History 1301 : History Exam Trivia Quiz! Knowledge Test

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History 1301 : History Exam Trivia Quiz! Knowledge Test - Quiz

American history is a fascinating subject, and there is so much to learn. In 1620 the Mayflower arrived at the site that is now known as Plymouth, Massachusetts, and they are credited for bringing religion to America. Below is a History 1301: history exam trivia quiz designed to help you see just how much you know the history of one of the greatest countries on earth. Give it a shot!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In 1818, Andre Jackson invaded what Spanis-controlled territory?

    • A.

      Georgia

    • B.

      Florida

    • C.

      Texas

    • D.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. Florida
    Explanation
    In 1818, Andrew Jackson invaded Florida, which was a Spanish-controlled territory at the time. Jackson's invasion was part of a larger conflict known as the First Seminole War, in which he aimed to suppress the Seminole Indians and protect American settlers in the region. Jackson's actions in Florida ultimately led to the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819, in which Spain ceded Florida to the United States.

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  • 2. 

    This event, the first of many economic depressions were blamed on the National Bank:

    • A.

      Panic of 1815

    • B.

      Panic of 1819

    • C.

      Panic of 1837

    • D.

      Panic of 1857

    Correct Answer
    B. Panic of 1819
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Panic of 1819. The Panic of 1819 was the first major economic depression in the United States. It was caused by a combination of factors, including the end of the War of 1812 and the subsequent decrease in demand for American goods, as well as the collapse of the speculative bubble in land prices. The National Bank, which was the central bank of the United States at the time, was blamed for its role in fueling the speculative bubble and exacerbating the economic downturn.

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  • 3. 

    Whigs referred to Andrew Jackson as this:

    • A.

      A good man

    • B.

      King Andrew I

    • C.

      A brilliant president

    • D.

      Captain America

    Correct Answer
    B. King Andrew I
    Explanation
    The term "King Andrew I" was used by Whigs to refer to Andrew Jackson because they believed he acted like a monarch, wielding excessive power and ignoring the Constitution. This nickname highlights the Whigs' criticism of Jackson's presidency and their belief that he was behaving like a king rather than a democratic leader.

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  • 4. 

    When the National Bank died, President Martin van Buren created this replacement:

    • A.

      Third Bank of the United States

    • B.

      Federal Reserve

    • C.

      Independent Treasury

    • D.

      Savings and Loans Banks

    Correct Answer
    C. Independent Treasury
    Explanation
    When the National Bank died, President Martin van Buren created the Independent Treasury as a replacement. The Independent Treasury system was established in 1840 and it aimed to separate the federal government from the banking system. Under this system, the government would hold its funds in its own vaults and not rely on private banks. This was done in response to concerns about the stability and influence of banks on the economy. The Independent Treasury system remained in place until it was replaced by the Federal Reserve System in 1913.

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  • 5. 

    This made cotton economically profitable to southern farmers in the 1790s:

    • A.

      Cotton gin

    • B.

      Railroads

    • C.

      Cotton press

    • D.

      Steamboats

    Correct Answer
    A. Cotton gin
    Explanation
    The invention of the cotton gin in the 1790s made cotton economically profitable for southern farmers. The cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry by automating the process of separating cotton fibers from the seeds, which was previously done by hand. This invention greatly increased the efficiency of cotton production, allowing farmers to process larger quantities of cotton in a shorter amount of time. As a result, the demand for cotton increased, leading to higher profits for southern farmers and making cotton a lucrative crop in the region.

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  • 6. 

    This was the most important invention for wheat farmers in the 1840s:

    • A.

      Railroads

    • B.

      Cyrus McCormick's reaper

    • C.

      John Deere's "tractor"

    • D.

      Canals

    Correct Answer
    B. Cyrus McCormick's reaper
    Explanation
    Cyrus McCormick's reaper was the most important invention for wheat farmers in the 1840s. This invention revolutionized the process of harvesting wheat by automating it and increasing efficiency. The reaper allowed farmers to cut and gather crops much faster than traditional methods, reducing labor and increasing productivity. It played a crucial role in the expansion of wheat farming and helped meet the growing demand for wheat in the rapidly industrializing world.

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  • 7. 

    The Erie Canal was the most important canal in the early 1800s.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Erie Canal was indeed the most important canal in the early 1800s. It connected the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean, allowing for the transportation of goods and people between the Midwest and the East Coast. The canal played a significant role in the economic development of the United States, facilitating trade and opening up new markets. Its construction also sparked a canal-building boom across the country, further enhancing its importance and influence.

