Principles Of Supervision Pt 2

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Principles Of Supervision Pt 2 - Quiz

This quiz deals with the principles of supervision – which is the act or instance of directing, managing or overseeing, and can be done in the workplace, in academia, in counselling through clinical supervision and in society.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The way that people communicate with each other using their bodies

    • A.

      Consideration

    • B.

      Body language

    • C.

      Communication

    • D.

      Charisma

    Correct Answer
    B. Body language
    Explanation
    Body language refers to the nonverbal cues and signals that people use to communicate with each other. It includes gestures, facial expressions, posture, and other physical movements. Body language plays a significant role in communication as it can convey emotions, attitudes, and intentions. By understanding and interpreting body language, individuals can better understand and respond to others, leading to effective communication and building rapport. Charisma and consideration are related concepts but do not specifically refer to the way people communicate using their bodies.

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  • 2. 

    Leadership characteristics that inspire employees is called

    • A.

      Chain of command

    • B.

      Vision

    • C.

      Charisma

    • D.

      Motivation

    Correct Answer
    C. Charisma
    Explanation
    Charisma refers to the leadership characteristics that inspire and attract employees. A charismatic leader possesses charm, confidence, and persuasiveness, which motivates and influences their team members. They have the ability to communicate effectively, build strong relationships, and inspire others to follow their vision. Charismatic leaders are often seen as role models and have a positive impact on employee morale and motivation.

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  • 3. 

    Agreement of members of a group ideas to make decisions

    • A.

      Consensus

    • B.

      Group think

    • C.

      Meetings

    • D.

      Consideration

    Correct Answer
    A. Consensus
    Explanation
    Consensus refers to the agreement or unity of ideas among members of a group in order to make decisions. It implies that the group has reached a general agreement or a common understanding on a particular matter. It involves considering the opinions and perspectives of all members and finding a solution that is acceptable to everyone. Consensus is often achieved through discussions, deliberations, and open dialogue among group members. It is a democratic and inclusive approach that values the input and participation of all individuals involved.

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  • 4. 

    Leaders that use group idea to make decisions

    • A.

      Autocratic

    • B.

      Laissez-faire

    • C.

      Democratic

    • D.

      Trait

    Correct Answer
    C. Democratic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is democratic because leaders who use group ideas to make decisions involve the participation of their team members and value their input. They promote a collaborative and inclusive environment where everyone's opinions are considered before making a decision. This leadership style empowers team members, fosters creativity, and enhances problem-solving abilities. It also promotes a sense of ownership and commitment among team members, leading to increased productivity and job satisfaction.

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  • 5. 

    Which is NOT factor that influences the favorableness of a leader?

    • A.

      Leader-member relations

    • B.

      Task structure

    • C.

      Leader position power

    • D.

      Charisma level

    Correct Answer
    D. Charisma level
    Explanation
    Charisma level is not a factor that influences the favorableness of a leader. Charisma refers to the personal charm and magnetism that a leader possesses, which can influence their ability to inspire and motivate others. However, while charisma can be beneficial, it is not a determining factor in the favorableness of a leader. Other factors such as leader-member relations, task structure, and leader position power have a more direct impact on how favorably a leader is perceived by their followers.

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  • 6. 

    A billboard is an example of

    • A.

      Active listening

    • B.

      Two-way communication

    • C.

      One-way communication

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. One-way communication
    Explanation
    A billboard is an example of one-way communication because it only allows for the transmission of information from the sender (the company or organization placing the advertisement) to the receiver (the people who see the billboard). There is no opportunity for feedback or interaction between the sender and receiver, making it a one-way communication channel.

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  • 7. 

    Leaders that give the group total freedom

    • A.

      Autocratic

    • B.

      Laissez-faire

    • C.

      Democratic

    • D.

