Nursing Research MCQs With Answers!

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Nursing Research MCQs With Answers! - Quiz

Check out our informative designed to help you practice for all the Nursing Research exams. The main focus of this nursing research MCQs with answers quiz is to recall everything you have studied during the course. It is true that doctors are the significant priority people in the health profession, but nurses are not the less, as the doctors cannot work without them. The quiz below will test your knowledge of the subject. Take the quiz and don't forget to share your result with friends.


Nursing Research Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    A nurse who reads research articles and incorporates research findings into nursing practice would demonstrate which of the following research roles?

    • A.

      Consumer

    • B.

      Primary investigator

    • C.

      Collaborator

    • D.

      Producer

    Correct Answer
    A. Consumer
    Explanation
    A nurse who reads research articles and incorporates research findings into nursing practice is demonstrating the role of a consumer. As a consumer, the nurse is actively seeking out and staying informed about the latest research in order to apply evidence-based practices in their work. This role involves critically evaluating research articles, understanding the implications of the findings, and integrating them into their clinical decision-making process. By being a consumer of research, the nurse is able to provide the best possible care based on the most current and reliable evidence available.

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  • 2. 

    Florence Nightingale is most noted for which of the following contributions to nursing research?

    • A.

      Case study approach to research.

    • B.

      Data collection and analysis.

    • C.

      Framework and model development.

    • D.

      Quasi-experimental study design.

    Correct Answer
    B. Data collection and analysis.
    Explanation
    Florence Nightingale is most noted for her contributions to nursing research in the area of data collection and analysis. She was a pioneer in using statistical methods to analyze healthcare data and played a significant role in improving public health outcomes. Nightingale's meticulous data collection and analysis helped to identify patterns and trends, which led to important advancements in nursing practice and healthcare delivery. Her work emphasized the importance of evidence-based practice and laid the foundation for modern nursing research.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following historical events had a major impact on the funding for nursing research?

    • A.

      Development of local, national, and international nursing research conferences by Sigma Theta Tau.

    • B.

      Initiation of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

    • C.

      Formation of the National Institute for Nursing Research.

    • D.

      Development of a Nursing Research Council as part of the American Nurses Association.

    Correct Answer
    C. Formation of the National Institute for Nursing Research.
    Explanation
    The formation of the National Institute for Nursing Research had a major impact on the funding for nursing research. This institute was specifically created to support and promote nursing research, providing funding opportunities and resources for researchers in the field. It played a crucial role in advancing nursing science and improving healthcare outcomes through evidence-based practice. The establishment of this dedicated research institute marked a significant milestone in the recognition and support of nursing research, leading to increased funding and opportunities for nurses to contribute to the body of knowledge in the field.

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  • 4. 

    An example of inductive reasoning is:

    • A.

      Reasoning from all chronically ill patients to a single chronically ill patient.

    • B.

      Reasoning from a single diabetic patient to all diabetic patients.

    • C.

      Using a standard nursing care plan to care for a specific patient.

    • D.

      Using a computerized nursing care plan to care for insulin-dependent diabetic patients.

    Correct Answer
    B. Reasoning from a single diabetic patient to all diabetic patients.
    Explanation
    Inductive reasoning involves drawing a general conclusion based on specific observations or examples. In this case, reasoning from a single diabetic patient to all diabetic patients is an example of inductive reasoning. By observing and studying one diabetic patient, we can make generalizations and form conclusions about the characteristics, symptoms, and treatment approaches that may apply to all diabetic patients. This is a common approach in medical research and practice, where knowledge gained from studying individual cases is used to inform broader understanding and decision-making.

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  • 5. 

    Quantitative and qualitative research approaches are particularly useful in nursing because they:

    • A.

      Are easy to implement.

    • B.

      Require few resources.

    • C.

      Are both process oriented.

    • D.

      Balance each other by generating different types of nursing knowledge.

