Pvhs American History 2 Final

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Pvhs American History 2 Final - Quiz

This test will contain information from PVHS American History 2 coursework from sections 1h-2


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was Sgt. York?

    • A.

      The founder of the high school Jamestown Tennessee

    • B.

      American World War I soldier

    • C.

      A blacksmith

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Sgt. York was an American World War I soldier who gained fame for his actions during the war. He was also the founder of the high school in Jamestown, Tennessee, and worked as a blacksmith. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as all the statements are true.

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  • 2. 

    The Zimmermann telegram led Wilson to ask Congress for declaration of war.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Zimmermann telegram was a communication intercepted by the British during World War I, in which Germany proposed an alliance with Mexico against the United States. This telegram was a significant factor in President Woodrow Wilson's decision to ask Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. The proposal in the telegram threatened American security and was seen as a direct provocation, leading to the United States' entry into the war.

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  • 3. 

    All were true of the impact of World War I on the federal government EXCEPT?:

    • A.

      Centralized management along the lines of Roosevelt’s Square Deal accelerated the creation of the modern bueaucratic state

    • B.

      The national debt multiplied tenfold

    • C.

      The Supreme Court struck down avts of Congress the curtailed American civil liberties

    • D.

      Government-sponsored propaganda promoted psychological and social conformity

    Correct Answer
    C. The Supreme Court struck down avts of Congress the curtailed American civil liberties
    Explanation
    During World War I, the impact on the federal government included centralized management, which resembled Roosevelt's Square Deal, leading to the creation of a modern bureaucratic state. Additionally, the national debt increased significantly. Government-sponsored propaganda was used to promote psychological and social conformity. However, the Supreme Court did not strike down acts of Congress that curtailed American civil liberties. This means that all of the given statements are true except for the one about the Supreme Court's actions.

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  • 4. 

    President Woodrow Wilson viewed America's entry into World War I as an opportunity for the United States to:

    • A.

      Reestablish the balance of power in European diplomacy.

    • B.

      Expand America's territorial holdings.

    • C.

      Rebuild its dangerously small military and naval forces.

    • D.

      Shape a new international order based on the ideals of democracy.

    Correct Answer
    D. Shape a new international order based on the ideals of democracy.
    Explanation
    President Woodrow Wilson viewed America's entry into World War I as an opportunity to shape a new international order based on the ideals of democracy. Wilson believed that the war presented a chance for the United States to promote its democratic principles and influence the post-war world. He advocated for the creation of the League of Nations, an organization aimed at preventing future conflicts and promoting cooperation among nations. Wilson's vision was rooted in the belief that democracy and self-determination were essential for a stable and peaceful world order.

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  • 5. 

     In June 1918, some                      American soldiers crossed the Atlantic; In July 3000,000; In August 286,000 more.

    • A.

      269,000

    • B.

      279,000

    • C.

      289,000

    • D.

      290,000

    Correct Answer
    B. 279,000
  • 6. 

    Such expression as "liberty cabbage" and "liberty sausage," used during World War I, were an indication of:

    • A.

      Food shortages.

    • B.

      American hostile reaction to things German.

    • C.

      American food relief to Belgium.

    • D.

      American patriotic fervor to increase the food supply by planting home "victory gardens."

    Correct Answer
    B. American hostile reaction to things German.
    Explanation
    During World War I, expressions such as "liberty cabbage" and "liberty sausage" were used as a way for Americans to show their hostility towards anything German. This was a result of the anti-German sentiment that grew during the war, as Germany was seen as the enemy. By using these alternative names for German food items, Americans were expressing their patriotic fervor and distancing themselves from anything associated with Germany. This was a reflection of the tense relationship between America and Germany during the war.

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  • 7. 

    Black Tuesday                  , was the day the stock market experienced the greatest crash in history.

    • A.

      October 26

    • B.

      October 28

    • C.

      October 29

    • D.

