Absolutism & Enlightenment Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Spanglli
S
Spanglli
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 1,802
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 1,195

SettingsSettingsSettings
Enlightenment Quizzes & Trivia

In the 18th and 19th century monarchs had absolute power over their subjects and could do as they wished without being brought to book. This form of ruling led to a lot of rebellions. How well do you understand the absolutism & Enlightenment forms of ruling? Take and the quiz and find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is absolutism?

    • A.

      The idea that the right for a king to rule his or her country comes from heaven.

    • B.

      This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.

    • C.

      This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.

    Correct Answer
    C. This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.
    Explanation
    Absolutism refers to the complete control that European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th centuries. It is a form of monarchy where the ruler has absolute power and authority, with no limits or checks on their power. This system allowed the monarch to make decisions and govern without the need for approval or consent from other branches of government or the people.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What is the Divine Right of Kings?

    • A.

      The idea that the right for a king to rule his or her country comes from heaven.

    • B.

      This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.

    • C.

      This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.

    Correct Answer
    A. The idea that the right for a king to rule his or her country comes from heaven.
    Explanation
    The Divine Right of Kings is the belief that a king's authority to rule is granted by a higher power, typically believed to be God. This concept asserts that monarchs are chosen and appointed by divine will, and their power is absolute and unquestionable. It is based on the belief that the king is God's representative on earth and therefore holds the ultimate authority to govern. This belief was prevalent in many European monarchies during the 15th to 18th centuries, where kings and queens held complete control over their countries.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Who was Louis XIV?

    • A.

      This man did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • B.

      This man believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

    • C.

      This man promoted Westernization campaigns to make his country more European.

    • D.

      This man demonstrated absolutism by building Versailles as a way of distracting the French nobility.

    Correct Answer
    D. This man demonstrated absolutism by building Versailles as a way of distracting the French nobility.
    Explanation
    Louis XIV was a French king who believed in the concept of absolutism. He built the palace of Versailles as a way to centralize power and control over the French nobility. By creating a lavish and opulent court at Versailles, Louis XIV was able to distract the nobility with extravagant parties and ceremonies, keeping them occupied and away from political power. This exemplifies the idea of absolutism, where the king holds absolute power and authority over the government and the people.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Who was Peter the Great?

    • A.

      This man demonstrated absolutism by building Versailles as a way of distracting the French nobility.

    • B.

      This man promoted Westernization campaigns to make his country more European.

    • C.

      This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.

    • D.

      This man did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    Correct Answer
    B. This man promoted Westernization campaigns to make his country more European.
    Explanation
    Peter the Great was a historical figure who promoted Westernization campaigns to make his country more European. This means that he implemented reforms and policies that aimed to modernize and adopt Western practices in Russia. He believed that by adopting European customs, technologies, and institutions, Russia could become a more powerful and advanced nation. This included reforms in the military, education, and culture. Peter the Great's efforts had a lasting impact on Russia and played a significant role in its transformation into a major European power.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Who was Catherine the Great?

    • A.

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by expanding Russia geographically.

    • B.

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by defeating the Spanish armada, making England the most powerful country in the world for the next couple of centuries.

    • C.

      This woman helped to promoted educational reforms in her country of Austria.

    Correct Answer
    A. This woman demonstrated absolutism by expanding Russia geographically.
    Explanation
    Catherine the Great was a ruler of Russia who demonstrated absolutism by expanding the country's territory. She embarked on a series of military campaigns and successfully annexed several territories, including Crimea and parts of Poland. Her expansionist policies greatly increased the size of the Russian Empire, solidifying its status as a major European power. This demonstrates her exercise of absolute power and control over the state's affairs, characteristic of absolutist rulers.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Who was Maria Theresa?

    • A.

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by expanding Russia geographically.

    • B.

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by defeating the Spanish armada, making England the most powerful country in the world for the next couple of centuries.

    • C.

      This woman helped to promoted educational reforms in her country of Austria.

    Correct Answer
    C. This woman helped to promoted educational reforms in her country of Austria.
  • 7. 

    Who was Elizabeth I?

    • A.

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by expanding Russia geographically.

    • B.

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by defeating the Spanish armada, making England the most powerful country in the world for the next couple of centuries.

    • C.

      This woman helped to promoted educational reforms in her country of Austria.