    Correct Answer
    D. Balance each other by generating different types of nursing knowledge.
    Explanation
    Quantitative and qualitative research approaches in nursing balance each other by generating different types of nursing knowledge. Quantitative research focuses on numerical data and statistical analysis, providing objective and generalizable results. On the other hand, qualitative research focuses on understanding the subjective experiences and meanings of individuals, providing in-depth and contextualized insights. By using both approaches, nurses can obtain a comprehensive understanding of healthcare phenomena, combining the strengths of both quantitative and qualitative methods to inform evidence-based practice. This balance allows for a more holistic and nuanced understanding of nursing knowledge.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following types of research involve at least some control by the researcher to implement the study treatment?

    • A.

      Correlational

    • B.

      Descriptive

    • C.

      Quasi-experimental

    • D.

      Experimental

    Correct Answer
    C. Quasi-experimental
    Explanation
    Quasi-experimental research involves at least some control by the researcher to implement the study treatment. In this type of research, the researcher manipulates the independent variable and measures the effect on the dependent variable, similar to experimental research. However, unlike experimental research, quasi-experimental research lacks random assignment of participants to groups. This means that the researcher has some control over the treatment being administered but cannot completely randomize participants into different groups.

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  • 7. 

    In which type of research is there high researcher control, random sampling, and laboratory setting?

    • A.

      Descriptive

    • B.

      Correlational

    • C.

      Quasi-experimental

    • D.

      Experimental

    Correct Answer
    D. Experimental
    Explanation
    Experimental research involves high researcher control, random sampling, and a laboratory setting. In this type of research, the researcher manipulates the independent variable and observes the effects on the dependent variable. The random sampling ensures that the participants are selected randomly from the population, increasing the generalizability of the findings. The laboratory setting allows for control over extraneous variables, creating a controlled environment for the study. Therefore, experimental research is characterized by these features, making it the correct answer in this case.

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  • 8. 

    Benner (1984) emphasizes the importance of acquiring clinical knowledge and expertise through:

    • A.

      Professional experience

    • B.

      Personal experience

    • C.

      Academic experience

    Correct Answer
    B. Personal experience
    Explanation
    Benner (1984) highlights the significance of gaining clinical knowledge and expertise through personal experience. This implies that professionals in the field of healthcare need to actively engage in real-life situations and encounters to develop their skills and understanding. By directly participating in patient care, healthcare practitioners can learn from their own experiences, reflect on their actions, and continuously improve their clinical judgment and decision-making abilities. This hands-on approach allows individuals to develop a deep understanding of the complexities and nuances of clinical practice, ultimately leading to enhanced expertise and patient care outcomes.

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  • 9. 

    What category of research is suggested by the following research question?   "Does telephone follow-up by nurses improve patients' compliance with their medication regimens?"

    • A.

      Applied research

    • B.

      Basic research

    • C.

      Descriptive research

    • D.

      Phenomenological research

    Correct Answer
    A. Applied research
    Explanation
    The research question inquires about the effectiveness of telephone follow-up by nurses in improving patients' compliance with their medication regimens. This question is focused on practical application and seeks to provide a solution or intervention to a real-world problem. Therefore, it falls under the category of applied research, which aims to address specific issues and generate practical knowledge that can be implemented in real-life settings.

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  • 10. 

    A researcher investigates the effect of frequency of position change on healing of decubitus ulcers. The study would be described as:

    • A.

      Applied research

    • B.

      Basic research

    • C.

      Descriptive research

    • D.

      Phenomenological research

    Correct Answer
    A. Applied research
    Explanation
    Applied research refers to a type of research that is conducted with the intention of solving practical problems or addressing specific issues in real-world settings. In this case, the researcher is investigating the effect of frequency of position change on the healing of decubitus ulcers, which is a practical concern in healthcare. Therefore, the study can be described as applied research as it aims to provide practical solutions or interventions for the treatment of decubitus ulcers.

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  • 11. 

    Applied research seeks to solve a clinical problem in which setting?  

    • A.

      Controlled

    • B.

      Laboratory

    • C.

      Natural

    • D.

      Simulated

    Correct Answer
    C. Natural
    Explanation
    Applied research seeks to solve a clinical problem in a natural setting. This means that the research is conducted in a real-world environment, such as a hospital or community, where the problem actually occurs. This allows researchers to study the problem in its natural context and gather data that is representative of real-life situations. By conducting research in a natural setting, the findings can be more applicable and relevant to the clinical problem being studied.