      October 31

    Correct Answer
    C. October 29
    Explanation
    Black Tuesday refers to October 29, the day when the stock market experienced the greatest crash in history. This event marked the start of the Great Depression in the United States and had severe economic consequences worldwide. The stock market crash on Black Tuesday resulted in a significant decline in stock prices, leading to widespread financial panic and loss of wealth for many investors.

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  • 8. 

    Part of the reason for the stock market crash was:

    • A.

      The high rate of deflation in the 1920s

    • B.

      The tax policies of the 1920s, which especially hurt the wealthy who might otherwise have brought more stocks

    • C.

      The buying of great amounts of stock "on margin"

    • D.

      The low tariff, which allowed imports to corner several importan American markest

    Correct Answer
    C. The buying of great amounts of stock "on margin"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the buying of great amounts of stock "on margin". This refers to the practice of purchasing stocks with borrowed money, using the stocks themselves as collateral. During the 1920s, many investors were buying stocks on margin, which led to an inflated stock market. However, when the stock market began to decline, investors were unable to repay their loans, resulting in a cascade of selling and a market crash. This practice amplified the effects of the crash and contributed to the severity of the Great Depression.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following characterized the economy of the 1920s?:

    • A.

      An emphasis on heavy industry, such as the production of locomotives.

    • B.

      A drop in the real wages of workers.

    • C.

      Increasing wealth for the agricultural sector.

    • D.

      An emphasis on cash rather than credit purchases.

    • E.

      A shift to the production of consumer goods.

    Correct Answer
    E. A shift to the production of consumer goods.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a shift to the production of consumer goods. This is because during the 1920s, there was a significant increase in the production and availability of consumer goods such as automobiles, radios, and household appliances. This shift was driven by the growing demand from the middle class and the development of new technologies that allowed for mass production. The emphasis on consumer goods also led to the rise of consumer culture and increased consumer spending, which played a significant role in the economic growth of the 1920s.

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  • 10. 

    By the end of the 1920s, what had become the nation's largest industry?:

    • A.

      Automobiles

    • B.

      Steel

    • C.

      Railroads

    • D.

      Oil

    • E.

      Chemicals

    Correct Answer
    A. Automobiles
    Explanation
    By the end of the 1920s, the automobile industry had become the nation's largest industry. This can be attributed to several factors, including the widespread adoption of the assembly line production method pioneered by Henry Ford, which made cars more affordable and accessible to the general public. Additionally, the increasing popularity of automobiles as a mode of transportation and the growth of the suburbs contributed to the industry's rapid expansion during this time period.

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  • 11. 

    A major cause of the Great Depression was?:

    • A.

      The stock market crash. the inability of wages to keep pace with production increases.

    • B.

      The inability of wages to keep pace with production increases.

    • C.

      Reliance upon a single metallic base for currency.

    • D.

      The inability of production to keep pace with wage increases.

    • E.

      Federal budget increases during the New Deal.

    Correct Answer
    B. The inability of wages to keep pace with production increases.
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, the inability of wages to keep up with production increases played a major role in causing the economic crisis. As production levels rose, companies were unable to pay their workers higher wages, resulting in a growing income gap. This led to a decrease in consumer spending, as people had less disposable income. Ultimately, this imbalance between production and wages contributed to a decline in demand, leading to a decrease in production, widespread unemployment, and the collapse of the economy.

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  • 12. 

    The Great Depression was the worst economic catastrophe in American history.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Great Depression, which occurred in the 1930s, was indeed the most severe economic downturn in American history. It began with the stock market crash in 1929 and led to widespread unemployment, poverty, and a decline in production and trade. The effects of the Great Depression were felt globally and lasted for about a decade, making it a significant event in American history.

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  • 13. 

    A second response to the Depression was:

    • A.

      Totalitarian communism

    • B.

      Fascism and militarism

    • C.

      Military dictatorship

    • D.

