Psych 111 Practice Test 2

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Psych Quizzes & Trivia

Practice Test #2 for Psych. Chapters 3 & 4.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Structures in the cell bodies that are made up of genes are called:
    • A. 

      Genotypes

    • B. 

      Chromosomes

    • C. 

      Phenotypes

    • D. 

      DNA

  • 2. 
    Complete the Sequence: Human Body -> Cell -> _________ -> __________ -> ___________
    • A. 

      Genes, DNA, Chromosomes

    • B. 

      DNA, Chromosomes, Genes

    • C. 

      Chromosomes, DNA, Genes

    • D. 

      Genes, Chromosomes, DNA

  • 3. 
    How many pairs of chromosomes are in a normal human?
    • A. 

      23

    • B. 

      24

    • C. 

      12

    • D. 

      13

    • E. 

      None of the Above

  • 4. 
    Genes are segments are DNA that are involved in what?
    • A. 

      Determining whether someone is a twin or not

    • B. 

      Estimating heritability

    • C. 

      Genes do nothing

    • D. 

      Producing chemicals that make up the structure of cells and direct their activities

  • 5. 
    According to the Human Genome Project, how many genes do humans approximately have?
    • A. 

      13000

    • B. 

      18000

    • C. 

      30000

    • D. 

      36000

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not an example of an Allele?
    • A. 

      Dominant Gene

    • B. 

      Recessive Gene

    • C. 

      Genotype

    • D. 

      Red Hair Gene

  • 7. 
    The Phenotype is:
    • A. 

      The combination of two alleles that makes up an organism

    • B. 

      A chemical that gives a specific social response in members of the same species

    • C. 

      Observable physical characteristics resulting from genes and the environment

    • D. 

      A gene that is expressed in the offspring whenever it is present.

  • 8. 
    Bob has the alleles for Blue Hair (Dominant) and Pink Hair (Recessive). Which of the following are true about Bob (check all that apply).
    • A. 

      Bob's Hair Color is Pink

    • B. 

      Bob's Hair Color is Blue

    • C. 

      Bob's Phenotype is Blue

    • D. 

      Bob's Phenotype is Pink

    • E. 

      Bob's Genotype is homozygous

    • F. 

      Bob's Genotype is heterozygous

    • G. 

      Bob probably looks pretty weird

  • 9. 
    The male has two X chromosomes and the Female has an X and Y chromosome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements is genetically correct? (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Asians are superior at Math

    • B. 

      White men can't jump

    • C. 

      Women's brains are dumber than men's brains.

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    Who used Pea Plants to learn about Genotypes and Phenotypes?
    • A. 

      Mendel

    • B. 

      Mendelev

    • C. 

      Luscher

    • D. 

      Karlson

  • 12. 
    Characteristics and disorders involving a number of genes are known as "polygenic"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The Egg and Sperm are each individually known as what?
    • A. 

      Reproductive organs

    • B. 

      Zygotes

    • C. 

      Genome

    • D. 

      Gametes

  • 14. 
    The genetic potential of variation from any two human parents is roughly:
    • A. 

      23

    • B. 

      46

    • C. 

      512

    • D. 

      8,000,000

  • 15. 
    Behavioral Genetics methods of study generally focuses on twins and adopted peoples.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    What does Heritability tell us about?
    • A. 

      The specific genes contributing to a trait

    • B. 

      An estimate of a population's shared characteristics

    • C. 

      The percentage of genes causing a trait in an individual

    • D. 

      The underlying mechanism of a trait

  • 17. 
    A heritability of 1.0 tells us that:
    • A. 

      Genes do not contribute to phenotypical individual differences

    • B. 

      Genes contribute to individual differences as equally as environment does

    • C. 

      Genes are the sole reason for individual differences

  • 18. 
    Cystic Fibrosis has a disease concordance of 100%. In a pair of monozygotic twins, if one twin has cystic fibrosis, the other will have it too.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Genes completely dictate who we are
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    How many genes distinguish one race from another?
    • A. 

      -1

    • B. 

      0

    • C. 

      6

    • D. 

      3.14159...

  • 21. 
    Neurons are specialized for which function?
    • A. 

      Thinking

    • B. 

      Storing Information

    • C. 

      Communication

    • D. 

