American History Advanced Level Knowledge Test

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American History Advanced Level Knowledge Test - Quiz

Welcome to American History Advanced Level Knowledge Test. Native Americans lived in the Americas for thousands of years until the arrival of Christopher Columbus which started the European colonization of the Americas. Did you know that the United States was formed in the year 1776 when the declaration of independence was made? Well, take the test below, and see how much you know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why were the League of Nations and the United Nations created? A.  To end world hunger. B.  To prevent future wars. C.  To unify the world economy. D.  To spread democracy in the world.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The League of Nations and the United Nations were created to prevent future wars. Both organizations were established in the aftermath of major global conflicts (World War I and World War II) with the aim of promoting international cooperation, resolving conflicts peacefully, and maintaining global peace and security. Their primary goal was to prevent the outbreak of another devastating war and to provide a platform for nations to discuss and address their differences through diplomacy and negotiation.

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  • 2. 

    How did the Pure Food and Drug Act change the way government regulated business? A.  The government prevented businesses from raising prices due to research and development costs. B.  The government provided business incentives to companies in order to lower prices for the consumer. C.  The government established fair business practices to prevent manufacturers from forming monopolies. D.  The government required businesses to indicate the ingredients in their products in order to protect the consumer.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The Pure Food and Drug Act changed the way government regulated business by requiring businesses to indicate the ingredients in their products in order to protect the consumer. This act aimed to ensure that consumers were aware of what they were consuming and to prevent businesses from using harmful or undisclosed ingredients in their products. By mandating ingredient labeling, the government increased transparency and empowered consumers to make informed choices about the products they purchased.

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  • 3. 

    What was the primary challenge faced by Hispanic immigrants since the The 1940s? A.  A lack of jobs in cities. B.  An unfair treatment by employers. C.  A lack of jobs in agriculture. D.  Unfair legislation by the federal government.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Hispanic immigrants faced unfair treatment by employers as the primary challenge since the 1940s. This could include issues such as low wages, long working hours, unsafe working conditions, and discrimination in hiring and promotions.

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  • 4. 

    Even though President Roosevelt supported the Allies with war supplies before 1941, why was the United States unable to enter the war until after the bombing of Pearl Harbor? A.  The Supreme Court disapproved of the war. B.  Most citizens refused to support England. C.  Many state governors approved of the Axis. D.  Most of Congress refused to support a war.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    Most of Congress refused to support a war.

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  • 5. 

    Why did Congress pass laws protecting civil rights during Reconstruction? A.  To reverse the Dred Scott decision. B.  To abolish black codes in the South. C.  To punish former Confederate soldiers. D.  To help former slaves migrate to the North.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    During Reconstruction, Congress passed laws protecting civil rights to abolish black codes in the South. Black codes were a series of discriminatory laws that were enacted in the Southern states after the Civil War. These laws were designed to restrict the rights and freedoms of African Americans and maintain white supremacy. By passing laws to protect civil rights, Congress aimed to dismantle these oppressive black codes and ensure equal rights and protections for all citizens, regardless of race.

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  • 6. 

    Why did people in the Great Depression call their temporary settlement communities “Hoovervilles?” A.  President Hoover was very popular during the depression. B.  They blamed President Hoover for the depression. C.  They wanted to remember President Hoover. D.  President Hoover grew up in similar housing.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression, people blamed President Hoover for the economic crisis and the lack of government intervention to alleviate their suffering. They believed that his policies and actions worsened the situation, leading to widespread poverty and homelessness. As a form of protest and to express their anger towards him, they sarcastically named their temporary settlement communities "Hoovervilles" to mock and criticize his presidency. This term became widely used to symbolize the failure of Hoover's leadership during the Great Depression.

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  • 7. 