      Welfare capitalism

    Correct Answer
    B. Fascism and militarism
    Explanation
    The second response to the Depression was fascism and militarism. This can be explained by the fact that during times of economic crisis, people tend to turn to strong leaders and ideologies that promise stability and nationalistic pride. Fascism, characterized by authoritarian rule and extreme nationalism, and militarism, the belief in the importance of a strong military, were seen as solutions to the economic hardships of the Depression. These ideologies gained popularity in countries like Italy and Germany, where leaders like Mussolini and Hitler rose to power and implemented policies that prioritized militarization and nationalism.

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  • 14. 

    The Great Depression led Americans to view the federal Government as the ultimate protector of public well-being:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, the federal government implemented various programs and policies to alleviate the economic hardships faced by Americans. This included the establishment of social security, unemployment benefits, and public works projects. These actions demonstrated the government's role in protecting the public's well-being during times of crisis. As a result, many Americans came to view the federal government as the ultimate protector of their well-being, relying on its intervention and support to navigate through the difficult times.

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  • 15. 

    What did President Franklin Roosevelt promise the American people?

    • A.

      New Ideas

    • B.

      Wealth

    • C.

      New Deal

    • D.

      Unemployment Insurance

    Correct Answer
    C. New Deal
    Explanation
    President Franklin Roosevelt promised the American people a "New Deal." This refers to a series of economic and social programs implemented during the 1930s in response to the Great Depression. The New Deal aimed to provide relief, recovery, and reform, addressing various issues such as unemployment, poverty, and economic instability. It included initiatives like the creation of jobs through public works projects, financial reforms, agricultural subsidies, and social welfare programs. The New Deal was intended to stimulate the economy, restore confidence, and improve the lives of ordinary Americans.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following was NOT a reason given by President Franklin Roosevelt in his attempt to "pack" the Supreme Court?: 

    • A.

      He believed he had a mandate after the 1936 election.

    • B.

      Most Supreme Court justices were interpreting the Constitution too broadly.

    • C.

      He wanted to ease the work load of the Court's older members.

    • D.

      Most of the Supreme Court justices were conservative.

    • E.

      The Court was declaring too many New Deal programs unconstitutional.

    Correct Answer
    B. Most Supreme Court justices were interpreting the Constitution too broadly.
    Explanation
    President Franklin Roosevelt did not cite the reason that most Supreme Court justices were interpreting the Constitution too broadly in his attempt to "pack" the Supreme Court. The other reasons given by Roosevelt were that he believed he had a mandate after the 1936 election, he wanted to ease the work load of the Court's older members, most of the Supreme Court justices were conservative, and the Court was declaring too many New Deal programs unconstitutional.

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  • 17. 

    During the period of the New Deal, the program of organized labor was most successful in:

    • A.

      Unifying the labor movement.

    • B.

      Restoring full employment to the economy.

    • C.

      Removing obstacles to unionization.

    • D.

      Securing a nationwide system of workers' compensation.

    • E.

      Safeguarding unions from authoritarian control.

    Correct Answer
    C. Removing obstacles to unionization.
    Explanation
    During the New Deal, the program of organized labor was most successful in removing obstacles to unionization. The New Deal introduced several policies and legislations that aimed to protect workers' rights and improve labor conditions. One of the key aspects of this was the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) of 1935, also known as the Wagner Act. This act guaranteed workers the right to form and join labor unions, engage in collective bargaining, and take part in strikes. It also prohibited unfair labor practices by employers, such as interfering with employees' rights to organize. By removing obstacles to unionization, the New Deal helped to strengthen the labor movement and empower workers in their fight for better working conditions and fair treatment.

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  • 18. 

    Who ordered the Bonus Army's Camp evacuation?

    • A.

      White house

    • B.

      District of Columbia Officials

    • C.

      Douglas McArthur

    • D.

