History Exam 3

59 Questions

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History Quizzes & Trivia

This is Exam 3 for History 1301. It includes chapters 10-14.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In 1818, Andre Jackson invaded what Spanis-controlled territory?
    • A. 

      Georgia

    • B. 

      Florida

    • C. 

      Texas

    • D. 

      Mexico

  • 2. 
    This event, the first of many economic depressions was blamed on the National Bank:
    • A. 

      Panic of 1815

    • B. 

      Panic of 1819

    • C. 

      Panic of 1837

    • D. 

      Panic of 1857

  • 3. 
    Whigs referred to Andrew Jackson as this:
    • A. 

      A good man

    • B. 

      King Andrew I

    • C. 

      A brilliant president

    • D. 

      Captain America

  • 4. 
    WHten the National Bank died, President MArtin van Buren created this replacement:
    • A. 

      Third Bank of the United States

    • B. 

      Federal Reserve

    • C. 

      Independent Treasury

    • D. 

      Savings and Loans Banks

  • 5. 
    This made cotton economically profitable to southern farmers in the 1790s:
    • A. 

      Cotton gin

    • B. 

      Railroads

    • C. 

      Cotton press

    • D. 

      Steamboats

  • 6. 
    This was the most important invention for wheat farmers in the 1840s:
    • A. 

      Railroads

    • B. 

      Cyrus McCormick's reaper

    • C. 

      John Deere's "tractor"

    • D. 

      Canals

  • 7. 
    True or False. The Erie Canal was the most important canal in the early 1800s.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    True or False. John Marshall used this position as chief justice of the Supreme Court to strengthen the federal government.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    What did opponents of John Quincy Adams call his presidency?
    • A. 

      A stolen election

    • B. 

      A corrupt bargain

    • C. 

      An unfair decision

  • 10. 
    Immigrants from this place came by the thousands through the 1840s and 1850s.
    • A. 

      Russia

    • B. 

      Poland

    • C. 

      Ireland

    • D. 

      Mexico

  • 11. 
    Those who embraced Enlightenment rationalism were often called
    • A. 

      Baptists

    • B. 

      Methodists

    • C. 

      Deists

    • D. 

      Shakers

  • 12. 
    This person founded the Mormon Church:
    • A. 

      Charles Grandison Finney

    • B. 

      Mother ALlan Lee

    • C. 

      Joseph Smith

    • D. 

      Edgar Allan Poe

  • 13. 
    This person tried to reconnect with nature and wrote an essay on civil disobedience:
    • A. 

      Dorthea Dix

    • B. 

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • C. 

      Horace Mann

    • D. 

      Henry David Thoreau

  • 14. 
    All of the following were reforms during this time EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Women's rights

    • B. 

      Prison reforms

    • C. 

      Temperence

    • D. 

      Civil Rights

  • 15. 
    This person advocated state-supported public education:
    • A. 

      Ralp Waldo Emerson

    • B. 

      Dorthea Dix

    • C. 

      Henry David Thoreau

    • D. 

      Horace Mann

  • 16. 
    True or False. Both the Whig and Democrat Parties supported the immediate annexation of Texas in 1836.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The popular term for America's westward expansion in the 1840s and 1850s is
    • A. 

      America's Burden

    • B. 

      Manifest Destiny

    • C. 

      America's Destiny

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    He was called the Pathfinder for his exloration and mapping of the American West:
    • A. 

      Zachary Taylor

    • B. 

      Nicholas Biddle

    • C. 

      John C. Fremont

    • D. 

      Winfield Scott

  • 19. 
    He was President during the MExican war:
    • A. 

      Zachary Taylor

    • B. 

      James K. Polk.

    • C. 

      Martin Van Buren

    • D. 