    Why did United States business interests favor overseas expansion in the the late 1800s? A.  To establish a commonwealth of colonies. B.  To establish military bases around the world. C.  To acquire new markets and sources of raw materials. D.  To spread democratic ideals to other areas of the world.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    United States business interests favored overseas expansion in the late 1800s in order to acquire new markets and sources of raw materials. This expansion allowed American businesses to access new customers and resources, which helped to fuel economic growth and increase profits. Additionally, by establishing a presence in foreign markets, American businesses could protect their interests and compete with other global powers. Expanding overseas also provided opportunities for American businesses to establish trade networks and gain a competitive advantage in the global economy.

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  • 8. 

    Why was the purchase of Alaska in 1867 important to the development of the United States economy? A.  The land was rich in timber, gold, and oil. B.  The region set up an extensive trading network. C.  It made the country a dominant imperialistic force. D.  It established thousands of square miles of national forests.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The purchase of Alaska in 1867 was important to the development of the United States economy because the land was rich in timber, gold, and oil. This provided valuable natural resources that could be exploited for economic gain. The availability of these resources contributed to the growth of industries such as logging, mining, and oil extraction, which in turn stimulated economic development and helped to fuel the expansion of the United States economy.

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  • 9. 

    How did the Federal Reserve’s higher interest rates in the 1930s complicate the Great Depression? A.  People were less likely to leave their money in unstable banks. B.  People began spending their money rather than saving it. C.  People saved money rather than spending it. D.  People were more likely to take out loans.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. People saved money rather than spending it. The Federal Reserve's higher interest rates in the 1930s made it more attractive for people to save their money rather than spend it. This reduced consumer spending, which further worsened the economic downturn of the Great Depression.

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  • 10. 

    In the late 1800s, why did the Great Plains region become closely associated with the Populist movement? A.  A large portion of the population was industrial workers. B.  Many cattle ranchers worked there. C.  A large portion of the population was farmers. D.  Many immigrants settled there.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. A large portion of the population was farmers. The Great Plains region was predominantly agricultural, with a significant number of farmers. The Populist movement emerged as a response to the economic challenges faced by farmers, including falling crop prices, high railroad rates, and debt. The movement advocated for farmers' rights and economic reforms, making the Great Plains region closely associated with the Populist movement.

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  • 11. 

    How did the government’s policy of manifest destiny affect Native Americans living on the plains in the late 1800s? A.  Native Americans were forced to accept treaties and land east of the Mississippi River. B.  Native Americans were forced to give up reservations with the passage of the Monroe Doctrine. C.  Native Americans were forced to mine gold discovered by settlers. D.  Native Americans were forced onto reservations while settlers took their land.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D. Native Americans were forced onto reservations while settlers took their land. This answer accurately reflects the impact of the government's policy of manifest destiny on Native Americans living on the plains in the late 1800s. The policy involved the belief that it was the destiny of the United States to expand its territory from coast to coast, which resulted in the displacement and forced relocation of Native American tribes onto reservations, while settlers claimed their land for settlement and resource extraction.

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  • 12. 

    How was the economy affected by corporate expansion in the 1950s? A.  It improved with more information technology jobs. B.  It struggled as strikes interrupted production. C.  It boomed as the middle class grew. D.  It declined as regulation increased.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The economy was positively affected by corporate expansion in the 1950s because it boomed as the middle class grew. As corporations expanded and created more job opportunities, the middle class experienced increased income and purchasing power, leading to a surge in consumer spending. This, in turn, stimulated economic growth and prosperity during this period.

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  • 13. 

    One consequence of World War II was that the United States A.  Returned to its isolationist tendencies B.  Avoided foreign conflicts C.  Remained deeply involved in world affairs D. Reduced its military spending

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    One consequence of World War II was that the United States remained deeply involved in world affairs. This can be attributed to the fact that after the war, the United States emerged as a global superpower and took on a leadership role in international politics. The country played a major role in the establishment of the United Nations and became involved in various international organizations and alliances such as NATO. Additionally, the United States adopted a policy of containment towards the Soviet Union, leading to its involvement in the Cold War and conflicts such as the Korean War and Vietnam War.

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  • 14. 

