Ndt 101: Neuroanatomy And Physiology Quiz

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Ndt 101: Neuroanatomy And Physiology Quiz

Neuroanatomy is the study of the structure and organization of the nervous system. Are you an advanced reader of neuroanatomy and physiology? Take this super complex quiz and know how much you know!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Bundles of intermediate filaments that provide shape and support:
    • A. 

      Astrocytes

    • B. 

      Neurofibrils

    • C. 

      Nissil Bodies

    • D. 

      Synaptic End Bulbs

  • 2. 
    Prominent clusters of rough endoplasmic reticulum which is the site of protein synthesis in neurons:
    • A. 

      Neurofibrils

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Dendrites

    • D. 

      Nissil Bodies

  • 3. 
    Long, thin, cylindrical projection that joins the cell body:
    • A. 

      Axon

    • B. 

      Axon Collateral

    • C. 

      Dendrite

    • D. 

      Axon Hillock

  • 4. 
    Multilayered lipid and protein covering around the axon:
    • A. 

      Axon Hillock

    • B. 

      Nodes of Ranvier

    • C. 

      Myelin Sheath

    • D. 

      Ependymal

  • 5. 
    A small conical elevation that originates from the cell body:
    • A. 

      Axon Collateral

    • B. 

      Axon Hillock

    • C. 

      Axon Terminals

    • D. 

      Synaptic End Bulbs

  • 6. 
    Carries information out of the brain and spinal cord:
    • A. 

      Afferent

    • B. 

      Interneuron

    • C. 

      Efferent

    • D. 

      Sensory

  • 7. 
    Lines ventricles of the brain and central canal of the spinal cord:
    • A. 

      Astrocytes

    • B. 

      Satellite cells

    • C. 

      Oligodendrocytes

    • D. 

      Ependymal

  • 8. 
    Participates in the regeneration of axons and helps produce the myelin sheath:
    • A. 

      Oligodendrocytes

    • B. 

      Astrocytes

    • C. 

      Schwann cells

    • D. 

      Satellite cells

  • 9. 
    Forms supporting network around CNS neurons and helps produce myelin sheath:
    • A. 

      Schwann cells

    • B. 

      Astrocytes

    • C. 

      Microglia

    • D. 

      Oligodendrocytes

  • 10. 
    The depolarizing phase of a nerve impulse is characterized by the inflow of K+ causing a potential to change from -55mV to +30mV.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The resting membrane potential is the term used to describe the voltage difference across the membrane with average value of:
    • A. 

      -80mv

    • B. 

      -90mv

    • C. 

      -70mv

    • D. 

      -55mv

  • 12. 
    The refractory period characterized by a period of time during which a section action potential can be initiated:
    • A. 

      Absolute refractory period

    • B. 

      Repolarizing phase

    • C. 

      Relative refractory period

    • D. 

      Depolarizing phase

  • 13. 
    A region where communication occurs between two neurons, or between a neuron and a target cell or skeletal muscle:
    • A. 

      Post-synaptic neuron

    • B. 

      Interneuron

    • C. 

      Synapse

    • D. 

      Cleft

  • 14. 
    Light, spongy bone that forms the superior portions of the nasal septum:
    • A. 

      Frontal bone

    • B. 

      Occipital bone

    • C. 

      Parietal bone

    • D. 

      Ethmoid bone

  • 15. 
    Forms inferior sides of the cranium & part of the cranial floor:
    • A. 

      Parietal bone

    • B. 

      Frontal bone

    • C. 

      Temporal bone

    • D. 

      Occipital bone

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of a vertebral column?
    • A. 

      Supports the head

    • B. 

      Encloses and protects the spinal cord

    • C. 

      Forms the skeleton of the head of the body

    • D. 

      Serves as a point of attachment for the ribs

  • 17. 
    Space that lies between the vertebral arch and body that contains the spinal cord:
    • A. 

      Intervertebral Disc

    • B. 

      Spinous Process

    • C. 

      Vertebral Column

    • D. 

      Vertebral Foramen

  • 18. 
    The adult vertebral column contains how many bones?
    • A. 

      22

    • B. 

      25

    • C. 

      26

    • D. 

      27

  • 19. 
    In the vertebra the functions of the curves include:
    • A. 

      Increase strength

    • B. 

      Help to maintain balance in the upright position

    • C. 

      Help to maintain balance

    • D. 

      Absorbs shock during walking

  • 20. 
    Which of the following in descending order lists the correct sequence and number of vertebrae for each section? 
    • A. 

      Thoracic (12), Cervical (7), Lumbar (5), Sacrum (5), Coccyx (4)

    • B. 

      Cervical (7), Thoracic (12), Lumbar (5), Sacrum (5), Coccyx (4)

    • C. 

      Cervical (6), Thoracic (12), Lumbar (5), Sacrum (4), Coccyx (5)

    • D. 

      Cervical (7), Thoracic (12), Lumbar (5), Sacrum (5), Coccyx (5)

  • 21. 
    Cranial meninges are continuous with spinal meninges.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is in correct order from superficial to deep? 
    • A. 

      Arachnoid, Epidural, Subdural, Dura, Subarachnoid, Pia

    • B. 

      Epidural, Dura, Arachnoid, Subdural, Subarachnoid, Pia

    • C. 

      Epidural, Dura, Subdural, Arachnoid, Subarachnoid, Pia

    • D. 

      Arachnoid, Subdural, Epidural, Pia, Subarachnoid, Pia

  • 23. 
    Amino acids cannot cross the blood brain barrier. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Cerebrospinal fluid is absorbed and reproduced approximately _ times per day.
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5

  • 25. 
    Which of the following are present in cerebrospinal fluid? 
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Urea

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