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  • 8. 

    John Marshall used this position as chief justice of the Supreme Court to strengthen the federal government.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    John Marshall, as the chief justice of the Supreme Court, played a significant role in strengthening the federal government. He established the principle of judicial review, which empowered the Supreme Court to declare laws unconstitutional. Through landmark cases like Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, and Gibbons v. Ogden, Marshall expanded the powers of the federal government and established its supremacy over state governments. His decisions also protected the rights of contract and property, further solidifying the authority of the federal government. Therefore, the statement that John Marshall used his position as chief justice to strengthen the federal government is true.

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  • 9. 

    What did opponents of John Quincy Adams call his presidency?

    • A.

      A stolen election

    • B.

      A corrupt bargain

    • C.

      An unfair decision

    Correct Answer
    B. A corrupt bargain
    Explanation
    Opponents of John Quincy Adams called his presidency "A corrupt bargain" because they believed that Adams had made a secret deal with Henry Clay to secure his victory in the 1824 presidential election. Clay, who was the Speaker of the House at the time, used his influence to get Adams elected in exchange for being appointed as Secretary of State. This led to accusations of corruption and a lack of transparency in the political process, tarnishing Adams' presidency in the eyes of his opponents.

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  • 10. 

    Immigrants from this place came by the thousands through the 1840s and 1850s.

    • A.

      Russia

    • B.

      Poland

    • C.

      Ireland

    • D.

      Mexico

    Correct Answer
    C. Ireland
    Explanation
    During the 1840s and 1850s, Ireland experienced a devastating event known as the Great Famine, which resulted in widespread hunger and poverty. As a result, a significant number of Irish immigrants left their homeland in search of better opportunities and a chance to escape the dire conditions. Thousands of Irish immigrants migrated to various countries, including the United States, during this time period, making Ireland the correct answer.

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  • 11. 

    Those who embraced Enlightenment rationalism were often called

    • A.

      Baptists

    • B.

      Methodists

    • C.

      Deists

    • D.

      Shakers

    Correct Answer
    C. Deists
    Explanation
    During the Enlightenment period, rationalism and reason were highly valued. Deists were individuals who believed in a higher power, but rejected organized religion and instead relied on reason and natural law to understand the world. They emphasized the importance of individual freedom and the power of human reason to guide one's beliefs and actions. Therefore, those who embraced Enlightenment rationalism were often called Deists.

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  • 12. 

    This person founded the Mormon Church:

    • A.

      Charles Grandison Finney

    • B.

      Mother ALlan Lee

    • C.

      Joseph Smith

    • D.

      Edgar Allan Poe

    Correct Answer
    C. Joseph Smith
    Explanation
    Joseph Smith is the correct answer because he is the founder of the Mormon Church. He was an American religious leader and the first prophet of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Smith claimed to have been visited by God and Jesus Christ, who instructed him to restore the true church on Earth. He translated the Book of Mormon, which is considered a sacred text by Mormons. Smith's teachings and the establishment of the Mormon Church had a significant impact on the religious landscape in the United States.

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  • 13. 

    This person tried to reconnect with nature and wrote an essay on civil disobedience:

    • A.

      Dorthea Dix

    • B.

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • C.

      Horace Mann

    • D.

      Henry David Thoreau

    Correct Answer
    D. Henry David Thoreau
    Explanation
    Henry David Thoreau is the correct answer because he is well-known for his essay on civil disobedience. Thoreau believed in the importance of individual conscience and opposed unjust laws, which he expressed in his essay. He also sought to reconnect with nature and wrote extensively about his experiences living in solitude in Walden Pond. Thoreau's ideas and writings had a significant impact on the transcendentalist movement and continue to be studied and admired today.

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  • 14. 

    All of the following were reforms during this time EXCEPT

    • A.

      Women's rights

    • B.

      Prison reforms

    • C.

      Temperence

    • D.

      Civil Rights

    Correct Answer
    D. Civil Rights
    Explanation
    During this time, various reforms were implemented to address social issues. Women's rights, prison reforms, and temperance were all important reform movements that gained traction during this period. However, civil rights, which primarily focused on racial equality and ending segregation, did not emerge as a major reform movement until later in history. Therefore, civil rights is the exception among the listed reforms during this time.