      President Hoover

    Correct Answer
    B. District of Columbia Officials
    Explanation
    District of Columbia Officials ordered the Bonus Army's Camp evacuation. This suggests that the local authorities in the District of Columbia were responsible for making the decision to evacuate the camp. It implies that it was not a decision made by the White House, Douglas McArthur, or President Hoover.

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  • 19. 

    In Roosevelt's first hundred days in office, he pushed              major bills through Congress.

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      13

    • C.

      15

    • D.

      18

    Correct Answer
    C. 15
    Explanation
    During Roosevelt's first hundred days in office, he was able to successfully pass 15 major bills through Congress. This indicates that Roosevelt was highly productive and proactive in implementing his policies and agenda during this initial period of his presidency. It also suggests that he had strong support and influence within Congress, as passing such a significant number of bills in a short amount of time requires effective leadership and cooperation from lawmakers.

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  • 20. 

    The Social Security program of 1935 provided which of the following:

    • A.

      Federally administered unemployment insurance.

    • B.

      Old age pensions paid for by taxes on employers and workers.

    • C.

      Unemployment insurance administered by the federal government.

    • D.

      Federally administered assistance to the blind and disabled.

    • E.

      All of these choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these choices are correct.
    Explanation
    The Social Security program of 1935 provided all of these choices. It included federally administered unemployment insurance, old age pensions paid for by taxes on employers and workers, unemployment insurance administered by the federal government, and federally administered assistance to the blind and disabled.

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  • 21. 

    All of the following were achieved during the New Deal EXCEPT?:

    • A.

      A balanced budget.

    • B.

      Renewed confidence in banks.

    • C.

      A gradual improvement in farm conditions.

    • D.

      A gradual acceptance of labor unions.

    • E.

      A reduction in unemployment.

    Correct Answer
    A. A balanced budget.
    Explanation
    During the New Deal, many measures were implemented to address the economic crisis of the Great Depression. These measures aimed to stimulate the economy, provide relief to the unemployed, and regulate the financial system. While the New Deal achieved several goals such as renewing confidence in banks, improving farm conditions, accepting labor unions, and reducing unemployment, it did not prioritize achieving a balanced budget. Instead, the government increased spending to fund various programs and initiatives, leading to budget deficits.

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  • 22. 

    The three original programs of Social Security included all of the following EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Ensure against poverty in old age

    • B.

      Maintan state operated unemployment insurance programs

    • C.

      Provide job security for government employees

    • D.

      Subsidize welfare programs of the state

    Correct Answer
    C. Provide job security for government employees
    Explanation
    The three original programs of Social Security aimed to ensure against poverty in old age, maintain state-operated unemployment insurance programs, and subsidize welfare programs of the state. However, providing job security for government employees was not included in these programs.

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  • 23. 

    During the years of the Great Depression and the New Deal, Blacks:

    • A.

      Benefited from habving a friend in the White House, Eleonor Roosevelt, who chould speak and act independently in support of black goals.

    • B.

      Did not continue to migrate to northern cities because there were no jobs

    • C.

      Benefited from the Civil Rights Bills passed by Congress with Franklin Roosevelt urging

    • D.

      Tended to vote for the Republic Party because the Democratic Party did not support policies beneficial to blacks

    Correct Answer
    A. Benefited from habving a friend in the White House, Eleonor Roosevelt, who chould speak and act independently in support of black goals.
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression and the New Deal, Blacks benefited from having Eleanor Roosevelt as a friend in the White House. She was able to speak and act independently in support of black goals. This support was significant as it provided a platform for advocating for the rights and needs of the black community. Eleanor Roosevelt's influence and advocacy helped to bring attention to and address the challenges faced by African Americans during this time.

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  • 24. 

    During the New Deal, blacks became strong supporters of the Democracy party because:

    • A.

      Most believed that Roosevelt fought aggressively for civil rights

    • B.

      Roosevelt supported legislation to make lynching a federal crime

    • C.

      The New Deal relief agencies included blacks as recipients

    • D.

