Practice 1st Test Dr. Nazik Zakari

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| By Nazikzakari
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Nazikzakari
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Practice 1st Test Dr. Nazik Zakari - Quiz

Introduction to Nursing Research


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A nurse who reads research articles and incorporates research findings into nursing practice would demonstrate which of the following research roles?

    • A.

      Consumer

    • B.

      Primary investigator

    • C.

      Collaborator

    • D.

      Producer

    Correct Answer
    A. Consumer
    Explanation
    A nurse who reads research articles and incorporates research findings into nursing practice would demonstrate the research role of a consumer. As a consumer, the nurse is actively engaging with research by reading and understanding the findings, and then applying them to their own practice. This role involves staying up to date with the latest research and using evidence-based practices to improve patient care. The nurse is not the primary investigator, collaborator, or producer in this scenario, as they are not conducting the research themselves or directly involved in the research process.

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  • 2. 

     Descriptive and inferential studies fall into which type of result?

    • A.

      Correlation

    • B.

      Quantitative

    • C.

      Qualitative

    • D.

      Central tendency

    Correct Answer
    B. Quantitative
    Explanation
    Use numbers to predict.

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  • 3. 

    A nurse conduct a study that focuses on  document the degree of stress. What is the purpose of the research? 

    • A.

      Exploration of the phenomena

    • B.

      Prediction of the phenomena

    • C.

      Controlling of the phenomena

    • D.

      Description of the phenomena

    Correct Answer
    D. Description of the phenomena
    Explanation
    Descriptive results are evidence for new knowledge

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  • 4. 

    An example of inductive reasoning is:

    • A.

      Reasoning from all chronically ill patients to a single chronically ill patient

    • B.

      Reasoning from a single diabetic patient to all diabetic patients

    • C.

      Using a standard nursing care plan to care for a specific patient

    • D.

      Using a computerized nursing care plan to care for insulin-dependent diabetic patients.

    Correct Answer
    B. Reasoning from a single diabetic patient to all diabetic patients
    Explanation
    Logical Reasoning is developing generalization from specific

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  • 5. 

    Quantitative and qualitative research approaches are particularly useful in nursing because they:

    • A.

      Are easy to implement.

    • B.

      Require few resources.

    • C.

      Are both process oriented.

    • D.

      Balance each other by generating different types of nursing knowledge.

    Correct Answer
    D. Balance each other by generating different types of nursing knowledge.
    Explanation
    Balance each other by generating different types of nursing knowledge that emphasizing on the development and utilization of nursing knowledge, which is essential for continued improvement in patient care

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  • 6. 

    In which type of research is there high researcher control, random sampling, and laboratory setting?

    • A.

      Descriptive

    • B.

      Correlational

    • C.

      Quasi Experimental

    • D.

      Experimental

    Correct Answer
    D. Experimental
    Explanation
    Experimental research is characterized by high researcher control, random sampling, and a laboratory setting. In this type of research, the researcher manipulates the independent variable to observe its effects on the dependent variable. The random sampling ensures that the participants are selected randomly from the population, increasing the generalizability of the findings. The laboratory setting allows for better control over extraneous variables, enhancing the internal validity of the study. Overall, experimental research provides a strong foundation for establishing cause-and-effect relationships between variables.

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  • 7. 

    What category of research is suggested by the following research question?"Does telephone follow-up by nurses improve patients' compliance with their medication regimens?"

    • A.

      Applied research

    • B.

      Basic research

    • C.

      Descriptive research

    • D.

      Phenomenological research

    Correct Answer
    A. Applied research
    Explanation
    Concerned with using knowledge to solve immediate problems.
    Applied research is directed toward generating knowledge that can be used in the near future. It is often conducted to seek solutions to existing problems (Burns & Grove, 2005; Kerlinger, 1986; Polit & Beck, 2004).

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  • 8. 

    A researcher investigates the effect of frequency of position change on healing of decubitus ulcers. The study would be described as:

    • A.

      Applied research

    • B.

      Basic research

    • C.

      Descriptive research

    • D.