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  • 15. 

    This person advocated state-supported public education:

    • A.

      Ralp Waldo Emerson

    • B.

      Dorthea Dix

    • C.

      Henry David Thoreau

    • D.

      Horace Mann

    Correct Answer
    D. Horace Mann
    Explanation
    Horace Mann is the correct answer because he was a prominent American educational reformer who strongly advocated for state-supported public education. He believed that education should be accessible to all children, regardless of their social or economic backgrounds. Mann played a crucial role in the establishment of the common school movement, which aimed to provide free and compulsory education to all children in the United States. He believed that education was essential for the development of a democratic society and worked tirelessly to improve the quality and accessibility of education for all.

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  • 16. 

    Both the Whig and Democrat Parties supported the immediate annexation of Texas in 1836.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because while the Democrat Party did support the immediate annexation of Texas in 1836, the Whig Party did not. The Whigs were opposed to the annexation and believed it would lead to an expansion of slavery and potentially provoke war with Mexico. The Whigs preferred a more cautious approach to territorial expansion.

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  • 17. 

    The popular term for America's westward expansion in the 1840s and 1850s is

    • A.

      America's Burden

    • B.

      Manifest Destiny

    • C.

      America's Destiny

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Manifest Destiny
    Explanation
    Manifest Destiny is the correct answer because it refers to the widely held belief during the 19th century that it was the destiny of the United States to expand its territory from coast to coast. This belief fueled the westward expansion of the country during the 1840s and 1850s, as Americans sought to settle and control new territories. The term "Manifest Destiny" encapsulates the idea that it was the nation's divine mission to spread democracy and civilization across the continent.

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  • 18. 

    He was called the Pathfinder for his exploration and mapping of the American West:

    • A.

      Zachary Taylor

    • B.

      Nicholas Biddle

    • C.

      John C. Fremont

    • D.

      Winfield Scott

    Correct Answer
    C. John C. Fremont
    Explanation
    John C. Fremont was called the Pathfinder for his exploration and mapping of the American West. He played a significant role in the expansion and settlement of the western territories during the 19th century. Fremont led several expeditions, including the famous 1842 and 1843 journeys to Oregon and California, where he produced accurate maps and gathered valuable information about the region. His efforts helped open up the West to further exploration and development, earning him the nickname "Pathfinder."

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  • 19. 

    He was President during the Mexican war:

    • A.

      Zachary Taylor

    • B.

      James K. Polk.

    • C.

      Martin Van Buren

    • D.

      Andrew Jackson

    Correct Answer
    B. James K. Polk.
    Explanation
    James K. Polk was the President during the Mexican war. He served as the 11th President of the United States from 1845 to 1849. Polk's presidency was marked by his strong belief in Manifest Destiny and his goal of expanding the territory of the United States. The Mexican-American War, which began in 1846, was a result of territorial disputes between the United States and Mexico, and Polk played a significant role in initiating and leading the war. Therefore, James K. Polk is the correct answer for the President during the Mexican war.

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  • 20. 

    Anglo-Texasn settlers generally resisted assimilation into Mexican cultures, such as speaking Spanish, converting to Catholicism, and adopting and anti-slavery attitude.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that Anglo-Texan settlers in Texas during the Mexican period did indeed resist assimilation into Mexican cultures. They resisted speaking Spanish, converting to Catholicism, and adopted an anti-slavery attitude. This resistance to assimilation was one of the factors that eventually led to tensions between the Anglo-Texans and the Mexican government, ultimately resulting in the Texas Revolution and the establishment of the Republic of Texas.

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  • 21. 

    According to Randolph Cambell, a revolution in Texas was an immediate threat by the time Houston arrived.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to Randolph Cambell, there was no immediate threat of a revolution in Texas when Houston arrived.

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  • 22. 

    Campbell argues that Sam Houston's retreat toward San Jacinto was

    • A.

      Part of a larger plan to lure Santa Anna and his army deeper into Texas

    • B.

      Evidence that Sam Houstan was an ineffective military leader

    • C.

      A strategic withdrawal away from a numerically superior enemy

    • D.

      Foolish and incompetently managed

    Correct Answer
    C. A strategic withdrawal away from a numerically superior enemy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a strategic withdrawal away from a numerically superior enemy. This is supported by Campbell's argument that Sam Houston's retreat towards San Jacinto was part of a larger plan to lure Santa Anna and his army deeper into Texas. By withdrawing, Houston was able to lead the Mexican army into a vulnerable position and ultimately achieve victory at the Battle of San Jacinto. This demonstrates Houston's strategic thinking and effectiveness as a military leader.