      Playing ice hockey

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is not a function of a neuron?
    • A. 

      Taking in information from neighboring neurons

    • B. 

      Integrating signals

    • C. 

      Passing signals along

    • D. 

      Enzyme deactivation

  • 23. 
    The All-Or-None principle says that the nodes of Ranvier will either fire or they won't.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Match the following description with its part of the neuron:Short, branchlike appendages that increase the neuron's receptive field and detect chemical signals from neighboring neurons.
    • A. 

      Dendrites

    • B. 

      Cell Body

    • C. 

      Axon

    • D. 

      Terminal buttons

    • E. 

      Synaptic cleft

    • F. 

      Myelin sheath

    • G. 

      Nodes of Ranvier

  • 25. 
    Match the following description with its part of the neuron:A long, narrow outgrowth that electrical impulses are transmitted along.
    • A. 

      Cell body

    • B. 

      Axon

    • C. 

      Terminal buttons

    • D. 

      Synaptic cleft

    • E. 

      Myelin sheath

  • 26. 
    Match the following description with its part of the neuron:Exposed segments along the axons that contain the ion channels. Allowing negatively and positively charged ions to pass in and out of the cell
    • A. 

      Cell body

    • B. 

      Terminal buttons

    • C. 

      Synaptic cleft

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath

    • E. 

      Nodes of Ranvier

  • 27. 
    Match the following description with its part of the neuron:A layer of fatty insulator that encases the axon. Made of glial cells.
    • A. 

      Cell Body

    • B. 

      Terminal buttons

    • C. 

      Synaptic cleft

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath

  • 28. 
    Match the following description with its part of the neuron:Small nodules at the axon's ends that receive the electrical impulses and release chemical signals.
    • A. 

      Cell Body

    • B. 

      Terminal Buttons

    • C. 

      Synapse

  • 29. 
    Same crap as the last five questions:Gaps between the axon of the sending neuron and dendrites of the receiving neuron.
    • A. 

      Cell body

    • B. 

      Synaptic cleft

    • C. 

      It's not this option

  • 30. 
    The resting membrane potential is the electrical charge of the neuron when active.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    Potassium and Sodium ions are the only ions involved in Neutral activity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Action Potential is also known as neural firing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    A neurotransmitter is...
    • A. 

      A structure inside each terminal that carries signals across the synaptic cleft

    • B. 

      Specialized protein molecules located on the presynaptic membrane

    • C. 

      Specialized protein molecules located on the postsynaptic membrane

    • D. 

      Chemical substances that carry signals across the synaptic cleft

  • 34. 
    Neurotransmitters and _________ create an excitatory or inhibitory signal for the postsynaptic neuron, thus encouraging or discouraging neural firing.
    • A. 

      Terminal buttons

    • B. 

      Receptors

    • C. 

      Agonists

    • D. 

      Antagonists

  • 35. 
    In psychology, Antagonists are:
    • A. 

      The villain of a narrative.

    • B. 

      Drugs and toxins that enhance neurotransmitters activities

    • C. 

      Neurotransmitters responsible for motor control at the junctions of muscles and nerves.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 36. 
    Some neurotransmitters will inhibit actions while some enhance actions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    This is a list of common neurotransmitters and their major functions. You might have to know this.Acetylcholine - Motor control over muscles. Learning, memory, sleeping and dreamingEpinephrine - EnergyNorepinephrine - Arousal and vigilanceSerotonin - Emotional states and impulsiveness. Dreaming.Dopamine - Reward and motivation. Motor control over voluntary movements.Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) - Inhibition of actino potentials. Anxiety and intoxication.Glutamate - Enhances action potentials. Learning and memory.Endorphins - Pain reduction. Reward.Substance P - Pain perception. Mood and anxiety.Are you going to learn this? (Question is not graded)
    • A. 

      Yes, If I get a B+ it will be the same thing as failing.

    • B. 

      No, I'm not gonna memorize all that crap for something that might not even be on the test.

    • C. 

      Maybe, I'm not sure if its all that important.

  • 38. 
    Parkinsons Disease is caused by depletion of what common neurotransmitter?
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine

    • B. 

      Epinephrine

    • C. 

      Dopamine

    • D. 

      Glutamate

  • 39. 
    Which of the following are types of neurons (check all that apply):
    • A. 

