Pvhs American History 2 Mid-term

42 Questions | Total Attempts: 312

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American History Quizzes & Trivia

This test contains information from the PVHS American History 2 Coursework from sections 1a - 1g.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The rapid development of railroads in the United States was accomplished?:The rapid development of railroads in the United States was accomplished?:
    • A. 

      In large measure through the investment of European banking firms.

    • B. 

      Exclusively through the support of large numbers of small investors.

    • C. 

      With the help of some of the largest government subsidies ever granted.

    • D. 

      Almost totally through the investment of a handful of shrewd millionaires.

  • 2. 
    At the outset, President Lincoln held that the Civil War was being fought to?:
    • A. 

      End all state sovereignty.

    • B. 

      Carry out the goals of the abolitionist movement.

    • C. 

      Free the slaves.

    • D. 

      Preserve the Union.

    • E. 

      All of these choices are correct.

  • 3. 
    The major battle in the western theater during the Civil War which had the effect of splitting the Confederacy in half was?:
    • A. 

      The Battle of the Wilderness.

    • B. 

      Vicksburg.

    • C. 

      Gettysburg.

    • D. 

      Antietam.

    • E. 

      First Bull Run.

  • 4. 
    The Emancipation Proclamation?:
    • A. 

      Freed the slaves and abolished slavery in all the states of the Union and the Confederacy.

    • B. 

      Freed slaves only in areas in rebellion against the United States but not in areas that remained loyal.

    • C. 

      Was formulated by the Radical Republicans and issued by Lincoln despite his strong personal objections.

    • D. 

      Convinced England and France to enter the war on behalf of the Union in order to win the crusade against slavery.

  • 5. 
    What was Jefferson Davis' central problem?:
    • A. 

      Supported the Confederacy.

    • B. 

      In a society that prized states' rights, Davis had to centralize authority.

    • C. 

      In a crisis that demanded tough-minded attention to military details, Davis was more of a grand strategist.

    • D. 

      In a war that required rapid mobilization of a whole society, most ordinary folk in the south expected a protracted conflict and hence were reluctant to enlist.

  • 6. 
    The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because it?:
    • A. 

      Led to an immediate end to the war.

    • B. 

      Opened an invasion route to the North.

    • C. 

      Inflicted a major loss on General Lee's army.

    • D. 

      Cut off supplies to states west of the Mississippi River.

  • 7. 
    What two issues lay at the heart of Reconstruction?:
    • A. 

      Whether the federal or state government was ultimately sovereign, and whether Africa-Americans or Native Americans were the most oppressed minority group.

    • B. 

      Which party would gain the ascendance, and how the government could regulate the economy.

    • C. 

      The future of political and economic power for freed slaves, and the future of North-South economic and political relations.

    • D. 

      Rebuilding the North's shattered economy and restoring the South's shattered society.

  • 8. 
    Under new President Andrew Johnson, presidential Reconstruction?:
    • A. 

      Made it possible for former high-ranking Confederates to assume positions of power in the reconstructed southern governments.

    • B. 

      Would implement a harsher program on the South than Lincoln had called for.

    • C. 

      Adhered substantially to the views of Congressional leaders.

    • D. 

      Never was implemented because Congress passed its own program before Johnson's could go into effect.

  • 9. 
    In the presidential election of 1868, Ulysses S. Grant?:
    • A. 

      Transformed his personal popularity into a large majority in the popular vote.

    • B. 

      Owed his victory to the votes of former slaves.

    • C. 

      Gained his victory by winning the votes of the majority of whites.

    • D. 

      All of these choices are correct.

  • 10. 
    The refusal of the South to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment?:
    • A. 

      Caused most northerners to support the Radicals' demand that more economic opportunity be extended to freedmen.

    • B. 

      Caused a thorough restructuring of southern society.

    • C. 

      Led to general land reform in the South.

    • D. 

      Forced the Republicans to abolish the existing southern governments, form new governments, and extend the vote to freedmen.

  • 11. 
    This Amendment to the Constitution abolished slavery?:
    • A. 

      Twelfth.

    • B. 

      Thirteenth.

    • C. 

      Fourteenth.

    • D. 

      Fifteenth.

    • E. 

      Sixteenth.

  • 12. 
    In its approach to union organization, the Knights of Labor officially?:
    • A. 

      Welcomed both skilled and unskilled workers.

    • B. 

      Stressed the organization of workers by craft.

    • C. 

      Encouraged the use of the strike.

    • D. 

      Discriminated against Blacks and women.

