Challenge Your Biology Knowledge: Reproductive Anatomy Quiz

Reviewed by Lindsey Block
Lindsey Block, BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology |
Biology Expert
Review Board Member
"Lindsey, Ph.D. in cellular and molecular biology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, specializes in Zika's impact on conception and preterm birth biomarkers. She completed courese on Advanced Cell Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Advanced Virology at University College Cork. Lindsey's accolades include three first-author papers, three fellowships, and active participation in five conference presentations. Currently associated with the University of Pennsylvania through a T32 NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship, she continues to contribute significantly to her field, combining academic rigor with practical research to advance understanding in reproductive health and prenatal care. Currently, she is a full time lecturer at Northwestern University - The Feinberg School of Medicine.
"
, BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology
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Challenge Your Biology Knowledge: Reproductive Anatomy Quiz - Quiz

Quiz about the male and female reproductive anatomy.
Welcome to the Reproductive Anatomy Quiz! Are you ready to explore the intricate structures and functions of the human reproductive system? This quiz will test your knowledge of reproductive anatomy, covering both male and female reproductive organs and their roles in the process of reproduction. From the ovaries and testes to the uterus and fallopian tubes, you'll delve into the anatomy of organs involved in gamete production, fertilization, and gestation.

Whether you're studying human biology or simply curious about the complexities of human reproduction, this quiz offers an informative and engaging experience Read morefor all. So, grab a pen and paper and get ready to identify the parts and functions of the reproductive system. Let's see how well you know your reproductive anatomy! Are you ready to begin? Let's get started!


Reproductive Anatomy Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    A fluid containing sperm.

    • A.

      Testosterone

    • B.

      Bladder

    • C.

      Semen

    Correct Answer
    C. Semen
    Explanation
    Semen is the correct answer because it is a fluid that contains sperm. It is released during ejaculation and serves as a medium for sperm transport and nourishment. Semen is produced by the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and bulbourethral glands, and it also contains other substances like fructose, enzymes, and prostaglandins. Testosterone is a hormone produced by the testes that plays a crucial role in male sexual development and function. The bladder is an organ that stores urine and is not directly related to sperm production or transport.

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  • 2. 

    Semen is stored and matures here

    • A.

      Penis

    • B.

      Epididymis

    • C.

      Prostate Gland

    Correct Answer
    B. Epididymis
    Explanation
    The epididymis is responsible for storing and maturing semen. It is a coiled tube located on the back of each testicle where sperm cells are stored and gain the ability to swim. This structure plays a crucial role in the reproductive system as it allows the sperm to develop and become motile before being ejaculated during sexual intercourse. The penis and prostate gland, although important in the reproductive process, do not have the specific function of storing and maturing semen like the epididymis does.

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  • 3. 

    Stores urine inside the body.

    • A.

      Bladder

    • B.

      Epididymis

    • C.

      Glans

    Correct Answer
    A. Bladder
    Explanation
    The bladder is an organ that stores urine inside the body. It is a hollow, muscular organ located in the pelvis. When the bladder is empty, it is relaxed and can expand to hold urine. As urine is produced by the kidneys, it flows into the bladder through the ureters. When the bladder is full, it sends signals to the brain, indicating the need to urinate. The muscles in the bladder wall contract, and the urine is expelled from the body through the urethra.

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  • 4. 

    Coiled tube where sperm mature.

    • A.

      Puberty

    • B.

      Epididymis

    • C.

      Prostate Gland

    Correct Answer
    B. Epididymis
    Explanation
    The epididymis is a coiled tube located on the back of the testicles where sperm mature and are stored until they are ready to be ejaculated. During puberty, the epididymis begins to function and sperm production increases. The prostate gland, on the other hand, is responsible for producing seminal fluid that nourishes and protects the sperm. While both the epididymis and the prostate gland are involved in the reproductive system, only the epididymis is directly responsible for the maturation of sperm.

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  • 5. 

    What becomes filled with blood during an erection?

    • A.

      Sperm

    • B.

      Penis

    • C.

      Rectum

    • D.

      Testosterone

    Correct Answer
    B. Penis
    Explanation
    During an erection, the penis becomes filled with blood. This occurs when the blood vessels in the penis relax and expand, allowing more blood to flow into the erectile tissues. This increased blood flow causes the penis to become larger, harder, and erect, enabling sexual activity.

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  • 6. 

    The testicles are protected by this sac?

    • A.

      Urethra

    • B.

      Anus

    • C.

      Seminal Vesicle

    • D.

      Scrotum

    Correct Answer
    D. Scrotum
    Explanation
    The testicles are protected by the scrotum, which is a sac of skin and muscle that hangs outside the body. The scrotum helps to regulate the temperature of the testicles, keeping them slightly cooler than the rest of the body, which is important for sperm production. Additionally, the scrotum provides physical protection to the testicles, shielding them from injury or trauma.

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  • 7. 

    When the penis suddenly gets hard and enlarged it's called?

    • A.

      Rectum

    • B.

      Erection

    • C.

      Anus

    Correct Answer
    B. Erection
    Explanation
    An erection refers to the sudden hardening and enlargement of the penis. This occurs due to increased blood flow to the erectile tissues in the penis, resulting in a firm and erect state. The term "rectum" refers to the lower part of the digestive system, while "anus" is the opening through which waste is eliminated. Therefore, the correct answer is "Erection" as it accurately describes the given phenomenon.

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  • 8. 

    The stage of changing physically from a child into an adult is called?

    • A.

      Puberty

    • B.

      Testosterone

    • C.

