Houser,Nursing Research: Chapter 5 & 6 Vocabulary Quiz

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Houser,Nursing Research: Chapter 5 & 6 Vocabulary Quiz - Quiz

Nursing Research: Reading, Using, and Creating Evidence 3rd edition-Janet Houser*Chapters 5 & 6 Vocabulary quiz*


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Bibliometrics

    • A.

      The science of publication patterns

    • B.

      Published works that demonstrate how theories apply to individual behavior or observed events.

    • C.

      A search that finds articles that cited another article.

    Correct Answer
    A. The science of publication patterns
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The science of publication patterns." This is because bibliometrics is the study of quantitative aspects of published literature, including patterns of publication, citation, and authorship. It involves analyzing and measuring various bibliographic characteristics to understand the impact and influence of scholarly publications.

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  • 2. 

    Boolean operators

    • A.

      A pyramid diagram illustrating evidence-based information that depicts the potential quality of information, the amount available, and the amount of searching required to find evidence.

    • B.

      Published works that demonstrate how theories apply to individual behavior or observed events.

    • C.

      The words AND, OR, NOT used to join or exclude search terms.

    Correct Answer
    C. The words AND, OR, NOT used to join or exclude search terms.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the words AND, OR, NOT used to join or exclude search terms. This is because boolean operators are used in information retrieval systems, such as search engines, to combine or exclude search terms in order to refine and narrow down search results. The operator "AND" is used to retrieve results that contain both search terms, "OR" is used to retrieve results that contain either of the search terms, and "NOT" is used to exclude results that contain a specific search term. By using boolean operators, users can perform more precise and targeted searches to find the information they need.

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  • 3. 

    Citing-articles search

    • A.

      A way to measure visibility of research by calculating a ratio of current citations of the journal to all the citations in the same time period

    • B.

      The competencies necessary to access, retrieve, and analyze research evidence for application to nursing practice.

    • C.

      A search that finds articles that cited another article.

    • D.

      A critical component of the research process that provides an in-depth analysis of recently published research findings in specifically identified areas of interest. The review informs the research question and guides development of the research plan.

    Correct Answer
    C. A search that finds articles that cited another article.
    Explanation
    The given answer is "A search that finds articles that cited another article." This explanation aligns with the concept of citing-articles search, which refers to a search strategy that identifies articles that have cited a specific article. This type of search is commonly used to track the impact and influence of a particular research study by identifying subsequent studies that have referenced it. By conducting a citing-articles search, researchers can gain insights into the significance and relevance of a particular article within the scientific community.

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  • 4. 

    Empirical litterature

    • A.

      Published works that demonstrate how theories apply to individual behavior or observed events.

    • B.

      Major ideas or themes in a research question.

    • C.

      Research designed to quantify the strength and the direction of the relationship of two variables in a single subject or the relationship between a single variable in two samples.

    • D.

      The science of publication patterns

    Correct Answer
    A. Published works that demonstrate how theories apply to individual behavior or observed events.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Empirical literature refers to published works that demonstrate how theories apply to individual behavior or observed events." Empirical literature involves research that is based on direct observation or experience, and it provides evidence for the application of theories to real-world situations. This type of literature helps to validate or refine theories by examining their relevance and effectiveness in explaining and predicting individual behavior or observed events.

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  • 5. 

    A pyramid diagram illustrating evidence-based information that depicts the potential quality of information, the amount available, and the amount of searching required to find evidence.

    • A.

      Levels of evidence

    • B.

      Bibliometrics

    • C.

      Critical pyramid

    • D.

      Evidence pyramid

    Correct Answer
    D. Evidence pyramid
    Explanation
    The evidence pyramid is a visual representation of the quality and quantity of evidence available on a particular topic. It shows that at the top of the pyramid, there is a smaller amount of high-quality evidence, such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses. As we move down the pyramid, the amount of evidence increases, but the quality may decrease. The pyramid also indicates that more searching is required to find evidence as we move down the pyramid. Therefore, the evidence pyramid is a useful tool for researchers and healthcare professionals to assess the strength of evidence and make informed decisions.

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  • 6. 

    Information litteracy

    • A.

