Psychology, Sociology And Anthropology

15 Questions

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Psychology, Sociology And Anthropology

Concepts in psychology, sociology and anthropology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    State and explain two experiments included in text
  • 2. 
    Fictive kin is:
    • A. 

      The practice of acknowledging friends who are not biologically related as kin

    • B. 

      The practice of considering kin only people who are biologically related

    • C. 

      The practice of considering people kin by the societal standards

    • D. 

      The practice of acknowledging important people kin if not biologically related

  • 3. 
    According to functionalists,
    • A. 

      All societies are set up to deal with the universal problems that societies face

    • B. 

      All of these problems are connected by either trying to deal with physical or psychological needs

    • C. 

      All societies problems can be dealt with by binary needs

    • D. 

      A and b

  • 4. 
    The main questions that structuralism asks are:
    • A. 

      What are the main principles that govern the way the mind works

    • B. 

      How does this institution contribute to the overall stability of society

    • C. 

      How do economic factors influence the way society works

    • D. 

      What are the laws of development that apply to all cultures

  • 5. 
    Determinism, which says that the types of technology and types of economy that are developed always determine the type of society that develops, is a theory that is associated with:
    • A. 

      Functionalism

    • B. 

      Structuralism

    • C. 

      Cultural materialism

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    The type of questions that cultural materialism
    • A. 

      What purpose does this institution serve?

    • B. 

      How do population and economic factors influence the type of society that develops

    • C. 

      Do all cultures develop complex rules that are based on binary opposites

    • D. 

      Is it only the material of culture that is important

  • 7. 
    In psychology, confederates are known as
    • A. 

      Individuals who are unaware of the experiment

    • B. 

      Individuals who are members of the experimental team

    • C. 

      Individuals who simply watch the experiment

    • D. 

      Individuals who create and design the experiment

  • 8. 
    In the experiment where people play Frisbee in Grand Central Station, the most important variable was:
    • A. 

      How onlookers perceived the event

    • B. 

      If the confederate reacted positively or negatively

    • C. 

      How the experiment was designed

    • D. 

      The fact that the experiment was held in Grand Central Station

  • 9. 
    Behaviourism states that:
    • A. 

      The unconscious mind can be unlocked through analysis and hypnosis

    • B. 

      States that children respond better to flexible parenting, rather than strict parenting

    • C. 

      By controlling the way that humans learn behaviour, society can have a great impact on their ultimate personalities

    • D. 

      The anima and the animus are essential to true psychological development

  • 10. 
    Psychoanalytic therapy includes:
    • A. 

      Ego, id, animus

    • B. 

      Superego, ego, oedipus complex

    • C. 

      Id, ego, superego

    • D. 

      Animus, superego, id

  • 11. 
    Which psychological theorist would be assoicated with the following statement:  "Animal experiments are a good predictor of human behaviour"
    • A. 

      Carl Jung

    • B. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • C. 

      Freud

    • D. 

      Ivan Pavlov

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Humans are born with little instinct by much learning potential

    • B. 

      Humans are born with much instinct but little learning potential

    • C. 

      Humans are born with instinctual behaviour that must be controlled

    • D. 

      Humans are born as a clean state and it is circumstances that create the individual

  • 13. 
    The following schools of thought, Neo-Marxism, Feminism, Structural-Functionalism are associated with which way of examining society:
    • A. 

      Psychology

    • B. 

      Sociology

    • C. 

      Anthropology

    • D. 

      Learning theory

  • 14. 
    Archetype can be defined as an
    • A. 

      Organizing principle around which the collective unconscious is organized

    • B. 

      A way of communicating in literature

    • C. 

      A type of archology

    • D. 

      Only found in the collective unconscious

  • 15. 
    Sex is the most important element to which theorist:
    • A. 

      Alfred Adler

    • B. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • C. 

      Carl Jung

    • D. 

      Bono