      Roosevelt tried to persuade Congress to ban the poll tax

    Correct Answer
    C. The New Deal relief agencies included blacks as recipients
    Explanation
    Blacks became strong supporters of the Democracy party during the New Deal because the New Deal relief agencies included blacks as recipients. This means that black individuals were able to benefit from the economic and social programs implemented by the New Deal, which provided them with much-needed assistance during the Great Depression. This support from the government likely fostered a sense of loyalty and gratitude towards the Democracy party, leading to increased support among the black community.

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  • 25. 

    Naturalized Mexican American citizens were sent across the U.S. -Mexico border from Arizona, California, and Texas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because during the early 20th century, many Mexican immigrants who had become naturalized American citizens were forcibly deported to Mexico. This practice, known as "repatriation," was a result of economic downturns and anti-immigrant sentiment in the United States. Thousands of Mexican Americans, including those from Arizona, California, and Texas, were wrongly sent across the U.S.-Mexico border, despite being lawful citizens. This discriminatory and unjust policy is an unfortunate part of American history.

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  • 26. 

    The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934: 

    • A.

      Promoted assimilation of Indians into the American mainstream

    • B.

      Provided relief for the unemployment on reservations

    • C.

      Reversed a 50 year pattern by recognizing tribal life

    • D.

      Centralized administration of the reservation sytem in new federal agency

    Correct Answer
    C. Reversed a 50 year pattern by recognizing tribal life
    Explanation
    The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 reversed a 50 year pattern by recognizing tribal life. This means that prior to the act, there had been a trend of disregarding or undermining tribal life and sovereignty. The act aimed to reverse this trend and acknowledge the importance of tribal communities and their way of life. It was a significant shift in policy towards Native Americans, promoting self-governance and tribal autonomy.

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  • 27. 

    The discovery of the concentration camps revealed WWII's most terrible secret,:

    • A.

      7,600 inmates

    • B.

      The Holocaust

    • C.

      Gas chamber

    • D.

      Prisoners

    Correct Answer
    B. The Holocaust
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Holocaust. The mention of "concentration camps" and "WWII's most terrible secret" suggests that the discovery is related to the atrocities committed during the Holocaust. The Holocaust refers to the systematic genocide of six million Jews by the Nazi regime during World War II. The concentration camps were used to imprison and exterminate millions of innocent people, including Jews, Romani people, disabled individuals, political dissidents, and others deemed undesirable by the Nazis. The discovery of these concentration camps exposed the horrifying reality of the Holocaust and the extent of the Nazi's crimes against humanity.

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  • 28. 

    Auschwitz II-Birkenau contain four gas chambers and crematoria.

    • A.

      .True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. .True
    Explanation
    Auschwitz II-Birkenau was a concentration and extermination camp during the Holocaust. It had four gas chambers and crematoria where thousands of prisoners were killed and their bodies disposed of. This is a well-documented fact and widely known. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 29. 

    Hitler's drive for political power began in          , when he joined a small party later known as the Nazis.

    • A.

      1910

    • B.

      1919

    • C.

      1920

    • D.

      1921

    Correct Answer
    B. 1919
    Explanation
    In 1919, Hitler joined a small party which later became known as the Nazis. This marked the beginning of his drive for political power.

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  • 30. 

    By 1935, Hitler had transformed Germany into a fascist state.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    By 1935, Hitler had successfully implemented his ideology of fascism in Germany, consolidating his power and transforming the country into a fascist state. This involved the suppression of political opponents, the establishment of a totalitarian regime, and the implementation of policies that promoted nationalism, militarism, and the superiority of the Aryan race. Hitler's control over the government, military, and society was absolute, with the Nazi Party dominating all aspects of life in Germany. Therefore, the statement "By 1935, Hitler had transformed Germany into a fascist state" is true.

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  • 31. 

    At what time did the first Japanese bombs fell on Pearl Harbor?

    • A.

      7:02am

    • B.

      7:35am

    • C.

      7:55am

    • D.