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  • 23. 

    The Texas Declaration of Independence was signed in

    • A.

      Nacadoches

    • B.

      Marshal

    • C.

      Washington-on-the-Brazos

    • D.

      Dallas

    Correct Answer
    C. Washington-on-the-Brazos
    Explanation
    The Texas Declaration of Independence was signed in Washington-on-the-Brazos. This location was chosen as the site for the signing because it was a remote area, providing a sense of security and privacy for the delegates. Additionally, Washington-on-the-Brazos was situated near the Brazos River, which was a crucial transportation route at the time. The declaration was signed on March 2, 1836, marking Texas' formal declaration of independence from Mexico.

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  • 24. 

    Houston's retreat to San Jacinto is called

    • A.

      The Runaway Scrape

    • B.

      The Great Escape

    • C.

      Houston's Folly

    • D.

      The Great Skedaddle

    Correct Answer
    A. The Runaway Scrape
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Runaway Scrape." This term refers to the retreat of General Sam Houston and the Texan army to the San Jacinto River during the Texas Revolution in 1836. The Texan forces were being pursued by the Mexican army under General Santa Anna. The retreat was characterized by panic and disorder as Texan settlers fled their homes, fearing the advance of the Mexican army. The term "Runaway Scrape" was coined to describe this chaotic retreat.

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  • 25. 

    Campbell describes Houston's political and military leadership as

    • A.

      Reckless

    • B.

      Cautious

    • C.

      Incompetent

    • D.

      Foolish

    Correct Answer
    B. Cautious
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Cautious." This means that Campbell describes Houston's political and military leadership as being careful and thoughtful in their decision-making and actions. They are likely to assess risks and potential consequences before making any moves, showing a sense of prudence and consideration in their leadership approach.

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  • 26. 

    What sort of policy did Houston pursue with Indians?

    • A.

      Assimilating Indians into Texs societny, culture and politics

    • B.

      Annihilation and extermination

    • C.

      Indian removal

    • D.

      Peace based on fair treaties

    Correct Answer
    D. Peace based on fair treaties
    Explanation
    Houston pursued a policy of peace based on fair treaties with Indians. This means that he aimed to establish peaceful relationships with the Indian tribes in Texas by negotiating and signing fair treaties that respected their rights and territories. This approach suggests that Houston wanted to avoid conflict and violence, and instead promote diplomacy and mutual understanding between the settlers and the indigenous population.

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  • 27. 

    Houston opposed moving the national capital t Austin because of

    • A.

      His personal problems with Stephen F. Austin

    • B.

      Austin's susceptibility to outbreaks of yellow fever

    • C.

      His belief that Ausitn was too exposed to Indian and Mexican attacks

    • D.

      Austin's flooding problems

    Correct Answer
    C. His belief that Ausitn was too exposed to Indian and Mexican attacks
    Explanation
    Houston opposed moving the national capital to Austin because he believed that Austin was too exposed to Indian and Mexican attacks. This suggests that Houston was concerned about the safety and security of the capital and wanted to avoid a location that could potentially be vulnerable to attacks from these groups. By opposing the move to Austin, Houston likely wanted to ensure that the national capital would be in a more secure and protected location.

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  • 28. 

    Houston ended his excessive drinking after he experienced a radical religious conversion and became a Mormon.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that Houston ended his excessive drinking after a religious conversion and becoming a Mormon. However, the correct answer is false because there is no mention of Houston's drinking habits or religious conversion in the given statement. The statement only mentions that Houston became a Mormon, but it does not provide any information about his drinking habits or any changes in them. Therefore, we cannot conclude that he ended his excessive drinking due to a religious conversion.

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  • 29. 

    As President, Houston dealth with all of the following issues and problems EXCEPT

    • A.

      Slave rebellions

    • B.

      Continuing problems with Mexico

    • C.

      A rising national debt

    • D.

      Indian problems

    Correct Answer
    A. Slave rebellions
    Explanation
    During his presidency, Houston had to deal with various challenges and issues such as continuing problems with Mexico, a rising national debt, and Indian problems. However, there is no historical evidence or record indicating that Houston had to confront or address slave rebellions during his time in office. Therefore, the correct answer is slave rebellions.