      Glans

    • D.

      Urethra

    Correct Answer
    A. Puberty
    Explanation
    Puberty is the correct answer because it refers to the stage of physical development when a child undergoes significant changes, both internally and externally, to become an adult. During puberty, various hormonal changes occur, leading to the development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as the growth of body hair, deepening of the voice, and the onset of menstruation in females. It is a natural process that marks the transition from childhood to adulthood.

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  • 9. 

    What is the male sex hormone called?

    • A.

      Vas Deferens

    • B.

      Anus

    • C.

      Testosterone

    • D.

      Prostate Gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Testosterone
    Explanation
    Testosterone is the correct answer because it is the primary male sex hormone responsible for the development and maintenance of male reproductive tissues and secondary sexual characteristics. It plays a crucial role in regulating sex drive, sperm production, muscle mass, bone density, and overall physical development in males. The other options listed, such as Vas Deferens, Anus, and Prostate Gland, are not male sex hormones but rather anatomical structures related to the male reproductive system.

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  • 10. 

    Where are the feces stored?

    • A.

      Anus

    • B.

      Rectum

    • C.

      Prostate Gland

    Correct Answer
    B. Rectum
    Explanation
    The rectum is the correct answer because it is the final section of the large intestine where feces is stored before being eliminated from the body. The anus is the opening through which feces is expelled, while the prostate gland is not involved in the storage or elimination of feces.

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  • 11. 

    The two passageways that lead from the testicles into the seminal vesicle.

    • A.

      Vas Deferens

    • B.

      Epididymis

    • C.

      Urethra

    Correct Answer
    A. Vas Deferens
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Vas Deferens. The Vas Deferens is a long, muscular tube that carries sperm from the testicles to the seminal vesicles. It is responsible for transporting mature sperm, which have been stored and matured in the epididymis, to the ejaculatory ducts and eventually the urethra for ejaculation.

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  • 12. 

    The opening of through which feces pass out of the body

    • A.

      Rectum

    • B.

      Anus

    • C.

      Semen

    • D.

      Seminle Vesicle

    Correct Answer
    B. Anus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Anus. The anus is the opening through which feces pass out of the body. It is located at the end of the digestive tract and serves as the exit point for waste material. The rectum, on the other hand, is the lower part of the large intestine where feces are stored before elimination. Semen and seminal vesicle are not relevant to the passage of feces out of the body.

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  • 13. 

    Gives sperm a shot of energy?

    • A.

      Urethra

    • B.

      Ejaculation

    • C.

      Seminal Vesicle

    Correct Answer
    C. Seminal Vesicle
    Explanation
    The seminal vesicle is responsible for producing and storing a fluid that provides energy to sperm. This fluid, known as seminal fluid, contains fructose which serves as a source of energy for sperm cells. When sperm is released during ejaculation, it receives a boost of energy from the seminal vesicle's fluid, aiding in its motility and ability to fertilize an egg. The urethra is a duct that carries both urine and semen, while ejaculation is the process of releasing semen from the penis.

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  • 14. 

    The release of semen from the body is called?

    • A.

      Ejaculation

    • B.

      Urethra

    • C.

      Testosterone

    Correct Answer
    A. Ejaculation
    Explanation
    Ejaculation refers to the release of semen from the body. It is a physiological process that occurs during sexual stimulation and orgasm in males. Semen, which contains sperm, is expelled from the penis through the urethra during ejaculation. Testosterone is a hormone that plays a role in the development of male reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics, but it is not directly related to the release of semen.

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  • 15. 

    The passageway through which urine released from the body is called?

    • A.

      Bladder

    • B.

      Urethra

    • C.

      Anus

    Correct Answer
    B. Urethra
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Urethra. The urethra is the passageway through which urine is released from the body. It connects the bladder to the external opening of the body. The bladder stores urine and when it is full, the muscles in the bladder wall contract, forcing urine out through the urethra and out of the body.

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  • 16. 

    The male sex cell.

    • A.

      Glans

    • B.

      Penis

    • C.

      Sperm

    • D.

      Urethra

    Correct Answer
    C. Sperm
    Explanation
    Sperm is the correct answer because it is the male sex cell responsible for fertilizing the female egg during sexual reproduction. The other options, including glans, penis, and urethra, are all parts of the male reproductive system, but they do not specifically refer to the male sex cell.

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  • 17. 

    Male gland that produces sperm and the male sex hormone (testosterone) is called?

    • A.

      Testicles

    • B.

      Glans

    • C.

      Puberty

    • D.

      Erection

    Correct Answer
    A. Testicles
    Explanation
    Testicles are the glands responsible for producing sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone. They are located in the scrotum and play a crucial role in the reproductive system of males. Testosterone is essential for the development of male secondary sexual characteristics and sperm production. Therefore, testicles are the correct answer as they fulfill both functions of producing sperm and testosterone.

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Lindsey Block |BS, Cellular & Molecular Biology |
Biology Expert
"Lindsey, Ph.D. in cellular and molecular biology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, specializes in Zika's impact on conception and preterm birth biomarkers. She completed courese on Advanced Cell Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Advanced Virology at University College Cork. Lindsey's accolades include three first-author papers, three fellowships, and active participation in five conference presentations. Currently associated with the University of Pennsylvania through a T32 NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship, she continues to contribute significantly to her field, combining academic rigor with practical research to advance understanding in reproductive health and prenatal care. Currently, she is a full time lecturer at Northwestern University - The Feinberg School of Medicine.
"

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 27, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Lindsey Block
  • Mar 02, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jeremy Johnson
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