      A way to measure visibility of research by calculating a ratio of current citations of the journal to all the citations in the same time period

    • B.

      The competencies necessary to access, retrieve, and analyze research evidence for application to nursing practice.

    • C.

      Words or phrases that describe each search concept used to conduct the literature search. They may include variables in the research question, characteristics of the population of interest, or the theoretical framework of the research problem.

    • D.

      A classic work of research literature that is more than 5 years old and is marked by its uniqueness and contribution to professional knowledge

    Correct Answer
    B. The competencies necessary to access, retrieve, and analyze research evidence for application to nursing practice.
  • 7. 

    A way to measure visibility of research by calculating a ratio of current citations of the journal to all the citations in the same time period

    • A.

      Journal impact factor

    • B.

      Literature review

    • C.

      Information litteracy

    • D.

      Boolean operators

    Correct Answer
    A. Journal impact factor
    Explanation
    The journal impact factor is a measure of the visibility of research. It is calculated by dividing the current citations of a journal by all the citations in the same time period. This ratio provides an indication of how influential and widely cited a journal is within its field. The higher the impact factor, the more visibility and recognition the journal and its published research have.

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  • 8. 

    A scale that provides the user with a quick way to assess the quality of the study design and therefore the strength of the study conclusions

    • A.

      Levels of evidence

    • B.

      Literature review

    • C.

      Search terms

    • D.

      Open access

    Correct Answer
    A. Levels of evidence
    Explanation
    Levels of evidence refer to a hierarchy or ranking system that categorizes research studies based on the strength of their design and the quality of evidence they provide. This scale allows users to quickly assess the reliability and validity of a study's conclusions. By considering the level of evidence, researchers and healthcare professionals can determine the trustworthiness of the findings and make informed decisions about the relevance and applicability of the study to their own practice.

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  • 9. 

    Literature review

    • A.

      Reports of original research authored by the researcher and published in a scholarly source such as a peer-reviewed research journal or scholarly book.

    • B.

      The objective evaluation of the quality of a research study, done by peer researchers without knowledge of the author or the source

    • C.

      A critical component of the research process that provides an in-depth analysis of recently published research findings in specifically identified areas of interest. The review informs the research question and guides development of the research plan.

    • D.

      Comments and summaries of multiple research studies on one topic such as systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and meta-syntheses, which are based on the secondary author’s interpretation of the primary work

    Correct Answer
    C. A critical component of the research process that provides an in-depth analysis of recently published research findings in specifically identified areas of interest. The review informs the research question and guides development of the research plan.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that a literature review is a critical component of the research process. It involves conducting an in-depth analysis of recently published research findings in specific areas of interest. The purpose of a literature review is to inform the research question and guide the development of the research plan. This explanation accurately describes the main purpose and function of a literature review in academic research.

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  • 10. 

    The objective evaluation of the quality of a research study, done by peer researchers without knowledge of the author or the source

    • A.

      Primary sources

    • B.

      Secondary sources

    • C.

      Peer review

    • D.

      Nursing research

    Correct Answer
    C. Peer review
    Explanation
    Peer review is the objective evaluation of the quality of a research study by other researchers who are experts in the same field. It is conducted without knowledge of the author or the source of the study. This process helps ensure the credibility and reliability of the research before it is published or accepted for publication. Peer review involves the assessment of the study's methodology, data analysis, conclusions, and overall contribution to the field. It helps identify any potential flaws, biases, or inaccuracies in the research, and provides valuable feedback for improvement.

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  • 11. 

    Information that is freely available online with little or no copyright restrictions.

    • A.

      Search concepts

    • B.

      Peer review

    • C.

      Subject heading

    • D.

      Open access

    Correct Answer
    D. Open access
    Explanation
    Open access refers to information that is freely available online with little or no copyright restrictions. This means that anyone can access, use, and distribute the information without any financial or legal barriers. Open access promotes the sharing of knowledge and research, allowing for greater dissemination and impact. It is often associated with scholarly articles and research papers, which are made available to the public without requiring a subscription or payment. Open access is an important concept in the academic and scientific community, as it ensures that research findings are accessible to all, regardless of their financial resources.