      8:55am

    Correct Answer
    C. 7:55am
    Explanation
    The first Japanese bombs fell on Pearl Harbor at 7:55am. This is a historically significant event that occurred on December 7, 1941. The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese marked the entry of the United States into World War II. The timing of the attack is crucial in understanding the surprise element and the devastating impact it had on the American naval base.

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  • 32. 

    World War II brought about all of the following changes EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Increasing the number of Americans who moved from rural areas to cities

    • B.

      Accelerating long-developing social changes for black Americans

    • C.

      Increasing the gap between the wealthiest and the poorest Americans

    • D.

      Dramatic changes in the roles and expectations of women

    Correct Answer
    C. Increasing the gap between the wealthiest and the poorest Americans
    Explanation
    During World War II, there were significant changes in American society. The war led to a massive migration of people from rural areas to cities, as industries and factories needed workers to support the war effort. Additionally, the war accelerated social changes for black Americans, as they were given more opportunities in the military and defense industries, leading to increased demands for civil rights. The roles and expectations of women also underwent dramatic changes during this time, as many women entered the workforce to fill the vacancies left by men serving in the war. However, World War II did not directly result in an increase in the wealth gap between the wealthiest and the poorest Americans.

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  • 33. 

    The Soviet Union was committed to free and democratic elections in Easter Europe.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Soviet Union was not committed to free and democratic elections in Eastern Europe. In fact, they often exerted control over the governments in these countries and suppressed any opposition or dissent. The Soviet Union wanted to maintain their influence and control over Eastern Europe, and free and democratic elections would have threatened their power.

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  • 34. 

    In waging war against Japan, the United States relied mainly on a strategy of:

    • A.

      Heavy bombing from Chinese air bases

    • B.

      "island hopping" from the South Pacific to within striking distance of Japan

    • C.

      Invading Japanese strongholds in Southeast Asia

    • D.

      Fortifying China by transporting supplies from India over the Himalayan "hump"

    Correct Answer
    B. "island hopping" from the South Pacific to within striking distance of Japan
    Explanation
    During World War II, the United States employed a strategy known as "island hopping" to combat Japan. This strategy involved capturing key islands in the South Pacific that were within striking distance of Japan. By doing so, the US could establish airfields and naval bases on these islands, allowing them to launch attacks on Japanese targets and gradually move closer to Japan itself. This strategy was effective because it bypassed heavily fortified Japanese strongholds in Southeast Asia, minimizing casualties and allowing for a more efficient and targeted approach towards Japan.

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  • 35. 

    In World War II the Allied strategy, agreed upon by the U. S. and Great Britain, was to?:

    • A.

      Concentrate on defeating Japan first before turning to Germany.

    • B.

      Divide all resources equally between the war against Japan and that against Germany.

    • C.

      Fight only against Japan, leaving the Russians to fight Germany alone.

    • D.

      Take a passive role and limit operations to reacting to Axis moves.

    • E.

      Concentrate on defeating Germany first before turning on Japan.

    Correct Answer
    E. Concentrate on defeating Germany first before turning on Japan.
    Explanation
    During World War II, the Allied strategy, agreed upon by the U.S. and Great Britain, was to concentrate on defeating Germany first before turning on Japan. This strategy was known as "Germany first" and was based on the belief that Germany posed a greater threat and had to be defeated before Japan. By focusing on defeating Germany, the Allies aimed to weaken the Axis powers and gain a significant advantage in the war. Once Germany was defeated, they could then allocate more resources and attention to the war against Japan.

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  • 36. 

    President Truman asked Congress for $                in economic and military aid for Greece and Tukey.

    • A.

      100 million

    • B.

      200 million

    • C.

      300 million

    • D.

