American History Exam Trivia Quiz!

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American History Exam Trivia Quiz! - Quiz


Are you ready for your American history exam? Would you like to prepare for it by taking this quiz? An example of a noteworthy event in the history of the United States is between 1776 and 1789. Upon signing the Declaration of Independence in 189, the thirteen states replaced the Articles of Confederation with the United States of America's constitution. If you want to see results, try this quiz. Don't foregt to take your certificate at the end of the quiz! Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The “new immigrants” who arrived in the United States after the Civil War was different from the “old immigrants” in that they…

    • A.

      Came mostly from Latin American counties

    • B.

      Settled in rural areas in the Midwest where land was plentiful

    • C.

      Were better prepared than previous immigrants had been to face the challenges of urban life

    • D.

      Spoke different languages and had different customs than most Americans and thus were not easily assimilated

    • E.

      Came from Asia rather than Europe

    Correct Answer
    D. Spoke different languages and had different customs than most Americans and thus were not easily assimilated
    Explanation
    The "new immigrants" who arrived in the United States after the Civil War spoke different languages and had different customs than most Americans, making it difficult for them to assimilate. This is different from the "old immigrants" who came before them, as they were better prepared to face the challenges of urban life and were more easily assimilated. The answer suggests that the new immigrants were not from Latin American countries, did not settle in rural areas in the Midwest, and did not come from Asia.

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  • 2. 

    What is the main connection between Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have A Dream Speech" in 1963?  

    • A.

      Equality

    • B.

      Diversity

    • C.

      Freedom

    • D.

      Respect

    Correct Answer
    A. Equality
    Explanation
    The main connection between Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have A Dream Speech" in 1963 is equality. Both Lincoln's proclamation and King's speech were pivotal moments in the fight for civil rights and equality for African Americans. Lincoln's proclamation declared that all slaves in Confederate territory were to be set free, while King's speech called for an end to racial segregation and discrimination. Both events were significant milestones in the ongoing struggle for equality and justice for African Americans in the United States.

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  • 3. 

    Which earlier period did the 1960s program causing the poverty decline best reflect?  

    • A.

      Populism

    • B.

      New Deal

    • C.

      Reconstruction

    • D.

      Progressivism

    Correct Answer
    B. New Deal
    Explanation
    The 1960s program that caused the decline in poverty best reflects the New Deal period. The New Deal was a series of programs and policies implemented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s to combat the effects of the Great Depression. These programs aimed to provide relief, recovery, and reform, and included initiatives such as the creation of jobs, social security, and welfare programs. The 1960s program, which likely built upon the foundations of the New Deal, would have continued the efforts to reduce poverty and improve the economic conditions of the population.

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  • 4. 

    This political cartoon from 1919 best illustrates the American fear of what?  

    • A.

      Modernists

    • B.

      Fascism

    • C.

      A welfare state

    • D.

      Communism

    Correct Answer
    D. Communism
    Explanation
    This political cartoon from 1919 best illustrates the American fear of communism. The cartoon likely depicts communism as a menacing threat to American society and values. This fear was prevalent during the early 20th century, particularly after the Russian Revolution in 1917 and the rise of the Soviet Union. The cartoon may symbolize the perceived dangers of communism, such as the loss of individual freedoms, government control, and the potential for social unrest.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following events would represent a peak in the Red Scare in the United States in the 1920s?

    • A.

      Sacco and Vanzetti case

    • B.

      Scopes Trial

    • C.

      Teapot Dome Scandal

    • D.

      Presidential election of 1924

    Correct Answer
    C. Teapot Dome Scandal
    Explanation
    The Teapot Dome Scandal would represent a peak in the Red Scare in the United States in the 1920s because it involved corruption within the government and the illegal leasing of federal oil reserves. This scandal heightened fears of communist infiltration and further fueled the anti-communist sentiment during the Red Scare. The case exposed the extent of corruption and betrayal within the government, leading to a loss of trust in political institutions and a heightened sense of paranoia about communist influence in the country.

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  • 6. 

    Which "totalitarian regimes" was Truman referring to?  

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      USSR

    • C.

      Japan

    • D.

      China

    Correct Answer
    B. USSR
    Explanation
    Truman was referring to the "totalitarian regime" of the USSR. Totalitarianism refers to a form of government where the state has complete control over all aspects of public and private life. The USSR, or the Soviet Union, under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, was known for its oppressive regime that suppressed political dissent, controlled the media, and violated human rights. Truman's reference to the USSR as a totalitarian regime suggests his criticism of its authoritarian practices and lack of individual freedoms.

