Ultimate Social Science Quiz

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Ultimate Social Science Quiz - Quiz

Social Science is the study of societal relationships and functioning. Play this informative Social Science quiz and see how well you know the subject. Social study is a vast subject that encompasses polity, civics, geography, economics, sociology, and another related subject. This quiz contains various questions that will not only test your conceptual understanding but will also provide you with valuable learnings. If you like the quiz, share it with your friends.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not considered a social science?

    • A.

      Sociology

    • B.

      Geography

    • C.

      Philosophy

    • D.

      Economics

    Correct Answer
    C. Philosophy
    Explanation
    Philosophy is not considered a social science because it is a discipline that focuses on the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. It deals with abstract concepts and seeks to understand the nature of knowledge, ethics, and existence rather than studying human behavior or society. In contrast, sociology, geography, and economics are all social sciences that study different aspects of human society, behavior, and the relationships between individuals and their environment.

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  • 2. 

    Social science and natural science are both scientific but differ in focus because

    • A.

      Natural science deals with spiritual values.

    • B.

      Social science deals with all aspects of the group life of humans.

    • C.

      Social science deals mostly with matter and energy.

    • D.

      Natural science does not deal with living things.

    Correct Answer
    B. Social science deals with all aspects of the group life of humans.
    Explanation
    Social science and natural science are both scientific disciplines, but they differ in focus. While natural science primarily studies matter and energy, social science is concerned with all aspects of the group life of humans. This includes examining social structures, relationships, behaviors, and institutions within societies. Social science aims to understand the complexities of human interactions, social dynamics, and the impact of social factors on individuals and groups. In contrast, natural science focuses on studying the physical and natural world, including non-living matter and energy, and does not specifically address the social dimensions of human life.

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  • 3. 

    One difference between natural and social science is that social science tends to

    • A.

      Be more empirical

    • B.

      Utilize the scientific method more frequently.

    • C.

      Use controlled experiments less often.

    • D.

      Be more mathematical

    Correct Answer
    C. Use controlled experiments less often.
    Explanation
    Social science tends to use controlled experiments less often compared to natural science. This is because social science often deals with complex and dynamic human behavior, which is difficult to control and manipulate in a laboratory setting. Instead, social scientists often rely on observational studies, surveys, interviews, and other non-experimental methods to gather data and analyze social phenomena.

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  • 4. 

    ________________ is a social science, while _________________ is a natural science.

    • A.

      Geology | geography

    • B.

      Astrology | astronomy

    • C.

      Geography | geology

    • D.

      Agronomy | horticulture

    Correct Answer
    C. Geography | geology
    Explanation
    Geography is a social science that studies the Earth's physical features, climate, and human populations, while geology is a natural science that focuses on the Earth's solid materials, such as rocks, minerals, and the processes that shape the Earth's structure.

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  • 5. 

    Anthropology most often studies the relationship between

    • A.

      The natural environment and trading system

    • B.

      Biological traits and socially acquired characteristics of humans

    • C.

      Physics and biology

    • D.

      Marketing strategies and geography

    Correct Answer
    B. Biological traits and socially acquired characteristics of humans
    Explanation
    Anthropology is the study of humans and their societies in the past and present. It focuses on understanding the biological traits and socially acquired characteristics of humans, such as their physical attributes, behavior, culture, and social relationships. By studying these aspects, anthropology aims to gain insights into human evolution, diversity, and the ways in which societies function and change over time. Therefore, the relationship between biological traits and socially acquired characteristics of humans is a central focus of anthropological research.

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  • 6. 

    Which social science is most concerned with the distribution of resources in society?

    • A.

      Psychology

    • B.

      Economics

    • C.

      Linguistics

    • D.