      Phenomenological research

    Correct Answer
    A. Applied research
    Explanation
    Concerned with using knowledge to solve immediate problems.
    Applied research is directed toward generating knowledge that can be used in the near future. It is often conducted to seek solutions to existing problems (Burns & Grove, 2005; Kerlinger, 1986; Polit & Beck, 2004).

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  • 9. 

    Applied research seeks to solve a clinical problem in which setting?  

    • A.

      Controlled

    • B.

      Laboratory

    • C.

      Natural

    • D.

      Simulated

    Correct Answer
    C. Natural
    Explanation
    Applied research seeks to solve a clinical problem in a natural setting. This means that the research is conducted in real-life situations, such as hospitals, clinics, or community settings, where the problem actually occurs. Natural settings allow researchers to observe and analyze the problem in its authentic context, providing valuable insights and practical solutions. Unlike controlled or laboratory settings, natural settings offer a more realistic and comprehensive understanding of the clinical problem and its potential solutions.

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  • 10. 

    A researcher is interested in studying stress and coping in caregivers of elderly stroke victims. The researcher designs a study where data collection takes place in the caregiver's home. This would be an example of which type of research setting?

    • A.

      Natural, field

    • B.

      Highly controlled, field

    • C.

      Partially controlled, laboratory

    • D.

      Highly controlled, laboratory

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural, field
    Explanation
    The researcher's study takes place in the caregiver's home, which is a natural environment rather than a controlled laboratory setting. This allows for a more realistic and authentic study of stress and coping in caregivers of elderly stroke victims. The researcher can observe and collect data in a setting that is familiar and comfortable for the participants, potentially leading to more accurate and valid results.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following would identify the specific aim or goal of the study based on the identified problem?

    • A.

      Purpose

    • B.

      Literature review

    • C.

      Methodology

    • D.

      Assumptions

    Correct Answer
    A. Purpose
    Explanation
    The purpose of a study is to identify the specific aim or goal that the researcher wants to achieve through the study. It provides a clear statement of what the study intends to accomplish and guides the research process. The purpose helps to focus the study and ensure that the research objectives are aligned with the identified problem. Therefore, the purpose is the most appropriate choice for identifying the specific aim or goal of the study based on the identified problem.

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  • 12. 

    Before implementing a large, multisite research investigation, a researcher conducts a smaller study of the planned study to identify any problematic areas. This smaller study is known as:

    • A.

      Abstract

    • B.

      Exploratory design

    • C.

      Pilot study

    • D.

      Proposal

    Correct Answer
    C. Pilot study
    Explanation
    A pilot study is a smaller study conducted before implementing a larger, multisite research investigation. Its purpose is to identify any problematic areas in the planned study and make necessary adjustments. This allows the researcher to test the feasibility of the study design, data collection methods, and procedures before investing time and resources into the larger study. The pilot study helps ensure that the main study runs smoothly and minimizes any potential issues or errors.

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  • 13. 

    The initial and one of the most significant steps in conducting the research process is:

    • A.

      Defining the research variables.

    • B.

      Identifying the research problem.

    • C.

      Stating the research purpose.

    • D.

      Determining the feasibility of the study.

    Correct Answer
    B. Identifying the research problem.
    Explanation
    Identifying the research problem is the initial and most significant step in conducting the research process. This involves recognizing and defining the specific issue or topic that the research aims to address. By identifying the research problem, the researcher can establish the scope and boundaries of the study, determine the appropriate research methods and design, and develop research questions or hypotheses. It is crucial to clearly identify the research problem to ensure that the study is focused, relevant, and contributes to existing knowledge in the field.

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  • 14. 

    In the literature report of a study on quality of life, the researcher describes two previous investigations suggesting that spirituality is related to quality of life. This information suggests the current study is significant because it:

    • A.

      Influences theology.

    • B.

      Builds on previous research.

    • C.

      Challenges existing theory.

    • D.

      Addresses multidisciplinary concerns.