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  • 12. 

    A researcher designs a study that uses a random sampling method to decrease the likelihood of bias in the study sample. This strategy was used to implement:

    • A.

      Manipulation

    • B.

      Control

    • C.

      Data collection

    • D.

      Experimental research

    Correct Answer
    B. Control
    Explanation
    The researcher's use of random sampling aims to decrease bias in the study sample. By randomly selecting participants from the population, the researcher ensures that each individual has an equal chance of being included in the study. This helps to control for any potential confounding variables or biases that could influence the results. Therefore, the correct answer is control.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following definitions best describes rigor in quantitative research?

    • A.

      Time frame in which the research takes place

    • B.

      Degree of aggressiveness used in acquiring the data

    • C.

      Amount of control and precision exerted by the methodology

    • D.

      Process used to synthesize findings to form conclusions from a study

    Correct Answer
    C. Amount of control and precision exerted by the methodology
    Explanation
    Rigor in quantitative research refers to the amount of control and precision exerted by the methodology. It involves the use of systematic and standardized procedures to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the data collected. Rigorous research methods involve careful planning, sample selection, data collection, and analysis techniques to minimize bias and errors. By exerting control and precision, researchers can increase the validity and generalizability of their findings, making them more reliable and trustworthy.

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  • 14. 

    A researcher is interested in studying stress and coping in caregivers of elderly stroke victims. The researcher designs a study where data collection takes place in the caregiver's home. This would be an example of which type of research setting?

    • A.

      Natural, field

    • B.

      Highly controlled, field

    • C.

      Partially controlled, laboratory

    • D.

      Highly controlled, laboratory

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural, field
    Explanation
    The researcher's study takes place in the caregiver's home, indicating that the research setting is a natural, field setting. This means that the study is conducted in a real-life environment, allowing for a more realistic and ecologically valid understanding of stress and coping in caregivers of elderly stroke victims.

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  • 15. 

    Problem identification in the research process would be equivalent to which step in the nursing process?

    • A.

      Goal identification

    • B.

      Data interpretation

    • C.

      Identifying solutions

    • D.

      Nursing diagnosis

    Correct Answer
    D. Nursing diagnosis
    Explanation
    In the research process, problem identification is the first step where researchers identify and define the problem they want to study. Similarly, in the nursing process, nursing diagnosis is the step where nurses identify and define the patient's health problem based on the assessment data. Both problem identification in the research process and nursing diagnosis in the nursing process involve identifying and defining the problem to be addressed. Therefore, the correct answer is nursing diagnosis.

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  • 16. 

    The plan in the problem-solving process is equivalent to which step in the research process?

    • A.

      Outcomes

    • B.

      Design

    • C.

      Implementation

    • D.

      Goal identification

    Correct Answer
    B. Design
    Explanation
    The plan in the problem-solving process is equivalent to the design step in the research process. In both cases, a plan or design is created to guide the overall process. In problem-solving, the plan outlines the steps and strategies to solve a specific problem, while in research, the design refers to the overall framework and methodology that will be used to conduct the study. Both involve careful planning and consideration of the best approach to achieve the desired outcomes or goals.

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  • 17. 

    The research process differs from the nursing process on which of the following?

    • A.

      Identifies new information

    • B.

      Involves abstract, critical thinking

    • C.

      Has a broader focus

    • D.

      Utilizes complex thinking

    Correct Answer
    C. Has a broader focus
    Explanation
    The research process differs from the nursing process in that it has a broader focus. While the nursing process is specific to the field of nursing and focuses on providing patient care, the research process is applicable to various disciplines and aims to generate new knowledge and understanding. It involves investigating and exploring a wide range of topics and questions, not limited to nursing practice alone.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following would identify the specific aim or goal of the study based on the identified problem?

    • A.

      Purpose

    • B.

      Literature review

    • C.

      Methodology

    • D.

      Assumptions

    Correct Answer
    A. Purpose
    Explanation
    The purpose of a study is to clearly identify the specific aim or goal that the study aims to achieve. It provides a clear direction and focus for the research, outlining what the researcher intends to accomplish through the study. The purpose statement usually highlights the problem or gap in knowledge that the study seeks to address and provides a rationale for conducting the research. Therefore, the purpose is the most appropriate option for identifying the specific aim or goal of the study based on the identified problem.

