Janet Houser Nursing Research Test Bank

49 Questions | Total Attempts: 1225

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Janet Houser Nursing Research Test Bank

Nursing Research: Reading, Using, and Creating Evidence 3rd edition Author: Janet Houser


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An outcome of interest that occurs after the introduction of an independent variable. The “effect” of “cause and effect.”
    • A. 

      Descriptive variables

    • B. 

      Independent variables

    • C. 

      Non-descriptive variables

    • D. 

      Dependent variable

  • 2. 
    Characteristics that describe the sample and provide a composite picture of the subjects of the study; they are not manipulated or controlled by the researcher.
    • A. 

      Descriptive variables

    • B. 

      Descriptive studies

    • C. 

      Variable

    • D. 

      Extraneous variables

  • 3. 
    Factors that exert an effect on the outcome but that are not part of the planned experiment and may confuse the interpretation of the results.
    • A. 

      Exploratory studies

    • B. 

      Variable

    • C. 

      Research design

    • D. 

      Extraneous variables

  • 4. 
    A factor that is artificially introduced into a study explicitly to measure an expected effect. The “cause” of “cause and effect.” 
    • A. 

      Dependent variable

    • B. 

      Independent variable

    • C. 

      Variable

    • D. 

      Extraneous variable

  • 5. 
    Characteristic, event, or response that represents the elements of the research question in a detectable or measurable way
    • A. 

      Exploratory studies

    • B. 

      Seminal work

    • C. 

      Correlation research

    • D. 

      Variable

  • 6. 
    _______ introduced the concept of scientific inquiry as the basic for practice in 1859.  The topic environmental factors to promote physical/emotional well-being. This person is also the first nurse researcher. 
    • A. 

      Clara barton

    • B. 

      Margaret Newman

    • C. 

      Florence Nightingale

  • 7. 
    _______ put nursing research on par with medical research and the other health sciences, ensuring financial support and a national audience for disciplined inquiry in the field.
    • A. 

      IRB- International review board

    • B. 

      NINH-National Institute of Nursing Research

    • C. 

      NNA- National nurses association

  • 8. 
    __________ the process of subjecting research to the appraisal of a neutral third party.  
    • A. 

      Peer review

    • B. 

      Intentional review

    • C. 

      Nursing research

  • 9. 
    ________ was established/done in the United States
    • A. 

      Nuremberg Code

    • B. 

      Tuskegee Study and National Research Act 1974

    • C. 

      The Declaration of Helsinki

  • 10. 
    ____ Are international codes
    • A. 

      Tuskegee Study and National Research Act 1974

    • B. 

      National Research Act in 1974

    • C. 

      Nuremberg Code and The Declaration of Helsinki

  • 11. 
    ________ mission is to ensure that the research is ethically acceptable and that the welfare and rights of research participants are protected; PROTECTING THE CITIZENS.
    • A. 

      IRB=institutional Review Board

    • B. 

      NINH-National Institute of Nursing Research

    • C. 

      Hawthorne effect

  • 12. 
    What kind of effect?Little Timmy always came to school stinky. One day, Timmy's teacher told the class that she would give candy to all of the kids if they came to school smelling good. So the next day, little Timmy made sure to come to class smelling good to get candy. * When the subject yearns to please the researcher. * (May skew results)
    • A. 

      Cause and effect

    • B. 

      Hawthorn effect

    • C. 

      Subject-researcher bias

  • 13. 
    _______ an overall belief system or way of viewing the nature of reality and the basis of knowledge.
    • A. 

      Paradigms in nursing research

    • B. 

      Conceptual framework

    • C. 

      Research hypothesis

  • 14. 
    The Triad of scientific evidence consists of____  (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Best scientific evidence

    • B. 

      Nursing research

    • C. 

      Clinical experience

    • D. 

      Patient preferences

    • E. 

      Research paradigms

  • 15. 
    _____ Subject are Randomized (In a quantitative study)Introducing something new into our study that wasn’t there before 
    • A. 

      Non-experimental

    • B. 

      Experimental (true experimental)

    • C. 

      Quasi-experimental

  • 16. 
    ______ Observing , Collecting data, Non-randomized subjects Not introducing something new into the study.
    • A. 

      Non-experimental

    • B. 

      Experimental (true experimental)

    • C. 

      Quasi-experimental

  • 17. 
    Very similar to experimental study EXCEPT DO NOT USE RANDOMIZATION.NON-RANDOMIZED.
    • A. 

      Non-experimental

    • B. 

      Experimental (true experimental)

    • C. 

      Quasi-experimental

  • 18. 
    Empirical litterature
    • A. 

      Published works that demonstrate how theories apply to individual behavior or observed events.

    • B. 

      Major ideas or themes in a research question.

    • C. 

      Research designed to quantify the strength and the direction of the relationship of two variables in a single subject or the relationship between a single variable in two samples.

    • D. 

      The science of publication patterns

  • 19. 
    Research designed to describe in detail some processes, events, or outcome. The design is used when very little is known about the research questions & the variables are used to predict the outcome. 
    • A. 

      Correlation research

    • B. 

      Qualitative research

    • C. 

      Predictive research

  • 20. 
    Relationship between two variables. Quantifies strength and direction of a relationship
    • A. 

      Correlation research

    • B. 

      Quantitative research

    • C. 

      Descriptive research

  • 21. 
     everyone who we want to apply our study finding to.. ex) all of the patients with heart disease or high cholesterol.
    • A. 

      Sample

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Portion

  • 22. 
    A carefully selected subset of the population that represents population characteristic
    • A. 

      Population

    • B. 

      Sample

    • C. 

      Portion

  • 23. 
    A specific population example BSN student in Florida, Heart failure patient
    • A. 

      Sample

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Target population

    • D. 

      Target sample

  • 24. 
    Who’s the easiest and most available people for the researcher? Ex: BSN in our back yard (Tampa, Florida)
    • A. 

      Target population

    • B. 

      Accessible Population

    • C. 

      Target sample

  • 25. 
    Sample selection is referred to as PURPOSEFUL SUBJECTS ARE SELECTED BECAUSE THEY POSSESS CERTAIN CHARACTERISTIC
    • A. 

      Qualitative sample selection

    • B. 

      Quantitative sample selection

    • C. 

      Longitudinal study sample selection

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