      Anthropology

    Correct Answer
    B. Economics
    Explanation
    Economics is the social science that is most concerned with the distribution of resources in society. It studies how resources are allocated, produced, and consumed in order to satisfy human needs and wants. By analyzing factors such as supply and demand, prices, and market behavior, economics aims to understand how resources are distributed among individuals, businesses, and governments. This field also examines issues related to income inequality, poverty, and wealth distribution, making it the most relevant social science when it comes to resource distribution in society.

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  • 7. 

    In the statement, "the less time you spend online, the higher your test scores are."

    • A.

      The amount of time spent online is the dependent variable.

    • B.

      There is a positive relationship between time online and test scores.

    • C.

      There is a negative relationship between time spent online and test scores.

    • D.

      Test scores are the independent variable.

    Correct Answer
    C. There is a negative relationship between time spent online and test scores.
    Explanation
    The given statement states that "the less time you spend online, the higher your test scores are." This suggests that as the amount of time spent online decreases, the test scores increase. Therefore, there is a negative relationship between time spent online and test scores.

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  • 8. 

    How do social scientists measure concepts like happiness, frustration, or satisfaction?

    • A.

      By inverting their meaning

    • B.

      By sampling them across a non-representative population

    • C.

      By reflexively determining their relative importance

    • D.

      By operationalizing the concepts

    Correct Answer
    D. By operationalizing the concepts
    Explanation
    Social scientists measure concepts like happiness, frustration, or satisfaction by operationalizing the concepts. This means that they define these abstract concepts in measurable terms and develop specific indicators or variables to assess them. By breaking down these concepts into observable and measurable components, social scientists can gather data through surveys, interviews, or other research methods to quantify and analyze these subjective experiences. Operationalizing the concepts allows for more objective and systematic measurement, enabling researchers to study and compare these phenomena across different populations and contexts.

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  • 9. 

    Social research that involves "Hanging out" with people in order to study them is called

    • A.

      The comparative method

    • B.

      Ethnographic research

    • C.

      The historical method

    • D.

      The cross-cultural method

    Correct Answer
    B. Ethnographic research
    Explanation
    Ethnographic research involves researchers immersing themselves in a particular social group or culture to gain a deep understanding of their behavior, beliefs, and practices. By "hanging out" with people, researchers can observe and interact with them in their natural environment, allowing for a more authentic and comprehensive study. This method is particularly useful for studying cultural differences and social phenomena within specific communities or societies. The other options, such as the comparative method, historical method, and cross-cultural method, may involve different research approaches but do not specifically involve "hanging out" with people as ethnographic research does.

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  • 10. 

    The study of why different cultures grow different sorts of crops is a question of

    • A.

      Geology

    • B.

      Demography

    • C.

      Geography

    • D.

      Cartography

    Correct Answer
    C. Geography
    Explanation
    The study of why different cultures grow different sorts of crops is a question of geography. Geography encompasses the study of various factors such as climate, soil conditions, topography, and natural resources, which all play a significant role in determining the types of crops that can be successfully grown in a particular region. By analyzing these geographical factors, researchers can understand why certain crops thrive in specific areas and why others may not be suitable. Therefore, geography provides the necessary framework to investigate the relationship between cultures and their agricultural practices.

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  • 11. 

    A stratified random sample is

    • A.

      Unbiased and not proportional

    • B.

      Biased and proportional

    • C.

      Non-proportional and biased

    • D.

      Unbiased and proportional

    Correct Answer
    D. Unbiased and proportional
    Explanation
    A stratified random sample is a sampling technique where the population is divided into distinct subgroups or strata, and then a random sample is taken from each stratum. This method ensures that the sample represents the diversity of the population and is therefore unbiased. Additionally, the sample size taken from each stratum is proportional to the size of that particular stratum, ensuring that larger strata have a greater representation in the sample. Hence, the answer "unbiased and proportional" accurately describes the characteristics of a stratified random sample.

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  • 12. 

    The human species most probably originated five to seven million years ago in

    • A.

      Europe

    • B.

      Africa

    • C.

      Asia

    • D.