      Trait

    Correct Answer
    B. Laissez-faire
    Explanation
    A laissez-faire leadership style is characterized by leaders giving the group total freedom to make decisions and take actions without much interference or guidance. In this style, leaders trust their team members to be self-directed and capable of achieving goals on their own. They provide minimal supervision and allow the group to have autonomy in their work. This approach can be effective when the team is highly skilled and motivated, as it fosters creativity, innovation, and ownership among team members. However, it may not work well in situations where the group lacks direction or requires more structure and guidance.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is NOT a communication pattern?

    • A.

      Chain

    • B.

      Circle

    • C.

      Wheel

    • D.

      arc

    Correct Answer
    D. arc
    Explanation
    The options "chain," "circle," and "wheel" are all examples of communication patterns commonly used in organizations. These patterns represent different ways in which communication flows between individuals or groups. However, "arc" is not a recognized communication pattern. It does not describe a specific structure or flow of communication. Therefore, "arc" is the correct answer as it is not a communication pattern.

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  • 9. 

    When someone receives too much information and cannot tell what is important from what is not is called

    • A.

      Overload

    • B.

      Spam

    • C.

      Decoding information

    • D.

      Rejected information

    Correct Answer
    A. Overload
    Explanation
    When someone receives too much information and cannot tell what is important from what is not, it is called "overload." This term refers to the overwhelming feeling or state of being when there is an excessive amount of information to process or deal with. It can lead to difficulties in prioritizing and making decisions effectively.

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  • 10. 

    When someone delibrately tampers with a message, leaving out information, it is called

    • A.

      Overload

    • B.

      Omitting

    • C.

      Y pattern

    • D.

      Highlighting

    Correct Answer
    B. Omitting
    Explanation
    When someone deliberately tampers with a message by leaving out information, it is called "omitting." This means that certain details or pieces of information have been intentionally excluded from the message, potentially altering its meaning or impact.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is NOT organizational theory?

    • A.

      Classical organization

    • B.

      Mechanistic

    • C.

      System

    • D.

      Assembly

    Correct Answer
    D. Assembly
    Explanation
    An assembly is not considered an organizational theory because it refers to a process or activity of putting together different parts or components to create a whole. It does not encompass the study or analysis of organizational structures, behavior, or management. In contrast, classical organization theory, mechanistic theory, and system theory are all well-known organizational theories that focus on understanding and explaining how organizations function, operate, and adapt to their environments.

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  • 12. 

    When information is communicated informally in an organization it is called the

    • A.

      Grapevine

    • B.

      Telephone

    • C.

      Circle

    • D.

      Hub

    Correct Answer
    A. Grapevine
    Explanation
    When information is communicated informally in an organization, it is referred to as the "grapevine." The grapevine is an informal communication network that spreads information through rumors, gossip, and informal conversations among employees. This type of communication is not official or sanctioned by the organization but is rather based on personal relationships and informal channels. The grapevine can be a powerful tool for transmitting information quickly, but it can also be prone to distortion and misinformation.

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  • 13. 

    The organizational structure where a group performing a specialized task reports to a manager in that same area

    • A.

      Functional

    • B.

      Line and staff

    • C.

      Product

    • D.

      Matrix

    Correct Answer
    A. Functional
    Explanation
    In a functional organizational structure, a group performing a specialized task reports to a manager in that same area. This structure focuses on dividing the organization into different departments based on functions such as marketing, finance, operations, etc. Each department is led by a manager who has expertise in that particular function. This allows for specialization and efficiency within each department, as employees can focus on their specific tasks. The manager in each department has authority and control over the employees within their department.

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  • 14. 

    The organizational structure where there are staff departments that supportt other departments

    • A.

      Functional

    • B.

      Line and staff

    • C.

      Product

    • D.

      Matrix

    Correct Answer
    B. Line and staff
    Explanation
    Line and staff organizational structure is characterized by having staff departments that support other departments. In this structure, the line departments are responsible for the core activities of the organization, while staff departments provide specialized support and expertise to the line departments. This allows for a clear division of labor and specialization, with staff departments assisting in areas such as human resources, finance, or legal matters. The line and staff structure helps in improving efficiency and effectiveness by ensuring that the line departments receive the necessary support and guidance from specialized staff departments.

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  • 15. 

