1.
Galileo constructed the first of what in 1609?
Correct Answer
C. Atronomical telescope
Explanation
In 1609, Galileo constructed the first astronomical telescope. This invention allowed him to observe celestial objects and make significant discoveries, such as the moons of Jupiter and the phases of Venus. The use of a glass lens in the telescope helped magnify the images, enabling Galileo to see further and with greater detail. This groundbreaking invention revolutionized the field of astronomy and paved the way for future advancements in our understanding of the universe.
2.
Who banished Galileo in the early 1600's from the catholic church?
Correct Answer
A. Pope Urban VIII
Explanation
Pope Urban VIII banished Galileo from the Catholic Church in the early 1600s. This decision was a result of Galileo's support for the heliocentric model of the universe, which contradicted the Church's geocentric beliefs. Pope Urban VIII, who was the reigning pope at that time, considered Galileo's views as heretical and ordered him to abandon his support for the heliocentric theory. When Galileo refused to comply, he was placed under house arrest for the remainder of his life.
3.
What was Newtons 1st Law?
Correct Answer
A. The law of inertia
Explanation
The correct answer is the law of inertia. This law states that an object at rest will stay at rest, and an object in motion will stay in motion with the same speed and direction unless acted upon by an external force. It explains how objects tend to resist changes in their state of motion, whether it is staying still or moving. This law is fundamental to understanding the behavior of objects and is one of the three laws of motion formulated by Sir Isaac Newton.
4.
What was Newton's second Law?
Correct Answer
B. F=ma
Explanation
Newton's second law states that the force acting on an object is directly proportional to the mass of the object and the acceleration produced. This can be mathematically represented as F=ma, where F is the force, m is the mass, and a is the acceleration. This equation is fundamental in understanding the relationship between force, mass, and acceleration, and it is one of the key principles in classical mechanics.
5.
What wasNewtons third law?
Correct Answer
C. Action/Reaction
Explanation
Newton's third law states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This means that whenever an object exerts a force on another object, the second object exerts a force of equal magnitude but in the opposite direction on the first object. This law applies to all interactions between objects and is fundamental in understanding the principles of motion and force.
6.
Who came up with the Heliocentric theory?
Correct Answer
B. Copernicus
Explanation
Copernicus came up with the Heliocentric theory. He proposed that the Sun is at the center of the solar system, with the planets, including Earth, orbiting around it. This theory challenged the prevailing belief that Earth was the center of the universe. Copernicus' work laid the foundation for modern astronomy and had a significant impact on our understanding of the solar system.
7.
What did the heliocentric theory prove?
Correct Answer
A. Earth revolves around the sun
Explanation
The heliocentric theory, which was proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus, proved that the Earth revolves around the sun. This theory challenged the prevailing belief at the time that the sun revolved around the Earth. Copernicus' groundbreaking idea revolutionized our understanding of the solar system and paved the way for further scientific discoveries in astronomy.
8.
Who invented Calculus?
Correct Answer
C. Newton
Explanation
Newton is credited with the invention of calculus. He developed the fundamental principles and techniques of calculus, which is a branch of mathematics that deals with rates of change and the accumulation of quantities. Newton's work on calculus laid the foundation for many areas of science and engineering, and his contributions to the field are still widely used and studied today.