# Ps Unit 7 Test

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By Christopher Mack
C
Christopher Mack
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 101 | Total Attempts: 42,313
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 119

Settings

• 1.

### ____ are used for medical imaging.

• A.

Gamma rays

• B.

Infrared waves

• C.

X-rays

• D.

C. X-rays
Explanation
X-rays are used for medical imaging because they have the ability to penetrate through the human body. They are a form of electromagnetic radiation with high energy and short wavelengths. X-rays can pass through soft tissues, but are absorbed by denser materials such as bones, creating an image that can help diagnose various medical conditions. This makes x-rays a valuable tool in medical imaging, allowing doctors to visualize internal structures and identify abnormalities or injuries.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### An ocean wave has a frequency of 2.5 Hz with a wavelength of 10 m.  What is the velocity of the wave?

• A.

25 m/s

• B.

.25 m/s

• C.

4 m/s

• D.

.25 m

A. 25 m/s
Explanation
The velocity of a wave is calculated by multiplying its frequency by its wavelength. In this case, the frequency is given as 2.5 Hz and the wavelength is given as 10 m. By multiplying these values, we get 2.5 Hz * 10 m = 25 m/s. Therefore, the velocity of the wave is 25 m/s.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### Energy (in scientific terms) is defined as ______________.

• A.

Moving an object a certain distance

• B.

The force exerted on an object

• C.

The ability to do work

• D.

The side effect of drinking a red bull

C. The ability to do work
Explanation
Energy, in scientific terms, is defined as the ability to do work. This means that energy is the capacity or power to perform a physical or mental task. It is not related to moving an object a certain distance or the force exerted on an object. The last option, the side effect of drinking a red bull, is not a valid definition of energy in scientific terms and is unrelated to the concept of energy.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### The highest pitch humans can hear has a wavelength of 0.02 m in air and a speed of 340 m/s.  What is the frequency of this sound wave?

• A.

17000 Hz

• B.

6.8 HZ

• C.

.000588 Hz

• D.

170 Hz

A. 17000 Hz
Explanation
The frequency of a sound wave is determined by the speed of the wave divided by its wavelength. In this case, the wavelength is given as 0.02 m and the speed of sound in air is 340 m/s. By dividing 340 m/s by 0.02 m, we get a frequency of 17000 Hz.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### Using figure 7.1, what is the highest point on the wave called?

• A.

Crest

• B.

Trough

• C.

Rarefaction

• D.

Compression

A. Crest
Explanation
The highest point on a wave is called the crest. This is the point where the amplitude of the wave is at its maximum, and it represents the peak or highest point of the wave.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### The electromagnetic waves interacting with the water molecules in your food to make it hot are ____.

• A.

Microwaves

• B.

X-rays

• C.

Gamma rays

• D.

Ultraviolet rays

A. Microwaves
Explanation
Microwaves are a type of electromagnetic wave that is commonly used in microwave ovens to heat food. These waves are specifically designed to interact with water molecules, causing them to vibrate and generate heat. This heat is then transferred to the surrounding molecules, ultimately heating up the food. X-rays, gamma rays, and ultraviolet rays are not typically used for heating food and do not interact with water molecules in the same way as microwaves do.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### What type of wave is shown in figure 7.1?

• A.

Longitudinal

• B.

Compressional

• C.

Transverse

• D.

Tsunami

C. Transverse
Explanation
The wave shown in figure 7.1 is a transverse wave. Transverse waves are characterized by the oscillation of particles perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. In the given figure, the wave pattern can be observed to have crests and troughs that are perpendicular to the direction of the wave's movement, indicating a transverse wave.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### Using figure 7.1, what is the minimum point on the wave called?

• A.

Crest

• B.

Trough

• C.

Rarefaction

• D.

Compression

B. Trough
Explanation
The minimum point on a wave is called the trough. In a transverse wave, such as the one shown in figure 7.1, the trough is the lowest point on the wave where the displacement of the medium is at its maximum negative value. This is in contrast to the crest, which is the highest point on the wave.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### A circuit that has two or more separate loops for the current go through is a ____.

• A.

Parallel circuit

• B.

Series circuit

• C.

Circuit diagram

• D.

Electron circuit

A. Parallel circuit
Explanation
A circuit that has two or more separate loops for the current to go through is called a parallel circuit. In a parallel circuit, the current has multiple paths it can take, with each path having its own components. This allows the current to divide and flow through different branches simultaneously. In contrast, a series circuit has only one path for the current to flow through, with all components connected in a single line. Therefore, the correct answer is parallel circuit.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### The electromagnetic waves with wavelengths slightly longer than visible light are ____.

• A.

X-rays

• B.

Microwaves

• C.

Infrared waves

• D.

C. Infrared waves
Explanation
Electromagnetic waves with wavelengths slightly longer than visible light are known as infrared waves. These waves have longer wavelengths and lower frequencies than visible light, making them invisible to the human eye. Infrared waves are commonly used in various applications such as remote controls, thermal imaging, and communication systems. They are also emitted by warm objects and are detected by infrared sensors, allowing us to perceive heat.

Rate this question:

• 11.

### A wave has a speed of 250 m/s and frequency of 25 Hz.  What is the wavelength?

• A.

10.0 m

• B.

10.0 Hz

• C.

.10 m

• D.

.10 Hz

A. 10.0 m
Explanation
The wavelength of a wave can be calculated by dividing the speed of the wave by its frequency. In this case, the wave has a speed of 250 m/s and a frequency of 25 Hz. By dividing 250 m/s by 25 Hz, we get a wavelength of 10.0 m.

Rate this question:

• 12.

### For a given wave, if the frequency increases, the wavelength ____.

• A.

Increases

• B.