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  • 7. 

    Shortly after the Truman Doctrine (1947), Truman's administration announced the Marshall Plan.  What was the driving reason behind the execution of the Marshall Plan?

    • A.

      Humanitarian goals to fight against poverty, hunger and desperation in Europe

    • B.

      To aid former African colonies in their efforts for freedom

    • C.

      To prevent mutually assured destruction

    • D.

      To prevent the expansion of Communist influence

    Correct Answer
    D. To prevent the expansion of Communist influence
    Explanation
    The driving reason behind the execution of the Marshall Plan was to prevent the expansion of Communist influence. This plan was implemented as a response to the growing influence of the Soviet Union in Europe after World War II. The United States aimed to provide economic aid to help rebuild war-torn European countries and strengthen their economies, with the belief that stable and prosperous nations would be less susceptible to communist ideology. By providing financial assistance, the Marshall Plan aimed to counter the appeal of communism and prevent its spread in Europe.

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  • 8. 

    What was the primary cause of the trends shown on the graph?Unit 6

    • A.

      Closing of the western frontier

    • B.

      Industrialization in the North and the Midwest

    • C.

      Passage of the Homestead Act

    • D.

      completion of the transcontinental railroad

    Correct Answer
    B. Industrialization in the North and the Midwest
    Explanation
    The primary cause of the trends shown on the graph is industrialization in the North and the Midwest. This can be inferred from the fact that industrialization led to economic growth and development in these regions, which is likely reflected in the trends shown on the graph. The closing of the western frontier, passage of the Homestead Act, and completion of the transcontinental railroad may have had some impact on the trends, but they are not the primary cause as industrialization had a more significant influence.

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  • 9. 

    The instructions referred to in this public notice resulted in the...  

    • A.

      Deportation of most Japanese aliens to Japan

    • B.

      protection of the homes and property of Japanese Americans

    • C.

      Removal of Japanese Americans to internment camps

    • D.

      Drafting of all young Japanese American men into the United States military

    Correct Answer
    C. Removal of Japanese Americans to internment camps
    Explanation
    The correct answer is removal of Japanese Americans to internment camps. The instructions mentioned in the public notice led to the relocation and internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. This policy was implemented by the US government as a result of fear and prejudice towards Japanese Americans after the attack on Pearl Harbor. They were forcibly removed from their homes and placed in internment camps, where they were detained for the duration of the war. This action was a violation of their civil liberties and had a significant impact on the Japanese American community.

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  • 10. 

    The shelter pictured in this handbook was designed to help Americans survive...Unit 10

    • A.

      Global climate changes

    • B.

      pandemic diseases

    • C.

      natural disasters

    • D.

      Nuclear war

    Correct Answer
    D. Nuclear war
    Explanation
    The shelter pictured in this handbook was designed to help Americans survive nuclear war. This suggests that the shelter is specifically built to protect people from the aftermath of a nuclear attack, such as radiation exposure and destruction caused by the explosion. The other options, global climate changes, pandemic diseases, and natural disasters, may require different types of shelters or preparations, but they are not directly related to nuclear war survival. Therefore, the correct answer is nuclear war.

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  • 11. 

    What was the main reason for the emergence of “Hoovervilles” like the one shown in the photograph?

    • A.

      Many Americans had lost jobs during the Great Depression.

    • B.

      Thousands of homes had been destroyed by the effects of the Dust Bowl.

    • C.

      Housing projects could not keep up with the demand for homes needed by the poor

    • D.

      Preparations for World War II had created a shortage of building materials.

    Correct Answer
    A. Many Americans had lost jobs during the Great Depression.
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, many Americans lost their jobs, which led to widespread poverty and homelessness. As a result, makeshift communities known as "Hoovervilles" emerged, named after President Herbert Hoover, who was blamed for the economic crisis. These communities were made up of shanty towns and makeshift shelters, as shown in the photograph. The main reason for the emergence of Hoovervilles was the high unemployment rate caused by the economic downturn, forcing people to live in these makeshift settlements.

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  • 12. 

