Psychology Exam 3 (Cognition)

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 388

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Cognition Slides for Exam 3


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is fundamental to our ability to think?
    • A. 

      Category

    • B. 

      Concept

    • C. 

      Judging

    • D. 

      Valuing

  • 2. 
    1. If you have damage to the front part of the left temporal lobe you will have trouble identifying_______________. 3. If you have damage where the temporal lobe and occipital lobe meet you will have trouble with _________________.2. If you have damage to the lower left temporal lobe you will have trouble identifying __________________. 
  • 3. 
    Features that appear to be characteristic of category members but may not be possessed by every member is what theory?
    • A. 

      Family alike theory

    • B. 

      Family difference theory

    • C. 

      Family resemblance theory

    • D. 

      Theory of twins

  • 4. 
    One thing in the group that contains all the characteristics or critical features. 
    • A. 

      Resemblance theory

    • B. 

      Prototype theory

    • C. 

      Generic theory

  • 5. 
    What is the term given to "grouping things together based on shared characteristics"?
    • A. 

      Grouping

    • B. 

      Separating

    • C. 

      Categoriztion

    • D. 

      Sucluding

  • 6. 
    Why is categorization an efficient way of thinking?
  • 7. 
    When objects are compared to all category members it is what theory?
    • A. 

      Resemblance theory

    • B. 

      Exemplar theory

    • C. 

      Prototype theory

  • 8. 
    What theory is represented by (likelihood of something happening) X (value of that outcome)?
    • A. 

      Irrational choice theory

    • B. 

      Rational choice theory

    • C. 

      Gamblers theory

    • D. 

      Chance theory

  • 9. 
    A fast and efficient strategy that may facilitate decision making but does not guarantee that a solution will be reached is what?
    • A. 

      Heuristics

    • B. 

      Alogorithms

    • C. 

      Rational choice theory

  • 10. 
    Shortcut that involves making a probability judgment by comparing object or event to a prototype of the object or event. 
    • A. 

      Hueristics

    • B. 

      Conjunction fallacy

    • C. 

      Availability bias

    • D. 

      Representativeness heuristic

  • 11. 
    Decreasing the probability of all things being true of a person
    • A. 

      Conjunction fallacy

    • B. 

      Availability bias

    • C. 

      Representativeness heuristic

    • D. 

      Heuristic

  • 12. 
    Items that are more readily available in memory are judged as having occurred more frequently 
    • A. 

      Conjunction fallacy

    • B. 

      Availability bias

    • C. 

      Heurisitics

    • D. 

      Representativeness heuristic

  • 13. 
    The frequency or likelihood of an event occurring is what term below 
    • A. 

      Heuristics

    • B. 

      Availability bias

    • C. 

      Conjunction fallacy

    • D. 

      Base rate

  • 14. 
    What is the term for people giving different answers to the problem depending on how the problem is phrased?
    • A. 

      Sunk-cost fallacy

    • B. 

      Heuristics

    • C. 

      Availability bias

    • D. 

      Framing effects

  • 15. 
    You have invested 100 dollars on an outdoor concert ticket. On the day of the concert it pours rain and you are now faced with decision to go to the concert and get all muddy or stay home. Either way, your 100 dollars is wasted. This is an example of what?
    • A. 

      Framing effects

    • B. 

      Availability bias

    • C. 

      Sunk-cost fallacy

  • 16. 
    A process of searching for the means or steps to reduce differences between the current situation and the desired goal is what?
    • A. 

      Heuristics

    • B. 

      Functional fixedness

    • C. 

      Analogical problem solving

    • D. 

      Means-end analysis

  • 17. 
    Solving a problem by finding a similar problem with a known solution and using that solution to solve the current problem is and example of what?
    • A. 

      Functional fixedness

    • B. 

      Means-end analysis

    • C. 

      Analogical problem solving

  • 18. 
    If you tacks, a candle, and a match box, how can you use these three things to mount the candle on the wall? - This is what type of problem solving? (hint: you're not using the objects as their normal function)  
    • A. 

      Analogical problem solving

    • B. 

      Creativity and insight

    • C. 

      Functional fixedness

  • 19. 
    People's judgements about whether to accept conclusions depend more on how believable the conclusions are than whether the arguments are logically valid ?
    • A. 

      Syllogistic reasoning

    • B. 

      Practical reasoning

    • C. 

      Theoretical reasoning

    • D. 

      Belief bias

  • 20. 
    Determining whether a conclusion follows from two statements that are assumed to be true. 
    • A. 

      Theoretical reasoning

    • B. 

      Syllogistic reasoning

    • C. 

      Belief bias

    • D. 

      Practical reasoning

  • 21. 
    Logical reasoning that was NOT influenced by prior beliefs makes what part of the brain active? This is an example of what? 
    • A. 

      Parietal lobe, belief neutral

    • B. 

      Parietal lobe, belief laden

    • C. 

      Left temporal, belief lade

    • D. 

      Left temporal, belief neutral

  • 22. 
    The left temporal area activated during reasoning influenced by prior beliefs is what?
    • A. 

      Belief neutral

    • B. 

      Belief laden

    • C. 

      Belief system