Enlightenment And Scientific Revolution Review Quiz

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Enlightenment And Scientific Revolution Review Quiz - Quiz

Long before the scientific knowledge was spread out in the world there are some events that marked its emergence leading to development in different fields. Below is enlightenment and scientific revolution quiz designed to see whether you understood chapter five in preparation for the WHA. Give it a try and get to refresh your memory. All the best and study hard!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The endless religious wars, supernatural beliefs, and the printing press led to the Enlightenment.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the endless religious wars, supernatural beliefs, and the printing press were contributing factors that led to the Enlightenment. The religious wars may have caused people to question traditional beliefs and seek new ideas. The supernatural beliefs may have been challenged by scientific discoveries and rational thinking during the Enlightenment. The printing press, with its ability to disseminate knowledge and ideas, likely played a role in spreading Enlightenment ideals and facilitating intellectual discussions. Overall, these factors align with the historical context and progression of ideas during the Enlightenment period.

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  • 2. 

    During the Enlightenment, reason and facts were considered less important than the church.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During the Enlightenment, reason and facts were considered more important than the church. The Enlightenment was a period in history when thinkers emphasized the use of reason and evidence to understand and improve the world. This movement challenged traditional religious beliefs and placed a greater emphasis on scientific inquiry and rational thought. Therefore, the statement that reason and facts were considered less important than the church during the Enlightenment is false.

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  • 3. 

    Geocentric theory says that the Earth is the center of the universe.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The geocentric theory states that the Earth is the center of the universe. This theory was widely accepted for centuries until it was proven incorrect by the heliocentric theory proposed by Copernicus. According to the geocentric theory, all celestial bodies, including the sun and other planets, revolve around the Earth. This belief was based on observations that made it appear as though the Earth was stationary and everything else moved around it. However, with advancements in astronomy and the discovery of planetary motion, it became clear that the Earth is not the center of the universe.

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  • 4. 

    How many steps are in the scientific method?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    D. 5
    Explanation
    The scientific method consists of five steps. These steps include making observations, asking a question, forming a hypothesis, conducting an experiment, and drawing conclusions. Each step is essential in the process of scientific inquiry and helps researchers systematically investigate and understand phenomena. Therefore, the correct answer is 5.

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  • 5. 

    Who put forth the Heliocentric Theory?

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Galileo

    • C.

      Plato

    • D.

      Newton

    Correct Answer
    A. Copernicus
    Explanation
    Copernicus is the correct answer because he was the one who proposed the Heliocentric Theory. This theory states that the Sun is at the center of the solar system, with the planets, including Earth, orbiting around it. Copernicus's work, "De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium," published in 1543, challenged the prevailing geocentric model and laid the foundation for modern astronomy. His theory revolutionized our understanding of the solar system and had a profound impact on the scientific community.

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  • 6. 

    What scientist built the first telescope?

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Galileo

    • C.

      Plato

    • D.

      Newton

    Correct Answer
    B. Galileo
    Explanation
    Galileo is the correct answer because he is credited with building the first telescope. In the early 17th century, Galileo constructed a telescope that was capable of magnifying distant objects. This invention revolutionized astronomy and allowed Galileo to make groundbreaking observations, such as discovering the moons of Jupiter and the phases of Venus. His telescope played a crucial role in advancing our understanding of the universe and solidifying the heliocentric model of the solar system.

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  • 7. 

    Who explained the law of gravity?

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Galileo

    • C.

      Plato

    • D.

      Newton

    Correct Answer
    D. Newton
    Explanation
    Newton explained the law of gravity. He formulated the laws of motion and the law of universal gravitation, which states that every particle attracts every other particle in the universe with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. Newton's explanation of the law of gravity revolutionized our understanding of the physical world and laid the foundation for modern physics.

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  • 8. 

    Before the Enlightenment, what was the primary source of knowledge for all people?

    • A.

      The Encyclopedia

    • B.

      The Church

    • C.

