American History II Mid-term

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 104

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American History II Mid-term

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Which factor is most closely associated with the decision of the United States to declare war on Spain in 1898?
    • A. 

      isolationist policy

    • B. 

      Labor union pressure

    • C. 

      Yellow journalism

    • D. 

      Unrestricted submarine warfare

  • 2. 
     A major purpose of President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1918) was to...
    • A. 

      Ask Congress to enter World War I

    • B. 

      Set goals for achieving peace after World War I

    • C. 

      provide an aid program for rebuilding war-torn nations

    • D. 

      Retaliate for the sinking of the Lusitania

  • 3. 
    The “clear and present danger” doctrine established in Schenck v. United States (1919) concerned the issue of...
    • A. 

      Freedom of speech

    • B. 

      The right to bear arms

    • C. 

      The right to an attorney

    • D. 

      Separation of church and state

  • 4. 
    The Scopes trial of the 1920s dealt with a conflict between...
    • A. 

      communism and capitalism

    • B. 

      Protestants and Catholics

    • C. 

      science and religion

    • D. 

      Labor and management

  • 5. 
    Which economic factor contributed most directly to the start of the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Low worker productivity

    • B. 

      high income taxes

    • C. 

      Decreasing tariff rates

    • D. 

      Buying stocks on margin

  • 6. 
    What was a guiding principle of the New Deal economic policies?
    • A. 

      Pro-business tax breaks would solve the problems associated with urban poverty.

    • B. 

      Antitrust legislation would destroy the free market economy of the United States.

    • C. 

      Rugged individualism must be allowed to solve social inequality.

    • D. 

      Government must assume more responsibility for helping the poor.

  • 7. 
    Which statement best expresses the melting pot theory as it relates to American society?
    • A. 

      Only European immigrants will be allowed into the United States.

    • B. 

      All immigrant groups will maintain their separate cultures.

    • C. 

      Different cultures will blend to form a uniquely American culture.

    • D. 

      Immigrant ghettos will develop in urban areas.

  • 8. 
    In passing the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), Congress intended to...
    • A. 

      Prevent large corporations from eliminating their competition

    • B. 

      distinguish good trusts from bad trusts

    • C. 

      Regulate rates charged by railroads

    • D. 

      Force large trusts to bargain with labor unions

  • 9. 
    Which government action is most closely associated with the efforts of muckrakers?
    • A. 

      Ratification of the woman’s suffrage amendment

    • B. 

      Approval of the graduated income tax

    • C. 

      Creation of the National Forest Service

    • D. 

      Passage of the Meat Inspection Act

  • 10. 
     In the early 1900s, Progressive Era reformers sought to increase citizen participation in government by supporting the...
    • A. 

      Expansion of the spoils system

    • B. 

      Direct election of senators

    • C. 

      Creation of the electoral college

    • D. 

      Formation of the Federal Reserve system

  • 11. 
     A major reason the United States entered World War I was to...
    • A. 

      Maintain freedom of the seas

    • B. 

      Stop impressment of United States sailors

    • C. 

      protect United States cities from foreign attacks

    • D. 

      counter a German invasion of Latin America

  • 12. 
    The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) were both New Deal programs developed to address the problem of...
    • A. 

      Excessive stock market speculation

    • B. 

      high unemployment

    • C. 

      increased use of credit

    • D. 

      limited income of senior citizens

  • 13. 
    What was the major problem facing American farmers during the 1920s?
    • A. 

      shortage of fertile land

    • B. 

      Overproduction of crops

    • C. 

      Low prices of imported farm products

    • D. 

      limited labor supply

  • 14. 
    The contributions of Langston Hughes and Duke Ellington illustrate the importance of the Harlem Renaissance to...
    • A. 

      Economic growth

    • B. 

      Educational reform

    • C. 

      The creative arts

    • D. 

      political leadership

  • 15. 
    8 Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses were adopted in the Southern States primarily to...
    • A. 

      Enforce the terms of the 15th amendment

    • B. 

      Keep African Americans from exercising their right to vote

    • C. 

      Stop criminals and immigrants from voting

    • D. 

      eliminate bribery and corruption at polling places

  • 16. 
     During the late 1800s, major improvements to a nationwide system of trade were made with the...
    • A. 

