The client spends more time by himself.
The client doesn't engage in delusional thinking.
The client doesn't harm himself or others.
The client demonstrates the ability to meet his own self-care needs.
Helping the client to participate in social interactions
Establishing a one-on-one relationship with the client
Establishing alternative forms of communication
Allowing the client to decide when he wants to participate in verbal communication with the nurse
Dismantling the showerhead and showing the client that there is nothing in it
Explaining that other clients are complaining about the client's body odor
Asking a security officer to assist in giving the client a shower
Accepting these fears and allowing the client to take a sponge bath
"I get upset once in a while, too."
"I know just how you feel. I'd feel the same way in your situation."
"I worry, too, when I think people are talking about me."
"At times, it's normal not to trust anyone."
Take the medication 1 hour before a meal.
Decrease the dosage if signs of illness decrease.
Apply a sunscreen before being exposed to the sun.
Increase the dosage up to 50 mg twice per day if signs of illness don't decrease.
"Your behavior won't be tolerated. Go to your room immediately."
"You're just doing this to get back at me for making you come to therapy."
"Your cursing is interrupting the activity. Take time out in your room for 10 minutes."
"I'm disappointed in you. You can't control yourself even for a few minutes."
The absence of anticholinergic effects
A lower incidence of extrapyramidal effects
Photosensitivity and sedation
No incidence of neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Genetics due to a faulty dopamine receptor.
Environmental factors and poor parenting.
Structural and neurobiological factors.
A combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors.
Say, "You know it's your medicine."
Allow him to open the individual wrappers of the medication.
Say, "Don't worry about what is in the pills. It's what is ordered."
Ignore the comment because it's probably a joke.
"That must be frightening to you. Can you tell me how you feel about it?"
"There are no people living on Mars."
"What do you mean when you say they're going to invade the earth?"
"I know you believe the earth is going to be invaded, but I don't believe that."