  • 13. 
    A long-range influence of Samuel Gompers on the American labor movement was his advocacy of?:
    • A. 

      Unrestricted immigration.

    • B. 

      Industrial unionism.

    • C. 

      Compulsory arbitration of industrial disputes.

    • D. 

      Non-involvement in party politics.

    • E. 

      Government regulation of hours and wages.

  • 14. 
    The 1880s movement for the eight-hour working day is usually associated with which of the following labor organizations?:
    • A. 

      The Teamsters Union.

    • B. 

      The Knights of Labor.

    • C. 

      The Industrial Workers of the World.

    • D. 

      The Congress of Industrial Organizations.

    • E. 

      The International Ladies' Garment Workers Union.

  • 15. 
    Terence V. Powderly, head of the Knights of Labor, advocated?:
    • A. 

      A gradual end to the wage system and the reorganization of society on cooperative principles.

    • B. 

      Temperance.

    • C. 

      The admission of blacks into local Knights of Labor assemblies.

    • D. 

      All of these choices are correct.

  • 16. 
    The United States did NOT restrict immigration during most of the 19c for all of the following reasons EXCEPT?:
    • A. 

      There was a continuous demand for cheap labor.

    • B. 

      Population growth did not present serious ecological problems then.

    • C. 

      Immigrants from China made excellent workers in building railroads.

    • D. 

      Many Europeans wanted to immigrate to America.

    • E. 

      An amendment to the Constitution was necessary to enact such legislation.

  • 17. 
    After 1890, increased immigration began to present a national problem because?:
    • A. 

      Unskilled laborers tended to concentrate in crowded urban slums.

    • B. 

      Contract laborers enabled employers to combat strikes effectively.

    • C. 

      The American educational system could not absorb the numbers of immigrant children.

    • D. 

      Unskilled laborers could not become members of labor unions.

    • E. 

      Skilled laborers were essential to industry.

  • 18. 
    Europeans who came to the United States after 1880 have been described as "new" immigrants mainly because they?:
    • A. 

      Were considered physically and mentally superior to earlier immigrants.

    • B. 

      Arrived before the closing of the frontier and settled farms in the West.

    • C. 

      Came chiefly from northern and western Europe.

    • D. 

      Came generally from different countries than most earlier immigrants.

  • 19. 
    The most dangerous aspect of urban life in the late 19c was?:
    • A. 

      Opium addiction.

    • B. 

      Air pollution.

    • C. 

      The increase of murders and robberies.

    • D. 

      Inadequate water and sewage systems.

  • 20. 
    The groups that migrated to the cities after the Civil War included large numbers of all of the following groups EXCEPT?:
    • A. 

      Southern Blacks.

    • B. 

      Southern Whites.

    • C. 

      Foreign immigrants.

    • D. 

      Eastern farmers.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following statements is LEAST true about immigration to the U. S. between 1880 and 1900?:
    • A. 

      Most immigrants were unskilled day laborers.

    • B. 

      Immigration increased steadily during these years.

    • C. 

      Immigrants tended to be Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, or Jewish.

    • D. 

      Chinese immigrants were excluded by law during most of these years.

    • E. 

      Most immigrants came from northern and western Europe.

  • 22. 
    One theme of the Gilded Age politics was the?:
    • A. 

      Triumph of urban-industrial interests.

    • B. 

      Rise of the common man.

    • C. 

      Extension of government into the private sphere.

    • D. 

      Triumph of rural-agricultural interests.

  • 23. 
    Mark Twain called the era following the Civil War the "Gilded Age" because?:
    • A. 

      It was an age of universal benefit for all Americans.

    • B. 

      Of the tremendous number of gold strikes that took place.

    • C. 

      The glitter and flashiness of the time seemed to mask the ugliness and crass materialism that lay beneath the surface.

    • D. 

      The gold and silver issues seemed to dominate the era.

  • 24. 
    Which of the following was NOT a factor in shaping Gilded Age politics?:
    • A. 

      Politics was seen more as a way to get office rather than a way to press certain issues.

    • B. 

      Business remained separate from politics.

    • C. 

      In national politics, neither party could keep both a majority in Congress and a president in the White House.

    • D. 

      None of the presidents in this period could be described as a strong leader.

  • 25. 
    The Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Anti-Trust Act?:
    • A. 

      Created strong governmental machinery for dealing with corrupt business practices.

    • B. 

      Both outlawed rebates.

    • C. 

      Created price controls for industry.

    • D. 

      Proved to be ineffective in the regulation of business abuses.