    Correct Answer
    B. This woman demonstrated absolutism by defeating the Spanish armada, making England the most powerful country in the world for the next couple of centuries.
    Explanation
    Elizabeth I was the Queen of England and Ireland from 1558 to 1603. She is known for her strong and centralized rule, which is a characteristic of absolutism. By defeating the Spanish armada, Elizabeth I ensured the security and dominance of England, establishing it as the most powerful country in the world for the next couple of centuries. This victory not only protected England from Spanish invasion but also boosted its economy and global influence. Elizabeth I's reign marked a period of political stability, economic growth, and cultural flourishing in England.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What was the Enlightenment?

    • A.

      This term refers to the period of philosophical changes that promoted democracy, human rights, and the political participation of the public.

    • B.

      This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.

    • C.

      This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.

    Correct Answer
    A. This term refers to the period of philosophical changes that promoted democracy, human rights, and the political participation of the public.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the first option, "This term refers to the period of philosophical changes that promoted democracy, human rights, and the political participation of the public." The Enlightenment was a cultural and intellectual movement that took place in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. It emphasized reason, science, and individualism, and sought to challenge traditional authority and promote the ideals of democracy, human rights, and political participation. This period saw the rise of influential thinkers such as John Locke, Voltaire, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who advocated for these principles and helped shape modern Western society.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What was Enlightened Absolutism?

    • A.

      This term refers to the period of philosophical changes that promoted democracy, human rights, and the political participation of the public.

    • B.

      This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.

    • C.

      This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.

    Correct Answer
    C. This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.
    Explanation
    Enlightened Absolutism refers to a monarchy that retains absolute power but governs with the best interests of the people in mind. During this period, European kings and queens implemented reforms and policies that aimed to improve the lives of their subjects. These rulers were influenced by Enlightenment ideals, such as democracy and human rights, and sought to balance their own authority with the welfare of their citizens. While they maintained ultimate control, they introduced measures like religious tolerance, legal reforms, and social welfare programs to create a more just and prosperous society.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Who was John Locke?

    • A.

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    • B.

      This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.

    • C.

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D.

      This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

    Correct Answer
    D. This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.
    Explanation
    John Locke was a philosopher who believed that humans were naturally good and did not require a large government to rule over them. He advocated for limited government and individual rights, emphasizing the importance of consent and the social contract between the government and the governed. Locke's ideas greatly influenced the development of modern democratic societies and the concept of natural rights.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Who was Thomas Hobbes?

    • A.

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    • B.

      This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.

    • C.

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D.

      This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

    Correct Answer
    B. This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.
    Explanation
    Thomas Hobbes was a philosopher who believed that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic. He argued that in order to prevent the state of nature, where life would be "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short," a strong central government was necessary to control and regulate human behavior. Hobbes did not believe in the innate goodness of humans and thought that without a powerful government, society would descend into chaos. His ideas laid the foundation for the concept of a social contract and influenced the development of political philosophy.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Who was Jean-Jacques Rousseau?

    • A.

      This man believed in the idea of popular sovereignty- that the will of the people should determine their government.

    • B.

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    • C.

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D.

      This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

    Correct Answer
    A. This man believed in the idea of popular sovereignty- that the will of the people should determine their government.
    Explanation
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed in the idea of popular sovereignty, which means that he believed that the will of the people should determine their government. This means that the people should have the power to choose their leaders and make decisions about their government. Rousseau's belief in popular sovereignty was a key idea in the development of democratic principles and influenced the formation of modern democratic governments.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Who was Montesquieu?

    • A.

      This man believed in the idea of popular sovereignty- that the will of the people should determine their government.

    • B.

      This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

    • C.

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D.

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    Correct Answer
    D. This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.
    Explanation
    Montesquieu proposed the idea of separating the powers of government into three branches - executive, legislative, and judicial. He believed that dividing power among these branches would prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful and potentially abusing their authority. This system of checks and balances would help to protect individual freedoms and ensure a fair and just government. This concept became a fundamental principle in modern democratic systems and greatly influenced the development of constitutional law.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Who was Voltaire?

    • A.

      This man believed in the idea of popular sovereignty- that the will of the people should determine their government.

    • B.

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    • C.

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D.

      This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.

    Correct Answer
    C. This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.
    Explanation
    Voltaire believed in an enlightened monarchy as he did not think that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government. He believed that the will of the people should determine their government, but he also believed that a strong and enlightened ruler was necessary to maintain order and control over a society that he viewed as naturally greedy and chaotic. Therefore, he proposed the idea of an enlightened monarchy as the best form of government.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 18, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Spanglli
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.