    The organizational structure where oraganizations are structured around a special project or event

    • A.

      Functional

    • B.

      Line and staff

    • C.

      Product

    • D.

      Matrix

    Correct Answer
    D. Matrix
    Explanation
    The correct answer is matrix. In a matrix organizational structure, organizations are structured around a special project or event. This means that employees from different functional areas or departments are brought together to work on a specific project, and they report to both a project manager and their functional manager. This structure allows for flexibility and expertise from different areas to be utilized in a project, promoting collaboration and efficient resource allocation.

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  • 16. 

    When you are a secretary and there are seven levels between your role and the CEO, your organization is considered to be

    • A.

      Fat

    • B.

      Tall

    • C.

      Flat

    • D.

      Short

    Correct Answer
    B. Tall
    Explanation
    When there are seven levels between a secretary and the CEO in an organization, it is considered to be tall. This means that the organizational structure has multiple hierarchical levels, indicating a more complex and bureaucratic hierarchy. In a tall organization, there is a clear chain of command and communication may be slower due to the number of levels that information needs to pass through.

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  • 17. 

    When the controls of an organization are centralized, the communication between departments will be

    • A.

      Vertical

    • B.

      Horizontal

    • C.

      Directional

    • D.

      Hub and spoke

    Correct Answer
    A. Vertical
    Explanation
    When the controls of an organization are centralized, the communication between departments will be vertical. This means that communication flows up and down the hierarchy, from top management to lower-level employees and vice versa. In a centralized structure, decisions and information typically come from the top and are passed down through the chain of command. This allows for clear direction and coordination within the organization. Horizontal communication, on the other hand, refers to communication between individuals or departments at the same level of the hierarchy, while directional and hub and spoke communication are not relevant in the context of centralized controls.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is NOT an aspect of an organic organization?

    • A.

      Decentralized control

    • B.

      Horizontal lines of communication

    • C.

      Loose roles

    • D.

      Incentive programs

    Correct Answer
    D. Incentive programs
    Explanation
    Incentive programs are not an aspect of an organic organization because they typically involve a more structured and hierarchical approach to motivating employees. Organic organizations, on the other hand, emphasize decentralized control, horizontal lines of communication, and loose roles to promote flexibility, adaptability, and collaboration among employees. Incentive programs are often associated with more traditional and mechanistic organizational structures where rewards are used as a means of control and motivation.

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  • 19. 

    When a manager makes a decision then looks for information to justify the decision, it is called

    • A.

      Implicit favorite model

    • B.

      Bounded rationality model

    • C.

      Econological model

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Implicit favorite model
    Explanation
    The given answer, "implicit favorite model," suggests that when a manager makes a decision and then seeks information to support that decision, it implies that the manager already has a preferred choice or option in mind. This means that the decision-making process is influenced by personal biases or preferences, rather than being based on a rational evaluation of all available information.

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  • 20. 

    When you are selecting a new location for a second office, this decision would be considered

    • A.

      Hard

    • B.

      Programmed

    • C.

      Nonprogrammed

    • D.

      Geocentric

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonprogrammed
    Explanation
    When selecting a new location for a second office, this decision would be considered nonprogrammed. Nonprogrammed decisions are unique and complex, typically involving unfamiliar or unstructured situations. In this case, choosing a new location for a second office requires careful evaluation of various factors such as market potential, accessibility, cost, and competition. It involves analyzing and weighing different options and considering the specific needs and goals of the company. This decision cannot be made based on pre-established rules or procedures and requires a higher level of judgment and creativity.

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  • 21. 

    When you make a routine, everyday decision it is called

    • A.

      Habit

    • B.

      Programmed

    • C.

      Nonprogrammed

    • D.

      Geocentric

    Correct Answer
    B. Programmed
    Explanation
    When you make a routine, everyday decision, it is referred to as a programmed decision. Programmed decisions are repetitive and can be made using established rules, procedures, or guidelines. These decisions are usually made in response to well-defined problems or situations that have occurred before and have predetermined solutions. In contrast, nonprogrammed decisions are unique and require a higher level of analysis and judgment as they involve novel or complex problems that have not been encountered before. "Geocentric" is unrelated to the context of the question and does not fit as an explanation.

