraines
    Explanation
    Hematological disorders are conditions that affect the blood and its components. Overdose of paracetamol, enzyme defects, and jaundice are all known to be potential causes of hematological disorders. However, migraines are not typically associated with hematological disorders. Migraines are a type of headache characterized by severe pain, often accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea and sensitivity to light or sound. While migraines can be debilitating, they are not considered to be a direct cause of hematological disorders.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following demonstrated the role of pancreatic juice in digestion?

    • A.

      Antoine Portal

    • B.

      Gabriel Valentin

    • C.

      Justus von Leiberg

    • D.

      Austin Flint

    Correct Answer
    B. Gabriel Valentin
    Explanation
    Gabriel Valentin demonstrated the role of pancreatic juice in digestion.

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  • 3. 

    The production of stercorin was explained in 1862 by 

    • A.

      Austin Flint 

    • B.

      Joseph Bidden

    • C.

      Donald Jakes

    • D.

      Victor Charles

    Correct Answer
    A. Austin Flint 
  • 4. 

    Hepatitis B virus was discovered in 1966 by 

    • A.

      Roland Ehud

    • B.

      Gabriel Johnson

    • C.

      Baruch Blumberg

    • D.

      Thomas Starzi

    Correct Answer
    C. Baruch Blumberg
    Explanation
    Baruch Blumberg is the correct answer because he discovered the Hepatitis B virus in 1966. Blumberg was an American physician and geneticist who made significant contributions to the field of virology. His discovery of the Hepatitis B virus led to the development of diagnostic tests and a vaccine for the disease, which has had a major impact on public health worldwide. Blumberg was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1976 for his work on the Hepatitis B virus.

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  • 5. 

    The following are procedures performed in hepatology except 

    • A.

      Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

    • B.

      Transhepatic pancreato-cholangiography

    • C.

      Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt

    • D.

      Hemispherectomy

    Correct Answer
    D. Hemispherectomy
    Explanation
    Hemispherectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal or disconnection of one hemisphere of the brain. It is not a procedure performed in hepatology, which is the branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and disorders of the liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas. The other three procedures listed, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, transhepatic pancreato-cholangiography, and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, are all related to hepatology and involve diagnostic or therapeutic interventions for liver and biliary disorders.

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  • 6. 

    The first liver transplant was done by 

    • A.

      Thomas Starzi 

    • B.

      Ben Carson

    • C.

      Paul Carson

    • D.

      Roland Thomas

    Correct Answer
    A. Thomas Starzi 
    Explanation
    Thomas Starzl is credited with performing the first successful liver transplant in 1963. He developed innovative surgical techniques and made significant contributions to the field of organ transplantation. His pioneering work paved the way for the advancement of liver transplantation as a life-saving procedure. Ben Carson is a renowned neurosurgeon, but he is not associated with the first liver transplant. Paul Carson and Roland Thomas are not known for their contributions to liver transplantation.

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  • 7. 

    Concerning hepatitis which of these is odd?

    • A.

      Hepatitis A

    • B.

      Hepatitis B

    • C.

      Hepatitis C

    • D.

      Hepatitis D

    Correct Answer
    D. Hepatitis D
    Explanation
    Hepatitis D is the odd one out because it can only occur in individuals who are already infected with Hepatitis B. Unlike the other types of hepatitis, Hepatitis D cannot occur on its own and requires the presence of Hepatitis B virus to cause infection.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following body fluids is most important in hepatology?

    • A.

      Sweat 

    • B.

      Synovial fluid

    • C.

      Saliva

    • D.

      Urine

    Correct Answer
    D. Urine
    Explanation
    Urine is the most important body fluid in hepatology because it contains various waste products and metabolites that can provide valuable information about the liver's function. Urine can be tested for the presence of bilirubin, urobilinogen, and other liver enzymes, which can indicate liver diseases or dysfunction. Additionally, urine can be used to measure the levels of certain drugs or toxins that may affect the liver. Therefore, analyzing urine can help diagnose and monitor liver conditions, making it a crucial fluid in hepatology.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these is a systemic disease affecting the liver and billiary tree? 

    • A.

      Dysphagia

    • B.

      Nephritis

    • C.

      Edema

    • D.

      Haemochromatosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Haemochromatosis
    Explanation
    Haemochromatosis is a systemic disease that affects the liver and billiary tree. It is a genetic disorder characterized by excessive absorption and accumulation of iron in the body, leading to iron overload. This excess iron deposition in the liver can cause liver damage and dysfunction, leading to liver disease. Additionally, it can also affect the billiary tree, causing billiary complications such as billiary cirrhosis and billiary obstruction. Therefore, Haemochromatosis is the correct answer as it specifically relates to a systemic disease affecting the liver and billiary tree.

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  • 10. 

    The following increase the development  of hepatological disorders except  

    • A.

      Excessive alcohol intake

    • B.

      Smoking

    • C.

      Overdose of diuretics

    • D.

      Jaundice

    Correct Answer
    C. Overdose of diuretics
    Explanation
    Excessive alcohol intake, smoking, and jaundice are known to increase the development of hepatological disorders. Excessive alcohol intake can lead to alcoholic liver disease, smoking increases the risk of liver cancer, and jaundice is often a symptom of liver disease. However, an overdose of diuretics does not directly contribute to the development of hepatological disorders. Diuretics are medications that promote diuresis, or increased urine production, and are commonly used to treat conditions like high blood pressure and edema. While diuretics can have side effects, such as electrolyte imbalances, they are not typically associated with hepatological disorders.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 26, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Timmy198
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