Physical Science Unit 5 Review

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Weissn
W
Weissn
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 180
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 180

SettingsSettingsSettings
Physical Science Unit 5 Review - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A 250N force moves a box 2.0m.  How much Work was done?

    • A.

      500J

    • B.

      125J

    • C.

      500cal

    • D.

      125cal

    Correct Answer
    A. 500J
    Explanation
    The work done can be calculated by multiplying the force applied by the distance moved in the direction of the force. In this case, the force is 250N and the distance moved is 2.0m. Therefore, the work done is 250N * 2.0m = 500J.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    If the speed of a wave is the same, then wavelength and frequency have an inverse relationship.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The speed of a wave is determined by the product of its wavelength and frequency. Since the speed is constant, if the wavelength increases, the frequency must decrease to maintain the same speed, and vice versa. This inverse relationship between wavelength and frequency is a fundamental property of waves, known as the wave equation. Therefore, the statement that wavelength and frequency have an inverse relationship when the speed of a wave is the same is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Boyle's Law shows an inverse relationship between___________________________ for a gas.

    • A.

      Pressure and Temperature

    • B.

      Temperature and Volume

    • C.

      Pressure and volume

    • D.

      Temperature and Energy

    Correct Answer
    C. Pressure and volume
    Explanation
    Boyle's Law states that there is an inverse relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas. This means that as the pressure increases, the volume decreases, and vice versa. This relationship is explained by the fact that when the volume of a gas decreases, the gas particles are forced closer together, resulting in more frequent collisions with the container walls and thus an increase in pressure. Conversely, when the volume increases, the gas particles have more space to move around, resulting in fewer collisions and a decrease in pressure.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is the energy of a 1.50kg ball rolling at a speed of 3.00m/s?

    • A.

      9.00J

    • B.

      6.75J

    • C.

      13.5J

    • D.

      2.00J

    Correct Answer
    B. 6.75J
    Explanation
    The energy of a rolling ball can be calculated using the formula for kinetic energy, which is given by KE = 0.5 * m * v^2, where m is the mass of the ball and v is its velocity. In this case, the mass of the ball is given as 1.50kg and the velocity is given as 3.00m/s. Plugging these values into the formula, we get KE = 0.5 * 1.50kg * (3.00m/s)^2 = 6.75J. Therefore, the correct answer is 6.75J.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    What would take the longest to heat from 20.0 deg C to 100.0 deg C if placed in the same fire?

    • A.

      50g of silver

    • B.

      50g of aluminum

    • C.

      50g of lead

    • D.

      50g of mercury

    Correct Answer
    B. 50g of aluminum
    Explanation
    Aluminum has a high specific heat capacity compared to the other materials listed. Specific heat capacity is the amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature of a substance by a certain amount. Since aluminum has a higher specific heat capacity, it would require more heat energy to raise its temperature from 20.0°C to 100.0°C compared to the other materials. Therefore, 50g of aluminum would take the longest to heat in the same fire.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Temperature and Heat are measured with the same units.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Temperature and heat are not measured with the same units. Temperature is measured in degrees Celsius, Fahrenheit, or Kelvin, while heat is measured in units of energy, such as joules or calories. Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance, while heat is the transfer of energy between two objects due to a temperature difference. Therefore, the given statement is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of the following units measures energy (you can check more than one).

    • A.

      Newtons

    • B.

      Joules

    • C.

      Calories

    • D.

      Hz

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Joules
    C. Calories
    Explanation
    Joules and Calories are both units of measurement for energy. Joules is the standard unit of energy in the International System of Units (SI), while Calories is a unit commonly used in nutrition to measure the energy content of food. Newtons, on the other hand, measure force, not energy. Hz (hertz) is a unit of frequency, not energy. Therefore, the correct units for measuring energy in this question are Joules and Calories.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The measurement of the total kinetic energy of the particles that make up matter is _____________.

    • A.

      Temperature

    • B.

      Heat

    • C.

      Potential Energy

    • D.

      Work

    Correct Answer
    A. Temperature
    Explanation
    Temperature is the measurement of the total kinetic energy of the particles that make up matter. It represents the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. When the particles move faster, they have higher kinetic energy and the temperature increases. Conversely, when the particles move slower, they have lower kinetic energy and the temperature decreases. Therefore, temperature is a measure of the thermal energy or heat present in a substance.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    An object that is at rest cannot have energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because even though an object at rest may not possess kinetic energy (energy of motion), it can still have potential energy (stored energy) due to its position or condition. Additionally, objects at rest can also have other forms of energy such as thermal energy or chemical energy. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that an object at rest cannot have energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Light moves at a speed of 340m/s

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Light moves at a speed of 340m/s" is false. The speed of light in a vacuum is approximately 299,792 kilometers per second, or about 186,282 miles per second. It is important to note that the speed of light can vary depending on the medium it is traveling through, such as air or water, but in a vacuum, it is approximately 299,792 kilometers per second.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 08, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 30, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Weissn
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.