Reproductive System Test C

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Reproductive System Test C - Quiz


Anatomy & Physiology
Unit 9 - Reproductive System
Unit Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The main purpose of the male reproductive system is to:

    • A.

      Create as many sperm as possible

    • B.

      Create egg cells

    • C.

      Nurture each sperm cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Create as many sperm as possible
    Explanation
    The main purpose of the male reproductive system is to create as many sperm as possible. This is because sperm cells are necessary for fertilization and reproduction. The male reproductive system consists of organs such as the testes, which produce sperm, and the epididymis, which stores and transports sperm. The production of a large number of sperm cells increases the chances of successful fertilization, increasing the likelihood of successful reproduction.

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  • 2. 

    Identify the organ shown below:

    • A.

      Epididymis

    • B.

      Penis

    • C.

      Testes

    Correct Answer
    A. Epididymis
    Explanation
    The organ shown in the image is the epididymis. The epididymis is a coiled tube located on the back of each testicle. It is responsible for storing and maturing sperm as they pass through. The epididymis plays a crucial role in the reproductive system by allowing sperm to gain motility and become capable of fertilizing an egg.

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  • 3. 

    Identify the organ shown below:

    • A.

      Penis

    • B.

      Epididymis

    • C.

      Prostate gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Prostate gland
    Explanation
    The organ shown in the image is the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a part of the male reproductive system and is located just below the bladder. It surrounds the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body. The prostate gland produces a fluid that helps nourish and protect sperm. It plays a crucial role in the process of ejaculation.

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  • 4. 

    A man has a very low sperm count. This man probably has a problem with which organ?

    • A.

      Prostate gland

    • B.

      Seminal vesicles

    • C.

      Testes

    Correct Answer
    C. Testes
    Explanation
    A man with a very low sperm count is likely to have a problem with his testes. The testes are responsible for producing sperm, and a low sperm count indicates that there may be an issue with sperm production or function in these organs. The prostate gland and seminal vesicles are not directly involved in sperm production, so they are less likely to be the cause of the low sperm count.

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  • 5. 

    Eggs are created in the:

    • A.

      Cervix

    • B.

      Ovaries

    • C.

      Uterus

    Correct Answer
    B. Ovaries
    Explanation
    Eggs are created in the ovaries. The ovaries are the female reproductive organs responsible for producing eggs, or ova. Each ovary contains thousands of immature eggs, or follicles, and during each menstrual cycle, one egg is released from the ovary and travels down the fallopian tube, where it may be fertilized by sperm. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina, and the uterus is the organ where a fertilized egg implants and develops into a fetus. However, in this context, the correct answer is ovaries as it specifically refers to the creation of eggs.

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  • 6. 

    Identify the organ shown below:

    • A.

      Uterus

    • B.

      Ovaries

    • C.

      Vagina

    Correct Answer
    A. Uterus
    Explanation
    The organ shown in the image is the uterus. The uterus is a hollow, muscular organ located in the female reproductive system. Its main function is to support the development of a fetus during pregnancy. It also plays a role in menstruation and childbirth. The uterus is connected to the ovaries through the fallopian tubes and to the vagina through the cervix.

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  • 7. 

     Which of the following is a function of the female reproductive system?

    • A.

      Creating an environment for egg cells to develop

    • B.

      Nurturing sperm cells as they enter the vagina

    • C.

      Absorbing waste created during the reproductive cycle

    Correct Answer
    A. Creating an environment for egg cells to develop
    Explanation
    The function of the female reproductive system is to create an environment for egg cells to develop. This is achieved through the ovaries, which produce and release eggs, and the uterus, which provides a suitable environment for fertilization and implantation of the egg. The female reproductive system also includes the fallopian tubes, which transport the egg from the ovaries to the uterus, and the cervix, which acts as a barrier between the vagina and the uterus.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following best explains what occurs during menstruation?

    • A.

      Follicle is released from the ovary

    • B.

      Egg implants in the uterus

    • C.

      The lining of the uterus is shed

    Correct Answer
    C. The lining of the uterus is shed
    Explanation
    During menstruation, the lining of the uterus is shed. This occurs when the body prepares for a potential pregnancy by thickening the uterine lining. If fertilization does not occur, the body no longer needs the lining and it is shed through the vagina. This process is known as menstruation or a menstrual period. It typically lasts for a few days and is accompanied by bleeding.

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  • 9. 

    WHY won't a woman get her period if she is pregnant?

    • A.

      The lining of the uterus remains to help nourish the baby

    • B.

      Her cervix is closed off once she is pregnant

    • C.

      Her vagina absorbs the uterine lining when she is pregnant

    Correct Answer
    A. The lining of the uterus remains to help nourish the baby
    Explanation
    During pregnancy, the lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium, thickens and becomes rich in blood vessels to support the growth and development of the baby. This lining is necessary for the implantation and nourishment of the fertilized egg. As a result, if a woman becomes pregnant, the body does not shed this lining through menstruation as it would in a non-pregnant state. Therefore, the absence of menstruation is a common sign of pregnancy.

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  • 10. 

    What happens during the menstrual phase?

    • A.

      The lining of the uterus is shed through the vagina

    • B.

      The egg matures into a follicle

    • C.

