# Ultimate Physical Science Test: Quiz!

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By Michellee
M
Michellee
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 131,954
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 8,042  Settings  Physical science is a natural science branch that describes and anticipates nature's phenomena based on scientific research and theory. There are different branches and sub-branches of physical science, encompassing astronomy, chemistry, geology, physics, atmospheric science, and oceanography. This quiz will assess your knowledge about physics and chemistry.

• 1.

### Thermal energy is the __________ of the particles in a material.

• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Total energy

• C.

Temperature

• D.

Average kinetic energy

B. Total energy
Explanation
Thermal energy refers to the total energy possessed by the particles in a material. It includes both the potential energy and the kinetic energy of the particles. Therefore, total energy is the correct answer to complete the sentence.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### Refrigerators use the process of __________ to remove heat from the interiors.

• A.

Combustion

• B.

Compression

• C.

Sublimation

• D.

Evaporation

D. Evaporation
Explanation
Refrigerators use the process of evaporation to remove heat from the interiors. Evaporation involves the conversion of a liquid into a gas, and in the case of refrigerators, a refrigerant liquid evaporates inside the evaporator coils. As the liquid evaporates, it absorbs heat from the surroundings, including the interior of the refrigerator, cooling it down. This process is essential for maintaining the low temperature inside the refrigerator and preserving the freshness of the stored food items.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### The moving particles in an object have __________ energy.

• A.

Decreasing

• B.

Increasing

• C.

Kinetic

• D.

Potential

C. Kinetic
Explanation
The correct answer is "kinetic" because kinetic energy is associated with the motion of particles. The particles in an object are in constant motion, and this motion contributes to the kinetic energy of the object. Therefore, the moving particles in an object have kinetic energy.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### If the particles in an object begin to move more quickly, their average kinetic energy __________ and the object's temperature __________.

• A.

Decreases, rises

• B.

Increases, falls

• C.

Increases, rises

• D.

Decreases, falls

C. Increases, rises
Explanation
When the particles in an object begin to move more quickly, their average kinetic energy increases. This is because kinetic energy is directly proportional to the velocity of the particles. As the particles move faster, their kinetic energy increases. This increase in average kinetic energy leads to an increase in the object's temperature. Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object. Therefore, as the particles move more quickly, the object's temperature also rises.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### The opposite of evaporation is __________.

• A.

Condensation

• B.

Convection

• C.

• D.

Conduction

A. Condensation
Explanation
Evaporation is the process of converting a liquid into a gas, while condensation is the opposite process of converting a gas into a liquid. Therefore, the opposite of evaporation is condensation.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### __________ is the thermal energy that flows from a material with a higher temperature to one with a lower temperature.

• A.

Kinetic energy

• B.

Work

• C.

Heat

• D.

Potential energy

C. Heat
Explanation
Heat is the thermal energy that flows from a material with a higher temperature to one with a lower temperature. When there is a temperature difference between two objects, heat is transferred from the hotter object to the cooler object until both reach thermal equilibrium. This transfer of energy occurs through conduction, convection, or radiation. Heat is not the same as kinetic energy, work, or potential energy, as those are different forms of energy unrelated to temperature differences.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### According to Charles's law, at a constant pressure, if the temperature of a gas __________, the volume __________ .

• A.

Increases; increases

• B.

Decreases; decreases

• C.

Increases; decreases

• D.

Decreases; increases

A. Increases; increases
Explanation
According to Charles's law, as the temperature of a gas increases, the volume of the gas also increases. This is because as the temperature increases, the gas molecules gain more energy and move faster, causing them to collide with each other and the walls of the container more frequently and with greater force. These increased collisions result in an increase in the volume of the gas.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### What causes a balloon to remain inflated?

• A.

The temperature of the air inside the balloon gradually decreases.

• B.

Air particles collide with the walls of the balloon.

• C.

The walls of the balloon gradually compress the gas inside.

• D.

Air particles continue to enter through the balloon's walls.

