# Physical Science Unit 5 Review

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 135
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 136

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• 1.

### A 250N force moves a box 2.0m.  How much Work was done?

• A.

500J

• B.

125J

• C.

500cal

• D.

125cal

A. 500J
Explanation
The work done can be calculated by multiplying the force applied by the distance moved in the direction of the force. In this case, the force is 250N and the distance moved is 2.0m. Therefore, the work done is 250N * 2.0m = 500J.

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• 2.

### If the speed of a wave is the same, then wavelength and frequency have an inverse relationship.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The speed of a wave is determined by the product of its wavelength and frequency. Since the speed is constant, if the wavelength increases, the frequency must decrease to maintain the same speed, and vice versa. This inverse relationship between wavelength and frequency is a fundamental property of waves, known as the wave equation. Therefore, the statement that wavelength and frequency have an inverse relationship when the speed of a wave is the same is true.

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• 3.

### Boyle's Law shows an inverse relationship between___________________________ for a gas.

• A.

Pressure and Temperature

• B.

Temperature and Volume

• C.

Pressure and volume

• D.

Temperature and Energy

C. Pressure and volume
Explanation
Boyle's Law states that there is an inverse relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas. This means that as the pressure increases, the volume decreases, and vice versa. This relationship is explained by the fact that when the volume of a gas decreases, the gas particles are forced closer together, resulting in more frequent collisions with the container walls and thus an increase in pressure. Conversely, when the volume increases, the gas particles have more space to move around, resulting in fewer collisions and a decrease in pressure.

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• 4.

### What is the energy of a 1.50kg ball rolling at a speed of 3.00m/s?

• A.

9.00J

• B.

6.75J

• C.

13.5J

• D.

2.00J

B. 6.75J
Explanation
The energy of a rolling ball can be calculated using the formula for kinetic energy, which is given by KE = 0.5 * m * v^2, where m is the mass of the ball and v is its velocity. In this case, the mass of the ball is given as 1.50kg and the velocity is given as 3.00m/s. Plugging these values into the formula, we get KE = 0.5 * 1.50kg * (3.00m/s)^2 = 6.75J. Therefore, the correct answer is 6.75J.

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• 5.

### What would take the longest to heat from 20.0 deg C to 100.0 deg C if placed in the same fire?

• A.

50g of silver

• B.

50g of aluminum

• C.

• D.

50g of mercury

B. 50g of aluminum
Explanation
Aluminum has a high specific heat capacity compared to the other materials listed. Specific heat capacity is the amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature of a substance by a certain amount. Since aluminum has a higher specific heat capacity, it would require more heat energy to raise its temperature from 20.0Â°C to 100.0Â°C compared to the other materials. Therefore, 50g of aluminum would take the longest to heat in the same fire.

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• 6.

### Temperature and Heat are measured with the same units.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Temperature and heat are not measured with the same units. Temperature is measured in degrees Celsius, Fahrenheit, or Kelvin, while heat is measured in units of energy, such as joules or calories. Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance, while heat is the transfer of energy between two objects due to a temperature difference. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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• 7.

### Which of the following units measures energy (you can check more than one).

• A.

Newtons

• B.

Joules

• C.

Calories

• D.

Hz

B. Joules
C. Calories
Explanation
Joules and Calories are both units of measurement for energy. Joules is the standard unit of energy in the International System of Units (SI), while Calories is a unit commonly used in nutrition to measure the energy content of food. Newtons, on the other hand, measure force, not energy. Hz (hertz) is a unit of frequency, not energy. Therefore, the correct units for measuring energy in this question are Joules and Calories.

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• 8.

### The measurement of the total kinetic energy of the particles that make up matter is _____________.

• A.

Temperature

• B.

Heat

• C.

Potential Energy

• D.

Work

A. Temperature
Explanation
Temperature is the measurement of the total kinetic energy of the particles that make up matter. It represents the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. When the particles move faster, they have higher kinetic energy and the temperature increases. Conversely, when the particles move slower, they have lower kinetic energy and the temperature decreases. Therefore, temperature is a measure of the thermal energy or heat present in a substance.

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• 9.

### An object that is at rest cannot have energy.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
This statement is false because even though an object at rest may not possess kinetic energy (energy of motion), it can still have potential energy (stored energy) due to its position or condition. Additionally, objects at rest can also have other forms of energy such as thermal energy or chemical energy. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that an object at rest cannot have energy.

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• 10.

• A.

True

• B.

False