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  • 30. 

    These two social forces changed American society after the War of 1812.

    • A.

      Capitalism and Republicanism

    • B.

      Democracy and capitalism

    • C.

      Democracy and libertarianism

    • D.

      Indian problems

    Correct Answer
    B. Democracy and capitalism
    Explanation
    After the War of 1812, American society experienced significant changes due to the emergence of democracy and capitalism. Democracy allowed for greater political participation and representation, giving citizens a voice in decision-making processes. This shift towards democracy also led to the expansion of individual rights and liberties. On the other hand, capitalism brought about economic growth and innovation, as individuals were able to freely engage in trade and pursue economic opportunities. This led to the rise of a market-based economy, with private ownership and competition driving economic activities. Together, democracy and capitalism transformed American society by promoting both political and economic freedoms.

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  • 31. 

    Which section emerged politically at this time (1816-1848)?

    • A.

      The North

    • B.

      The South

    • C.

      The West

    • D.

      The Midwest

    Correct Answer
    C. The West
    Explanation
    During the time period of 1816-1848, the section that emerged politically was the West. This is because during this time, there was a significant expansion of settlement and development in the western regions of the United States. This expansion led to the emergence of new states and territories in the West, which in turn resulted in a growing political influence for this region. The West became an important player in national politics, advocating for their own interests and shaping the political landscape of the country during this period.

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  • 32. 

    The West supported federal assistance with

    • A.

      Easy credit

    • B.

      Internal Improvements

    • C.

      Protective tariffs

    • D.

      The Bank of the United States

    Correct Answer
    B. Internal Improvements
    Explanation
    The West supported federal assistance with internal improvements because they needed better transportation infrastructure to connect their farms and businesses to markets in the East. This included building roads, canals, and later, railroads. These improvements would help the West's economy grow and thrive by making it easier and cheaper to transport goods and resources. Additionally, it would promote westward expansion and settlement by making the region more accessible and attractive to settlers.

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  • 33. 

    Northern manufacturers supported federal assistance with

    • A.

      Easy credit

    • B.

      Internal improvements

    • C.

      Protective tariffs

    • D.

      The Bank of the United States

    Correct Answer
    C. Protective tariffs
    Explanation
    Northern manufacturers supported protective tariffs because they believed that it would help protect their industries from foreign competition. Tariffs would make imported goods more expensive, making domestic products more competitive in the market. This would allow Northern manufacturers to maintain or increase their market share and profitability. Additionally, protective tariffs would also encourage domestic production and stimulate economic growth in the Northern states.

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  • 34. 

    After the Panic of 1819, Westerners became vehemently opposed to the National Bank.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    After the Panic of 1819, Westerners became vehemently opposed to the National Bank. This is true because the Panic of 1819, which was a severe economic downturn, was largely blamed on the policies of the National Bank. Westerners, who were primarily farmers and small business owners, felt that the National Bank favored the interests of the wealthy and urban areas at their expense. They believed that the bank's policies, such as tightening credit and calling in loans, contributed to their economic hardships. As a result, Westerners developed a strong opposition to the National Bank and its perceived negative impact on their livelihoods.

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  • 35. 

    The Adams-Onis Treaty gave the United States access to what body of water?

    • A.

      Atlantic Ocean

    • B.

      Pacific Ocean

    • C.

      St. Lawrence River

    • D.

      Gulf of Mexico

    Correct Answer
    B. Pacific Ocean
    Explanation
    The Adams-Onis Treaty, also known as the Transcontinental Treaty, was signed between the United States and Spain in 1819. This treaty resolved territorial disputes between the two countries. As per the terms of the treaty, Spain ceded Florida to the United States and agreed to establish a boundary between Spanish territory and the United States. This boundary extended from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, thus giving the United States access to the Pacific Ocean. Therefore, the correct answer is Pacific Ocean.

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  • 36. 

    The Monroe Doctrine said that Europe should do what concerning North and South American affairs?

    • A.

      Europs could not trade with North or South America

    • B.

      Europe was welcom to help the United States dominate North and South America

    • C.

      Europe had a right to involve itselve in North and South American affairs

    • D.

      Europe should not interfere with North or South American affairs

    Correct Answer
    D. Europe should not interfere with North or South American affairs
    Explanation
    The Monroe Doctrine stated that Europe should not interfere with North or South American affairs. This means that Europe should not involve itself in the political, economic, or military matters of the Americas. The doctrine was established to protect the newly independent nations of the Americas from European colonization or intervention. It asserted the United States' dominance in the region and warned European powers against any attempts to establish or expand their influence in the Americas.