      Andrew Jackson

  • 20. 
    True or False. Anglo-Texasn settlers generally resisted assimilation into Mexican culture, such as speaking Spanish, converting to Catholicism, and adopting and anti-slavery attitude.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    True or FAlse.  According to Randolph Cambell, revolution in Texas was an immediate threat by the time Houston arrived.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Campbell argues that Sam Houston's retreat toward San Jacinto was
    • A. 

      Part of a larger plan to lure Santa Anna and his army deeper into Texas

    • B. 

      Evidence that Sam Houstan was an ineffective military leader

    • C. 

      A strategic withdrawal away from a numerically superior enemy

    • D. 

      Foolish and incompetently managed

  • 23. 
    The Texas Declaration of Independence was signed in
    • A. 

      Nacadoches

    • B. 

      Marshal

    • C. 

      Washington-on-the-Brazos

    • D. 

      Dallas

  • 24. 
    Houston's retreat to San Jacinto is called
    • A. 

      The Runaway Scrape

    • B. 

      The Great Escape

    • C. 

      Houston's Folly

    • D. 

      The Great Skedaddle

  • 25. 
    Campbell describes Houston's political and military leadership as
    • A. 

      Reckless

    • B. 

      Cautious

    • C. 

      Incompetent

    • D. 

      Foolish

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Assimilating Indians into Texs societny, culture and politics

    • B. 

      Annihilation and extermination

    • C. 

      Indian removal

    • D. 

      Peace based on fair treaties

  • 27. 
    Houston opposed moving the national capital t Austin because of
    • A. 

      His personal problems with Stephen F. Austin

    • B. 

      Austin's susceptibility to outbreaks of yellow fever

    • C. 

      His belief that Ausitn was too exposed to Indian and Mexican attacks

    • D. 

      Austin's flooding problems

  • 28. 
    True or False. Houston ended his excessive drinking after he experienced a radical religious conversion and became a Mormon.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    As President, Houston dealth with all of the following issues and problems EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Slave rebellions

    • B. 

      Continuing problems with Mexico

    • C. 

      A rising national debt

    • D. 

      Indian problems

  • 30. 
    These two social forces changed American society after the War of 1812.
    • A. 

      Capitalism and Republicanism

    • B. 

      Democracy and capitalism

    • C. 

      Democracy and libertarianism

    • D. 

      Indian problems

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      The North

    • B. 

      The South

    • C. 

      The West

    • D. 

      The Midwest

  • 32. 
    The West supported federal assistance with
    • A. 

      Easy credit

    • B. 

      Internal Improvements

    • C. 

      Protective tariffs

    • D. 

      The Bank of the United States

  • 33. 
    Northern manufacturers supported federal assistance with
    • A. 

      Easy credit

    • B. 

      Internal improvements

    • C. 

      Protective tariffs

    • D. 

      The Bank of the United States

  • 34. 
    True or False. After the Panic of 1819, Westerners became vehemently opposed to the National Bank.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    The Adams-Onis Treaty gave the United States access to what body of water?
    • A. 

      Atlantic Ocean

    • B. 

      Pacific Ocean

    • C. 

      St. Lawrence River

    • D. 

      Gulf of Mexico

  • 36. 
    The Monroe Doctrine said that Europe should do wht concerning North and South American affairs?
    • A. 

      Europs could not trade with North or South America

    • B. 

      Europe was welcom to help the United States dominate North and South America

    • C. 

      Europe had a right to involve itselve in North and South American affairs

    • D. 

      Europe should not interfere with North or South American affairs

  • 37. 
    The missouri Compromise permitted Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and also
    • A. 

      Prohibited slavery from expanding anywhere else

    • B. 

      Ended slaverey in Washington, DC

    • C. 

      Kept the balance in the Senate between free states and slave states

    • D. 

      Ended the slave trade

  • 38. 
    The election of 1828 showed the ascendancy of
    • A. 

      The urban vote

    • B. 

      The West

    • C. 

      The Irish vote

    • D. 

      Young voters

  • 39. 
    True or False. Intellectually, the election of 1828 shows that the United States had shifted away from republicanism toward democracy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    The Nuillification Crisis dealth with what constitutional debate?
    • A. 