    Which of these statements describes an obstacle to the assimilation of immigrant groups in the United States in the late 1800s? A.  Antisemitism caused Jewish immigrants to settle in mostly rural areas. B.  Chinese immigrants working for lower wages caused resentment. C.  The war made United States citizens view German immigrants as enemy combatants. D.  McCarthyism caused United States citizens to be suspicious of Soviet immigrants.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Chinese immigrants working for lower wages caused resentment.

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  • 15. 

    Which of these actions is an example of checks and balances? A.  President Reagan sent troops to Grenada. B.  Congress passed a law raising income tax. C.  President Truman vetoed the Taft-Hartley Act. D.  State governments passed laws setting speed limits.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    President Truman vetoing the Taft-Hartley Act is an example of checks and balances. The Taft-Hartley Act was a labor law passed by Congress, and by vetoing it, President Truman exercised his power to check and balance the actions of the legislative branch. This demonstrates the system of checks and balances in which each branch of government has the ability to limit the powers of the other branches, ensuring that no one branch becomes too powerful.

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  • 16. 

    The automobile and the expansion of the roadway system in the 1950s led to the growth of: A.  Ethnic neighborhoods B.  Suburban areas C.  Urban areas D.  Rural zones

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. Suburban areas. The automobile and the expansion of the roadway system in the 1950s allowed people to commute easily from the outskirts of cities to the city center. This led to the growth of suburban areas as people sought larger homes and more space outside of the crowded urban areas. The convenience of cars and improved transportation infrastructure made it possible for people to live further away from the city while still being able to commute to work.

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  • 17. 

    Which of these changes influenced political participation in the 1970s? A.  Directly electing United States senators B.  Lowering the voting age to eighteen C.  Granting women the right to vote D.  Introducing national conventions

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    Lowering the voting age to eighteen influenced political participation in the 1970s. This change expanded the pool of eligible voters and allowed younger individuals to have a say in the political process. It increased the potential number of voters and gave young people the opportunity to participate in elections and have their voices heard. This change likely had a significant impact on political dynamics and outcomes during that time period.

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  • 18. 

    What was the purpose of the federal Works Progress Administration (WPA)? A.  To track cost overruns in state Medicare programs B.  To monitor corporate compliance with Federal Reserve regulations C.  To provide jobs to unemployed workers during the New Deal D.  To judge the benefits of military spending after the expensive Manhattan Project

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The purpose of the federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) was to provide jobs to unemployed workers during the New Deal. The WPA was a government program created in response to the Great Depression, with the aim of providing employment opportunities for millions of Americans who were out of work. It focused on creating jobs in construction, infrastructure, and the arts, and it played a significant role in stimulating the economy and improving the country's infrastructure during a time of economic crisis.

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  • 19. 

    During the 1950s, how did the Republican Party hope to support a balanced federal budget and counter communist countries? A.  By relying on a large army and navy B.  By relying on long-range bombers C.  By relying on nuclear weapons D.  By relying on foreign aid

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    During the 1950s, the Republican Party hoped to support a balanced federal budget and counter communist countries by relying on nuclear weapons. This strategy was part of the Cold War policy of deterrence, where the United States aimed to discourage the Soviet Union and other communist nations from engaging in aggression by having a strong nuclear arsenal. The Republicans believed that a robust nuclear weapons program would provide a credible deterrent and protect national security interests while also ensuring fiscal responsibility by avoiding excessive military spending on conventional forces.

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  • 20. 

    What effect did the Immigration Act of 1965 have? A.  Florida’s immigrant population declined dramatically. B.  Asians immigrated to the Northeast in great numbers. C.  Big cities in the Midwest lost a large percentage of their foreign-born population. D.  Southwestern border states such as Arizona experienced massive population growth.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The Immigration Act of 1965 had the effect of causing massive population growth in Southwestern border states such as Arizona.

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  • 21. 