      Sensory (afferent)

    • B. 

      Motor (efferent)

    • C. 

      Inhibitors

    • D. 

      Enhancers

    • E. 

      Interneurons

  • 40. 
    Which of the following isn't a major event that terminates the transmitter's influence in the synaptic cleft?
    • A. 

      Neural Firing

    • B. 

      Reuptake

    • C. 

      Enzyme Deactivation

    • D. 

      Autoreception

  • 41. 
    The two parts of the nervous system are the Central and Secondary nervous systems.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is responsible for the function below:Sleep and arousal
    • A. 

      Amygdala

    • B. 

      Basal ganglia

    • C. 

      Brainstem

    • D. 

      Cerebellum

    • E. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • F. 

      Hippocampus

    • G. 

      Hypothalamus

    • H. 

      Reticular formation

    • I. 

      Thalamus

  • 43. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is responsible for the function below:Motor function (movement and balance).
    • A. 

      Amygdala

    • B. 

      Basal ganglia

    • C. 

      Brainstem

    • D. 

      Cerebellum

    • E. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • F. 

      Hippocampus

    • G. 

      Hypothalamus

    • H. 

      Thalamus

  • 44. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is responsible for the function below:Sensory gateway
    • A. 

      Amygdala

    • B. 

      Basal ganglia

    • C. 

      Brainstem

    • D. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • E. 

      Hippocampus

    • F. 

      Hypothalamus

    • G. 

      Thalamus

  • 45. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is responsible for the function below:Movement (Planned), reward
    • A. 

      Amygdala

    • B. 

      Basal ganglia

    • C. 

      Brainstem

    • D. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • E. 

      Hippocampus

    • F. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 46. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is responsible for the function below:Emotion
    • A. 

      Amygdala

    • B. 

      Brainstem

    • C. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • D. 

      Hippocampus

    • E. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 47. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is responsible for the function below:Regulates body function
    • A. 

      Brainstem

    • B. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • C. 

      Hippocampus

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 48. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is responsible for the function below:Thought, Planning
    • A. 

      Brainstem

    • B. 

      Cerebral Cortex

    • C. 

      Hippocampus

  • 49. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is responsible for the function below:Memory
    • A. 

      Brainstem

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Occipital Lobe

  • 50. 
    Which of the following part of the cerebral cortex processes auditory information?
    • A. 

      Occipital Lobes

    • B. 

      Parietal Lobes

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobes

    • D. 

      Frontal Lobes

  • 51. 
    Which of the following part of the cerebral cortex processes visual information?
    • A. 

      Occipital Lobes

    • B. 

      Parietal Lobes

    • C. 

      Frontal Lobes

  • 52. 
    Most specifically, the part of the brain that controls working memory, decision making, appropriate social behavior and personality is called the:
    • A. 

      Parietal Lobes

    • B. 

      Frontal Lobes

    • C. 

      Prefrontal Cortex

  • 53. 
    The parietal lobe is important for the sense of touch and spatial layout of environments.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 54. 
    The frontal lobes are concerned with planning and movement.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 55. 
    The area at the front of the brain used to produce language is known as who's area?
    • A. 

      Freud's

    • B. 

      Broke's

    • C. 

      Broka's

    • D. 

      Broca's

  • 56. 
    The Peripheral Nervous System can be broken down into the Somatic and Autonomic Nervous System.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 57. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 58. 
    The endocrine system communicates through:
    • A. 

      Electrical signals

    • B. 

      Hormones

    • C. 

      Gonads

  • 59. 
    The endocrine system influences thoughts, behaviors and actions in conjunction with the nervous system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    Broca's Aphasia is a condition where you can't comprehend speech but can still talk yourself.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    Frontal Lobotomies, the severing of neurons in the frontal lobe of the brain, is performed in what specific area of the brain?
    • A. 

      Occipital Lobe

    • B. 

      Obitofrontal Cortex

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobes

    • D. 

      Basal Ganglia

  • 62. 
    The Occipital Lobe has two main parts, which one is not one of them.
    • A. 

      Primary Visual Cortex

    • B. 

      Secondary Visual Cortex

    • C. 