    Dust Storm Disaster On the 14th day of April of 1935, There struck the worst of dust storms that ever filled the sky. You could see that dust storm comin’, the cloud looked deathlike black, And through our mighty nation, it left a dreadful track.… The storm took place at sundown, it lasted through the night, When we looked out the next morning, we saw a terrible sight. We saw outside our window where wheat fields they had grown Was now a rippling ocean of dust the wind had blown. It covered up our fences, it covered up our barns, It covered up our tractors in the wild and dusty storm. We loaded our jalopies and piled our families in, We rattled down that highway to never come back again. — Woody Guthrie Which region of the United States was most directly affected by the situation described in this song?

    • A.

      Southeast

    • B.

      Great Lakes

    • C.

      Great Plains

    • D.

      Pacific Northwest

    Correct Answer
    C. Great Plains
    Explanation
    The situation described in the song, with the dust storms and the destruction of wheat fields, is most commonly associated with the Great Plains region of the United States. The Great Plains, also known as the Dust Bowl during the 1930s, experienced severe drought and soil erosion, leading to massive dust storms that devastated the agricultural industry in the area. This region includes states such as Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Colorado, which were heavily impacted by the dust storms described in the song.

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  • 13. 

    Which factor is most closely associated with the decision of the United States to declare war on Spain in 1898?

    • A.

      Isolationist policy

    • B.

      Labor union pressure

    • C.

      yellow journalism

    • D.

      unrestricted submarine warfare

    Correct Answer
    C. yellow journalism
    Explanation
    Yellow journalism played a significant role in the United States' decision to declare war on Spain in 1898. Yellow journalism refers to the use of sensationalized and exaggerated news reporting to attract readers and increase newspaper sales. In the case of the Spanish-American War, prominent newspapers like the New York Journal and the New York World published exaggerated stories about the sinking of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor and portrayed Spain as an oppressive and tyrannical regime. These sensationalized reports fueled public outrage and created a strong pro-war sentiment among the American population, ultimately influencing the government's decision to declare war on Spain.

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  • 14. 

     A major purpose of President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1918) was to...

    • A.

      Ask Congress to enter World War I

    • B.

      Set goals for achieving peace after World War I

    • C.

      Provide an aid program for rebuilding war-torn nations

    • D.

      Retaliate for the sinking of the Lusitania

    Correct Answer
    B. Set goals for achieving peace after World War I
    Explanation
    The correct answer is set goals for achieving peace after World War I. President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points were a set of principles that he believed would lead to lasting peace and prevent future wars. These points included ideas such as open diplomacy, free trade, self-determination for nations, and the creation of an international organization (League of Nations) to resolve conflicts. Wilson hoped that by setting these goals, he could establish a fair and just peace settlement after the war and prevent future conflicts.

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  • 15. 

    The “clear and present danger” doctrine established in Schenck v. United States (1919) concerned the issue of..

    • A.

      Freedom of speech

    • B.

      The right to bear arms

    • C.

      The right to an attorney

    • D.

      separation of church and state

    Correct Answer
    A. Freedom of speech
    Explanation
    The "clear and present danger" doctrine established in Schenck v. United States (1919) concerned the issue of freedom of speech. This doctrine held that the First Amendment does not protect speech that presents a clear and present danger to the public or to national security. It established that the government has the authority to limit or restrict speech if it poses a threat to the safety or well-being of society. This case set a precedent for future decisions regarding the limitations on free speech in the United States.

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  • 16. 

    Why did many United States farmers fail to benefit from the economic prosperity of the 1920s?

    • A.

      No technological advances were made in agriculture

    • B.

      Levels of farm production declined

    • C.

      Farm exports were heavily taxed.

    • D.

      Agricultural goods were overproduced.

    Correct Answer
    D. Agricultural goods were overproduced.
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the United States experienced an economic boom known as the "Roaring Twenties." However, many farmers did not share in this prosperity. The reason for their failure to benefit was that agricultural goods were overproduced. This led to a surplus of crops and livestock, causing prices to plummet. As a result, farmers struggled to sell their products at profitable prices, leading to financial difficulties. Despite the overall economic growth during the decade, the agricultural sector faced significant challenges due to the imbalance between supply and demand in the market.

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  • 17. 

    The Scopes trial of the 1920s dealt with a conflict between...

    • A.

      Communism and capitalism

    • B.

      Protestants and Catholics

    • C.

      science and religion

    • D.

      Labor and management

    Correct Answer
    C. science and religion
    Explanation
    The Scopes trial of the 1920s, also known as the "Monkey Trial," was a legal case that focused on the conflict between science and religion. It specifically revolved around the teaching of evolution in public schools, which was seen as contradicting religious beliefs. The trial gained national attention and became a symbol of the clash between modern scientific knowledge and traditional religious beliefs in American society.

