Bentley Ch. 23 Test

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 327

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Bentley Ch. 23 Test

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When Martin Luther objected to the Catholic church, what was his original issue?
    • A. 

      A vernacular Bible

    • B. 

      An end to celibacy

    • C. 

      The sale of indulgences

    • D. 

      The display of relics

  • 2. 
    Why was the Council of Trent convened?
    • A. 

      As opposition to the Protestant Reformation and to create an education for priests

    • B. 

      The debate the question of celibacy in priests and the sale of relics

    • C. 

      To determine whether or not Jesus Christ was a human man

    • D. 

      All of these statements are correct

  • 3. 
    Which of the following contributed the most to the enormous growth of the European population during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries?
    • A. 

      The decrease in epidemic disease

    • B. 

      New crops from other continents

    • C. 

      An increasing birth rate

    • D. 

      Increased sanitation methods in urban centers

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is the most accurate in regards to constitutional states?
    • A. 

      Constitutional monarchs must follow the rules of a written constitution

    • B. 

      Constitutional monarchs must be sole rulers

    • C. 

      Constitutional monarchs must share power with a representative body

    • D. 

      Constitutional monarchs base their power on divine right

  • 5. 
    In addition to enhanced administration and improved finances, the new monarchs needed to 
    • A. 

      Ally themselves with bigger states

    • B. 

      Have the support of the nobility

    • C. 

      Suppress the power of the nobility

    • D. 

      Gain the support of the Catholic church

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the similarities between the Enlightenment and the earlier Renaissance?
    • A. 

      Both focused on a philosophy of human behavior

    • B. 

      Both adopted a return to a better, more classical period

    • C. 

      Both allowed women some role in the intellectual world

    • D. 

      Both were a product of recent scientific discoveries

  • 7. 
    The absolute monarchs of Europe had a philosophy most similar to which of the following rulers?
    • A. 

      The Roman emperors

    • B. 

      The Incas

    • C. 

      The Chinese emperors

    • D. 

      The pharoahs

  • 8. 
    Why were the French philosophes important?
    • A. 

      They believed that their concepts of individual rights would provide for constant progress

    • B. 

      They explained the theories of the scientific revolution to the public

    • C. 

      They started a religious split that further divided Protestant sects

    • D. 

      They uniformly agreed on the rejection of organized religion

  • 9. 
    One reason for the hysterical witch hunts of the 16th century was that
    • A. 

      The conflicts of the Reformation contributed to a climate of suspicion and violence

    • B. 

      Unusual natural phenomena suggested supernatural causes

    • C. 

      Desperate people turned to magic to try to improve their lives

    • D. 

      New texts claimed scientific evidence of witchcraft

  • 10. 
    Who benefited most from the religious controversy generated by the Reformation?
    • A. 

      The people

    • B. 

      The peasants

    • C. 

      Centralizing monarchs

    • D. 

      The Islamic empires

  • 11. 
    The new monarchs were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A commitment to individual liberty

    • B. 

      Standing professional armies

    • C. 

      Large centrally administered bureaucracies

    • D. 

      Increased state revenues through taxes

  • 12. 
    The Spanish Inquisition relied on religious justifications to advance what political end?
    • A. 

      Increasing the revenues for the Spanish crown

    • B. 

      Raising a vast army for Spain

    • C. 

      Discouraging the Spanish nobles from adopting Protestantism

    • D. 

      Crushing a suspected Muslim rebellion

  • 13. 
    The putting-out system was profitable for all of the following groups EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Entrepreneurs

    • B. 

      Consumers

    • C. 

      Rural workers

    • D. 

      Guild members