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  • 19. 

    Research subjects in a study of quality of life (QOL) in liver transplant recipients were asked to complete a questionnaire about their experiences following transplantation. Which of the following would be a likely assumption the researcher made in relation to this study?

    • A.

      Subjects will complete every item on the questionnaire.

    • B.

      Subjects are able to identify a personal awareness of QOL.

    • C.

      All liver transplant recipients invited to participate in the study will complete a questionnaire.

    • D.

      QOL is an important issue to liver transplant recipients.

    Correct Answer
    B. Subjects are able to identify a personal awareness of QOL.
    Explanation
    The researcher likely assumed that the subjects in the study have the ability to recognize and understand their own quality of life (QOL) following liver transplantation. This assumption is based on the fact that the subjects were asked to complete a questionnaire about their experiences, indicating that they are capable of reflecting on and evaluating their own QOL.

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  • 20. 

    Before implementing a large, multisite research investigation, a researcher conducts a smaller study of the planned study to identify any problematic areas. This smaller study is known as a(n):

    • A.

      Abstract

    • B.

      Exploratory design

    • C.

      Pilot study

    • D.

      Proposal

    Correct Answer
    C. Pilot study
    Explanation
    A pilot study is conducted by a researcher before implementing a larger, multisite research investigation. The purpose of the pilot study is to identify any problematic areas in the planned study and make necessary adjustments before proceeding with the larger investigation. It helps in testing the feasibility of the research design, data collection methods, and procedures. By conducting a pilot study, the researcher can gain valuable insights and make improvements to ensure the success of the larger study.

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  • 21. 

    The researcher uses which portion of the research report to capture the reader's attention?

    Correct Answer
    abstract
    Explanation
    The researcher uses the abstract portion of the research report to capture the reader's attention. The abstract is a concise summary of the entire research report, highlighting the main objectives, methods, findings, and conclusions of the study. It provides a brief overview of the research, allowing readers to quickly grasp the key points and decide if they want to read the full report. By presenting the most important information upfront, the abstract serves as a hook to engage the reader and generate interest in the research.

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  • 22. 

    The sentence "The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between health beliefs and breast self-examination" would most likely be found in which section of a research report?

    Correct Answer
    abstract
    Explanation
    The sentence "The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between health beliefs and breast self-examination" would most likely be found in the abstract section of a research report. The abstract is a concise summary of the entire study, including the research question or purpose, methods, results, and conclusions. It provides a brief overview of the study's objectives and findings, allowing readers to quickly understand the main focus and contribution of the research.

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  • 23. 

    The initial and one of the most significant steps in conducting the research process is:

    • A.

      Defining the research variables.

    • B.

      Identifying the research problem.

    • C.

      Stating the research purpose.

    • D.

      Determining the feasibility of the study.

    Correct Answer
    B. Identifying the research problem.
    Explanation
    Identifying the research problem is the initial and most significant step in conducting the research process because it helps to define the scope and focus of the study. By identifying the research problem, researchers can determine what specific issue or question they want to investigate and what gaps in knowledge they aim to fill. This step sets the foundation for the entire research process and guides the selection of research variables, research purpose, and the feasibility of the study.

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  • 24. 

    The purpose statement should identify the study variable(s) and what other key aspect of the study?

    • A.

      Design

    • B.

      Measurement tools

    • C.

      Population

    • D.

      Statistics

    Correct Answer
    C. Population
    Explanation
    The purpose statement should identify the study variable(s) and the population. This is because the population is a key aspect of the study that helps determine the generalizability of the findings. The study variable(s) refer to the specific characteristics or factors that are being investigated in the study. Therefore, the purpose statement should clearly state both the study variable(s) and the population being studied.

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  • 25. 

    One important source for identification of a research problem would be:

    • A.

      Nursing practice

    • B.

      Research textbook

    • C.

      Nursing code of ethics

    • D.