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  • 18. 

    Which economic factor contributed most directly to the start of the Great Depression?

    • A.

      Low worker productivity

    • B.

      High income taxes

    • C.

      Decreasing tariff rates

    • D.

      Buying stocks on margin

    Correct Answer
    D. Buying stocks on margin
    Explanation
    Buying stocks on margin refers to the practice of borrowing money to purchase stocks. This contributed most directly to the start of the Great Depression because it led to an unsustainable speculation and overvaluing of stocks in the stock market. Many people were buying stocks with borrowed money, creating an artificial demand and driving up prices. However, when the stock market crashed in 1929, many investors were unable to repay their loans and faced significant losses. This triggered a chain reaction of bankruptcies, financial instability, and a severe economic downturn, ultimately leading to the Great Depression.

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  • 19. 

    What effect did the end of World War II have on American women who worked in defense industries during the war?

    • A.

      They were invited to join labor unions

    • B.

      Their jobs were taken by returning servicemen

    • C.

      Their wages were increased to match those of male workers

    • D.

      Their contributions were rewarded by the government.

    Correct Answer
    B. Their jobs were taken by returning servicemen
    Explanation
    After World War II ended, many American women who had been working in defense industries during the war were faced with the unfortunate consequence of their jobs being taken by returning servicemen. This was due to the societal expectation that men should be the primary breadwinners and women should return to their traditional roles as homemakers. As a result, many women were forced to leave their jobs and resume their domestic responsibilities. This had a significant impact on the lives and economic independence of these women.

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  • 20. 

    “This Government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet Military buildup on the island of Cuba. Within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the fact that a series of offensive missile sites is now in preparation on that imprisoned island. The purpose of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere. . . .” — President John F. Kennedy, October 22, 1962 Which action did President Kennedy take following this statement?

    • A.

      Urging Allied forces to remove Soviet weapons from Cuba

    • B.

      Ordering a naval quarantine of Cuba

    • C.

      Breaking off diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union

    • D.

      asking the United Nations to stop grain shipments to the Soviet Union

    Correct Answer
    B. Ordering a naval quarantine of Cuba
    Explanation
    Following the statement, President Kennedy ordered a naval quarantine of Cuba. This action was taken as a response to the Soviet military buildup and the establishment of offensive missile sites in Cuba. The naval quarantine aimed to prevent further Soviet weapons from entering Cuba and to exert pressure on the Soviet Union to remove the existing missiles. This action was part of the larger strategy to address the Cuban Missile Crisis and prevent a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere.

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  • 21. 

    Which action did President Gerald Ford take in an attempt to end the national controversy over the Watergate affair?

    • A.

      Pardoning Richard Nixon

    • B.

      Declaring a war on poverty

    • C.

      declining to run for reelection

    • D.

      Asking Congress to impeach Richard Nixon

    Correct Answer
    A. Pardoning Richard Nixon
    Explanation
    President Gerald Ford took the action of pardoning Richard Nixon in an attempt to end the national controversy over the Watergate affair. By pardoning Nixon, Ford hoped to promote healing and unity in the country, as well as move past the scandal that had plagued the nation. This decision was met with mixed reactions, with some praising Ford for his attempt to move forward, while others criticized him for seemingly letting Nixon escape accountability for his actions. Nonetheless, Ford believed that the pardon was in the best interest of the country and would allow for a fresh start.

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  • 22. 

    One way in which the Pearl Harbor attack of December 7, 1941, and the attacks of September 11, 2001, are similar is that both led to:

    • A.

      increasing isolation

    • B.

      The creation of a military draft

    • C.

      the impeachment of the president

    • D.

      Major changes in United States foreign policy

    Correct Answer
    D. Major changes in United States foreign policy
    Explanation
    Both the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941 and the September 11 attacks in 2001 resulted in major changes in United States foreign policy. In both instances, these attacks were seen as significant threats to national security and prompted the United States to reassess its foreign policy objectives and strategies. Following Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II and adopted a more interventionist approach in global affairs. Similarly, after the September 11 attacks, the United States launched the War on Terror and implemented a more aggressive and proactive foreign policy, including military interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq.

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  • 23. 

    In the early 1900s, Progressive Era reformers sought to increase citizen participation in government by supporting the:

    • A.