    Correct Answer
    B. Builds on previous research.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer for this question is "Builds on previous research." This is because the researcher in the literature report describes two previous investigations that suggest a relationship between spirituality and quality of life. By building on this previous research, the current study is able to contribute to the existing knowledge and understanding in the field.

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  • 15. 

    Feasibility is determined by examining which of the following? 

    • A.

      Researcher's credibility

    • B.

      Significance of research problem

    • C.

      Availability of subjects

    • D.

      Previous studies

    Correct Answer
    C. Availability of subjects
    Explanation
    Feasibility of a research study refers to the practicality and likelihood of successfully conducting the study. One important factor in determining feasibility is the availability of subjects. If there are not enough suitable subjects available for the study, it may be difficult to gather the necessary data and draw meaningful conclusions. Therefore, the availability of subjects is a crucial consideration in assessing the feasibility of a research project.

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  • 16. 

    In a research proposal, the investigator notes that written permission has been obtained from three local hospitals to access patients for the proposed study. This is an example of what aspect of a study?

    • A.

      Reliability

    • B.

      Methodology

    • C.

      Ethics

    • D.

      Feasibility

    Correct Answer
    D. Feasibility
    Explanation
    The fact that the investigator has obtained written permission from three local hospitals to access patients for the proposed study demonstrates the feasibility aspect of the study. Feasibility refers to the practicality and possibility of conducting a study, including factors such as access to participants, resources, and logistical considerations. In this case, obtaining permission from hospitals indicates that the investigator has assessed the feasibility of accessing the necessary participants for the study.

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  • 17. 

    A researcher theorizes that walking three times per week will minimize the likelihood of premature labor in at-risk pregnant women. The researcher initiates a research program to test this theory. This research study is attempting to validate what aspect of theory?

    • A.

      Development

    • B.

      Explanation

    • C.

      Prediction

    • D.

      Strategies for controlling outcomes

    Correct Answer
    C. Prediction
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Prediction". The researcher is testing the theory that walking three times per week will minimize the likelihood of premature labor in at-risk pregnant women. By conducting a research study, the researcher is attempting to gather evidence to support or refute this prediction.

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  • 18. 

    A nurse researcher would like to complete a small study to test a new intervention, before testing with larger samples. Which type of study would be best?

    • A.

      Case study

    • B.

      Pilot study

    • C.

      Systematic review

    • D.

      Primary study

    Correct Answer
    B. Pilot study
    Explanation
    A pilot study would be the best type of study to test a new intervention before conducting larger sample studies. A pilot study is a small-scale preliminary study that is conducted to evaluate the feasibility, time, cost, and potential effectiveness of a larger study. It helps to identify any potential issues or limitations with the intervention or study design, allowing researchers to make necessary adjustments before conducting a larger study.

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  • 19. 

    When a researcher starts with the dependent variable and moves backwards, it is called:

    • A.

      Predictive research

    • B.

      Retrospective research

    • C.

      Exploratory research

    • D.

      Descriptive research

    Correct Answer
    B. Retrospective research
    Explanation
    Retrospective research refers to a type of research where the researcher starts with the dependent variable and then works their way backwards to identify the possible causes or factors that led to the outcome. In this approach, the researcher examines past data or events to understand the relationship between variables and to make inferences about causality. This type of research is particularly useful when studying rare or historical events, as it allows for a detailed analysis of the factors that contributed to the outcome.

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  • 20. 

    When research is done to test hypotheses and theories about how and why phenomena operate as they do, then the primary purpose of such research is:

    • A.

      Descriptive

    • B.

      Predictive

    • C.

      Explanatory

    • D.

      Exploratory

    Correct Answer
    C. Explanatory
    Explanation
    When research is done to test hypotheses and theories about how and why phenomena operate as they do, the primary purpose is to provide an explanation. This type of research aims to uncover the underlying reasons and mechanisms behind the observed phenomena. It seeks to understand the cause-and-effect relationships and provide a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. The focus is on exploring the factors and variables that contribute to the phenomenon and explaining their interconnections. Through explanatory research, researchers aim to deepen knowledge and provide insights into the functioning of the phenomena under investigation.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 06, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Nazikzakari
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