Decreases

• C.

Stays the same

• D.

Does not exist

B. Decreases
Explanation
As the frequency of a wave increases, the wavelength decreases. This is because frequency and wavelength are inversely proportional to each other. When the frequency increases, it means that more wave cycles occur in a given time period. As a result, the distance between each wave cycle, which is the wavelength, becomes shorter. Therefore, as the frequency increases, the wavelength decreases.

Rate this question:

• 13.

### The electromagnetic waves that come from the sun and tanning beds (which can cause skin cancer) are ____.

• A.

• B.

Microwaves

• C.

Infrared waves

• D.

Ultraviolet rays

D. Ultraviolet rays
Explanation
Ultraviolet rays are the electromagnetic waves that come from the sun and tanning beds, and they are known to cause skin cancer. Unlike radio waves, microwaves, and infrared waves, which have longer wavelengths and lower energy, ultraviolet rays have shorter wavelengths and higher energy. This high energy can damage the DNA in skin cells, leading to mutations and potentially cancerous growths. Therefore, the correct answer is ultraviolet rays.

Rate this question:

• 14.

### Electromagnetic waves ____.

• A.

Are compressional waves

• B.

Are transverse waves

• C.

Must have a medium

• D.

Are generated by static electricity

B. Are transverse waves
Explanation
Electromagnetic waves are transverse waves because they oscillate perpendicular to the direction of their propagation. Unlike compressional waves, which require a medium to travel through, electromagnetic waves can propagate through a vacuum. They are generated by the acceleration of charged particles, not static electricity specifically.

Rate this question:

• 15.

### Electromagnetic radiation with the shortest wavelengths is ____.

• A.

Gamma rays

• B.

Visible light

• C.

• D.

Infrared waves

A. Gamma rays
Explanation
Gamma rays have the shortest wavelengths among the given options. Electromagnetic radiation is classified based on its wavelength, with gamma rays having the shortest wavelength and highest energy. They are produced by nuclear reactions and radioactive decay. Gamma rays are highly penetrating and can ionize atoms, making them potentially harmful to living organisms. They are commonly used in medical imaging, cancer treatment, and industrial applications.

Rate this question:

• 16.

### Sound travels faster in ____ than in water.

• A.

Air

• B.

Steel

• C.

Cork

• D.

Water vapor

B. Steel
Explanation
Sound travels faster in steel than in water because steel is a denser medium than water. The speed of sound depends on the density of the medium it travels through. In denser materials like steel, sound waves can propagate faster due to the closer proximity of particles, allowing for quicker transmission of vibrations. Water, although denser than air, is less dense than steel, resulting in a slower speed of sound propagation.

Rate this question:

• 17.

### The unit used to measure frequency is the ____.

• A.

Newton

• B.

Joule

• C.

Decibel

• D.

Hertz

D. Hertz
Explanation
The unit used to measure frequency is hertz. Hertz is a unit of measurement that represents the number of cycles per second in a periodic phenomenon. It is commonly used to measure the frequency of waves, such as sound waves or electromagnetic waves. The higher the frequency, the more cycles occur in a given time period, indicating a higher pitch or shorter wavelength.

Rate this question:

• 18.

### Waves in which the particles of the medium move only perpendicular to the motion of the wave are ____ waves.

• A.

Transverse

• B.

Compressional

• C.

Uniform

• D.

Light

A. Transverse
Explanation
Transverse waves are waves in which the particles of the medium move only perpendicular to the motion of the wave. This means that as the wave moves forward, the particles move up and down or side to side. In contrast, compressional waves, also known as longitudinal waves, are waves in which the particles of the medium move parallel to the motion of the wave. Uniform and light are not relevant terms in this context and do not describe the type of wave described in the question.

Rate this question:

• 19.

### Electromagnetic radiation with the longest wavelengths is ____.

• A.

Gamma rays

• B.

Visible light

• C.

• D.

Infrared waves

Explanation
Radio waves have the longest wavelengths among the given options. Electromagnetic radiation consists of waves that vary in length, with radio waves having the longest wavelengths. These waves can range from a few centimeters to several kilometers in length. Gamma rays, visible light, and infrared waves have progressively shorter wavelengths compared to radio waves.

Rate this question:

• 20.

### Wave A carries more energy than wave B. Wave B has a smaller ____ than wave A.

• A.

Frequency

• B.

Wavelength

• C.

Speed

• D.

Amplitude

A. Frequency
Explanation
Wave A carries more energy than wave B because energy is directly proportional to frequency. Higher frequency waves have more energy. Therefore, wave B has a smaller frequency than wave A.

Rate this question:

• 21.

### A wave will travel only as long as it has ____ to carry.

• A.

Energy

• B.

Mass

• C.

Amplitude

• D.

Matter

A. Energy
Explanation
A wave will travel only as long as it has energy to carry. Energy is the driving force behind the propagation of waves. Without energy, waves would not have the ability to move through a medium or space. Energy is transferred from one particle to another as the wave travels, allowing it to continue its motion. Therefore, energy is essential for the existence and movement of waves.

Rate this question:

• 22.

### Waves in which the particles of the medium move only in the same direction as the motion of the wave are ____ waves.

• A.

Transverse

• B.

Compressional

• C.

Uniform

• D.

Light

B. Compressional
Explanation
Compressional waves are waves in which the particles of the medium move in the same direction as the motion of the wave. These waves are also known as longitudinal waves. In compressional waves, the particles of the medium are compressed and then expanded, creating areas of high and low pressure. Sound waves are an example of compressional waves, as the particles of air vibrate back and forth in the same direction as the sound wave propagates.

Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Jan 10, 2013
Quiz Created by
Christopher Mack

Related Topics