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  • 12. 

    Reports of original research authored by the researcher and published in a scholarly source such as a peer-reviewed research journal or scholarly book.

    • A.

      Secondary sources

    • B.

      Primary sources

    • C.

      Tertiary sources

    • D.

      Quaternary sources

    Correct Answer
    B. Primary sources
    Explanation
    Primary sources refer to reports of original research that are authored by the researcher themselves and published in a scholarly source such as a peer-reviewed research journal or scholarly book. These sources provide firsthand evidence and data, allowing researchers to directly analyze and interpret the information without any intermediaries. Primary sources are considered to be the most reliable and authoritative sources of information in academic research.

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  • 13. 

    Major ideas or themes in a research question.

    • A.

      Search terms

    • B.

      Search strategy

    • C.

      Variable

    • D.

      Search concepts

    Correct Answer
    D. Search concepts
    Explanation
    The major ideas or themes in a research question can be referred to as search concepts. These concepts are the main topics or areas of interest that the researcher wants to explore. They guide the search process by helping to identify relevant search terms and develop a search strategy. By focusing on these search concepts, researchers can effectively narrow down their search and find relevant information related to their research question.

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  • 14. 

    The identification of search concepts and terms and the way they are combined that will be used in the literature review.

    • A.

      Search strategy

    • B.

      Seminal work

    • C.

      Search terms

    • D.

      Open access

    Correct Answer
    A. Search strategy
    Explanation
    The search strategy refers to the systematic plan or approach used to identify relevant search concepts and terms for a literature review. It involves determining the key search terms and combining them effectively to retrieve relevant information from databases or other sources. The search strategy helps researchers to narrow down their search and find the most relevant and reliable sources for their study. It is an essential step in conducting a literature review and ensures that the researcher is able to retrieve comprehensive and accurate information on the chosen topic.

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  • 15. 

    Words or phrases that describe each search concept used to conduct the literature search. They may include variables in the research question, characteristics of the population of interest, or the theoretical framework of the research problem.

    • A.

      Search terms

    • B.

      Boolean operators

    • C.

      Search strategy

    • D.

      Subject headings

    Correct Answer
    A. Search terms
    Explanation
    Search terms are the words or phrases that are used to conduct a literature search. These terms are usually related to the variables in the research question, characteristics of the population of interest, or the theoretical framework of the research problem. By using search terms, researchers can effectively retrieve relevant articles and information from databases.

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  • 16. 

    Comments and summaries of multiple research studies on one topic such as systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and meta-syntheses, which are based on the secondary author’s interpretation of the primary work

    • A.

      Primary sources

    • B.

      Secondary sources

    • C.

      Peer review

    • D.

      Search concepts

    Correct Answer
    B. Secondary sources
    Explanation
    Secondary sources refer to comments and summaries of multiple research studies on a specific topic. These sources, such as systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and meta-syntheses, are based on the secondary author's interpretation of primary works. Unlike primary sources, which present original research findings, secondary sources provide an analysis and synthesis of existing research. They are valuable for gaining a comprehensive understanding of a topic and for identifying trends and patterns across multiple studies.

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  • 17. 

    A classic work of research literature that is more than 5 years old and is marked by its uniqueness and contribution to professional knowledge

    • A.

      Theoretical literature

    • B.

      Subject headings

    • C.

      Confirmatory studies

    • D.

      Seminal work

    Correct Answer
    D. Seminal work
    Explanation
    A seminal work refers to a classic piece of research literature that is over 5 years old and stands out for its originality and significant contribution to professional knowledge. It is a highly influential and groundbreaking piece of work that has had a lasting impact on the field. This term is often used to describe research that has paved the way for further studies and has become a reference point for future research in the field.

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  • 18. 

    Fixed "official" keywords used by many databases to describe major concepts and assigned by indexers to bibliographic records.

    • A.

      Theoretical literature

    • B.

      Subject headings

    • C.

      Search terms

    • D.