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  • 22. 

    When you find the answer to your problem but settle for something else is an example of the

    • A.

      Implicit favorite model

    • B.

      Bounded rationality model

    • C.

      Econological model

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Bounded rationality model
    Explanation
    The bounded rationality model suggests that individuals have limited cognitive abilities and information processing capabilities, leading them to make decisions that are not necessarily optimal but satisfactory. When someone settles for something else instead of finding the answer to their problem, it implies that they are making a decision based on the available information and their cognitive limitations, which aligns with the principles of bounded rationality.

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  • 23. 

    When you choose the solution that has the greatest benefit for you

    • A.

      Implicit favorite model

    • B.

      Bounded rationality model

    • C.

      Econological model

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Econological model
    Explanation
    The ecological model suggests that when making a decision, one should consider the overall impact and benefit it will have on the environment or ecosystem. This means that choosing a solution that has the greatest benefit for oneself should also take into account the potential consequences on the environment. The ecological model emphasizes the importance of sustainability and the interconnectedness of all living beings and their surroundings.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following are barriers to make decisions?

    • A.

      Statistics

    • B.

      Lack of statistics

    • C.

      Emotions

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because statistics can be a barrier to decision-making if they are not available or if they are misinterpreted. Lack of statistics can also hinder decision-making as it may lead to uncertainty or reliance on subjective opinions. Emotions can also be a barrier as they can cloud judgement and lead to irrational decision-making. Therefore, all three options listed - statistics, lack of statistics, and emotions - can act as barriers to making decisions.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is not a type of resistance?

    • A.

      Logical

    • B.

      Psychological

    • C.

      Sociological

    • D.

      Biological

    Correct Answer
    D. Biological
    Explanation
    Biological resistance is not a type of resistance because it does not refer to resistance in the context of opposing or defying something. Biological resistance typically refers to the ability of organisms to resist the effects of certain drugs or treatments. In contrast, logical, psychological, and sociological resistance all pertain to different forms of opposition or defiance in their respective domains.

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  • 26. 

    If you are an authoritarian, you ascribe to

    • A.

      Theory x

    • B.

      Theory y

    • C.

      Theory xy

    • D.

      Management theory

    Correct Answer
    A. Theory x
    Explanation
    Theory X is a management theory that assumes employees are inherently lazy and need to be closely monitored and controlled in order to be productive. It suggests that employees are motivated primarily by external rewards and punishments, and that they have little ambition or desire for responsibility. This theory is often associated with an authoritarian leadership style, where the manager makes decisions without consulting the employees and enforces strict rules and procedures.

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  • 27. 

    The organizational structure where organizations are divided by products or divisions

    • A.

      Functional

    • B.

      Line staff

    • C.

      Product

    • D.

      Matrix

    Correct Answer
    C. Product
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "product" because in a product-based organizational structure, the organization is divided into separate units or divisions based on different products or product lines. Each division is responsible for the development, production, and marketing of a specific product or product line. This structure allows for a high level of specialization and focus on each product, leading to increased efficiency and effectiveness in product development and delivery.

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  • 28. 

    A manager who beleives that all people are valuable and want to contribute to their best ability you ascribe to

    • A.

      Theory x

    • B.

      Theory y

    • C.

      Theory xy

    • D.

      Management theory

    Correct Answer
    B. Theory y
    Explanation
    Theory Y is the correct answer because it states that a manager believes that all people are valuable and want to contribute to their best ability. This theory assumes that employees are self-motivated, responsible, and capable of making important decisions. Managers who adhere to Theory Y tend to empower their employees, delegate tasks, and provide opportunities for growth and development. This approach fosters a positive work environment and encourages employees to reach their full potential.

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  • 29. 

    Who believed that managers make decisions based on their  assumptions of human nature?

    • A.

      McGregor

    • B.

      Taylor

    • C.

