Scientific Revolution/Enlightenment Chapter Test Practice

21 Questions
Scientific Revolution Quizzes & Trivia

Practice Questions to help you study for our Chapter 17 Test.

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Montesquieu

    • B. 

      Bacon

    • C. 

      Darwin

    • D. 

      Machiavelli

    • E. 

      Locke

  • 2. 
    Writers of the Enlightenment were primarily interested in
    • A. 

      Supporting the divine right theory

    • B. 

      Changing the relationship between people and their government

    • C. 

      Debating the role of the church in society

    • D. 

      Promoting increased power for European monarch

  • 3. 
    John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support
    • A. 

      A return to feudalism in Europe

    • B. 

      A government ruled by a divine right monarchy

    • C. 

      A society ruled by the Catholic Church

    • D. 

      A society in which the people chose the ruler

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Relied heavily on the ideas of medieval thinkers

    • B. 

      Favored an absolute monarchy as a way of improving economic conditions

    • C. 

      Received support from the Catholic Church

    • D. 

      Examined natural laws governing the universe

  • 5. 
    The French word ___________ meant “philosopher”, or “enlightened thinker.”
  • 6. 
  • 7. 
    ________________ criticized the use of the death penalty, calling it hypocritical and cruel.
  • 8. 
  • 9. 
    The writers and philosophers of the Enlightenment believed the government decisions should be based on
    • A. 

      Fundamental religious beliefs

    • B. 

      Traditional values

    • C. 

      Laws of nature and reason

    • D. 

      The concept of divine right of kings

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is associated with the term “federal system”?
    • A. 

      A constitutional monarchy

    • B. 

      The division of power between national and state governments

    • C. 

      Direct democracy

    • D. 

      An oligarchy

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is known for discovering that the orbits of the planets were elliptical, not circular?
    • A. 

      Kepler

    • B. 

      Galileo

    • C. 

      Newton

    • D. 

      Locke

    • E. 

      Vesalius

  • 12. 
    The term ______________ means to “let (the people) do (what they want)”, which was a doctrine of Adam Smith.
  • 13. 
    The War of ____________ broke out when Prussia invaded the Austrian territory Silesia.
  • 14. 
    Which of the following was NOT a major location of conflict during the Seven Years' War?
    • A. 

      India

    • B. 

      Europe

    • C. 

      South America

    • D. 

      North America

  • 15. 
    With which of the following statements would Adam Smith most agree?
    • A. 

      The national government should fund public schools.

    • B. 

      The government should stay out of economic issues whenever possible.

    • C. 

      The government should provide unemployment benefits.

    • D. 

      The government should provide tax breaks to cover childcare costs

  • 16. 
    ____________ spread the ideas of the Enlightenment through the publication of his Encyclopedia.
  • 17. 
    With which of the following would an Enlightenment thinker MOST agree?
    • A. 

      The right to rule comes from God

    • B. 

      A strong military government is needed to keep the people in line

    • C. 

      The only important part of a society is its economy

    • D. 

      The right to rule comes from the consent of the people

  • 18. 
    How are the Enlightenment and the Renaissance similar?
    • A. 

      Art of both eras are based on Impressionism

    • B. 

      Advanced technology was crucial for both eras

    • C. 

      Both eras relied on the use of the scientific method to discover universal truths

    • D. 

      Both eras encouraged the questioning of tradition and traditional authority

  • 19. 
    What was the Seven Years' War called in North America?
  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Frederick the Great

    • B. 

      Catherine the Great

    • C. 

      Joseph II

    • D. 

      Maria Teresa

  • 21. 
    Which of the following documents was MOST influenced by the ideas of Montesquieu?
    • A. 

      The Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      The Constitution

    • C. 

      The Declaration of Independence

    • D. 

      The Articles of Confederation