      Whether a state could nullify a federal law

    • B. 

      Whether the President could nullify a state law

    • C. 

      Whether Congress could nullify a Supreme Court decision

    • D. 

      Whether a state could nullify a Supreme Court decision

  • 41. 
    By accepting the principles of democracy, Andrew Jackson also accepted
    • A. 

      Republican virtue

    • B. 

      Liberalism

    • C. 

      Socialism

    • D. 

      Majoritarianism

  • 42. 
    Calhoun designed his theory of nullification to protect
    • A. 

      Minority rights

    • B. 

      The Tariff of 1828

    • C. 

      The idea of majoritarianism

    • D. 

      Slavery

  • 43. 
    • A. 

      He wanted to form a buffer state between the United States and Mexico

    • B. 

      The wanted to protect Indians from extermination

    • C. 

      He hated Indians

    • D. 

      He wanted to buy Indian lands in Tennessee

  • 44. 
    True or False.  The president of the National Bank, Nicholas Biddle, tried to trigger an economic depression in order to force Congress to renew the National Bank's charter.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    The following were effects of the Second Great Awakening EXCEPT
    • A. 

      It encouraged social activism

    • B. 

      It was anti-intellectual

    • C. 

      It was nationalismt and trenscended section

    • D. 

      It led to the founding fo many new colleges

  • 46. 
    Romanticism rejected
    • A. 

      Republicanism

    • B. 

      Enlightenment rationalism

    • C. 

      Unitarianism

    • D. 

      Democracy

  • 47. 
    True or False. Transcendentalists saw nature as an obstacle that must be overcome in order for Americ to prosper and grow strong.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    True or Flase. The theology of the Second Great Awakening opposed democracy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    One of the key effects of the Transportation Revolution was
    • A. 

      The expansion of slavery westward

    • B. 

      The rise of sectionalism

    • C. 

      Connecting the West with the rest of the United States

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 50. 
    The Market Revolution included
    • A. 

      The rise of large factories

    • B. 

      The dramatic growth of cities such as Cincinnati, Chicago, and New York

    • C. 

      Farmers abandoning self-sufficiency for growing stable crops for profit

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 51. 
    • A. 

      Steele

    • B. 

      Textiles

    • C. 

      Heavy machinery

    • D. 

      Cars

  • 52. 
    The first generation of factory workers had to adjust to
    • A. 

      Earning more money than they ever had before

    • B. 

      Working fewer hours than they ever had before

    • C. 

      Losing the control over their own labor

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 53. 
    True or false. By 1860, the United States had a truly national economy
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 54. 
    The idea of Manifest Destiny
    • A. 

      Included the spread of American freedom and liberty

    • B. 

      Was the reason for the rise of factories in eastern cities

    • C. 

      Involved Americans settling California and Oregon

    • D. 

      Both a and c

  • 55. 
    True or False.  The Whig Party supported most plans for aggressive territorial expansion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    Polk's showdown with Britain over the Oregon Country was
    • A. 

      Out of necessity

    • B. 

      Successful brinkmanship

    • C. 

      The failure of graduated pressure

    • D. 

      A political farce

  • 57. 
    As an agent of empire, the U.S. Army
    • A. 

      Regulated westard expansion

    • B. 

      Mapped, surveyed, and explored the West

    • C. 

      Kept order between white settlers and Indians

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 58. 
    In addition to the U.S. Army, the United States relied on what sort of manpower to win the Mexican War?
    • A. 

      Federal volunteers

    • B. 

      States militias

    • C. 

      The United Sttes relied solely on the U.S.Army

    • D. 

      Draftees

  • 59. 
    One of teh most pressing questions after the Mexican war was
    • A. 

      How to protect the Mexican Cession

    • B. 

      Whether slavery would expand westward

    • C. 

      How to organize the Mexican cession

    • D. 

      How to demobilize the Army