    How did government policies of the Gilded Age of the late 1800s promote industrialization? A.  Imperialism fueled steel production in the United States. B.  New Deal policies created jobs for many of the unemployed. C.  The Sherman Antitrust Act allowed for regulation of big business. D.  Laissez-faire economic policies allowed private businesses to operate freely.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    Laissez-faire economic policies allowed private businesses to operate freely, which promoted industrialization during the Gilded Age. This meant that the government did not interfere with or regulate businesses, allowing them to grow and expand without restrictions. This led to the rise of large corporations and the rapid development of industries such as railroads, steel, and oil. The government's hands-off approach to the economy encouraged entrepreneurs and investors to take risks and invest in new technologies, contributing to the overall growth and industrialization of the United States during this period.

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  • 22. 

    Which situation resulted from the OPEC oil embargo of 1973? A.  Oil shortages and rising prices B.  Oil shortages and falling prices C.  Oil surpluses and rising prices D.  Oil surpluses and falling prices

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The OPEC oil embargo of 1973 resulted in oil shortages and rising prices. During this time, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) imposed an oil embargo on several countries, including the United States, in response to their support for Israel in the Yom Kippur War. This embargo led to a decrease in oil supply, causing shortages in many countries. As a result, the prices of oil skyrocketed, leading to economic turmoil and fuel rationing in some nations.

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  • 23. 

    During the late nineteenth century, many anti-imperialists worried that imperialism might threaten United States democratic values by: A.  Opening more doors of diplomacy B.  Considering the needs of native peoples C.  Violating fundamental human rights D.  Establishing protection for weaker countries

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    During the late nineteenth century, many anti-imperialists worried that imperialism might threaten United States democratic values by violating fundamental human rights.

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  • 24. 

    Which of these statements describes both the Fifteenth Amendment and the Voting Rights Act of 1965? A.  Suffrage cannot be denied on the basis of race. B.  Anyone born in the United States is a citizen. C.  Congress has the power to collect taxes. D.  Slavery cannot exist in the United States.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. Both the Fifteenth Amendment and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 address the issue of suffrage and prohibit the denial of voting rights on the basis of race. The Fifteenth Amendment specifically states that the right to vote cannot be denied or abridged on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was enacted to enforce and protect the voting rights of racial minorities, particularly African Americans, by eliminating discriminatory voting practices. Therefore, statement A accurately describes both the Fifteenth Amendment and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

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  • 25. 

    How did the Paris Peace Accords lead to the end of the Vietnam War in 1973? A.  It called for a final withdrawal of United States troops. B.  It called for a withdrawal of Soviet troops. C.  It allowed the United States to rightly claim victory in Vietnam. D.  It allowed French leaders to intervene with the Vietnamese.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The Paris Peace Accords led to the end of the Vietnam War in 1973 because it called for a final withdrawal of United States troops. This agreement was signed by the United States, North Vietnam, South Vietnam, and the Viet Cong, and it aimed to establish a ceasefire and pave the way for a political solution. The agreement included provisions for the withdrawal of all U.S. military personnel and the release of prisoners of war. The withdrawal of U.S. troops was a significant step towards ending the war and allowing the Vietnamese to determine their own future.

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  • 26. 

    Why did large numbers of African Americans migrate to the North in the early twentieth century? A.  Northern states offered them free farmland. B.  Labor unions in the North recruited them as members. C.  Southern Jim Crow laws restricted their job opportunities. D.  New laws forced them to leave the South or pay heavy fines.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Large numbers of African Americans migrated to the North in the early twentieth century because Southern Jim Crow laws restricted their job opportunities. These laws enforced racial segregation and discrimination, making it difficult for African Americans to find employment and economic opportunities in the South. In search of better prospects and freedom from racial oppression, many African Americans moved to the Northern states where they hoped to find more equitable treatment and job opportunities.

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  • 27. 