      Construction of a network of canals

    • B. 

      use of steamboats on rivers

    • C. 

      completion of transcontinental railroads

    • D. 

      construction of toll roads

  • 17. 
    Jacob Riis, Ida Tarbell, and Margaret Sanger are best known for their efforts to
    • A. 

      Create awareness about social problems

    • B. 

      Gain support for the women’s movement

    • C. 

      expand the rights of Native American Indians

    • D. 

      Win equal treatment for African Americans

  • 18. 
    In the late 1800s, which factor directly contributed to the growth of the steel industry?
    • A. 

      Government regulation of the industry

    • B. 

      Employee ownership of the industry

    • C. 

      New production techniques that increased efficiency

    • D. 

      Court decisions that allowed collective bargaining

  • 19. 
    Books such as The Octopus by Frank Norris, How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis, and The Jungle by Upton Sinclair exposed problems associated with...
    • A. 

      Naturalization of immigrants

    • B. 

      Westward expansion

    • C. 

      Rapid industrialization

    • D. 

      environmental conservation

  • 20. 
    The United States tried to avoid involvement in World War I by following a policy of...
    • A. 

      Neutrality

    • B. 

      Collective security

    • C. 

      Economic boycotts

    • D. 

      Military preparedness

  • 21. 
    The formation of national labor unions in the late 1800s was mainly a response to...
    • A. 

      Passage of federal laws that favored workers

    • B. 

      laws restricting immigration and naturalization

    • C. 

      Poor working conditions and low wages in many industries

    • D. 

      Economic depressions that had led to high unemployment

  • 22. 
    Which movement’s primary goal was the ratification of a constitutional amendment authorizing Prohibition?
    • A. 

      abolitionist

    • B. 

      Populist

    • C. 

      temperance

    • D. 

      Settlement houses

  • 23. 
    The vote by the United States Senate on the Treaty of Versailles (1919) demonstrated...
    • A. 

      An unwillingness to join the League of Nations

    • B. 

      A commitment to collective security

    • C. 

      a belief that the nation required a stronger military

    • D. 

      A rejection of colonialism

  • 24. 
    The Supreme Court decision in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson ​(1896) affected civil rights in the United States by...
    • A. 

      Ruling that segregated public schools were unconstitutional

    • B. 

      Rejecting the legal basis of Jim Crow laws

    • C. 

      approving racial segregation in public facilities

    • D. 

      Strengthening the protections of the 14th amendment

  • 25. 
    The formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) was primarily a response to...
    • A. 

      Racism and prejudice

    • B. 

      Nationalism and patriotism

    • C. 

      Abolition and temperance

    • D. 

      Militarism and colonialism

  • 26. 
    In the 1890s, the main goal of those who supported United States imperialism was to...
    • A. 

      bring self-government to areas under United States control

    • B. 

      Obtain overseas markets and naval bases

    • C. 

      Defend against attacks by enemy nations

    • D. 

      spread democracy to Africa and Latin America

  • 27. 
    We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you.… — Telegram of January 19, 1917 23This telegram was part of an effort to... 
    • A. 

      form an alliance between Germany and the United States

    • B. 

      convince several western states to secede from the United States

    • C. 

      Bring Mexico into World War I on the side of Great Britain and France

    • D. 

      Enlist Mexican support for Germany if the United States declared war

  • 28. 
    What was the primary reason many African Americans migrated to the North both during and after World War I?
    • A. 

      More economic opportunities existed in the North.

    • B. 

      Few chances to gain political office were available in the South.

    • C. 

      Racism and discrimination had been eliminated in the North.

    • D. 

      Southern cities were overcrowded.

  • 29. 
    The repeal of national Prohibition in 1933 showed that...
    • A. 

      the government should lower the drinking age

    • B. 

      Crime rates had fallen to record low levels

    • C. 

      Unpopular laws are difficult to enforce

    • D. 

      Alcohol assumption was not socially acceptable

  • 30. 
    After World War I, one way in which the Red Scare, the passing of the Quota Acts, and the growth of the Ku Klux Klan were similar is that they all...
    • A. 

      Exploited fears about people who were considered un-American

    • B. 

      Encouraged the assimilation of new immigrants into American society

    • C. 

      supported the goals of the suffrage movement

    • D. 

      Exhibited prejudice against African Americans