      Ratter

    • D.

      Johnson

    Correct Answer
    A. McGregor
    Explanation
    McGregor believed that managers make decisions based on their assumptions of human nature.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is NOT a contributor to an employee's attitude?

    • A.

      Previous jobs

    • B.

      Education

    • C.

      Peers

    • D.

      Family

    Correct Answer
    B. Education
    Explanation
    Education is not a contributor to an employee's attitude because while education can provide knowledge and skills, it does not directly determine a person's attitude. Attitude is shaped by various factors such as personal experiences, values, beliefs, and upbringing, which are influenced by family, peers, and previous jobs. Education may indirectly influence attitude by providing individuals with different perspectives and critical thinking skills, but it is not a direct contributor.

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  • 31. 

    When an interests in thw people's problems affects the outcome, not the changes themselves, it is known  as

    • A.

      Hawthorne effect

    • B.

      Taylor effect

    • C.

      Laissez fairre effect

    • D.

      Groupthink effect

    Correct Answer
    A. Hawthorne effect
    Explanation
    The Hawthorne effect refers to the phenomenon where individuals modify their behavior or performance in response to the awareness of being observed. In this case, when an interest in people's problems affects the outcome, it implies that the individuals are more likely to perform better or make changes due to the attention and concern shown towards their issues. This effect highlights the impact of social and psychological factors on individuals' behavior and performance in a given situation.

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  • 32. 

    When a person acts as expected as part of the a group they areprotraying their

    • A.

      Role

    • B.

      Role conflict

    • C.

      Norm

    • D.

      Status

    Correct Answer
    A. Role
    Explanation
    When a person acts as expected as part of a group, they are portraying their role. A role refers to the set of behaviors, responsibilities, and expectations associated with a particular position or social identity within a group or society. It is the way individuals are expected to behave and perform in accordance with the norms and values of the group. By fulfilling their role, individuals contribute to the smooth functioning and coordination of the group.

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  • 33. 

    When someone is producing at standard it is called

    • A.

      Role

    • B.

      Role conflict

    • C.

      Norm

    • D.

      Status

    Correct Answer
    C. Norm
    Explanation
    When someone is producing at standard, it means that they are performing at the expected level or meeting the established norms or standards. Norms refer to the accepted behaviors, attitudes, or actions within a particular social group or society. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is "norm" as it aligns with the concept of meeting the expected standards or norms in production.

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  • 34. 

    When an employee put extra time and effort with the hopes of receiving a large bonus, this employee is being motivated by

    • A.

      Expectancy

    • B.

      Goal setting

    • C.

      Rewards

    • D.

      Benefits

    Correct Answer
    A. Expectancy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "expectancy." Expectancy theory suggests that individuals are motivated by their belief that their efforts will lead to desired outcomes or rewards. In this scenario, the employee is motivated by the expectation that putting in extra time and effort will result in receiving a large bonus. This aligns with the concept of expectancy theory, where individuals are motivated by the belief that their actions will lead to specific outcomes.

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  • 35. 

    When you manager completes a job review with you regarding your performance they give you

    • A.

      Feedback

    • B.

      Goals

    • C.

      Equity

    • D.

      Growth

    Correct Answer
    A. Feedback
    Explanation
    When a manager completes a job review with an employee, they typically provide feedback on the employee's performance. This feedback can include both positive aspects and areas for improvement. It helps the employee understand how they are doing in their role and provides guidance on how to enhance their performance. Feedback is crucial for professional development and helps employees grow and achieve their goals. Therefore, feedback is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 36. 

    Which is the final stage of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?

    • A.

      Self-actualization

    • B.

      Esteem needs

    • C.

      Belonging and love

    • D.

      Safety

    Correct Answer
    A. Self-actualization
    Explanation
    The final stage of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is self-actualization. This stage represents the highest level of personal growth and fulfillment, where individuals strive to reach their full potential and achieve self-fulfillment. It involves pursuing personal goals, seeking personal growth, and finding meaning and purpose in life. Self-actualization is the ultimate goal of the hierarchy, where individuals have met their physiological, safety, love/belonging, and esteem needs and can focus on self-fulfillment and personal growth.

