American History II Mid-term

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 119

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American History II Mid-term

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Which factor is most closely associated with the decision of the United States to declare war on Spain in 1898?
    • A. 

      isolationist policy

    • B. 

      Labor union pressure

    • C. 

      Yellow journalism

    • D. 

      Unrestricted submarine warfare

  • 2. 
     A major purpose of President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1918) was to...
    • A. 

      Ask Congress to enter World War I

    • B. 

      Set goals for achieving peace after World War I

    • C. 

      provide an aid program for rebuilding war-torn nations

    • D. 

      Retaliate for the sinking of the Lusitania

  • 3. 
    The “clear and present danger” doctrine established in Schenck v. United States (1919) concerned the issue of...
    • A. 

      Freedom of speech

    • B. 

      The right to bear arms

    • C. 

      The right to an attorney

    • D. 

      Separation of church and state

  • 4. 
    The Scopes trial of the 1920s dealt with a conflict between...
    • A. 

      communism and capitalism

    • B. 

      Protestants and Catholics

    • C. 

      science and religion

    • D. 

      Labor and management

  • 5. 
    Which economic factor contributed most directly to the start of the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Low worker productivity

    • B. 

      high income taxes

    • C. 

      Decreasing tariff rates

    • D. 

      Buying stocks on margin

  • 6. 
    What was a guiding principle of the New Deal economic policies?
    • A. 

      Pro-business tax breaks would solve the problems associated with urban poverty.

    • B. 

      Antitrust legislation would destroy the free market economy of the United States.

    • C. 

      Rugged individualism must be allowed to solve social inequality.

    • D. 

      Government must assume more responsibility for helping the poor.

  • 7. 
    Which statement best expresses the melting pot theory as it relates to American society?
    • A. 

      Only European immigrants will be allowed into the United States.

    • B. 

      All immigrant groups will maintain their separate cultures.

    • C. 

      Different cultures will blend to form a uniquely American culture.

    • D. 

      Immigrant ghettos will develop in urban areas.

  • 8. 
    In passing the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), Congress intended to...
    • A. 

      Prevent large corporations from eliminating their competition

    • B. 

      distinguish good trusts from bad trusts

    • C. 

      Regulate rates charged by railroads

    • D. 

      Force large trusts to bargain with labor unions

  • 9. 
    Which government action is most closely associated with the efforts of muckrakers?
    • A. 

      Ratification of the woman’s suffrage amendment

    • B. 

      Approval of the graduated income tax

    • C. 

      Creation of the National Forest Service

    • D. 

      Passage of the Meat Inspection Act

  • 10. 
     In the early 1900s, Progressive Era reformers sought to increase citizen participation in government by supporting the...
    • A. 

      Expansion of the spoils system

    • B. 

      Direct election of senators

    • C. 

      Creation of the electoral college

    • D. 

      Formation of the Federal Reserve system

  • 11. 
     A major reason the United States entered World War I was to...
    • A. 

      Maintain freedom of the seas

    • B. 

      Stop impressment of United States sailors

    • C. 

      protect United States cities from foreign attacks

    • D. 

      counter a German invasion of Latin America

  • 12. 
    The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) were both New Deal programs developed to address the problem of...
    • A. 

      Excessive stock market speculation

    • B. 

      high unemployment

    • C. 

      increased use of credit

    • D. 

      limited income of senior citizens

  • 13. 
    What was the major problem facing American farmers during the 1920s?
    • A. 

      shortage of fertile land

    • B. 

      Overproduction of crops

    • C. 

      Low prices of imported farm products

    • D. 

      limited labor supply

  • 14. 
    The contributions of Langston Hughes and Duke Ellington illustrate the importance of the Harlem Renaissance to...
    • A. 

      Economic growth

    • B. 

      Educational reform

    • C. 

      The creative arts

    • D. 

      political leadership

  • 15. 
    8 Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses were adopted in the Southern States primarily to...
    • A. 

      Enforce the terms of the 15th amendment

    • B. 

      Keep African Americans from exercising their right to vote

    • C. 

      Stop criminals and immigrants from voting

    • D. 

      eliminate bribery and corruption at polling places

  • 16. 
     During the late 1800s, major improvements to a nationwide system of trade were made with the...
    • A. 

      Construction of a network of canals

    • B. 

      use of steamboats on rivers

    • C. 

      completion of transcontinental railroads

    • D. 

      construction of toll roads

  • 17. 
    Jacob Riis, Ida Tarbell, and Margaret Sanger are best known for their efforts to
    • A. 

      Create awareness about social problems

    • B. 

      Gain support for the women’s movement

    • C. 

      expand the rights of Native American Indians

    • D. 

      Win equal treatment for African Americans

  • 18. 
    In the late 1800s, which factor directly contributed to the growth of the steel industry?
    • A. 

      Government regulation of the industry

    • B. 

      Employee ownership of the industry

    • C. 

      New production techniques that increased efficiency

    • D. 

      Court decisions that allowed collective bargaining

  • 19. 
    Books such as The Octopus by Frank Norris, How the Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis, and The Jungle by Upton Sinclair exposed problems associated with...
    • A. 

      Naturalization of immigrants

    • B. 

      Westward expansion

    • C. 

      Rapid industrialization

    • D. 

      environmental conservation

  • 20. 
    The United States tried to avoid involvement in World War I by following a policy of...
    • A. 

      Neutrality

    • B. 

      Collective security

    • C. 

      Economic boycotts

    • D. 

      Military preparedness

  • 21. 
    The formation of national labor unions in the late 1800s was mainly a response to...
    • A. 

      Passage of federal laws that favored workers

    • B. 

      laws restricting immigration and naturalization

    • C. 

      Poor working conditions and low wages in many industries

    • D. 

      Economic depressions that had led to high unemployment

  • 22. 
    Which movement’s primary goal was the ratification of a constitutional amendment authorizing Prohibition?
    • A. 

      abolitionist

    • B. 

      Populist

    • C. 

      temperance

    • D. 

      Settlement houses

  • 23. 
    The vote by the United States Senate on the Treaty of Versailles (1919) demonstrated...
    • A. 

      An unwillingness to join the League of Nations

    • B. 

      A commitment to collective security

    • C. 

      a belief that the nation required a stronger military

    • D. 

      A rejection of colonialism

  • 24. 
    The Supreme Court decision in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson ​(1896) affected civil rights in the United States by...
    • A. 

      Ruling that segregated public schools were unconstitutional

    • B. 

      Rejecting the legal basis of Jim Crow laws

    • C. 

      approving racial segregation in public facilities

    • D. 

      Strengthening the protections of the 14th amendment

  • 25. 
    The formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) was primarily a response to...
    • A. 

      Racism and prejudice

    • B. 

      Nationalism and patriotism

    • C. 

      Abolition and temperance

    • D. 

      Militarism and colonialism

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