    Why did many immigrants move from eastern and southern Europe to the United States between 1880 and 1920? A.  To escape the threat of war in Europe B.  To spread new political ideas from Europe C.  To bring new industrial techniques to the United States D.  To take advantage of economic opportunities in the United States

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    Many immigrants moved from eastern and southern Europe to the United States between 1880 and 1920 to take advantage of economic opportunities in the United States.

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  • 28. 

    The federal government’s approach to regulating monopolies in the early 1900s was to: A.  Break up corporate trusts B.  Avoid interfering with strikes C.  Regulate corporate profits D. Aavoid free and open competition

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    In the early 1900s, the federal government's approach to regulating monopolies was to break up corporate trusts. This was done to prevent large corporations from gaining too much power and stifling competition in the market. By breaking up these trusts, the government aimed to promote fair competition and protect the interests of smaller businesses and consumers.

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  • 29. 

    How did the Democratic administration influence politics during the GreatDepression and World War II? A.  They broadened states rights to avoid military conflict. B.  They engaged in propaganda to defeat other political parties. C.  They expanded government involvement in people’s lives. D.  They followed a laissez-faire economic approach to avoid regulation.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    During the Great Depression and World War II, the Democratic administration expanded government involvement in people's lives. This can be seen through various policies and programs implemented during this time, such as the New Deal, which aimed to provide relief, recovery, and reform. The government took on a larger role in regulating the economy, implementing social welfare programs, and creating jobs through public works projects. This increased government intervention was seen as necessary to address the economic and social challenges of the time.

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  • 30. 

    Which of these factors led to the formation of a region called the Rust Belt during the late twentieth century? A.  A shrinking industrial base in the North. B.  More agricultural jobs in the Mountain West. C.  A growing commercial base on the East Coast. D.  More manufacturing jobs in the Great Plains.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    A shrinking industrial base in the North led to the formation of a region called the Rust Belt during the late twentieth century. This region, which includes states such as Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Michigan, experienced a decline in manufacturing and heavy industry. The closure of factories and the loss of jobs resulted in economic decline and population loss in these areas. The term "Rust Belt" refers to the rusting and decaying infrastructure that became prevalent in these once-thriving industrial areas.

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  • 31. 

    Reforms of the Progressive Movement • Direct primary • Initiative, referendum, and recall • Direct election of senators What was the purpose of these reforms? A.  expanding participation in the political process B.  Reducing government’s influence in the economy C.  Giving more power to political parties D.  Increasing federal control over the states

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The purpose of these reforms was to expand participation in the political process. These reforms aimed to give more power to the people by allowing them to directly participate in the political decision-making process through initiatives, referendums, recalls, and direct primaries. This was a response to the perceived corruption and inefficiency of the political system at the time, and sought to increase transparency and accountability by involving more citizens in the democratic process.

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  • 32. 

    How did labor unions affect the lives of many workers during the late nineteenth century? A.  They won shorter hours and better pay for workers. B.  They helped workers take over ownership of factories and mines. C.  They worked with lawmakers to pass pro-business legislation. D.  They welcomed workers of any race or gender to join in their strikes.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Labor unions during the late nineteenth century played a significant role in improving the lives of workers by advocating for shorter working hours and better pay. Through collective bargaining and strikes, labor unions were able to pressure employers into making concessions, resulting in improved working conditions and increased wages for workers. This helped to alleviate some of the hardships faced by workers during this time period.

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  • 33. 

    Why did the Homestead Act attract farmers to the frontier? A.  It guaranteed farmers access to the railroad. B.  It provided farmers with subsidies for their crops. C.  It offered tax incentives to farmers who settled in the West. D.  It offered free land to farmers who would improve it within five years.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The Homestead Act attracted farmers to the frontier because it offered free land to farmers who would improve it within five years. This meant that farmers could acquire land without having to pay for it upfront, providing them with an opportunity to start a new life and establish their own farms. This incentive encouraged many farmers to move westward and take advantage of the available land, contributing to the expansion and development of the frontier.

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  • 34. 

