8th Grade History Review

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| By Mhon1029
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8th Grade History Quizzes & Trivia

Major events in the making of America


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following men attended the Second Continental Congress?

    • A.

      Thomas Paine

    • B.

      John Hancock

    • C.

      Bill Clinton

    • D.

      Theodore Roosevelt

    Correct Answer
    B. John Hancock
    Explanation
    John Hancock attended the Second Continental Congress. The Second Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies in America, held in 1775 to 1781, during the American Revolution. John Hancock was a prominent figure during this time and served as the President of the Second Continental Congress. He is best known for his large and stylish signature on the United States Declaration of Independence.

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  • 2. 

    What phrase is an accurate nickname for Andrew Jackson during his two terms as president?

    • A.

      The Bankers' president

    • B.

      A states' rights president

    • C.

      The Native Americans' president

    • D.

      The common man's president

    Correct Answer
    D. The common man's president
    Explanation
    During Andrew Jackson's presidency, he was known as the "common man's president" because he portrayed himself as a champion of the common people. He advocated for the interests of ordinary citizens and aimed to reduce the power of the elite and wealthy. His policies, such as expanding suffrage and opposing the national bank, were seen as benefiting the working class and the average American. This nickname reflects his populist approach to governance and his appeal to the common people.

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  • 3. 

    One major weakness of the confederation was its inability to deal with ________

    • A.

      Drawing maps

    • B.

      New states

    • C.

      Native Americans

    • D.

      The nations finances

    Correct Answer
    D. The nations finances
    Explanation
    Under the Articles of Confederation, the U.S. government had significant limitations, especially in its ability to manage the nation's finances. The central government lacked the power to tax and had to request funds from the states, which often did not comply. This left the federal government unable to pay debts or fund its operations effectively, leading to economic instability and weakness in addressing financial obligations. This financial incapability was a critical factor leading to the drafting of the U.S. Constitution.

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  • 4. 

    Which case represented the first time the supreme court reviewed and ruled on acts of the other branches of government? 

    • A.

      Washington v. Adams

    • B.

      Adams v. Marshall

    • C.

      Lincoln v. Washington

    • D.

      Marbury v. Madison

    Correct Answer
    D. Marbury v. Madison
    Explanation
    Marbury v. Madison represented the first time the Supreme Court reviewed and ruled on acts of the other branches of government. In this landmark case, the Court established the principle of judicial review, asserting its power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. The ruling solidified the Court's authority as a coequal branch of government and set a precedent for future decisions on the constitutionality of laws.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following issues was discussed at the Seneca falls convention?

    • A.

      Passage of equal rights amendment

    • B.

      Improving African American civil rights

    • C.

      The rights of women to enter the all-male business world

    • D.

      18 year-olds right to vote

    Correct Answer
    C. The rights of women to enter the all-male business world
    Explanation
    The Seneca Falls Convention was a historical event in 1848 where the rights of women were discussed. It focused on various issues related to women's rights, including their right to enter the all-male business world. This convention played a crucial role in advocating for gender equality and paved the way for future advancements in women's rights.

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  • 6. 

    Reconstruction ended with the ____________

    • A.

      Amnesty Act

    • B.

      Compromise of 1877

    • C.

      Civil Rights Act of 1875

    • D.

      Fifteenth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    B. Compromise of 1877
    Explanation
    The Compromise of 1877 marked the end of Reconstruction in the United States. It was an informal agreement between Republicans and Democrats to resolve the disputed presidential election of 1876. As part of the compromise, Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from the South, effectively ending the enforcement of civil rights for African Americans. This allowed Southern states to regain control and implement discriminatory laws and policies, leading to the disenfranchisement of African Americans and the establishment of Jim Crow segregation. Thus, the Compromise of 1877 was a significant turning point that ended the progress made during Reconstruction.

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  • 7. 

    Settlers in Jamestown saved their colony by beginning to plant large quantities of _______, which sold for a good price.

    • A.

      Tobacco

    • B.

      Indigo

    • C.

      Sugar

    • D.

      Coffee

    Correct Answer
    A. Tobacco
    Explanation
    Settlers in Jamestown saved their colony by beginning to plant large quantities of tobacco, which sold for a good price. Tobacco was a highly profitable crop that became a major cash crop for the settlers. Its cultivation and sale provided them with a valuable source of income, allowing them to sustain and grow their colony economically. The success of the tobacco industry in Jamestown played a crucial role in the colony's survival and prosperity.

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  • 8. 

    After which Union "victory" did Lincoln decide that he could issue the Emancipation Proclamation?

    • A.

      Chattanooga

    • B.

      Antietam

    • C.

      Atlanta

    • D.

      Gettysburg

    Correct Answer
    B. Antietam
    Explanation
    After the Union victory at Antietam, Lincoln decided to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. This battle, fought in September 1862, was significant because it halted Confederate General Robert E. Lee's advance into the North. The Union victory at Antietam gave Lincoln the confidence and momentum to take a bold step towards ending slavery by proclaiming that all slaves in Confederate territory would be freed.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following was not a victory for General Grant?

    • A.

      Shiloh

    • B.

      Vicksburg

    • C.

      Chattanooga

    • D.

      Chickamauga

    Correct Answer
    D. Chickamauga
    Explanation
    Chickamauga was not a victory for General Grant. Although General Grant played a significant role in many important victories during the American Civil War, including Shiloh, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga, Chickamauga was not one of them. The Battle of Chickamauga, fought in September 1863, was a Confederate victory led by General Braxton Bragg. Grant was not involved in this battle, as he was primarily focused on operations in the Western Theater, particularly in the Mississippi River region.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following would have been an example of the policy of "salutary neglect?"

    • A.

      England passed s law limiting the manufacture of iron but then did not enforce it.

    • B.

      England sent out a new man to be governor of North Carolina.

    • C.

      England passed a law taxing the import of sugar into the colonies.

    • D.

      England passed a law requiring the shipping of all colonial exports on British ships.

    Correct Answer
    A. England passed s law limiting the manufacture of iron but then did not enforce it.
    Explanation
    Salutary neglect refers to a policy where a governing power, in this case England, intentionally avoids strict enforcement of certain laws or regulations in order to maintain control over its colonies. The example of England passing a law limiting the manufacture of iron but not enforcing it aligns with the concept of salutary neglect as it demonstrates a lack of enforcement and interference in colonial affairs. This policy allowed the colonies to develop their own economies and institutions, leading to a sense of autonomy and eventual desire for independence.

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  • Current Version
  • Jun 17, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 11, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Mhon1029
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