Enlightenment And Enlightenment Philosophers

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Quizzes Created: 13 | Total Attempts: 11,256
Questions: 9 | Attempts: 1,196

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Enlightenment Quizzes & Trivia

Get ready for the philosophers and the Enlightenment!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All of the following apply to Montesqueiu... (pick 3)

    • A.

      3 branches of government

    • B.

      Checks and balances

    • C.

      Separation of powers

    • D.

      Absolute monarchy

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 3 branches of government
    B. Checks and balances
    C. Separation of powers
    Explanation
    Montesquieu is known for his theory of separation of powers, which suggests that the powers of government should be divided into three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. This division ensures a system of checks and balances, where each branch has its own powers and can check the actions of the other branches. Absolute monarchy, on the other hand, is a form of government where the monarch holds absolute power and is not applicable to Montesquieu's ideas. Therefore, the correct answers are 3 branches of government, checks and balances, and separation of powers.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following apply to Wollstonecraft... (pick 2)

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      People unable to govern themselves

    • C.

      Equal rights for women

    • D.

      Government by the middle class is best

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Democracy
    C. Equal rights for women
    Explanation
    Wollstonecraft believed in democracy, as she advocated for the idea that people should have a say in their own governance. She also believed in equal rights for women, as she argued for the importance of women having the same opportunities and freedoms as men.

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  • 3. 

    Life, liberty, and property

    • A.

      Property rights

    • B.

      Natural rights

    • C.

      Social rights

    Correct Answer
    B. Natural rights
    Explanation
    Natural rights refer to the fundamental rights that every individual possesses inherently, regardless of any government or societal recognition. These rights include the right to life, liberty, and property. The concept of natural rights suggests that these rights are not granted by any authority but are instead derived from human nature itself. Therefore, the given answer "natural rights" accurately represents the concept of life, liberty, and property as fundamental rights that all individuals possess.

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  • 4. 

    Giving up some freedoms to have the government protect us.  If the government doesn't protect our natural rights we have the right to overthrow the government.  This is known as

    • A.

      Divine Right

    • B.

      Social Contract Theory

    • C.

      Natural Rights

    • D.

      Personal Rights

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Contract Theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Social Contract Theory. Social Contract Theory is the idea that individuals willingly give up some of their freedoms in exchange for the government's protection of their natural rights. It suggests that if the government fails to protect these rights, individuals have the right to overthrow the government.

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  • 5. 

    The Enlightenment was... (pick 1)

    • A.

      Religious movement emphasizing the power of the church

    • B.

      Intellectual movement emphasizing the use of reason and logic

    • C.

      Political movement emphasizing the belief that man is wicked and incapable of ruling himself

    Correct Answer
    B. Intellectual movement emphasizing the use of reason and logic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Intellectual movement emphasizing the use of reason and logic." During the Enlightenment period, thinkers and philosophers emphasized the importance of reason and logic in understanding the world and solving societal problems. They believed in the power of human intellect to challenge traditional beliefs and institutions, leading to progress in various fields such as science, politics, and philosophy. This movement promoted critical thinking, skepticism, and the pursuit of knowledge through observation and rational analysis.

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  • 6. 

    All are themes of the Enlightenment EXCEPT

    • A.

      Power of the common man

    • B.

      Power should be solely in the hand of kings

    • C.

      Logic, thought and reason

    • D.

      Challenging traditional thought

    Correct Answer
    B. Power should be solely in the hand of kings
    Explanation
    The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement that emphasized the power of reason, logic, and challenging traditional thought. It advocated for the empowerment of the common man and questioned the absolute authority of monarchs. Therefore, the idea that power should be solely in the hands of kings goes against the principles of the Enlightenment, making it the exception among the given themes.

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  • 7. 

    John Locke believed

    • A.

      Natural rights of life, liberty, and property are given by God

    • B.

      The monarch should be given absolute authority

    • C.

      Power is given to the people by the president

    • D.

      Governments should have no limitations

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural rights of life, liberty, and property are given by God
    Explanation
    John Locke believed that natural rights of life, liberty, and property are given by God. This means that these rights are inherent to all individuals and cannot be taken away by any government or authority. Locke argued that these rights are fundamental and should be protected by the government, and if the government fails to do so, the people have the right to overthrow it. This belief in natural rights and limited government influenced the development of democratic principles and the concept of individual rights in Western political thought.

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  • 8. 

    During the Middle Ages, people looked to God and the church to explain the world around them

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Middle Ages, people heavily relied on God and the church to provide explanations for the world around them. This was a time when religious beliefs and practices were deeply ingrained in society, and the church held significant power and influence. People sought answers to questions about natural phenomena, events, and even their own existence through religious teachings and interpretations. The church provided explanations for various aspects of life, such as the creation of the universe, the purpose of human existence, and the occurrence of natural disasters. Therefore, it is true that during the Middle Ages, people looked to God and the church for explanations.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following contributed to the changing view of man during Age of Reason? (Pick 3)

    • A.

      The geocentric model of the universe

    • B.

      The Printing Press

    • C.

      Martin Luther and the Reformation

    • D.

      Art that focused on the beauty and compentence of man

    • E.

      The idea that man was evil, sinful, and incapable of ruling themselves

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. The Printing Press
    C. Martin Luther and the Reformation
    D. Art that focused on the beauty and compentence of man
    Explanation
    During the Age of Reason, the Printing Press contributed to the changing view of man by facilitating the spread of knowledge and ideas, allowing for the dissemination of new perspectives and challenging traditional beliefs. Martin Luther and the Reformation also played a role, as Luther's ideas of individual interpretation of the Bible and the rejection of papal authority empowered individuals to question established authority and think for themselves. Additionally, art that focused on the beauty and competence of man reflected a shift in the perception of human potential and the celebration of human achievements, further contributing to the changing view of man.

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