      400 million

    Correct Answer
    D. 400 million
    Explanation
    President Truman asked Congress for $400 million in economic and military aid for Greece and Turkey. This aid was requested as part of the Truman Doctrine, which aimed to provide support to countries threatened by communism. Greece and Turkey were facing internal conflicts and external pressures from the Soviet Union, and Truman believed that providing financial and military assistance would help them resist communist influence. The $400 million aid package was approved by Congress in 1947 and played a significant role in stabilizing these countries and preventing further communist expansion in the region.

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  • 37. 

    President Truman used the atom bomb against Japan for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

    • A.

      He believed the bomb was an appropriate response to Pearl Harbor

    • B.

      His basic motivation was to save American lives

    • C.

      He believed the bomb's power would convince the Soviets not to challenge American supremacy tafter he war

    Correct Answer
    A. He believed the bomb was an appropriate response to Pearl Harbor
    Explanation
    President Truman used the atom bomb against Japan for his basic motivation to save American lives and because he believed the bomb's power would convince the Soviets not to challenge American supremacy after the war. However, there is no evidence to suggest that he believed the bomb was an appropriate response to Pearl Harbor.

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  • 38. 

    The North Koreans fled in disarray across the 38th paralle, the pre-war border between North and South KoreaPresident.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because it states that the North Koreans fled in disarray across the 38th parallel, which was the pre-war border between North and South Korea. This suggests that there was chaos and panic among the North Koreans, leading them to flee across the border.

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  • 39. 

    In what year was the Peace Corps formed?

    • A.

      1950

    • B.

      1960

    • C.

      1945

    • D.

      1961

    Correct Answer
    D. 1961
    Explanation
    The Peace Corps was formed in 1961. This organization was established by the United States government and aims to promote peace and friendship by sending American volunteers to work in developing countries. The year 1961 is significant because it marks the official establishment of the Peace Corps, allowing volunteers to begin their work in various parts of the world.

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  • 40. 

    The United States made its first attempt at a Satellite launch in                      .

    • A.

      November

    • B.

      December

    • C.

      October

    • D.

      August

    Correct Answer
    B. December
    Explanation
    In December, the United States made its first attempt at a satellite launch.

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  • 41. 

    Who was Thurgood Marshall?

    • A.

      The NAACP's chief counsel

    • B.

      First African American to serve on the Supreme Court

    • C.

      Judge

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Thurgood Marshall was a prominent figure in the civil rights movement, serving as the NAACP's chief counsel. He was also the first African American to be appointed as a Supreme Court Justice, making him a trailblazer in the legal field. Additionally, Marshall had a long and distinguished career as a judge, making significant contributions to the advancement of civil rights and equality in the United States. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 42. 

    Under the           Civil Rights Law, segregated restaurants and hotels across the south opened their doors to black patrons.

    • A.

      1960

    • B.

      1962

    • C.

      1964

    • D.

      1966

    Correct Answer
    C. 1964
    Explanation
    In 1964, the Civil Rights Act was passed, which prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. This act made it illegal for segregated restaurants and hotels in the southern states to deny service to black patrons. Therefore, 1964 is the correct answer because it marks the year when these establishments were legally required to open their doors to black customers.

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  • 43. 

    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. fought for:

    • A.

      Separatism and identification with Africa

    • B.

      Racial integration

    • C.

      Discrimination

    • D.

      Self-sufficiency and black self help

    Correct Answer
    B. Racial integration
    Explanation
    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. fought for racial integration. He believed in the importance of equality and unity among all races, advocating for the end of segregation and the fair treatment of African Americans. King was a prominent leader in the Civil Rights Movement, using nonviolent methods to protest against racial discrimination and working towards a society where individuals are judged by the content of their character rather than the color of their skin. His famous "I Have a Dream" speech emphasized the vision of a racially integrated society, where people of all races could live together harmoniously.

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  • 44. 

    To promote education, Congress passed the Higher Education Act in 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Schools Act of 1965.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Congress did pass the Higher Education Act in 1965, as well as the Elementary and Secondary Schools Act of 1965. These acts were both aimed at promoting education and providing funding and support for higher education institutions and elementary and secondary schools.