      Practice guidelines

    Correct Answer
    A. Nursing practice
    Explanation
    Nursing practice is an important source for identifying a research problem because it involves the direct application of knowledge and skills in the field. Nurses encounter various challenges and issues in their daily practice, which can serve as potential research problems. By observing and analyzing these problems, nurses can identify areas that require further investigation and research to improve patient outcomes and enhance nursing practice. Therefore, nursing practice provides valuable insights and real-world scenarios that can guide the identification of research problems in the field.

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  • 26. 

    In the literature report of a study on quality of life, the researcher describes two previous investigations suggesting that spirituality is related to quality of life. This information suggests the current study is significant because it:

    • A.

      Influences theology.

    • B.

      Builds on previous research.

    • C.

      Challenges existing theory.

    • D.

      Addresses multidisciplinary concerns.

    Correct Answer
    B. Builds on previous research.
    Explanation
    The answer "Builds on previous research" is correct because the literature report mentions two previous investigations that suggest a relationship between spirituality and quality of life. This indicates that the current study is significant because it is adding to the existing body of knowledge by further exploring this relationship. By building on previous research, the study can contribute to a better understanding of the topic and potentially provide new insights or confirm existing findings.

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  • 27. 

    Feasibility is determined by examining which of the following? 

    • A.

      Researcher's credibility

    • B.

      Significance of research problem

    • C.

      Availability of subjects

    • D.

      Previous studies

    Correct Answer
    C. Availability of subjects
    Explanation
    Feasibility is determined by examining the availability of subjects. This means that in order to conduct a research study, it is important to consider whether there are enough participants or subjects available to gather data and draw meaningful conclusions. Without a sufficient number of subjects, it may not be feasible to carry out the research effectively. Therefore, the availability of subjects plays a crucial role in determining the feasibility of a research study.

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  • 28. 

    In a research proposal, the investigator notes that written permission has been obtained from three local hospitals to access patients for the proposed study. This is an example of what aspect of a study?

    • A.

      Reliability

    • B.

      Methodology

    • C.

      Ethics

    • D.

      Feasibility

    Correct Answer
    D. Feasibility
    Explanation
    In a research proposal, obtaining written permission from local hospitals to access patients for the proposed study is an example of the feasibility aspect of a study. Feasibility refers to the practicality and likelihood of successfully conducting a study, which includes obtaining necessary permissions and resources. By securing permission from the hospitals, the investigator demonstrates that the study is feasible in terms of accessing the required participants and data.

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  • 29. 

    A research hypothesis:

    • A.

      Predicts the expected results or outcomes of the study

    • B.

      Defines the theoretical framework for the study

    • C.

      Identifies the source of the problem under study

    • D.

      Clarifies the concepts used in the study

    Correct Answer
    A. Predicts the expected results or outcomes of the study
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "predicts the expected results or outcomes of the study." A research hypothesis is a statement that suggests the relationship between variables and predicts the expected results or outcomes of the study. It helps guide the research and provides a direction for data collection and analysis. By formulating a hypothesis, researchers can test their assumptions and evaluate the validity of their predictions. This allows them to draw conclusions and contribute to the existing knowledge in their field.

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  • 30. 

    The statement "This study explores the experience of caregiving by adult daughters of parents with Alzheimer disease" is an example of which of the following?

    • A.

      Objective

    • B.

      Question

    • C.

      Simple hypothesis

    • D.

      Complex hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    A. Objective
    Explanation
    The statement "This study explores the experience of caregiving by adult daughters of parents with Alzheimer's disease" is an example of an objective. This is because the statement describes the purpose or goal of the study, which is to explore the experience of caregiving by a specific group of individuals. It does not make any assumptions or predictions, and it does not propose any cause-and-effect relationships, which are characteristics of hypotheses.

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  • 31. 

    What type of hypothesis is the following? "Normal saline flush with heparin is more effective than normal saline flush alone in maintaining patency of an intermittent intravenous site."

    • A.

      Simple, research

    • B.

      Complex, nondirectional

    • C.

      Complex, causal

    • D.

