Absolutism & Enlightenment Quiz

14 Questions

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Enlightenment Quizzes & Trivia

In the 18th and 19th century monarchs had absolute power over their subjects and could do as they wished without being brought to book. This form of ruling led to a lot of rebellions. How well do you understand the absolutism & Enlightenment forms of ruling? Take and the quiz and find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      The idea that the right for a king to rule his or her country comes from heaven.

    • B. 

      This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.

    • C. 

      This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.

  • 2. 
    What is the Divine Right of Kings?
    • A. 

      The idea that the right for a king to rule his or her country comes from heaven.

    • B. 

      This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.

    • C. 

      This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.

  • 3. 
    Who was Louis XIV?
    • A. 

      This man did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • B. 

      This man believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

    • C. 

      This man promoted Westernization campaigns to make his country more European.

    • D. 

      This man demonstrated absolutism by building Versailles as a way of distracting the French nobility.

  • 4. 
    Who was Peter the Great?
    • A. 

      This man demonstrated absolutism by building Versailles as a way of distracting the French nobility.

    • B. 

      This man promoted Westernization campaigns to make his country more European.

    • C. 

      This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.

    • D. 

      This man did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

  • 5. 
    Who was Catherine the Great?
    • A. 

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by expanding Russia geographically.

    • B. 

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by defeating the Spanish armada, making England the most powerful country in the world for the next couple of centuries.

    • C. 

      This woman helped to promoted educational reforms in her country of Austria.

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by expanding Russia geographically.

    • B. 

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by defeating the Spanish armada, making England the most powerful country in the world for the next couple of centuries.

    • C. 

      This woman helped to promoted educational reforms in her country of Austria.

  • 7. 
    Who was Elizabeth I?
    • A. 

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by expanding Russia geographically.

    • B. 

      This woman demonstrated absolutism by defeating the Spanish armada, making England the most powerful country in the world for the next couple of centuries.

    • C. 

      This woman helped to promoted educational reforms in her country of Austria.

  • 8. 
    What was the Enlightenment?
    • A. 

      This term refers to the period of philosophical changes that promoted democracy, human rights, and the political participation of the public.

    • B. 

      This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.

    • C. 

      This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.

  • 9. 
    What was Enlightened Absolutism?
    • A. 

      This term refers to the period of philosophical changes that promoted democracy, human rights, and the political participation of the public.

    • B. 

      This term referred to the complete control that the European kings and queens had over their countries during the 15th-18th C.

    • C. 

      This term refers to a monarchy that still has absolute power but generally rules in the best interests of the people.

  • 10. 
    Who was John Locke?
    • A. 

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    • B. 

      This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.

    • C. 

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D. 

      This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

  • 11. 
    Who was Thomas Hobbes?
    • A. 

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    • B. 

      This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.

    • C. 

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D. 

      This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

  • 12. 
    Who was Jean-Jacques Rousseau?
    • A. 

      This man believed in the idea of popular sovereignty- that the will of the people should determine their government.

    • B. 

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    • C. 

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D. 

      This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

  • 13. 
    Who was Montesquieu?
    • A. 

      This man believed in the idea of popular sovereignty- that the will of the people should determine their government.

    • B. 

      This philosopher believed that humans were naturally good and would not need a large government to rule over them.

    • C. 

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D. 

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

  • 14. 
    Who was Voltaire?
    • A. 

      This man believed in the idea of popular sovereignty- that the will of the people should determine their government.

    • B. 

      This philosopher proposed that governments be set up into three branches- the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

    • C. 

      This philosopher did not believe that the average person was intelligent enough to participate in government, which led him to believe that an enlightened monarchy was best.

    • D. 

      This man thought that humans were naturally greedy and chaotic and would need a large government to control them.