Preceptor Model In Nursing Education

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Preceptor Model In Nursing Education - Quiz

The purpose of this quiz is to serve as a convenient means to assess your understanding of the preceptor model of clinical instruction in nursing education.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In the conventional clinical training of nurses, the usual ratio of faculty to students is:

    • A.

      2 to 30

    • B.

      1 to 4

    • C.

      1 to 8

    • D.

      1 to 2

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 to 8
    Explanation
    In the conventional clinical training of nurses, the usual ratio of faculty to students is 1 to 8. This means that for every 1 faculty member, there are 8 students. This ratio allows for a manageable number of students per faculty member, ensuring that each student receives sufficient attention and guidance during their clinical training. It also allows for effective supervision and evaluation of students' progress and performance. This ratio strikes a balance between providing individualized support and maintaining a reasonable workload for faculty members.

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  • 2. 

    In the one-on-one preceptor model:

    • A.

      The RN preceptor receives a stipend from the nursing program in addition to the salery paid by the hospital.

    • B.

      The RN preceptor assumes overall responsibility for teaching and evaluation of the student.

    • C.

      Functions as a role model in the clinical setting.

    • D.

      Assures that the student is compliant with standards regarding CPR, immunizations, and OSHA standards.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Functions as a role model in the clinical setting.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Functions as a role model in the clinical setting." In the one-on-one preceptor model, the RN preceptor is responsible for teaching and evaluating the student, ensuring compliance with standards, and also acts as a role model for the student in the clinical setting.

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  • 3. 

    Advantages of  precptors include:

    • A.

      Assists in the solution to budget/faculty shortages in nursing education.

    • B.

      The transition from student to professional may be smoother due to increased confidence.

    • C.

      Preceptors gain intellectual stimulation.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all of the advantages mentioned in the previous statements are true. Preceptors can help solve budget and faculty shortages in nursing education, the transition from student to professional can be smoother with increased confidence, and preceptors themselves can gain intellectual stimulation.

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  • 4. 

    For the facilities/hospitals where preceptorship takes place:

    • A.

      There is a higher recruitment rate of new graduate staff.

    • B.

      There is an improved retention rate of new graduate staff.

    • C.

      Patient care is more consistent.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that all the statements mentioned in the question are true for facilities/hospitals where preceptorship takes place. These facilities have a higher recruitment rate of new graduate staff, an improved retention rate of new graduate staff, and patient care is more consistent.

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  • 5. 

    Most preceptors:

    • A.

      Are forced into taking this position.

    • B.

      Are trained in teaching, learning, and evaluation methods.

    • C.

      Take on a student to lighten their work load.

    • D.

      Enjoy a sense of fulfillment when paired with a student.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. Enjoy a sense of fulfillment when paired with a student.
    Explanation
    Most preceptors enjoy a sense of fulfillment when paired with a student. This suggests that they find satisfaction and a sense of accomplishment in mentoring and guiding students. It implies that the preceptors derive personal and professional gratification from the experience of teaching and supporting learners. This answer is supported by the other options, which do not accurately capture the motivation and satisfaction that preceptors derive from working with students.

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  • 6. 

    Other advantages of the preceptor model include:

    • A.

      Higher pass rates on the NCLEX-RN.

    • B.

      Students believe they are more competent implementing the nursing process of care.

    • C.

      Preceptors are inspired to achieve higher standards of care.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    • E.

      B & C

    Correct Answer
    E. B & C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B & C. This means that the other advantages of the preceptor model include students believing they are more competent in implementing the nursing process of care, and preceptors being inspired to achieve higher standards of care. This suggests that the preceptor model not only improves the pass rates on the NCLEX-RN, but also has additional benefits such as increasing student confidence and motivation for providing high-quality care.

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  • 7. 

    The preceptor teaching strategy was founded on:

    • A.

      The Theory of Evolution.

    • B.

      The Adult Learning Theory.

    • C.

      The Theory of Relativity.

    • D.

      The Chaos Theory.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Adult Learning Theory.
    Explanation
    The preceptor teaching strategy is based on the Adult Learning Theory. This theory emphasizes that adults learn best when they are actively involved in the learning process and when the learning is relevant to their own experiences and needs. The preceptor teaching strategy, which involves a mentor or experienced practitioner guiding and supporting a learner, aligns with the principles of the Adult Learning Theory by promoting active engagement, individualized learning, and practical application of knowledge. The other theories mentioned, such as the Theory of Evolution, Theory of Relativity, and Chaos Theory, are not directly related to the preceptor teaching strategy.

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  • 8. 

    The One Minute Preceptor (OMP):

    • A.

      Was originally incorporated in medical education.

    • B.

      Is learner centered.

    • C.

      Derived from the adult learning theory, theory of reflective practice and constructivism.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." The One Minute Preceptor (OMP) was originally incorporated in medical education, is learner-centered, and derived from the adult learning theory, theory of reflective practice, and constructivism. This teaching method encompasses all of these aspects, making it an effective and comprehensive approach to medical education.

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  • 9. 

    The OMP model consists of:

    • A.

      Securing a commitment and supportive evidence from the student concerning the case.

    • B.

      The preceptor teaches general rules regarding the case.

    • C.

      The preceptor tells the student what was done correctly, but also corrects mistakes.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The OMP model consists of securing a commitment and supportive evidence from the student concerning the case, teaching general rules regarding the case, and providing feedback to the student by pointing out both correct actions and mistakes. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 10. 

    The principles of clinical instruction incorporates

    • A.

      An evolutionary process.

    • B.

      Reinforcement, participation and repetition to enhance learning.

    • C.

      Variety in learning activities.

    • D.

      Use of information & skills as soon as possible in the clinical setting.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The principles of clinical instruction incorporate an evolutionary process, which means that it is constantly evolving and improving. It also includes reinforcement, participation, and repetition to enhance learning, as these are effective strategies for retaining information. Variety in learning activities is important to keep learners engaged and to cater to different learning styles. Lastly, the use of information and skills as soon as possible in the clinical setting helps to reinforce learning and allows learners to apply what they have learned in a real-world context. Therefore, all of the above options are correct.

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  • 11. 

    Sink or Swim is a preceptor strategy in which

    • A.

      The student is allowed to function autonomously.

    • B.

      The student is in contact with the preceptor by mobile phone, pager, and e-mails only.

    • C.

      The preceptor is immediately available and ultimately responsible for the patient care decisions.

    • D.

      A & C are correct.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. A & C are correct.
    Explanation
    In the Sink or Swim preceptor strategy, the student is given the opportunity to work independently and make decisions on their own. They are allowed to function autonomously, which means they have the freedom to take charge of patient care without constant supervision. Additionally, the preceptor is immediately available and ultimately responsible for the patient care decisions, ensuring that the student has support and guidance when needed. Therefore, option A & C are correct as they accurately describe the characteristics of the Sink or Swim preceptor strategy.

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  • 12. 

    Structured manipulation allows the student

    • A.

      Immediate involvement with complecated cases as long as there is constant attendance of the preceptor.

    • B.

      Intense consultation sessions with the preceptor with complexity of assignments given on a gradual basis.

    • C.

      Both A & B are true.

    • D.

      Only B is true.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. Only B is true.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Only B is true." This means that only the statement "Intense consultation sessions with the preceptor with complexity of assignments given on a gradual basis" is true. The other statement, "Immediate involvement with complicated cases as long as there is constant attendance of the preceptor" is not true. This suggests that structured manipulation does not allow immediate involvement with complicated cases, but instead focuses on intense consultation sessions and gradually increasing the complexity of assignments.

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  • Current Version
  • Oct 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 19, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jmcrowley
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