Research Midterm: Quiz 1- Introduction To Nursing Research

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 51

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Research Midterm: Quiz 1- Introduction To Nursing Research

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A research nurse understands that evidenced-based practice in nursing does which of the following?
    • A. 

      Relies on tradition

    • B. 

      Consults recognized authorities

    • C. 

      Depends primarily on textbooks

    • D. 

      Is based on the latest research

  • 2. 
    A researcher wants to explore the process by which men make decisions about treatment for prostate cancer. The researcher's paradigm is most likely which of the following?
    • A. 

      Positivism

    • B. 

      Determinism

    • C. 

      Empiricism

    • D. 

      Constructivism

  • 3. 
    A researcher wants to investigate the effect of patients' body position on blood pressure. The study would most likely be of which type?
    • A. 

      Qualitative

    • B. 

      Quantitative

    • C. 

      Either quantitative or qualitative (researcher preference)

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 4. 
    An especially important goal for the nursing profession is to do which of the following?
    • A. 

      Conduct research to better understand the context of nursing practice

    • B. 

      Establish a solid base of evidence for practice through disciplined research

    • C. 

      Document the role nursing serves in society

    • D. 

      Establish research priorities

  • 5. 
    Constructivist qualitative research typically does which of the following?
    • A. 

      Involves deductive processes

    • B. 

      Attempts to control the research context to better understand the phenomenon being studied

    • C. 

      Involves gathering narrative, subjective materials

    • D. 

      Focuses on numeric information

  • 6. 
    Consumers of research do which of the following?
    • A. 

      Design studies

    • B. 

      Undertake studies

    • C. 

      Produce research

    • D. 

      Read research

  • 7. 
    Empiricism refers to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Making generalizations from specific observations

    • B. 

      Articulating a study purpose in terms of an appropriate classification system

    • C. 

      Gathering evidence about real-world phenomena through the senses

    • D. 

      Verifying the assumptions on which the study was based

  • 8. 
    Evidenced-based nursing primarily uses which of the following to answer clinical questions?
    • A. 

      Consulting an authority

    • B. 

      Using intuition

    • C. 

      Obtaining the newest research

    • D. 

      Relying on experience

  • 9. 
    Non-research-based evidence includes which of the following? Select all that apply
    • A. 

      Unit culture

    • B. 

      Nurse's experience

    • C. 

      Qualitative studies

    • D. 

      Trial and error

  • 10. 
    Nursing has experienced constant change over the past decades as a result of increased research. When determining best practices, nursing decisions should do which of the following? Select all that apply
    • A. 

      Be based on tradition

    • B. 

      Include holistic approaches

    • C. 

      Be clinically appropriate

    • D. 

      Be cost effective

  • 11. 
    Quantitative and qualitative research share which of the following features? Select all that apply
    • A. 

      A desire to understand the true state of human affairs

    • B. 

      An emphasis on formal measurement

    • C. 

      A reliance on external evidence collected through the senses

    • D. 

      Utility to the nursing profession

  • 12. 
    The classic scientific method has its intellectual roots in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Positivism

    • B. 

      Determinism

    • C. 

      Constructivism

    • D. 

      Empiricism

  • 13. 
    The major difference between quantitative and qualitative research is that qualitative research seeks to find answers based on which of the following?
    • A. 

      Solid factual data

    • B. 

      Experiences or descriptions

    • C. 

      Etiology

    • D. 

      Systematic process

  • 14. 
    When little is known about a phenomenon or the phenomenon is not clearly identified, the best type of research suited to uncover this is which of the following?
    • A. 

      Exploration

    • B. 

      Description

    • C. 

      Identification

    • D. 

      Prediction

  • 15. 
    When nurses rely primarily on tradition, they are most likely to do which of the following?
    • A. 

      Produce a precise range of answers

    • B. 

      Increase new knowledge

    • C. 

      Maintain an unbiased perspective

    • D. 

      Undermine effective problem solving

  • 16. 
    Which of the following attributes is least characteristic of the traditional scientific method?
    • A. 

      Control over external factors

    • B. 

      Systematic measurement and observation of natural phenomena

    • C. 

      Testing of hunches deduced from theory or prior research

    • D. 

      Emphasis on a holistic view of a phenomenon, studied in a rich context

  • 17. 
    Which of the following groups would be best served by the development of a scientific base for nursing practice?
    • A. 

      Nursing administrators

    • B. 

      Practicing nurses

    • C. 

      Nurses' clients

    • D. 

      Health care policymakers

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is a descriptive question that a qualitative researcher most likely would ask?
    • A. 

      What is the nature of this phenomenon?

    • B. 

      What is the average intensity of this phenomenon?

    • C. 

      How frequently does this phenomenon occur?

    • D. 

      What is the average duration of this phenomenon?

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a fundamental belief of those who hold to the constructivist paradigm?
    • A. 

      A fixed reality exists in nature for humans to understand

    • B. 

      The nature of reality has changed over time

    • C. 

      Reality is multiply constructed and multiply interpreted by humans

    • D. 

      Reality cannot be studied empirically

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is a fundamental belief of those who hold to the positivist paradigm?
    • A. 

      The researcher is objective and independent of those being studied

    • B. 

      The researcher cannot interact with those being studied

    • C. 

      The researcher instructs those being studied to be objective in providing information

    • D. 

      The distance between the researcher and those being researched is minimized to enhance the interactive process

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is a hallmark of the scientific method?
    • A. 

      Rigorous

    • B. 

      Holistic

    • C. 

      Systematic

    • D. 

      Flexible

  • 22. 
    Which of the following limits the capacity of the scientific method to answer questions about humans?
    • A. 

      The necessity of departing from traditional beliefs

    • B. 

      The difficulty of accurately measuring complex human traits

    • C. 

      The lack of funding for research

    • D. 

      The shortage of theories about human behavior

  • 23. 
    Which of the following research focuses is qualitative?
    • A. 

      Weekend and night outcomes of patients admitted to a specific hospital system's trauma departments

    • B. 

      Trends in hospitalizations of patients with antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis

    • C. 

      Predicting risks for serious complications with abdominal surgery

    • D. 

      Needs of nursing students living with chronic illness

  • 24. 
    Which of the following would be most strongly associated with cause-probing research?
    • A. 

      Identification

    • B. 

      Description

    • C. 

      Exploration

    • D. 

      Explanation