      Simple, directional

    Correct Answer
    D. Simple, directional
    Explanation
    The given hypothesis is a simple, directional hypothesis. This is because it clearly states that one variable (normal saline flush with heparin) is more effective than another variable (normal saline flush alone) in maintaining patency of an intermittent intravenous site. It is a simple hypothesis because it only involves two variables and a directional hypothesis because it specifies the direction of the expected difference between the two variables.

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  • 32. 

    What type of hypothesis is the following?"Cancer patients who receive music therapy complain less frequently of pain and require less pain medication than cancer patients not receiving music therapy." 

    • A.

      Complex, directional hypothesis

    • B.

      Simple, associative hypothesis

    • C.

      Simple, nondirectional hypothesis

    • D.

      Complex, null hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    A. Complex, directional hypothesis
    Explanation
    This statement is a complex, directional hypothesis because it predicts a specific relationship between two variables (receiving music therapy and pain reduction) and the direction of that relationship (less pain and less medication). It suggests that there is a cause-effect relationship between music therapy and pain reduction in cancer patients.

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  • 33. 

    What type of hypothesis is the following? "Low-fat diet is related to lower total cholesterol and higher HDL (high-density lipoprotein)." 

    • A.

      Complex, directional, causal

    • B.

      Complex, directional, associative

    • C.

      Simple, nondirectional, research

    • D.

      Simple, directional, causal

    Correct Answer
    B. Complex, directional, associative
    Explanation
    The hypothesis stated in the question is complex because it involves multiple variables (low-fat diet, total cholesterol, and HDL). It is directional because it suggests a relationship between low-fat diet and lower total cholesterol, as well as higher HDL. Lastly, it is associative because it implies that there is a correlation or association between low-fat diet and cholesterol levels, rather than a cause-and-effect relationship.

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  • 34. 

    The dependent variable is:

    • A.

      A stimulus or activity that is varied by the researcher.

    • B.

      The quality, property, or characteristic identified in the problem.

    • C.

      A characteristic or element of the human subjects involved in the study.

    • D.

      The response or outcome that the researcher wants to understand.

    Correct Answer
    D. The response or outcome that the researcher wants to understand.
    Explanation
    The dependent variable refers to the response or outcome that the researcher wants to understand. It is the variable that is being measured or observed in an experiment or study. The researcher manipulates the independent variable and then measures the effect it has on the dependent variable. By studying the dependent variable, researchers can gain insights into the relationship between the independent variable and the outcome or response they are interested in.

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  • 35. 

    Identify the independent variable in the following hypothesis:"Cancer patients who receive music therapy complain less frequently of pain and require less pain medication than cancer patients not receiving music therapy." 

    • A.

      Relaxation therapy

    • B.

      Complaints of pain

    • C.

      Pain medication use

    • D.

      Music therapy

    Correct Answer
    D. Music therapy
    Explanation
    The independent variable in this hypothesis is "Music therapy". This is because it is the variable that is being manipulated or controlled by the researchers. The hypothesis suggests that cancer patients who receive music therapy will complain less frequently of pain and require less pain medication compared to cancer patients who do not receive music therapy. Therefore, the researchers are interested in studying the effects of music therapy on pain complaints and pain medication use, making it the independent variable.

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  • 36. 

    Hypotheses: "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support." Question: "Request for analgesics" is the:

    • A.

      Independent variable.

    • B.

      Dependent variable.

    • C.

      Attribute variable

    • D.

      Extraneous variable

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent variable.
    Explanation
    The dependent variable is the variable that is being measured or observed in an experiment. In this scenario, the dependent variable is the "request for analgesics," as it is the outcome or response that is being measured to determine the effectiveness of structured preoperative support in reducing patients' perception of pain. The independent variable would be the "structured preoperative support" because it is the variable that is being manipulated or controlled to see its effect on the dependent variable. Attribute variable and extraneous variable do not apply in this context.

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  • 37. 

    Hypotheses: "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support." Question: "Perception of pain" is the:

    • A.

      Independent variable.

    • B.

      Dependent variable.

    • C.

      Attribute variable.

    • D.

      Extraneous variable

    Correct Answer
    B. Dependent variable.
    Explanation
    The question asks about the variable that is the "perception of pain." In this case, the perception of pain is what is being measured or observed in the study. It is the outcome that is expected to be influenced by the independent variable, which is the type of support (preoperative or postoperative) provided to the surgical patients. Therefore, the perception of pain is the dependent variable in this study.