      Search strategy

    Correct Answer
    B. Subject headings
    Explanation
    Subject headings are fixed keywords that are widely used in databases to describe major concepts. These headings are assigned by indexers to bibliographic records, making it easier for users to search and retrieve relevant information. Subject headings provide a standardized and organized way of categorizing and accessing literature in databases. This helps researchers and users to effectively navigate through vast amounts of information and locate resources that are relevant to their specific needs.

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  • 19. 

    Published conceptual models, frameworks, and theories that provide a basis for the researcher’s belief system and for ways of thinking about the problem studied.

    • A.

      Theoretical literature

    • B.

      Seminal work

    • C.

      Primary sources

    • D.

      Secondary sources

    Correct Answer
    A. Theoretical literature
    Explanation
    Theoretical literature refers to published conceptual models, frameworks, and theories that serve as a foundation for a researcher's belief system and their approach to studying a specific problem. It includes seminal works and primary sources that provide a basis for the researcher's ways of thinking about the problem. This literature helps researchers understand existing theories and build upon them to contribute new knowledge to their field of study. Secondary sources, on the other hand, are interpretations or analyses of the original theoretical literature.

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  • 20. 

    Research approaches in which a relationship between variables has been posed and the study is designed to examine these hypotheses.

    • A.

      Confirmatory studies

    • B.

      Dependent variable

    • C.

      Descriptive studies

    • D.

      Correlation research

    Correct Answer
    A. Confirmatory studies
    Explanation
    Confirmatory studies refer to research approaches where a relationship between variables has been proposed and the study is designed to examine these hypotheses. In confirmatory studies, researchers have specific hypotheses or theories that they want to test and they design their study accordingly. These studies aim to confirm or refute the proposed hypotheses and provide evidence for the relationship between variables. Unlike descriptive studies or correlation research, confirmatory studies have a more focused and hypothesis-driven approach.

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  • 21. 

    Research designed to quantify the strength and the direction of the relationship of two variables in a single subject or the relationship between a single variable in two samples.

    • A.

      Descriptive variables

    • B.

      Theoretical litterature

    • C.

      Correlation research

    • D.

      Quantitative research

    Correct Answer
    C. Correlation research
    Explanation
    Correlation research is the correct answer because it involves studying the relationship between two variables in a single subject or the relationship between a single variable in two samples. This type of research aims to quantify the strength and direction of the relationship between the variables. It is a form of quantitative research that seeks to establish whether there is a statistical association between the variables being studied.

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  • 22. 

    An outcome of interest that occurs after the introduction of an independent variable. The “effect” of “cause and effect.”

    • A.

      Descriptive variables

    • B.

      Independent variables

    • C.

      Non-descriptive variables

    • D.

      Dependent variable

    Correct Answer
    D. Dependent variable
    Explanation
    The dependent variable is the outcome of interest that occurs after the introduction of an independent variable. It is the variable that is being studied and measured to determine the effect of the independent variable. In other words, it is the variable that is dependent on the independent variable for its occurrence or change.

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  • 23. 

    Research designed to describe in detail some process, event, or outcome. The design is used when very little is known about the research question.

    • A.

      Correlation search

    • B.

      Confirmatory studies

    • C.

      Descriptive studies

    • D.

      Dependent variables

    Correct Answer
    C. Descriptive studies
    Explanation
    Descriptive studies are research designs used to provide a detailed description of a process, event, or outcome when there is limited knowledge about the research question. These studies aim to gather information and describe the characteristics or behavior of a particular phenomenon or population. Unlike confirmatory studies, which test specific hypotheses, descriptive studies focus on observing and documenting without manipulating variables. Therefore, the given answer, "Descriptive studies," accurately describes the research design that is used when little is known about the research question and the goal is to provide a detailed description of the subject of study.

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  • 24. 

    Characteristics that describe the sample and provide a composite picture of the subjects of the study; they are not manipulated or controlled by the researcher.

    • A.

      Descriptive variables

    • B.

      Descriptive studies

    • C.

      Variable

    • D.

      Extraneous variables

    Correct Answer
    A. Descriptive variables
    Explanation
    Descriptive variables are characteristics that are used to describe the sample and create a composite picture of the subjects in a study. These variables are not manipulated or controlled by the researcher. They are used to provide an overview or summary of the data, allowing researchers to understand the characteristics of the subjects without influencing or changing them. Descriptive variables are important in descriptive studies, where the goal is to observe and describe phenomena as they naturally occur. They help researchers gain a better understanding of the subjects and the variables that may be influencing the outcomes of the study.