      Expansion of the spoils system

    • B.

      direct election of senators

    • C.

      creation of the electoral college

    • D.

      Formation of the Federal Reserve system

    Correct Answer
    B. direct election of senators
    Explanation
    During the Progressive Era in the early 1900s, reformers aimed to enhance citizen engagement in government. One way they sought to achieve this was by advocating for the direct election of senators. Prior to this, senators were chosen by state legislatures, which limited the influence of individual citizens. By implementing direct elections, reformers aimed to give citizens a more direct voice in the selection of their representatives, thereby increasing citizen participation in the political process.

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  • 24. 

    Which government action is most closely associated with the efforts of muckrakers?

    • A.

      Ratification of the woman’s suffrage amendment

    • B.

      Approval of the graduated income tax

    • C.

      Creation of the National Forest Service

    • D.

      Passage of the Meat Inspection Act

    Correct Answer
    D. Passage of the Meat Inspection Act
    Explanation
    The correct answer is passage of the Meat Inspection Act. Muckrakers were investigative journalists who exposed corruption and social injustices in the early 20th century. They played a significant role in bringing attention to unsanitary conditions in the meatpacking industry, which ultimately led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act in 1906. This act aimed to ensure the safety and quality of meat products, protecting consumers from harmful and unhygienic practices. It was a direct response to the muckrakers' efforts to expose the unsavory practices in the industry.

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  • 25. 

    Which statement best expresses the melting pot theory as it relates to American society?

    • A.

      Only European immigrants will be allowed into the United States

    • B.

      All immigrant groups will maintain their separate cultures

    • C.

      Different cultures will blend to form a uniquely American culture

    • D.

      Immigrant ghettos will develop in urban areas.

    Correct Answer
    C. Different cultures will blend to form a uniquely American culture
    Explanation
    The melting pot theory in relation to American society suggests that different cultures will blend together to create a uniquely American culture. This means that immigrants from various backgrounds will come together and contribute their customs, traditions, and values, ultimately creating a diverse and inclusive society. This theory emphasizes the idea of cultural assimilation and the belief that America is a nation built on the contributions of people from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds.

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  • 26. 

    A major reason the United States entered World War I was to:

    • A.

      Maintain freedom of the seas

    • B.

      Stop impressment of United States sailors

    • C.

      Protect United States cities from foreign attacks

    • D.

      Counter a German invasion of Latin America

    Correct Answer
    A. Maintain freedom of the seas
    Explanation
    The United States entered World War I to maintain freedom of the seas. This refers to the German practice of unrestricted submarine warfare, where they would sink any ship, including neutral ones, without warning. This threatened the freedom of navigation and trade for the United States and its allies. The U.S. believed that by entering the war, they could help ensure that all nations had the right to navigate the seas without fear of attack, thus maintaining freedom of the seas.

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  • 27. 

    The contributions of Langston Hughes and Duke Ellington illustrate the importance of the Harlem Renaissance to...

    • A.

      Economic growth

    • B.

      Educational reform

    • C.

      The creative arts

    • D.

      Political leadership

    Correct Answer
    C. The creative arts
    Explanation
    The contributions of Langston Hughes and Duke Ellington, two prominent figures of the Harlem Renaissance, highlight the significance of this cultural movement in the creative arts. Langston Hughes, a renowned poet and writer, explored the African American experience through his powerful and influential works. Duke Ellington, a celebrated jazz composer and musician, revolutionized the genre and brought it to the forefront of American music. Their artistic achievements during the Harlem Renaissance not only showcased the talent and creativity of African Americans but also challenged societal norms and paved the way for future generations of artists.

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  • 28. 

    President Richard Nixon’s decision to resign from the presidency in 1974 was based primarily on:

    • A.

      Developments in the Watergate investigation

    • B.

      backlash from his policies toward China and the Soviet Union

    • C.

      Protests against his secret military actions during the Vietnam War

    • D.

      accusations of trading arms for hostages

    Correct Answer
    A. Developments in the Watergate investigation
    Explanation
    President Richard Nixon's decision to resign from the presidency in 1974 was primarily based on the developments in the Watergate investigation. The Watergate scandal involved a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters, which was linked to Nixon's administration. As the investigation progressed, evidence of Nixon's involvement and attempts to cover up the illegal activities became apparent. The mounting pressure and imminent threat of impeachment led Nixon to make the decision to resign in order to avoid further political and legal consequences.