      Many different books

    Correct Answer
    B. The Church
    Explanation
    Before the Enlightenment, the primary source of knowledge for all people was the Church. During this time, the Church held significant power and influence over society, including education and the dissemination of knowledge. The Church controlled the education system, and its teachings were considered the ultimate authority on various subjects, including theology, philosophy, and natural sciences. People relied on the Church for guidance and understanding of the world, making it the primary source of knowledge during that time.

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  • 9. 

    The Enlightenment is also known as the Age of Reason.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Enlightenment is indeed known as the Age of Reason. This period, which occurred in the 18th century, emphasized the use of reason and logic in all aspects of life, including politics, science, and philosophy. During this time, thinkers and intellectuals sought to challenge traditional beliefs and superstitions, advocating for individual rights, religious tolerance, and the pursuit of knowledge. The term "Age of Reason" reflects the central focus on rationality and critical thinking that characterized this intellectual movement.

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  • 10. 

    This philosopher believed that people were naturally greedy and must be controlled by a strong government (such as an absolute monarch).

    • A.

      Hobbes

    • B.

      Rousseau

    • C.

      Montesquieu

    • D.

      Locke

    Correct Answer
    A. Hobbes
    Explanation
    Hobbes believed that people were naturally greedy and needed a strong government to control them. He argued that without a powerful authority, society would descend into chaos and conflict. Hobbes' theory of social contract emphasized the need for a centralized government, such as an absolute monarch, to maintain order and prevent individuals from harming each other. This belief in the inherent selfishness of human nature and the necessity of a strong ruler to keep it in check distinguishes Hobbes from other philosophers like Rousseau, Montesquieu, and Locke.

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  • 11. 

    This philosopher wanted complete equality. He believed that people should give up some individual rights/freedoms for the good of all people.

    • A.

      Hobbes

    • B.

      Rousseau

    • C.

      Montesquieu

    • D.

      Locke

    Correct Answer
    B. Rousseau
    Explanation
    Rousseau believed in complete equality and argued that individuals should willingly surrender some of their individual rights and freedoms in order to benefit the collective good of society. He believed that this would lead to a more harmonious and just society.

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  • 12. 

    This philosopher believed that power should be divided amongst leaders.

    • A.

      Hobbes

    • B.

      Rousseau

    • C.

      Montesquieu

    • D.

      Locke

    Correct Answer
    C. Montesquieu
    Explanation
    Montesquieu believed in the separation of powers, which means dividing power among different branches of government. He argued that this division would prevent any one person or group from becoming too powerful and abusing their authority. Montesquieu's ideas heavily influenced the formation of modern democratic systems, such as the separation of powers into the executive, legislative, and judicial branches in the United States.

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  • 13. 

    Believed that people were born with natural rights that could not be taken away by government

    • A.

      Hobbes

    • B.

      Rousseau

    • C.

      Montesquieu

    • D.

      Locke

    Correct Answer
    D. Locke
    Explanation
    Locke believed that people were born with natural rights that could not be taken away by the government. He argued that these rights, including life, liberty, and property, were inherent to every individual and should be protected by the state. Locke's ideas laid the foundation for modern liberal democracy and influenced the drafting of the United States Declaration of Independence. His belief in the importance of individual rights and limited government power was a significant departure from the prevailing political theories of his time.

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  • 14. 

    Voltaire used reason to evaluate economic systems

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The man that did that was Adam Smith

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  • 15. 

    Voltaire wrote the Encyclopedia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The man that did that was Diderot

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  • 16. 

    Separation of Powers and the Bill of Rights are two examples of how the Enlightenment influenced the U.S. government.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement that emphasized reason, individualism, and the importance of human rights. It greatly influenced the founding fathers of the United States and their vision for a democratic government. The concept of separation of powers, which divides the government into three branches (legislative, executive, and judicial) to prevent the concentration of power, was inspired by Enlightenment thinkers like Montesquieu. The Bill of Rights, which guarantees individual freedoms and limits the power of the government, reflects the Enlightenment belief in the importance of protecting individual rights. Therefore, it is true that the Enlightenment influenced the U.S. government through these principles.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 16, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    MandyKristek
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