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  • 25. 

    Research approaches designed to explore and describe a phenomenon of interest and generate new knowledge.

    • A.

      Extraneous studies

    • B.

      Exploratory studies

    • C.

      Independent variable

    • D.

      Research design

    Correct Answer
    B. Exploratory studies
    Explanation
    Exploratory studies are research approaches that aim to explore and describe a phenomenon of interest and generate new knowledge. These studies are typically conducted when there is limited existing information or when the topic is relatively unexplored. Exploratory studies help researchers gain a better understanding of the research problem and generate hypotheses for further investigation. They involve collecting and analyzing data through various methods such as interviews, observations, or surveys. The findings from exploratory studies can provide valuable insights and serve as a foundation for more focused and rigorous research in the future.

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  • 26. 

    Factors that exert an effect on the outcome but that are not part of the planned experiment and may confuse the interpretation of the results.

    • A.

      Exploratory studies

    • B.

      Variable

    • C.

      Research design

    • D.

      Extraneous variables

    Correct Answer
    D. Extraneous variables
    Explanation
    Extraneous variables refer to factors that are not intentionally manipulated in an experiment but can still influence the outcome. These variables are not part of the planned experiment and can potentially confuse the interpretation of the results. In other words, they are additional factors that may exert an effect on the outcome and need to be controlled or accounted for in order to ensure accurate and reliable results.

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  • 27. 

    A factor that is artificially introduced into a study explicitly to measure an expected effect. The “cause” of “cause and effect.” 

    • A.

      Dependent variable

    • B.

      Independent variable

    • C.

      Variable

    • D.

      Extraneous variable

    Correct Answer
    B. Independent variable
    Explanation
    The independent variable is a factor that is deliberately introduced into a study to measure its expected effect. It is the "cause" in a cause and effect relationship. In an experiment, the independent variable is manipulated or controlled by the researcher to observe its impact on the dependent variable. The dependent variable, on the other hand, is the variable that is measured or observed to determine the effect of the independent variable. In this case, the explanation suggests that the correct answer is the independent variable.

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  • 28. 

    Research designed to search for variables measured at one point in time that may forecast an outcome that is measured at a different point in time.

    • A.

      Predictive research

    • B.

      Variable

    • C.

      Information literacy

    • D.

      Bibliometrics

    Correct Answer
    A. Predictive research
    Explanation
    Predictive research is a type of research that aims to find variables measured at one point in time that can predict or forecast an outcome that is measured at a different point in time. This type of research is used to identify factors or indicators that can help predict future events or outcomes. It involves analyzing data and looking for patterns or relationships that can be used to make predictions. Predictive research is valuable in various fields, such as finance, marketing, and healthcare, as it can help make informed decisions and plan for the future based on the identified predictors.

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  • 29. 

    The overall approach to or outline of the study that details all the major components of the research.

    • A.

      Evidence pyramid

    • B.

      Research design

    • C.

      Literature review

    • D.

      Predictive research

    Correct Answer
    B. Research design
    Explanation
    Research design refers to the overall approach or outline of a study that details all the major components of the research. It includes decisions about the research methodology, data collection methods, sample selection, and data analysis techniques. The research design provides a framework for conducting the study and ensures that the research objectives are met. It helps in organizing and planning the research process, ensuring that the study is valid and reliable. The research design is crucial in determining the quality and validity of the research findings.

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  • 30. 

    Characteristic, event, or response that represents the elements of the research question in a detectable or measurable way

    • A.

      Exploratory studies

    • B.

      Seminal work

    • C.

      Correlation research

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    D. Variable
    Explanation
    A variable is a characteristic, event, or response that can be measured or detected in a research study. It represents the elements of the research question in a detectable or measurable way. Variables can vary in value or magnitude, and they are often used to examine relationships or differences between different groups or conditions. In research, variables are important because they allow researchers to collect data and analyze it to draw conclusions about the research question.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
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