      Visual Association Area

  • 63. 
    Wernicke's Aphasia, where language comprehension is inhibited, is a result of damage to the Wernicke's Area. This area of the brain is located on the right temporal lobe.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    Plasticity is the malleability of the brain (how it changes). Which of the following causes the brain to change (check all that apply).
    • A. 

      Experience

    • B. 

      Maturation

    • C. 

      Environment

    • D. 

      Injury

    • E. 

      Chemical Signals

  • 65. 
    Cells have a fixed function from the moment they begin to get produced.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 66. 
    Brain plasticity is reduced throughout life until the brain can no longer rewire itself
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 67. 
    Synthesia is: (check all that apply)
    • A. 

      A lie

    • B. 

      Cross sensory experience

    • C. 

      Genetic

    • D. 

      Fairly common

  • 68. 
    Which of the following are differences (in general) between the female and male brain? (Check all that are true)
    • A. 

      They use different brain regions to solve the same problem

    • B. 

      Men are more vocally bilaterally located

    • C. 

      Men have bigger brains

    • D. 

      Females have a greater proportion of gray matter while males have more white matter

    • E. 

      Male brains are larger in the sports and beer areas

  • 69. 
    Consciousness is defined as:
    • A. 

      The mind of an individual

    • B. 

      The objective experience of the world and of mental activity.

    • C. 

      The left hemisphere of the brain that attempts to make sense of events.

    • D. 

      The subjective experience of the world and of mental activity.

  • 70. 
    Check all that are true about the consciousness:
    • A. 

      Can exist without external evidence

    • B. 

      Can exist without internal awareness

    • C. 

      Is separate from the brain

    • D. 

      Can't be altered by attention

    • E. 

      Can be altered by intention

    • F. 

      Can be altered with drugs

  • 71. 
    Split Brain does what
    • A. 

      Creates a separate personality for a person.

    • B. 

      Prevents the sufferer from recognizing faces.

    • C. 

      Prevents the left hemisphere from communicating with the right hemisphere of the brain.

    • D. 

      Causes areas of the brain to take over functions of the damaged parts.

  • 72. 
    The left hemisphere is dominant for language.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 73. 
    The Intepreter is:
    • A. 

      A right hemisphere process that attempts to make sense of events

    • B. 

      A left hemisphere process that attempts to make sense of events

    • C. 

      A left hemisphere process that translates one language to another

    • D. 

      A right hemisphere process that attempts to remove useless neuron connections in the brain

  • 74. 
    Information processed without conscious awareness is subliminal perception.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 75. 
    Blindsight is a condition where:
    • A. 

      People who are blind have no problems in terms of the brain but report being unable to see

    • B. 

      When a blank is fired from a pistol people report seeing a projectile fired when there is none

    • C. 

      Blind people can still sometimes react to stimuli in fields of vision they have lost

  • 76. 
    What does the Global Workspace Model say:
    • A. 

      Consciousness is a responsibility of one area of the brain

    • B. 

      All areas of the brain work together at once to create consciousness

    • C. 

      Consciousness is a result of the active areas of the brain

    • D. 

      The more we get together the happier we'll be

  • 77. 
    Sleep is a shutting down of the brain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 78. 
    What is the purpose of sleep?
    • A. 

      Repair brain connections and remove unused ones.

    • B. 

      Rest the sensory organs

    • C. 

      Rest the consciousness

    • D. 

      Unknown

  • 79. 
    There are four stages of sleep.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 80. 
    Stages 3 and 4 of sleep are characterized by what?
    • A. 

      Theta Waves

    • B. 

      Delta Waves

    • C. 

      Spindles

    • D. 

      K complexes

  • 81. 
    Stage 2 of sleep is characterized by what? (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Theta Waves

    • B. 

      Delta Waves

    • C. 

      Spindles

    • D. 

      K complexes

  • 82. 
    Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep occurs after approximately how long?
    • A. 

      30 minutes

    • B. 

      60 minutes

    • C. 

      90 minutes

    • D. 

      120 minutes

  • 83. 
    Which of the following are characteristics of REM sleep?
    • A. 

      Brainstem is often more active than when awake

    • B. 

      Dreams reportedly occur more often

    • C. 

      Less REM sleep occurs as the night continues

    • D. 

      Occipital lobe is more active than when awake

    • E. 

      Erection/Clitoral enlargement

    • F. 