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  • 38. 

    Hypotheses: "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support." Question: "Type of support" is

    • A.

      Independent variable.

    • B.

      Dependent variable

    • C.

      Attribute variable

    • D.

      Extraneous variable

    Correct Answer
    A. Independent variable.
    Explanation
    The type of support provided (structured preoperative support or structured postoperative support) is the independent variable in this study. The researchers are interested in examining the effect of different types of support on surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics. They are manipulating the type of support provided to the patients and measuring the outcomes, making it the independent variable.

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  • 39. 

    Hypotheses: "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support." This hypothesis is

    • A.

      Simple, directional, research

    • B.

      Complex, nondirectional, null

    • C.

      Complex, directional, research

    • D.

      Simple, nondirectional, statistical

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex, directional, research
    Explanation
    This hypothesis is complex because it involves multiple variables (structured preoperative support, perception of pain, request for analgesics) and their relationship. It is directional because it states that structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics. It is research because it is proposing a study to investigate the effectiveness of structured preoperative support.

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  • 40. 

    The statement below is an example of which of the following? "In this study, pain is reflected as a score between 0 and 10 on the Post-operative Pain Rating Scale."

    • A.

      Problem statement

    • B.

      Conceptual definition

    • C.

      Associative hypothesis

    • D.

      Operational definition

    Correct Answer
    D. Operational definition
    Explanation
    The given statement is an example of an operational definition. An operational definition defines a concept or variable in terms of the specific procedures or operations used to measure or manipulate it. In this case, the concept of pain is defined operationally as a score between 0 and 10 on the Post-operative Pain Rating Scale. This operational definition provides a clear and measurable way to assess and quantify pain in the study.

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  • 41. 

    In which section of the research report might the problem statement be located?

    • A.

      Literature review

    • B.

      Methods

    • C.

      Results

    • D.

      Implications

    Correct Answer
    A. Literature review
    Explanation
    The problem statement is typically located in the literature review section of a research report. This section provides an overview of existing literature and research related to the topic of study. It is in this section that the researcher identifies the gap or problem in the existing knowledge, which then leads to the formulation of the problem statement. By reviewing the literature, the researcher can establish the need for the study and justify its significance.

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  • 42. 

    The literature review section of a research report might include a summary of which of the following?

    • A.

      Empirical literature

    • B.

      Funding sources

    • C.

      Proposed methods and design

    • D.

      Description of study sample

    Correct Answer
    A. Empirical literature
    Explanation
    The literature review section of a research report includes a summary of empirical literature. This means that it includes a summary of previous research studies and findings that are relevant to the topic of the current research. This helps to establish the context and background for the current study, and also allows the researchers to identify any gaps in the existing literature that their study aims to address. By summarizing the empirical literature, the researchers can demonstrate the need for their study and show how it contributes to the existing body of knowledge.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following represents a primary source?

    • A.

      The results of a computer search related to the primary topic of interest.

    • B.

      A report of a study written by the researcher who did the study.

    • C.

      A published summary of the relevant research in a primary care area.

    • D.

      A thesaurus that identifies key words to use in a computer search.

    Correct Answer
    B. A report of a study written by the researcher who did the study.
    Explanation
    A report of a study written by the researcher who did the study is considered a primary source because it is an original document that presents the findings and conclusions directly from the person who conducted the research. It provides firsthand information and insights into the study, making it a reliable and authoritative source of information.

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  • 44. 

    At what point is the literature review conducted in a qualitative investigation?

    • A.

      Prior to study implementation

    • B.

      During study implementation

    • C.

      After study completion

    • D.

      Depends on the type of study

    Correct Answer
    D. Depends on the type of study
    Explanation
    The literature review in a qualitative investigation can be conducted at different points depending on the type of study. In some cases, it may be conducted prior to study implementation to gather background information and inform the research design. In other cases, it may be conducted during study implementation to explore emerging themes and concepts. Additionally, the literature review can also be conducted after study completion to validate findings and situate them within the existing body of knowledge. Therefore, the timing of the literature review depends on the specific nature and objectives of the qualitative study.