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  • 37. 

    The missouri Compromise permitted Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and also

    • A.

      Prohibited slavery from expanding anywhere else

    • B.

      Ended slaverey in Washington, DC

    • C.

      Kept the balance in the Senate between free states and slave states

    • D.

      Ended the slave trade

    Correct Answer
    C. Kept the balance in the Senate between free states and slave states
    Explanation
    The Missouri Compromise was an agreement reached in 1820 that allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, while also prohibiting slavery from expanding into the territories north of the 36°30' parallel. This compromise was crucial in maintaining a balance between free states and slave states in the Senate. By admitting Missouri as a slave state and simultaneously restricting the expansion of slavery, the compromise aimed to prevent any one side from gaining too much power and potentially disrupting the delicate equilibrium between the North and the South.

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  • 38. 

    The election of 1828 showed the ascendancy of

    • A.

      The urban vote

    • B.

      The West

    • C.

      The Irish vote

    • D.

      Young voters

    Correct Answer
    B. The West
    Explanation
    The election of 1828 showed the ascendancy of the West. This is because during this time, there was a shift in political power from the East Coast to the Western states. The West was experiencing rapid growth and expansion, and its population was increasing. As a result, the West had a significant influence on the outcome of the election, highlighting its growing importance in American politics.

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  • 39. 

    Intellectually, the election of 1828 shows that the United States had shifted away from republicanism toward democracy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The election of 1828 marked a significant shift in American politics, as it was characterized by increased voter participation and the rise of populist politics. Andrew Jackson, the winner of the election, appealed to the common people and challenged the political establishment. This shift away from republicanism, which emphasized the role of educated elites in government, towards democracy, which emphasized the power of the people, is evident in the election of 1828. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 40. 

    The Nuillification Crisis dealth with what constitutional debate?

    • A.

      Whether a state could nullify a federal law

    • B.

      Whether the President could nullify a state law

    • C.

      Whether Congress could nullify a Supreme Court decision

    • D.

      Whether a state could nullify a Supreme Court decision

    Correct Answer
    A. Whether a state could nullify a federal law
    Explanation
    The Nullification Crisis refers to the constitutional debate over whether a state had the power to nullify a federal law. This debate arose in the early 1830s when South Carolina attempted to nullify the federal tariffs imposed on imported goods. South Carolina argued that states had the right to declare federal laws unconstitutional within their borders. This crisis highlighted the tension between state sovereignty and federal authority, ultimately resolved through a compromise known as the Tariff of 1833.

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  • 41. 

    By accepting the principles of democracy, Andrew Jackson also accepted

    • A.

      Republican virtue

    • B.

      Liberalism

    • C.

      Socialism

    • D.

      Majoritarianism

    Correct Answer
    D. Majoritarianism
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson accepting the principles of democracy implies that he believed in the idea of majority rule. Majoritarianism is a political philosophy that emphasizes the power and authority of the majority in decision-making processes. It suggests that the will of the majority should prevail in democratic systems. Therefore, it can be inferred that by accepting the principles of democracy, Andrew Jackson also accepted majoritarianism as a guiding principle in governance.

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  • 42. 

    Calhoun designed his theory of nullification to protect.

    • A.

      Minority rights

    • B.

      The Tariff of 1828

    • C.

      The idea of majoritarianism

    • D.

      Slavery

    Correct Answer
    A. Minority rights
    Explanation
    Calhoun designed his theory of nullification to protect minority rights. This theory proposed that states had the right to nullify or invalidate federal laws that they deemed unconstitutional. Calhoun believed that this would prevent the majority from infringing upon the rights of the minority. By allowing states to nullify laws, he aimed to safeguard the interests and rights of minority groups within the United States.

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  • 43. 

    Why did Jackson support Indian Removal?

    • A.

      He wanted to form a buffer state between the United States and Mexico

    • B.

      The wanted to protect Indians from extermination

    • C.

      He hated Indians

    • D.

      He wanted to buy Indian lands in Tennessee

    Correct Answer
    B. The wanted to protect Indians from extermination
    Explanation
    Jackson supported Indian Removal because he wanted to protect Indians from extermination. This policy was driven by the belief that relocating Native American tribes to western territories would shield them from the encroachment of white settlers and prevent further conflicts. Jackson believed that removing Indians from their ancestral lands would ensure their survival and allow them to maintain their cultural identity in designated areas.

