Chapter 6-1,2,3 Scientific Revolution And Enlightenment

21 Questions

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Scientific Revolution Quizzes & Trivia

Study Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by
    • A. 

      Galileo Galilei.

    • B. 

      Nicolaus Copernicus.

    • C. 

      Isaac Newton.

    • D. 

      Francis Bacon.

  • 2. 
    Francis Bacon helped to develop
    • A. 

      The scientific method.

    • B. 

      The law of the pendulum

    • C. 

      The barometer.

    • D. 

      The microscope

  • 3. 
    Isaac Newton explained the
    • A. 

      Chemical composition of matter.

    • B. 

      Anatomy of the human body.

    • C. 

      Function of blood vessels.

    • D. 

      Law of universal gravitation.

  • 4. 
    In general, the philosophers believed in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Expanding women's rights

    • B. 

      All Church decrees

    • C. 

      Progress for society

    • D. 

      Authoritarian rule

  • 5. 
    The idea of a direct democracy is explained by _________. 
    • A. 

      Rousseau

    • B. 

      Newton

    • C. 

      Bacon

    • D. 

      Vesalius

  • 6. 
    European art of the 1600s and early 1700s was dominated by a grand, ornate style called
    • A. 

      Modern art.

    • B. 

      Baroque.

    • C. 

      Mercantilism.

    • D. 

      Big buildings.

  • 7. 
    Salons helped to spread
    • A. 

      The geocentric theory.

    • B. 

      Only the ideas of the philosophes.

    • C. 

      Enlightenment thinking.

    • D. 

      Only the ideas of political scientists.

  • 8. 
    The American Revolution was influenced by
    • A. 

      The philosophes.

    • B. 

      Chinese scientists.

    • C. 

      The Holy Roman Empire.

    • D. 

      The French Revolution.

  • 9. 
    What was Montesquieu's influence on the U.S. Constitution?
    • A. 

      The Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      Representatives

    • C. 

      Public elections

    • D. 

      Branches of government which provide for a separation of power.

  • 10. 
    He showed elliptical rather than circular orbits.
    • A. 

      Newton

    • B. 

      Kepler

    • C. 

      Ptolemy

    • D. 

      Bacon

  • 11. 
    Geocentric means __________.
    • A. 

      Earth centered

    • B. 

      Moon centered

    • C. 

      Sun centered

    • D. 

      Planet

  • 12. 
    He said, “I think, therefore I am”.
    • A. 

      Frederick II

    • B. 

      Voltaire

    • C. 

      Descartes

    • D. 

      Thomas Hobbes

  • 13. 
    He is credited for inventing the thermometer in 1714. 
    • A. 

      Fahrenheit

    • B. 

      Torricelli

    • C. 

      Edward Jenner

    • D. 

      Celsius

  • 14. 
    He is credited for improving on the thermometer in 1742 and designing a scale that makes sense; water freezes at zero degrees and boils at 100 degrees.
    • A. 

      Fahrenheit

    • B. 

      Torricelli

    • C. 

      Edward Jenner

    • D. 

      Celsius

  • 15. 
    He is known as the father of immunology. He is credited for inventing a vaccine for small pox.
    • A. 

      Fahrenheit

    • B. 

      Edward Jenner

    • C. 

      Torricelli

    • D. 

      Celsius

  • 16. 
    The Enlightenment period emphasized a __________ viewpoint.
    • A. 

      Catholic

    • B. 

      Lutheran

    • C. 

      Secular

    • D. 

      Calvinist

  • 17. 
    Part of the Enlightenment was an attitude recognizing the ______________________.
    • A. 

      Importance of spices

    • B. 

      Importance of the individual

    • C. 

      Rules of life based on Church rules

    • D. 

      Monarchs as the source of knowledge

  • 18. 
    Salon gatherings were hosted by _______________.
    • A. 

      Philosophers at universities

    • B. 

      Government officials

    • C. 

      Hair stylists

    • D. 

      Wealthy women in their homes

  • 19. 
    John Wesley had a vision in which he realized the gift of God’s grace assured him of ______.
    • A. 

      Salvation

    • B. 

      Free government food

    • C. 

      A golden cow

    • D. 

      Nothing except what he could make

  • 20. 
    Who’s theory of a geocentric universe was accepted as true until the Enlightenment?
    • A. 

      Kepler

    • B. 

      Ptolemy

    • C. 

      Newton

    • D. 

      Galileo

  • 21. 
    What is ONE MIN an abbreviation for?
    • A. 

      Eminem

    • B. 

      The first man

    • C. 

      Oneonta

    • D. 

      One Minute