B. Air particles collide with the walls of the balloon.
Explanation
When air particles collide with the walls of the balloon, they exert pressure on the walls. This pressure is what keeps the balloon inflated. As long as the air particles continue to collide with the walls, the balloon will remain inflated. The other options mentioned, such as the temperature of the air inside the balloon decreasing or the walls of the balloon compressing the gas inside, do not explain why the balloon remains inflated. Additionally, the option of air particles continuing to enter through the balloon's walls does not explain why the balloon remains inflated, as it suggests that the balloon is being filled with more air particles rather than maintaining its current inflation.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### Which of the following best describes particles in a solid?

• A.

Molecules slide past each other; sample takes shape of container

• B.

No attractive forces between particles

• C.

Fills whatever container it is in

• D.

Particles tightly packed together

D. Particles tightly packed together
Explanation
In a solid, particles are tightly packed together. This means that the particles are closely arranged and have limited movement. The strong intermolecular forces between the particles keep them in a fixed position, giving solids a definite shape and volume. Unlike liquids or gases, the particles in a solid do not slide past each other or fill the container they are in.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### The supporting force exerted by a fluid on an object immersed in it is called __________.

• A.

Lift

• B.

Denisty

• C.

Buoyant force

• D.

Viscosity

C. Buoyant force
Explanation
When an object is immersed in a fluid, the fluid exerts an upward force on the object, which is known as the buoyant force. This force is exerted in the opposite direction to the force of gravity and is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. The buoyant force is what allows objects to float in fluids and is dependent on the density of the fluid and the volume of the object. Therefore, the correct answer is buoyant force.

Rate this question:

• 11.

### According to the kinetic theory, all matter is composed of __________.

• A.

Solid material

• B.

Waves

• C.

Plasma

• D.

Particles

D. Particles
Explanation
According to the kinetic theory, all matter is composed of particles. This theory states that matter is made up of tiny particles that are constantly in motion. These particles can be atoms, molecules, or ions, depending on the type of matter. They have mass and occupy space, and their movement and interactions determine the physical properties of matter. Therefore, the correct answer is particles.

Rate this question:

• 12.

### According to Pascal, pressure applied to a fluid __________ .

• A.

Increases as it moves through the fluid

• B.

Fluctuates as it is transmitted throughout the fluid

• C.

Is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid

• D.

Decreases as it moves through the fluid

C. Is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid
Explanation
According to Pascal, pressure applied to a fluid is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid. This means that when pressure is applied to a fluid, it is evenly distributed and transmitted to all parts of the fluid without any change in magnitude. Pascal's principle states that any change in pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to all portions of the fluid and to the walls of its container. This principle is the basis for various hydraulic systems and devices.

Rate this question:

• 13.

### According to Boyle's law, at a constant temperature, if the volume of a container of gas is __________, then pressure of the gas will __________ .

• A.

Increased; increase

• B.

Increased; decrease

• C.

Decreased; decrease

• D.

Decreased; increase

D. Decreased; increase
Explanation
According to Boyle's law, at a constant temperature, if the volume of a container of gas is decreased, then the pressure of the gas will increase. This is because Boyle's law states that there is an inverse relationship between the volume and pressure of a gas. When the volume of the container decreases, the gas particles are forced into a smaller space, resulting in more frequent collisions with the container walls, leading to an increase in pressure.

Rate this question:

• 14.

### When the temperature of a substance is lowered, its particles __________ .

• A.

Vibrate more slowly

• B.

Escape the attractive forces of the other particles

• C.

Stop vibrating completely

• D.

Vibrate more quickly

A. Vibrate more slowly
Explanation
When the temperature of a substance is lowered, its particles vibrate more slowly. This is because temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles in a substance. As the temperature decreases, the particles have less energy and therefore vibrate at a slower rate.

Rate this question:

• 15.

### __________ is the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object immersed in it.

• A.

Viscosity

• B.

Thermal expansion

• C.

Buoyancy

• D.

Vaporization

C. Buoyancy
Explanation
Buoyancy is the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object immersed in it. This force is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. When an object is submerged in a fluid, it experiences an upward force due to the pressure difference between the top and bottom surfaces of the object. This force is called buoyant force and it is responsible for objects floating or sinking in fluids. The greater the buoyant force, the more likely the object is to float.

Rate this question:

Related Topics Back to top