      People stay in a state of deep sleep and do not wake during this time

  • 84. 
    Pseudoinsomnia is a disorder characterized by an inability to sleep.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 85. 
    Sleep apnea is a disorder where a person stops breathing when asleep.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 86. 
    A disorder where people fall asleep unexpectedly is known as:
    • A. 

      REM behaviorism disorder

    • B. 

      Somnambulism

    • C. 

      Narcolepsy

    • D. 

      Restless leg

  • 87. 
    Restorative theory suggests that sleep:
    • A. 

      Allows the brain to reach a state of heightened senses to detect danger

    • B. 

      Allows the brain and body to repair itself

    • C. 

      Strengthens Neural Connections of things learned that day

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 88. 
    Which of the following is not true of Circadian Rhythms?
    • A. 

      It's the regulation of biological cycles into regular patterns

    • B. 

      Maintained by secretions of melatonin from the pineal gland

    • C. 

      A theory is built off of Circadian Rhythms, saying that animals sleep to keep us quiet during dangerous times of the day

    • D. 

      They complete the cycle approximately weekly

    • E. 

      They complete the cycle approximately daily

  • 89. 
    According to the most popular scientific theory, dreams are an expression of the unconscious mind and shed deeper meaning into our daily lives.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 90. 
    REM-sleep dreams tend to be dull and uninteresting while non REM-sleep dreams are exciting, bizarre and often senseless.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 91. 
    The way a dream is remembered is known as:
    • A. 

      Manifest content

    • B. 

      Latent content

    • C. 

      Activation-synthesis

    • D. 

      Eating too much pizza after midnight

  • 92. 
    Which of these activities can alter our consciousness (check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Music

    • B. 

      Television

    • C. 

      Drugs

    • D. 

      Hypnosis

    • E. 

      Meditation

    • F. 

      None of the Above

  • 93. 
    Hypnosis involves a social interaction during which a person, responding to suggestions, experiences changes in memory, perception and/or voluntary action.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 94. 
    Which if the following is not a theory of hypnotism?
    • A. 

      People respond to hypnotism as they'd expect hypnotized people to behave.

    • B. 

      The hypnotic state is an altered, trance like state where conscious awareness is dissociated from other aspects of consciousness

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 95. 
    Hypnosis can sometimes reduce pain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 96. 
    Concentrative meditation is where you let your thoughts flow into your mind but do not react to them.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 97. 
    Consciousness, in terms of perception, is constant throughout the day.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 98. 
    Mihaly Csikskablahrehrgheasdudygispdffsdflhkdsjfhlsdkjfhdslkjfhsdlkjfh guy's Flow thing from Professor Walsh's powerpoint says what of the meditative process. (choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      One is completely involved in the task.

    • B. 

      One feels ecstatic, "outside of reality".

    • C. 

      One achieves great inner clarity

    • D. 

      One sees a job as doable as their skills are adequate

    • E. 

      One feels Serenity

    • F. 

      One gains the ability to float in midair

    • G. 

      One doesn't feel the passing of time

    • H. 

      Any activity that produces this flow is its own reward

  • 99. 
    Marijuana is the most widely used illegal drug.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 100. 
    Which of the following is a Hallucinogen?
    • A. 

      LSD

    • B. 

      Psilyocybin

    • C. 

      Mescaline

    • D. 

      DMT

    • E. 

      All of the Above

  • 101. 
    Stimulants, such as cocaine, amphetamines and ritalin, activate the somatic nervous system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 102. 
    Please go read the section on drugs yourself in the last powerpoint, okay?
    • A. 

      Fine

    • B. 

      Wow Mike, you're really lazy.

    • C. 

      Good, I don't really want to do more questions anyway.

  • 103. 
    Men are twice as likely to report all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Binge drinking

    • B. 

      Recent intoxication

    • C. 

      Drinking beer

    • D. 

      Chronic drinking

  • 104. 
    Alcohol is effective in treating depression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 105. 
    Addiction: The state of mind where failing to ingest a substance leads to withdrawal (state characterized by anxiety, tension and craving).Physical Dependence: A person needs to achieve more of a substance to achieve the same subjective effect.Which of the following neurotransmitters is central to addiction and rewarding properties drugs?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Dopamine

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine

    • D. 

      Substance P