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  • 44. 

    The president of the National Bank, Nicholas Biddle, tried to trigger an economic depression in order to force Congress to renew the National Bank's charter.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nicholas Biddle, as the president of the National Bank, attempted to induce an economic depression deliberately. His motive behind this action was to put pressure on Congress to renew the National Bank's charter. By creating a financial crisis, Biddle hoped that Congress would perceive the necessity of extending the bank's charter to stabilize the economy. This strategy highlights the political and economic maneuvering that took place during this period in American history.

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  • 45. 

    The following were effects of the Second Great Awakening EXCEPT

    • A.

      It encouraged social activism

    • B.

      It was anti-intellectual

    • C.

      It was nationalismt and trenscended section

    • D.

      It led to the founding fo many new colleges

    Correct Answer
    D. It led to the founding fo many new colleges
    Explanation
    The Second Great Awakening had several effects, including encouraging social activism, promoting anti-intellectualism, and fostering nationalism that transcended sectional divisions. However, it did not directly lead to the founding of many new colleges. While the religious revival did contribute to an increased emphasis on education and the establishment of some new educational institutions, the founding of colleges was primarily driven by other factors such as the need for trained ministers and the desire to promote higher learning in general.

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  • 46. 

    Romanticism rejected

    • A.

      Republicanism

    • B.

      Enlightenment rationalism

    • C.

      Unitarianism

    • D.

      Democracy

    Correct Answer
    B. Enlightenment rationalism
    Explanation
    Romanticism rejected Enlightenment rationalism because it emphasized reason, logic, and scientific thinking as the primary sources of knowledge and understanding. Romanticism, on the other hand, placed a greater emphasis on emotions, individualism, and the imagination. Romantic thinkers believed that rationalism stifled creativity and intuition, and instead celebrated the power of emotions and subjective experiences. They sought to explore the depths of human emotions and the beauty of nature, often rejecting the rigid structures and rules of society that were associated with Enlightenment rationalism.

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  • 47. 

    Transcendentalists saw nature as an obstacle that must be overcome in order for Americ to prosper and grow strong.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Transcendentalists actually saw nature as a source of inspiration and believed that connecting with nature was essential for personal and societal growth. They believed that nature had a spiritual and transformative power, and they encouraged individuals to seek solitude in natural settings to gain a deeper understanding of themselves and the world around them. They believed that by immersing oneself in nature, individuals could tap into their inner wisdom and achieve a higher level of consciousness.

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  • 48. 

    The theology of the Second Great Awakening opposed democracy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the theology of the Second Great Awakening actually supported democracy. The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival movement in the United States during the early 19th century, and it emphasized individualism, personal salvation, and the idea that all individuals had the ability to be saved. These beliefs aligned with the principles of democracy, such as the importance of individual rights and freedoms. The movement also encouraged social reform and activism, which further demonstrates its support for democratic ideals.

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  • 49. 

    One of the key effects of the Transportation Revolution was

    • A.

      The expansion of slavery westward

    • B.

      The rise of sectionalism

    • C.

      Connecting the West with the rest of the United States

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Connecting the West with the rest of the United States
    Explanation
    The Transportation Revolution, which occurred in the 19th century, brought about significant changes in the United States. It involved the construction of canals, roads, and railroads, which greatly improved transportation and communication networks. As a result, the West was connected with the rest of the country, making it easier for people and goods to travel across long distances. This led to increased trade, economic growth, and the expansion of settlements in the West. Therefore, the correct answer is "Connecting the West with the rest of the United States."

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  • 50. 

    The Market Revolution included

    • A.

      The rise of large factories

    • B.

      The dramatic growth of cities such as Cincinnati, Chicago, and New York

    • C.

      Farmers abandoning self-sufficiency for growing stable crops for profit

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Market Revolution refers to a period of significant economic and social changes in the United States during the early 19th century. It involved the rise of large factories, which transformed the manufacturing industry and led to increased production and urbanization. Cities such as Cincinnati, Chicago, and New York experienced rapid growth as a result of industrialization. Additionally, the revolution also saw farmers shifting from self-sufficiency to growing crops for profit, as agriculture became more commercialized. Therefore, all the given options are correct and represent different aspects of the Market Revolution.

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