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  • 37. 

    Which defense mechanism occus when someone transfers their thoughts and feelings onto others?

    • A.

      Denial

    • B.

      Suppression

    • C.

      Reaction formation

    • D.

      Projection

    Correct Answer
    D. Projection
    Explanation
    Projection is a defense mechanism that occurs when someone transfers their thoughts and feelings onto others. This means that instead of acknowledging and dealing with their own emotions, they attribute them to someone else. By projecting their own feelings onto others, individuals are able to avoid facing uncomfortable or threatening aspects of themselves. This defense mechanism allows them to maintain a sense of control and protect their self-image.

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  • 38. 

    Which is the first stage of Maslow's Hierarchy of needs?

    • A.

      Self-actualization

    • B.

      Esteem needs

    • C.

      Safety

    • D.

      Physical needs

    Correct Answer
    D. Physical needs
    Explanation
    The first stage of Maslow's Hierarchy of needs is physical needs. This stage refers to the basic physiological needs that are essential for survival, such as food, water, shelter, and sleep. These needs must be met before an individual can move on to fulfilling higher-level needs.

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  • 39. 

    When communication is given for the CEO to his subordiantes it is called

    • A.

      Top down

    • B.

      Bottom up

    • C.

      Hub

    • D.

      Spoke

    Correct Answer
    A. Top down
    Explanation
    The term "top down" refers to a hierarchical communication approach where the CEO or top-level management communicates with their subordinates. In this type of communication, decisions and directives flow from the top-level management to the lower-level employees. This approach ensures that the company's goals and strategies are effectively communicated and implemented throughout the organization.

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  • 40. 

    Factor that always stays the same

    • A.

      Dependent variable

    • B.

      Independent variable

    • C.

      Constant

    • D.

      Correlation

    Correct Answer
    C. Constant
    Explanation
    A constant is a factor that always stays the same regardless of any other variables or factors. It does not change or vary in any way. In the context of the question, the constant refers to a factor that remains unchanged throughout an experiment or study, regardless of any other variables being measured or manipulated. It is a fixed value or condition that serves as a reference point or control in the research.

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  • 41. 

    Information that is difficult to measure is called

    • A.

      Quantitative

    • B.

      Qualitative

    • C.

      Longitudinal

    • D.

      Dependent

    Correct Answer
    B. Qualitative
    Explanation
    Qualitative information refers to data that cannot be easily measured or quantified, but instead focuses on qualities, characteristics, and descriptions. It involves subjective observations, opinions, and interpretations rather than numerical values or statistics. This type of information provides a deeper understanding of a subject, such as people's attitudes, behaviors, or experiences, and is often gathered through methods like interviews, observations, or open-ended survey questions.

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  • 42. 

    If you beleive that all people are good -- you ascribe to this school of thought

    • A.

      Biological

    • B.

      Cognitive

    • C.

      Structuralism

    • D.

      Humanistic

    Correct Answer
    D. Humanistic
    Explanation
    The belief that all people are inherently good aligns with the humanistic school of thought. Humanistic psychology emphasizes the individual's potential for personal growth, self-actualization, and the importance of human values and experiences. It focuses on the positive aspects of human nature and promotes the idea that individuals have the ability to make choices and strive for personal fulfillment. The belief in the inherent goodness of people reflects the humanistic perspective's emphasis on the positive qualities and potential of individuals.

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  • 43. 

    Standards or principles

    • A.

      Norms

    • B.

      Values

    • C.

      Rules

    • D.

      Status quo

    Correct Answer
    B. Values
    Explanation
    Values refer to the beliefs and ideals that individuals or societies hold as important or desirable. They guide behavior and decision-making, and can vary between cultures and individuals. Standards, principles, norms, and rules are all related concepts, but values specifically pertain to the underlying beliefs and ideals that inform these standards and principles. The term "status quo" refers to the existing state of affairs or the current condition, which is not directly synonymous with values.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following is NOT a factor with job satisfaction?