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  • 45. 

    The book "                    " helped to launch a new movement for women's liberation.

    • A.

      The Feminine Mystique

    • B.

      The Trapped Housewife

    • C.

      Queen for a Day

    • D.

      Why young mothers feel trapped

    Correct Answer
    A. The Feminine Mystique
    Explanation
    "The Feminine Mystique" is the correct answer because it is a book that helped to launch a new movement for women's liberation. This book, written by Betty Friedan, was published in 1963 and is widely regarded as one of the catalysts for the second wave of feminism. It challenged the traditional roles and expectations placed on women in society, particularly the idea that women's primary purpose was to be wives and mothers. By highlighting the frustrations and limitations faced by women in the 1950s and 1960s, "The Feminine Mystique" sparked a national conversation about gender equality and paved the way for significant social and political changes.

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  • 46. 

    In which state women could not sit on Juries? 

    • A.

      Arizona

    • B.

      California

    • C.

      Alabama

    • D.

      Texas

    Correct Answer
    C. Alabama
    Explanation
    Alabama is the correct answer because historically, women were not allowed to serve on juries in the state. This was due to a combination of societal norms and legal restrictions that limited women's participation in the justice system. It was not until the 1960s that Alabama began to allow women to serve on juries, following the Supreme Court's ruling in Taylor v. Louisiana, which declared that excluding women from juries violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

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  • 47. 

    The Supreme Court's most controversial decision involving women's right's was delivered in the case of :

    • A.

      Roe v. Wade

    • B.

      Griggs v. Duke Power

    • C.

      Warner Ruger v. Williams Rehnquist

    • D.

      .

    Correct Answer
    A. Roe v. Wade
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court's most controversial decision involving women's rights was delivered in the case of Roe v. Wade. This landmark case, decided in 1973, established a woman's constitutional right to have an abortion. It was a highly contentious decision that sparked intense debate and controversy, with supporters arguing for a woman's right to make decisions about her own body, and opponents arguing for the protection of the unborn fetus. The ruling in Roe v. Wade continues to be a significant and divisive issue in American society.

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  • 48. 

    Phyllis Schlafly was:

    • A.

      The leader of the anti-ERA movement

    • B.

      The writer of the book "Choice Not an Echo"

    • C.

      A mother of 6 children

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Phyllis Schlafly was a prominent figure who encompassed all of the given options. She was indeed the leader of the anti-ERA (Equal Rights Amendment) movement, advocating against its ratification. Additionally, she authored the book "Choice Not an Echo," which became influential in the conservative movement. Schlafly was also a mother of six children, managing to balance her family life with her influential roles in politics and activism. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above."

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  • 49. 

    Throughout the 1960's nation's poorest minority group, nore deprived than any other group were: 

    • A.

      Black Americans

    • B.

      Women

    • C.

      Mexican Americans

    • D.

      Native Americans

    Correct Answer
    D. Native Americans
    Explanation
    During the 1960s, Native Americans were the most deprived minority group in the nation. This can be attributed to a long history of discrimination, displacement, and marginalization. Native Americans faced significant challenges such as poverty, limited access to education, healthcare, and employment opportunities. They also experienced cultural suppression and loss of land and resources. These factors contributed to their overall deprivation during this time period.

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  • 50. 

    Ronald Reagan's political objectives as president included all of the following EXCEPT?:

    • A.

      An increase in military spending.

    • B.

      A balanced budget.

    • C.

      The expansion of the welfare state.

    • D.

      The appointment of a conservative judiciary.

    Correct Answer
    C. The expansion of the welfare state.
    Explanation
    Ronald Reagan's political objectives as president included an increase in military spending, a balanced budget, and the appointment of a conservative judiciary. However, he did not prioritize the expansion of the welfare state. Reagan believed in limited government intervention and advocated for smaller government and lower taxes, which contradicts the idea of expanding the welfare state.

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