Mosbys Review Question Liver

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 336

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Mosbys Review Question Liver

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The adult liver is considered enlarged once the anteroposterior diameter exceeds:
    • A. 

      10 cm

    • B. 

      12 cm

    • C. 

      15 cm

    • D. 

      20 cm

    • E. 

      22 cm

  • 2. 
    Sonographic findings commonly associated with portal hypertension include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Hepatomegaly

    • B. 

      Splenomegaly

    • C. 

      Dilated main portal vein

    • D. 

      Hypoechoic liver parenchyma

    • E. 

      Formation of venous collaterals

  • 3. 
    Organs MOST COMMONLY associated with the development of polycystic disease include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Pancreas

    • E. 

      Adrenal gland

  • 4. 
    Which of the following ligaments separates the left lobe from the caudate lobe of the liver?
    • A. 

      Coronary

    • B. 

      Falciform

    • C. 

      Venosum

    • D. 

      Gastrohepatic

    • E. 

      Hepatoduodenal

  • 5. 
    The most common cause of cirrhosis is:
    • A. 

      Viral hepatitis

    • B. 

      Anorexia nervosa

    • C. 

      Alcohol abuse

    • D. 

      Biliary obstruction

    • E. 

      Congestive heart failure

  • 6. 
    All of the following symptoms are associated with hepatocellular carcinoma EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Weight loss

    • B. 

      Hepatomegaly

    • C. 

      Abdominal pain

    • D. 

      Unexplained fever

    • E. 

      Elevated serum albumin

  • 7. 
    In the United States, a hepatic abscess is most likely to develop in which of the following conditions?
    • A. 

      Acute pancreatitis

    • B. 

      Biliary obstruction

    • C. 

      Ascending cholangitis

    • D. 

      Portal vein thrombosis

    • E. 

      Budd-Chiari Syndrome

  • 8. 
    The left lobe of the liver is separated from the right lobe by which of the following structures?
    • A. 

      Right hepatic vein and right intersegmental fissure

    • B. 

      Middle hepatic vein and ligamentum venosum

    • C. 

      Left hepatic vein and main lobar fissure

    • D. 

      Left hepatic vein and right intersegmental fissure

    • E. 

      Middle hepatic vein and main lobar fissure

  • 9. 
    The right lobe of the liver is divided into anterior and posterior segments by the:
    • A. 

      Right hepatic artery

    • B. 

      Main portal vein

    • C. 

      Right portal vein

    • D. 

      Right hepatic vein

    • E. 

      Middle hepatic vein

  • 10. 
    A patient presents with a history of right upper quadrant pain, fever, and leukocytosis.  Upon further questioning, the patient admits to recently traveling abroad.  A complex mass is identified in the right lobe of the liver.  This most likely represents a(n) :
    • A. 

      Hepatoma

    • B. 

      Abscess

    • C. 

      Adenoma

    • D. 

      Cystadenoma

    • E. 

      Echinococcal cyst

  • 11. 
    Patients with a history of hepatitis B have a predisposing risk factor for developing: 
    • A. 

      An adenoma

    • B. 

      An abscess

    • C. 

      A hepatoma

    • D. 

      Focal nodular hyperplasia

    • E. 

      A cavernous hemangioma

  • 12. 
    Which of the following hepatic structures is interlobar in location?
    • A. 

      Hepatic artery

    • B. 

      Portal vein

    • C. 

      Hepatic vein

    • D. 

      Biliary duct

    • E. 

      IVC

  • 13. 
    The normal blood flow pattern in the main portal vein is described as:
    • A. 

      Phasic

    • B. 

      Hepatofugal

    • C. 

      Pulsatile

    • D. 

      Continuous

    • E. 

      Retrograde

  • 14. 
    Metastatic lesions involving the liver most commonly originate from a primary malignancy of the :
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Colon

    • D. 

      Stomach

    • E. 

      Gallbladder

  • 15. 
    Traditional lobar anatomy divides the liver into:
    • A. 

      3 lobes

    • B. 

      4 lobes

    • C. 

      6 lobes

    • D. 

      8 lobes

    • E. 

      10 lobes

  • 16. 
    Severe insult to liver cells leading to subsequent necrosis describes:
    • A. 

      Cirrhosis

    • B. 

      Portal hypertension

    • C. 

      Fatty infiltration

    • D. 

      Budd-Chiari Syndrome

    • E. 

      Focal nodular hyperplasia

  • 17. 
    Von Gierke disease is most commonly associated with:
    • A. 

      Cirrhosis

    • B. 

      Polycystic disease

    • C. 

      Schistosomiasis

    • D. 

      Focal nodular hyperplasia

    • E. 

      Glycogen storage disease

  • 18. 
    Prominence of the portal veins is most commonly associated with which of the following pathologies?
    • A. 

      Cirrhosis

    • B. 

      Hepatitis

    • C. 

      Polycystic disease

    • D. 

      Fatty infiltration

    • E. 

      Glycogen storage disease

  • 19. 
    Which of the following most accurately describes the location of the caudate lobe?
    • A. 

      Posterior to the IVC

    • B. 

      Medial to the lesser sac

    • C. 

      Posterior to the porta hepatis

    • D. 

      Lateral to the IVC

    • E. 

      Anterior to the ligamentum venosum

  • 20. 
    Which of the following ligaments attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall?
    • A. 

      Venosum

    • B. 

      Falciform

    • C. 

      Triangular

    • D. 

      Hepatorenal

    • E. 

      Right coronary ligament

  • 21. 
    On spectral doppler, the hepatic veins are characterized by which of the following flow types?
    • A. 

      Monophasic

    • B. 

      Parabolic

    • C. 

      Multiphasic

    • D. 

      Laminar

    • E. 

      Turbulent

  • 22. 
    Enlargement of the caudate lobe is most commonly associated with which of the following pathologies?
    • A. 

      Cirrhosis

    • B. 

      Candidiasis

    • C. 

      Fatty infiltration

    • D. 

      Liver metastasis

    • E. 

      Polycystic disease

  • 23. 
    Which of the following conditions describes a congenital extension of the liver anterior and inferior to the right kidney?
    • A. 

      Sinus inversus

    • B. 

      Hepatomegaly

    • C. 

      Reidel lobe

    • D. 

      Left lobe variant

    • E. 

      Hyperplastic caudate lobe

  • 24. 
    Hepatomegaly is commonly associated with all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Hepatitis

    • B. 

      Fatty infiltration

    • C. 

      Acute pancreatitis

    • D. 

      Congestive heart failure

    • E. 

      Polycystic liver disease

  • 25. 
    The most common symptom associated with acute thrombosis of the portal veins is:
    • A. 

      Jaundice

    • B. 

      Tachycardia

    • C. 

      Weight loss

    • D. 

      Sever abdominal pain

    • E. 

      Lower extremity edema

Back to Top Back to top