    Which constitutional check did the Supreme Court use when declaring several New Deal programs unconstitutional? A.  Judicial review B.  Executive privilege C.  Popular sovereignty D.  Indirect democracy

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court used the constitutional check of judicial review when declaring several New Deal programs unconstitutional. Judicial review is the power of the court to review and interpret the constitutionality of laws and actions taken by the government. In this case, the Supreme Court reviewed the New Deal programs and determined that they exceeded the scope of the federal government's powers as outlined in the Constitution. This decision demonstrated the Court's role in checking the actions of the legislative and executive branches to ensure they are in line with the Constitution.

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  • 35. 

    What effect did anti-immigration sentiment have on domestic policy in the early twentieth century? A.  The government placed quotas on immigration. B.  The government restricted job opportunities for immigrants. C.  The government required immigrants to attend public schools. D.  The government insisted on more immigration for economic growth.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    In the early twentieth century, anti-immigration sentiment led to the government implementing quotas on immigration. This means that they limited the number of immigrants allowed into the country. This was done in an effort to control and reduce the number of immigrants coming into the country, reflecting the sentiment against immigration during that time.

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  • 36. 

    One effect of the building of the transcontinental railroad was to: A.  Make more land for Native Americans in the West. B.  Attract more Latin Americans to the West. C.  Make land available for cotton plantations in the West. D.  Attract more migrants to the West.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The correct answer is D. The building of the transcontinental railroad attracted more migrants to the West. The construction of the railroad made it easier for people to travel to and settle in the western regions of the United States. This led to an increase in the population and development of the West, as more people were able to access and utilize the resources and opportunities available in the region.

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  • 37. 

    Why was the end of the Korean War considered a stalemate? A.  The cold war continued. B.  The North and South were still divided. C.  Both the North and South lost many lives. D.  The United States removed all of its troops.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The end of the Korean War was considered a stalemate because the North and South were still divided. This means that despite the war coming to an end, there was no clear winner or resolution to the conflict. The division between the two countries remained, resulting in an ongoing state of tension and unresolved issues.

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  • 38. 

    How did Congress uphold individual property rights of southerners during Reconstruction? A.   It returned confiscated land to former confederates. B.   It allowed the Freedmen’s Bureau to allocate farmland to former slaves. C. It permitted land ownership to anyone who would grow cotton. D. It enforced General William T. Sherman’s field order to redistribute coastal land.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Congress upheld individual property rights of southerners during Reconstruction by returning confiscated land to former confederates.

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  • 39. 

    “That which the German power represents today spells death to the aspirations of Negroes and all darker races for equality, freedom, and democracy. Let us not hesitate. Let us, while this war lasts, forget our special grievances and close our ranks shoulder to shoulder with our own white fellow citizens and the allied nations that are fi ghting for democracy.” —W. E. B. Du Bois This quotation refl ects which attitude of many African Americans during World War I? A.  African Americans should not pay attention to the war. B.  African Americans should participate fully and fi ght in the war. C.  African Americans should support the war only in non-combat roles. D.  African Americans should pressure the nation to withdraw from the war.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    During World War I, many African Americans believed that participating fully and fighting in the war would help them achieve equality, freedom, and democracy. This is reflected in the quotation by W. E. B. Du Bois, where he urges African Americans to forget their grievances and stand together with their white fellow citizens and the allied nations fighting for democracy. Therefore, the correct answer is B. African Americans should participate fully and fight in the war.

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  • 40. 

    How did the Dust Bowl affect the Great Plains during the Great Depression? A. Thousands of families left for the West Coast. B. It brought economic prosperity to urban areas. C. Thousands of individuals relocated to the East. D. It caused a population decline in northeastern cities.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    During the Dust Bowl, severe drought and wind erosion caused widespread soil erosion and crop failure in the Great Plains. As a result, many families were forced to leave their farms and homes in search of better opportunities. Thousands of families migrated to the West Coast, particularly California, in hopes of finding work and a better life. This mass migration had a significant impact on the Great Plains region during the Great Depression.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 26, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Res6791
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