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  • 29. 

    In which case did the United States Supreme Court rule that segregated public facilities were constitutional?

    • A.

      Worcester v. Georgia

    • B.

      Plessy v. Ferguson

    • C.

      Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    • D.

      Miranda v. Arizona

    Correct Answer
    B. Plessy v. Ferguson
    Explanation
    The United States Supreme Court ruled that segregated public facilities were constitutional in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson. This landmark case, decided in 1896, established the "separate but equal" doctrine, which allowed for racial segregation as long as the separate facilities were deemed equal in quality. This decision had far-reaching consequences and upheld the legality of racial segregation for several decades until it was eventually overturned by the Supreme Court in the case of Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.

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  • 30. 

    Which event is associated with the outbreak of war between the United States and Spain in 1898?

    • A.

      The sinking of the USS Maine

    • B.

      The Pancho Villa raids

    • C.

      The sinking of the Lusitania

    • D.

      The annoucement of Mexican independence

    Correct Answer
    A. The sinking of the USS Maine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the sinking of the USS Maine. This event played a significant role in sparking the outbreak of war between the United States and Spain in 1898. The USS Maine, an American battleship, exploded and sank in Havana Harbor in Cuba. Although the cause of the explosion was never definitively determined, the incident was widely publicized and fueled anti-Spanish sentiment in the United States. It ultimately led to the United States declaring war on Spain and the beginning of the Spanish-American War.

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  • 31. 

    How did the role of journalism change during the Progressive Era?

    • A.

      Journalism became the leader in the literacy movement

    • B.

      Journalism helped the captains of industry sell their products

    • C.

      Journalism opened the door for modern publishing companies

    • D.

      Journalism uncovered scandals and evoked people's emotions

    Correct Answer
    D. Journalism uncovered scandals and evoked people's emotions
    Explanation
    During the Progressive Era, journalism played a crucial role in uncovering scandals and evoking people's emotions. This period was characterized by a push for social and political reform, and journalism became a powerful tool to expose corruption and injustices. Investigative journalists exposed scandals in both the government and big businesses, leading to public outcry and demands for change. Through their reporting, journalists were able to engage and mobilize the public, creating a sense of urgency and driving the reform movements of the era.

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  • 32. 

    How did assembly line production affect the US economy during the early twentieth century?

    • A.

      It helped expand modern consumerism

    • B.

      It decreased the disparity between the rich and the poor

    • C.

      It increased the need for agricultural wokers

    • D.

      It developed a more self-sufficient citizen

    Correct Answer
    A. It helped expand modern consumerism
    Explanation
    Assembly line production in the early twentieth century revolutionized the manufacturing process by allowing for mass production of goods at a faster rate and lower cost. This led to an increase in the availability of affordable consumer goods, which in turn stimulated consumer demand and expanded modern consumerism. As more people could afford to purchase goods, it created a boost in the economy by driving up production and creating jobs. The assembly line production system played a significant role in shaping the US economy during this period.

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  • 33. 

    During the 1920s, which leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association advocated a return to Africa for African Americans?

    • A.

      Ida B Wells

    • B.

      Marcus Garvey

    • C.

      David Walker

    • D.

      Booker T washington

    Correct Answer
    B. Marcus Garvey
    Explanation
    Marcus Garvey was the leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association during the 1920s. He advocated for a return to Africa for African Americans, promoting the idea of black nationalism and the establishment of a homeland in Africa for people of African descent. Garvey believed that this would provide opportunities for economic and social advancement for African Americans, who faced racial discrimination and limited opportunities in the United States. Through his leadership and activism, Garvey inspired a sense of pride and empowerment among African Americans and played a significant role in the civil rights movement.

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  • 34. 

    Which factor added to the hardships of midwestern farmers during the Great Depression?

    • A.

      The Dust Bowl

    • B.

      The end of Prohibition

    • C.

      The election of Franklin Roosevelt

    • D.

      The creation of the War Industries Board

    Correct Answer
    A. The Dust Bowl
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, midwestern farmers faced numerous challenges, and one significant factor that added to their hardships was the Dust Bowl. The Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms that occurred in the 1930s, primarily affecting the agricultural regions of the Midwest. These dust storms destroyed crops, eroded soil, and caused widespread economic devastation for farmers. The combination of economic depression and environmental disaster made it extremely difficult for midwestern farmers to sustain their livelihoods, exacerbating the already dire conditions they were facing.