    • A.

      Hours

    • B.

      Pay

    • C.

      Benefits

    • D.

      Vacation location

    Correct Answer
    D. Vacation location
    Explanation
    The factor that is NOT a factor with job satisfaction is vacation location. Job satisfaction is typically influenced by factors such as hours, pay, and benefits, which directly impact an individual's overall experience and contentment in their job. However, vacation location does not directly contribute to job satisfaction as it is more related to personal preferences and leisure activities rather than the actual work environment or conditions.

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  • 45. 

    When a pperson responds to neutral stimulus ________________ is being used.

    • A.

      Classical conditioning

    • B.

      Operant conditioning

    • C.

      Extrinsic reinforcer

    • D.

      Intrinsic reinforcer

    Correct Answer
    A. Classical conditioning
    Explanation
    Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an individual learns to associate a neutral stimulus with a meaningful stimulus, resulting in a conditioned response. In this scenario, when a person responds to a neutral stimulus, it implies that they have undergone classical conditioning. This means that they have learned to associate the neutral stimulus with a meaningful stimulus, which triggers a response. Therefore, classical conditioning is being used in this situation.

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  • 46. 

    Getting a scholarship because of good grades is an example of

    • A.

      Extrinsic reinforcement

    • B.

      Intrinsic reinforcement

    • C.

      Motivation

    • D.

      ERG theory

    Correct Answer
    A. Extrinsic reinforcement
    Explanation
    Getting a scholarship because of good grades is an example of extrinsic reinforcement because the reward (scholarship) is external to the individual and is contingent upon their behavior (good grades). Extrinsic reinforcement involves providing rewards or punishments to motivate or encourage certain behaviors. In this case, the scholarship serves as a motivator for the individual to continue performing well academically.

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  • 47. 

    Risk to the oragnization when individuals have chronic stress include all BUT the following

    • A.

      High turnover

    • B.

      Aggression in the workplace

    • C.

      Absenteeisn

    • D.

      High morale

    Correct Answer
    D. High morale
    Explanation
    Chronic stress in individuals can have various negative effects on an organization, including high turnover, aggression in the workplace, and absenteeism. However, it is unlikely to result in high morale. Chronic stress tends to lower morale as it can lead to decreased job satisfaction, increased burnout, and reduced motivation. Therefore, high morale is not a risk to the organization when individuals have chronic stress.

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following is the second  step when forming a group?

    • A.

      Storming

    • B.

      Norming

    • C.

      Forming

    • D.

      Sinforming

    Correct Answer
    A. Storming
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "storming". This is the second step when forming a group according to the Tuckman's model of group development. In this stage, group members start to express their opinions and ideas, which may lead to conflicts and disagreements. It is a crucial step in the group formation process as it allows individuals to establish their roles, resolve conflicts, and work towards a common goal.

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  • 49. 

    How well the group works together is called

    • A.

      Dynamics

    • B.

      Cohesiveness

    • C.

      Conforming

    • D.

      Norming

    Correct Answer
    B. Cohesiveness
    Explanation
    Cohesiveness refers to how well a group works together. It reflects the level of unity, cooperation, and mutual support within the group. When a group is cohesive, its members are more likely to share common goals, communicate effectively, and collaborate efficiently. This can lead to increased productivity, satisfaction, and overall success of the group.

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  • 50. 

    Leaders that centralized power and decisions in themselves

    • A.

      Autocratic

    • B.

      Laissez-faire

    • C.

      Democratic

    • D.

      Trait

    Correct Answer
    A. Autocratic
    Explanation
    Autocratic leaders are known for centralizing power and decision-making in themselves. They have complete control over the decision-making process and do not involve others in the decision-making process. They make decisions without considering the opinions or input of others. Autocratic leaders often have a strict hierarchy and expect strict obedience from their subordinates. This style of leadership can be effective in certain situations where quick and decisive actions are required, but it can also lead to a lack of creativity, motivation, and engagement among team members.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 15, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Jsn808c
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