      South America

    Correct Answer
    B. Africa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Africa because scientific evidence, such as fossil records and genetic studies, strongly support the theory that humans evolved in Africa. Fossils of early human ancestors, such as Australopithecus and Homo habilis, have been found in Africa. Additionally, genetic studies comparing different human populations around the world have consistently shown that the highest genetic diversity is found in African populations, indicating that humans originated there and then migrated to other parts of the world.

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  • 13. 

    The process of random genetic changes that create new characteristics is called

    • A.

      Natural selection

    • B.

      Mutation

    • C.

      Competition

    • D.

      Migration

    Correct Answer
    B. Mutation
    Explanation
    Mutation is the correct answer because it refers to the process of random genetic changes that create new characteristics. Natural selection is the process by which certain traits become more or less common in a population over time, based on their ability to survive and reproduce. Competition refers to the interaction between individuals or species for limited resources. Migration is the movement of individuals from one population or region to another.

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  • 14. 

    Genetic engineering, including cloning technology, presents society with

    • A.

      Easy solutions for medical problems without ethical questions

    • B.

      No choices, only a solution

    • C.

      Clear benefits with no moral complications

    • D.

      Extraordinarily difficult moral and political questions

    Correct Answer
    D. Extraordinarily difficult moral and political questions
    Explanation
    The answer suggests that genetic engineering, including cloning technology, presents society with extraordinarily difficult moral and political questions. This implies that while these technologies may offer clear benefits in terms of solving medical problems, they also raise complex ethical concerns that need to be addressed. The use of genetic engineering and cloning technology can have far-reaching implications, such as issues related to human rights, the definition of life, and the potential for misuse or abuse of these technologies. Therefore, the answer emphasizes that the ethical and political considerations surrounding genetic engineering are not easily resolved.

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  • 15. 

    The scientific name for the human is

    • A.

      Homo ludens

    • B.

      Homo genous

    • C.

      Homo pithicus

    • D.

      Homo sapiens

    Correct Answer
    D. Homo sapiens
    Explanation
    The scientific name for the human is homo sapiens. This is because "homo" refers to the genus to which humans belong, and "sapiens" means wise or intelligent. It is the species name given to modern humans, distinguishing us from other species in the homo genus. This name reflects the unique cognitive abilities and intelligence that humans possess.

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  • 16. 

    Genetic explanations for human behaviors are the topic of study for the discipline of

    • A.

      Geobiology

    • B.

      Political biology

    • C.

      Sociobiology

    • D.

      Economic anthropology

    Correct Answer
    C. Sociobiology
    Explanation
    Sociobiology is the study of the genetic basis of social behavior in animals, including humans. It explores how genetic factors influence human behaviors such as aggression, cooperation, and mate selection. By examining the evolutionary origins of these behaviors, sociobiology seeks to understand the adaptive advantages they provide. This field of study helps shed light on the genetic explanations for human behaviors and how they have evolved over time.

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  • 17. 

    The Moors were armies of what group

    • A.

      Rome

    • B.

      England

    • C.

      Moravia

    • D.

      North African Muslims

    Correct Answer
    D. North African Muslims
    Explanation
    The Moors were armies of North African Muslims. The term "Moors" was used to refer to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, which includes present-day Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and parts of Libya. These armies played a significant role in the history of Spain, as they invaded and occupied the Iberian Peninsula for several centuries. The Moors also made important contributions to the fields of science, art, and architecture during their rule in Spain.

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  • 18. 

    What percent (+/-) of the population of western Europe died as a result of the Black Death?

    • A.

      5 percent

    • B.

      100 percent

    • C.

      40 percent

    • D.

      90 percent

    Correct Answer
    C. 40 percent
    Explanation
    During the Black Death, a devastating pandemic in the 14th century, approximately 40 percent of the population of western Europe died. This deadly disease, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, spread rapidly and had a high mortality rate. The Black Death had a profound impact on society, causing significant social, economic, and cultural changes in Europe.