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  • 35. 

     The most direct effect of poll taxes and literacy tests on African Americans was to...

    • A.

      Prevent them from voting

    • B.

      Limit their access to public facilities

    • C.

      block their educational opportunities

    • D.

      Deny them economic advancements

    Correct Answer
    A. Prevent them from voting
    Explanation
    The most direct effect of poll taxes and literacy tests on African Americans was to prevent them from voting. These discriminatory measures were implemented during the Jim Crow era in the United States to suppress the African American vote. Poll taxes required individuals to pay a fee in order to vote, which disproportionately affected African Americans who were often economically disadvantaged. Literacy tests were intentionally designed to be difficult and used as a tool to disenfranchise African Americans who were denied access to quality education. These measures were used to systematically deny African Americans their right to participate in the democratic process.

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  • 36. 

    Which event best completes this graphic organizer?  

    • A.

      Vietnam War

    • B.

      D-Day Invasion

    • C.

      Persian Gulf war

    • D.

      Holocaust

    Correct Answer
    A. Vietnam War
    Explanation
    The event that best completes this graphic organizer is the Vietnam War. The other events listed are significant historical events, but the Vietnam War is the most appropriate choice to complete the organizer as it fits within the context of wars and conflicts. The D-Day Invasion and Persian Gulf War were also wars, but the Vietnam War is a more fitting choice as it occurred during the same time period as the other events listed. The Holocaust, while a tragic event, is not a war and does not fit within the context of the organizer.

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  • 37. 

    President Richard Nixon’s foreign policy of détente was an attempt to...

    • A.

      Resolve Middle East conflicts

    • B.

      Improve relations with the Soviet Union

    • C.

      Defend United States interests in Latin America

    • D.

      Ncrease the power of the United Nations Security Council

    Correct Answer
    B. Improve relations with the Soviet Union
    Explanation
    President Richard Nixon's foreign policy of détente was an attempt to improve relations with the Soviet Union. Détente refers to a period of easing of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Nixon believed that by engaging in diplomatic negotiations and reducing hostilities, the two superpowers could avoid direct confrontation and potentially find areas of mutual interest. This approach aimed to reduce the risk of nuclear war and promote stability in international relations.

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  • 38. 

    President Harry Truman changed the United States military after World War II by...

    • A.

      Allowing women to serve in combat roles

    • B.

      Establishing an all-volunteer army

    • C.

      banning racial segregation in the military

    • D.

      Withdrawing all military forces from Europe

    Correct Answer
    C. banning racial segregation in the military
    Explanation
    President Harry Truman changed the United States military after World War II by banning racial segregation in the military. This decision was a significant step towards racial equality and integration within the armed forces. Prior to this, African American soldiers were often segregated and faced discrimination within the military. Truman's action not only challenged racial prejudices but also paved the way for a more inclusive and diverse military. This decision had a lasting impact on the civil rights movement and set a precedent for future desegregation efforts in other sectors of society.

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  • 39. 

    What was a major result of the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)?

    • A.

      Millions of veterans received a college education

    • B.

      Women kept their factory jobs after World War II

    • C.

      Jobs were created by the Manhattan Project

    • D.

      Veterans were exempted from gasoline rationing

    Correct Answer
    A. Millions of veterans received a college education
    Explanation
    The major result of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill) was that millions of veterans received a college education. The GI Bill provided financial assistance to veterans, including tuition, books, and living expenses, enabling them to pursue higher education. This resulted in a significant increase in college enrollment among veterans, leading to a more educated workforce and greater opportunities for veterans to secure higher-paying jobs.

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  • 40. 

    A. Japan attacks Pearl Harbor. B. Germany invades Poland. C. MacArthur dictates a democratic constitution to Japan. D. Allies invade Europe on D-Day. Which sequence of these events related to World War II is in the correct chronological order?  

    • A.

      D → B → A → C

    • B.

      C → A → B → D

    • C.

      B → A → D → C

    • D.

      A → B → C → D

    Correct Answer
    C. B → A → D → C
    Explanation
    The correct chronological order of these events related to World War II is B → A → D → C. Germany invading Poland was the trigger for the start of the war. Japan attacking Pearl Harbor came after that, leading to the United States joining the war. The Allies then invaded Europe on D-Day. Lastly, MacArthur dictating a democratic constitution to Japan happened towards the end of the war.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 09, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    BethanyWSE
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