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  • 45. 

    Which of the following types of information is consistently covered in a quantitative literature review? 

    • A.

      Descriptions of effective clinical outcomes

    • B.

      Anecdotal opinions of expert researchers

    • C.

      Approaches used to investigate similar problems

    • D.

      Clinical impressions of related phenomena

    Correct Answer
    C. Approaches used to investigate similar problems
    Explanation
    A quantitative literature review consistently covers the approaches used to investigate similar problems. This type of review focuses on analyzing and synthesizing empirical studies that have utilized quantitative research methods to investigate a specific research question or problem. By examining the approaches used in these studies, researchers can identify common methodologies, variables, and statistical analyses employed in the field. This information is crucial for understanding the current state of knowledge and for guiding future research endeavors. Descriptions of effective clinical outcomes, anecdotal opinions of expert researchers, and clinical impressions of related phenomena are not consistently covered in a quantitative literature review.

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  • 46. 

    The primary purpose for reviewing relevant literature is to:

    • A.

      Select the research design.

    • B.

      Delineate the existing knowledge base of an identified problem

    • C.

      Interpret previous research findings

    • D.

      Develop conceptual and operational definitions of variables

    Correct Answer
    B. Delineate the existing knowledge base of an identified problem
    Explanation
    Reviewing relevant literature serves the purpose of delineating the existing knowledge base of an identified problem. By reviewing previous research and scholarly articles, researchers can gain a comprehensive understanding of what is already known about the problem they are studying. This allows them to identify any gaps in the existing knowledge and determine the research questions or hypotheses that need to be addressed. It also helps researchers to build upon and contribute to the existing body of knowledge in their field.

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  • 47. 

    A crucial resource for researchers conducting a literature review would be:

    • A.

      A secondary source.

    • B.

      An academic library.

    • C.

      Lay literature

    • D.

      A research mentor

    Correct Answer
    B. An academic library.
    Explanation
    An academic library would be a crucial resource for researchers conducting a literature review because it provides access to a wide range of scholarly materials, such as books, journals, and databases. These resources are essential for researchers to gather relevant information, review existing studies, and identify gaps in the literature. Academic libraries also offer assistance from librarians who can help researchers navigate the collection and provide guidance on effective search strategies. Additionally, academic libraries often provide access to interlibrary loan services, allowing researchers to obtain materials from other libraries if needed. Therefore, an academic library is an invaluable resource for researchers conducting a literature review.

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  • 48. 

    Which numbers are even?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      6

    • E.

      7

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 2
    C. 4
    D. 6
    Explanation
    The numbers 2, 4, and 6 are even because they are divisible by 2 without leaving a remainder. Even numbers are those that can be divided by 2, while odd numbers cannot be divided by 2 evenly. Therefore, 2, 4, and 6 are the only even numbers among the given options.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following indexes would provide the largest number of relevant nursing sources?

    • A.

      International Nursing Index

    • B.

      Nursing Studies Index

    • C.

      Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature

    • D.

      Index Medicus

    Correct Answer
    C. Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature
    Explanation
    The Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature would provide the largest number of relevant nursing sources because it covers a wide range of nursing and allied health literature, including journals, books, and conference proceedings. This index is specifically designed to include comprehensive coverage of nursing research and related fields, making it a valuable resource for finding relevant sources in the nursing field. The other indexes listed may also provide nursing sources, but they may not have the same breadth and depth of coverage as the Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature.

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  • 50. 

    A critical aspect of beginning a database search for relevant literature on a topic of interest involves identifying:

    • A.

      Reference management software

    • B.

      Electronic journals

    • C.

      Keywords

    • D.

      Existing knowledge

    Correct Answer
    C. Keywords
    Explanation
    When beginning a database search for relevant literature on a topic of interest, one critical aspect is identifying keywords. Keywords are specific words or phrases that represent the main concepts or ideas related to the topic. By using appropriate keywords, researchers can effectively narrow down their search and find the most relevant articles and information. Keywords help in retrieving accurate and targeted search results, saving time and effort in the research process.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 04, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 13, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    John Dixon
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