      The lining of the uterus builds up with blood and nutrients

    Correct Answer
    A. The lining of the uterus is shed through the vagina
    Explanation
    During the menstrual phase, the lining of the uterus is shed through the vagina. This is known as menstruation or a woman's period. It occurs when the body realizes that the released egg was not fertilized. The uterus then sheds its lining, which consists of blood and tissue, through the vagina. This process usually lasts for a few days and marks the beginning of a new menstrual cycle.

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  • 11. 

    A woman is ovulating. She is probably on what day of her cycle?

    • A.

      Day 0

    • B.

      Day 5

    • C.

      Day 13

    Correct Answer
    C. Day 13
    Explanation
    Ovulation typically occurs around day 14 of a woman's menstrual cycle. Therefore, if a woman is ovulating, it is likely that she is on or around day 13 of her cycle.

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  • 12. 

    Which method of pregnancy works by preventing ovulation?

    • A.

      Condoms

    • B.

      IUD

    • C.

      Hormonal birth control

    Correct Answer
    C. Hormonal birth control
    Explanation
    Hormonal birth control works by preventing ovulation, which means that it stops the release of an egg from the ovary. This method uses hormones to regulate the menstrual cycle and prevent pregnancy. By inhibiting ovulation, hormonal birth control reduces the chances of fertilization and pregnancy. Condoms and IUDs, on the other hand, work by providing physical barriers or altering the environment in the uterus to prevent sperm from reaching the egg or implanting in the uterus.

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  • 13. 

    Which method of pregnancy works by blocking the path of sperm through the vas deferens?

    • A.

      Vasectomy

    • B.

      IUD

    • C.

      Hormonal birth control

    Correct Answer
    A. Vasectomy
    Explanation
    A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra. By blocking the path of sperm through the vas deferens, a vasectomy prevents sperm from reaching the semen that is ejaculated during sexual intercourse. This effectively prevents pregnancy as the sperm are unable to fertilize an egg.

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  • 14. 

    Which method of birth control is shown here?

    • A.

      Tubal ligation

    • B.

      Diaphragm

    • C.

      Condom

    Correct Answer
    A. Tubal ligation
    Explanation
    Tubal ligation is a method of birth control shown in the given image. It involves surgically cutting, sealing, or blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus for fertilization. This permanent form of contraception is typically chosen by individuals who no longer wish to have children. It is a highly effective method with a low risk of complications, but it should be considered irreversible.

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  • 15. 

    A couple was recently married. They do not want to have a baby now, but they may want to have one in about a year. They are exclusive and they have both been tested, so they are not worried about STIs. What would be the best method of birth control for them? 

    • A.

      Condoms

    • B.

      IUD

    • C.

      Hormonal birth control

    Correct Answer
    C. Hormonal birth control
    Explanation
    Hormonal birth control would be the best method for this couple because it provides effective contraception and allows for flexibility in planning when they want to have a baby. Hormonal birth control methods, such as the pill or the patch, regulate the woman's hormones and prevent pregnancy by suppressing ovulation, thickening cervical mucus, and thinning the lining of the uterus. These methods can be easily stopped when the couple is ready to conceive, allowing them to plan their pregnancy timing more accurately.

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  • 16. 

    Which STI cannot be prevented effectively with condoms?

    • A.

      Gonhorrea

    • B.

      HIV

    • C.

      Herpes

    Correct Answer
    C. Herpes
    Explanation
    Condoms are effective in preventing the transmission of many sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including gonorrhea and HIV. However, herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), which can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact in areas not covered by condoms. Therefore, condoms may reduce the risk of herpes transmission but cannot completely prevent it.

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  • 17. 

    True or False: Gonorrhea can be passed from mother to child, if the mother is pregnant.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gonorrhea can indeed be passed from mother to child if the mother is pregnant. This is known as vertical transmission, and it can occur during childbirth as the baby passes through the birth canal. If the mother has an active gonorrhea infection, the bacteria can be transmitted to the baby, leading to potential complications such as eye infections, pneumonia, and joint infections. Therefore, it is important for pregnant women to receive appropriate prenatal care and be tested for and treated for gonorrhea if necessary to prevent transmission to the child.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is NOT an effective STI prevention method?

    • A.

      Getting tested

    • B.

      Abstinence

    • C.

      Birth control pills

    Correct Answer
    C. Birth control pills
    Explanation
    Birth control pills are not an effective method for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs). While they can help prevent pregnancy, they do not provide any protection against STIs. Getting tested and practicing abstinence, on the other hand, are effective methods for preventing the transmission of STIs.

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  • 19. 

    A middle-aged patient of yours has developed cervical cancer. This is most likely related to which of the following sexually transmitted infections?

    • A.

      HIV

    • B.

      HPV

    • C.

      Herpes

    Correct Answer
    B. HPV
    Explanation
    Cervical cancer is most likely related to HPV (Human Papillomavirus) infection. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause abnormal cell growth in the cervix, leading to cervical cancer. HPV is a common infection, and most sexually active individuals will contract it at some point in their lives. Regular Pap smears and HPV vaccinations can help prevent and detect cervical cancer at an early stage. HIV and herpes are also sexually transmitted infections, but they are not directly associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer.

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  • Current Version
  • Jul 31, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 21, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Rlabov
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