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  • 19. 

    The historical era dating from the 1400s AD to the 1600s AD is called

    • A.

      The Stone Age

    • B.

      The Renaissance

    • C.

      The Victorian Era

    • D.

      The Iron Era

    Correct Answer
    B. The Renaissance
    Explanation
    The historical era dating from the 1400s to the 1600s is called the Renaissance. This period was known for its significant cultural and intellectual advancements, particularly in art, literature, and science. It marked a transition from the medieval period to the modern era, with a renewed interest in humanism, classical learning, and the exploration of new ideas. The Renaissance was characterized by a revival of interest in ancient Greek and Roman culture, as well as a shift towards individualism and the pursuit of knowledge.

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  • 20. 

    The most powerful institution in the Middle Ages in Europe was? 

    • A.

      The banks

    • B.

      The catholic church

    • C.

      The peasants

    • D.

      The explorers

    Correct Answer
    B. The catholic church
    Explanation
    During the Middle Ages in Europe, the Catholic Church held significant power and influence. It was not only a religious institution but also a political and social force. The Church controlled vast amounts of land, wealth, and resources. It had authority over the lives of individuals, including the power to excommunicate and influence monarchs. The Church also played a crucial role in education, culture, and the dissemination of knowledge. Its influence extended to all aspects of medieval society, making it the most powerful institution during that time.

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  • 21. 

    Name the three important revolutions of the mid-late 18th century?

    Correct Answer
    Industrial
    American
    French
    Explanation
    The three important revolutions of the mid-late 18th century were the Industrial Revolution, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution. The Industrial Revolution marked a shift from agrarian societies to industrialized ones, leading to advancements in manufacturing and technology. The American Revolution was a political upheaval in which the thirteen American colonies sought independence from British rule, resulting in the formation of the United States. The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political change in France, with the monarchy being overthrown and the rise of the French Republic. These revolutions had significant impacts on society, politics, and the global balance of power.

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  • 22. 

    What is the scientific term for passing random beneficial genetic mutations to offspring?

    Correct Answer
    Natural Selection
    Explanation
    Natural selection is the scientific term for the process by which random beneficial genetic mutations are passed on to offspring. It is a fundamental mechanism of evolution, where individuals with advantageous traits are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing on their beneficial genetic variations to future generations. This process leads to the gradual accumulation of advantageous traits in a population over time, ultimately resulting in the adaptation and survival of species in changing environments.

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  • 23. 

    What is the name of the island where Darwin developed his theory of evolution?

    Correct Answer
    Galapagos Island
    Explanation
    Darwin developed his theory of evolution on the Galapagos Island. This island is famous for its unique biodiversity and played a crucial role in shaping Darwin's understanding of natural selection and adaptation. The isolated location of the Galapagos allowed for the observation of distinct species and variations, which ultimately led Darwin to formulate his groundbreaking theory.

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  • 24. 

    The kind of social system in which there are lords and serfs called.

    Correct Answer
    Feudalism system
    Explanation
    Feudalism is the correct answer because it refers to a social system in which there are lords and serfs. In this system, the lords were the landowners who granted land to the serfs in exchange for their labor and services. The serfs, on the other hand, were bound to the land and required to work for the lords. This hierarchical structure characterized medieval Europe and was based on the exchange of land and protection for labor and loyalty.

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  • 25. 

    What was the primary language of the Roman Empire?

    Correct Answer
    Latin
    Explanation
    Latin was the primary language of the Roman Empire because it was the language spoken by the Romans themselves. It was used for official documents, legal proceedings, and everyday communication among the citizens. Latin also played a crucial role in the spread of Roman culture and governance throughout the empire. It served as a unifying factor among the diverse regions and facilitated trade, administration, and education. Latin continued to be influential even after the fall of the Roman Empire, as it evolved into the Romance languages spoken in modern-day Europe.

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  • Feb 06, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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    Quiz Created by
    Mirian2012
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