Interesting Quiz On Earth Science! Trivia Quiz

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Interesting Quiz On Earth Science! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

The earth is quite an interesting planet when you compare it with the other planets in our solar system. When you take up earth science you get to understand much about the planet's physical characteristics, from earthquakes to raindrops, and floods to fossils. Take up the questionnaire below and get to see just how much you know about earth science.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What type of boundary is made by the Mariana Trench?

    • A.

      Convergent

    • B.

      Reformation

    • C.

      Divergent

    • D.

      Transformation

    Correct Answer
    A. Convergent
    Explanation
    The Mariana Trench is formed by a convergent boundary. Convergent boundaries occur when two tectonic plates collide, causing one plate to be forced beneath the other in a process called subduction. In the case of the Mariana Trench, the Pacific Plate is subducting beneath the Philippine Plate, creating a deep trench in the ocean floor. This process is responsible for the formation of some of the deepest parts of the Earth's oceans, including the Mariana Trench, making the answer "Convergent" the correct choice.

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  • 2. 

    What is the nickname of Katmai in Alaska?

    • A.

      Valley Of 1000 Smokes

    • B.

      Valley Of The Arctic Wolves

    • C.

      Valley Of The Dolls

    • D.

      Valley Of 1000 Screams

    Correct Answer
    A. Valley Of 1000 Smokes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Valley Of 1000 Smokes." This nickname refers to the aftermath of the 1912 volcanic eruption in Katmai National Park, Alaska. The eruption resulted in the formation of a valley filled with ash and volcanic debris, creating a landscape that resembled thousands of smoking chimneys. This unique feature earned the valley its nickname.

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  • 3. 

    Whose calculation of the size of the earth's diameter was almost exact?

    • A.

      Socrates

    • B.

      Aristotle

    • C.

      Eratosthenes

    • D.

      Aristarchus

    Correct Answer
    C. Eratosthenes
    Explanation
    Eratosthenes' calculation of the size of the earth's diameter was almost exact. He used a method involving the measurement of shadows at different locations and angles to estimate the circumference of the earth. His calculation was remarkably close to the actual value, considering the limited technology and resources available at that time. This demonstrates Eratosthenes' advanced knowledge and understanding of geometry and astronomy.

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  • 4. 

    Which of these is the Greek name for the east wind?

    • A.

      Zephyrus

    • B.

      Eurus

    • C.

      Boreas

    • D.

      Notus

    Correct Answer
    B. Eurus
    Explanation
    Eurus is the correct answer as it is the Greek name for the east wind. In Greek mythology, Eurus was one of the four directional wind gods, with each wind god representing a different cardinal direction. Eurus specifically represented the east wind, which was associated with the rising sun and the dawn. The other options, Zephyrus, Boreas, and Notus, represent the west, north, and south winds respectively.

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  • 5. 

    Who discovered the Gulf Stream?

    • A.

      Thomas Jefferson

    • B.

      Benjamin Franklin

    • C.

      Frederick Dover

    • D.

      Matthew Maury

    Correct Answer
    B. Benjamin Franklin
    Explanation
    Benjamin Franklin is credited with discovering the Gulf Stream. He conducted a series of experiments and observations during his time as Deputy Postmaster General for the American colonies. Franklin noticed that mail ships traveling from the United States to Europe took significantly less time than ships traveling in the opposite direction. Through his observations and analysis, Franklin concluded that there was a strong ocean current flowing from the Gulf of Mexico to the North Atlantic, which he named the Gulf Stream. His discovery of this powerful current had a significant impact on navigation and trade routes across the Atlantic Ocean.

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  • 6. 

    At what point would one be standing if the trees were stunted?

    • A.

      Climate Line

    • B.

      Frost Line

    • C.

      Snow Line

    • D.

      Tree Line

    Correct Answer
    D. Tree Line
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tree Line." The question is asking about the point at which one would be standing if the trees were stunted. The term "stunted" refers to the condition of trees being smaller or shorter than their normal size due to various factors such as limited nutrients or harsh environmental conditions. The Tree Line is the elevation or latitude above which trees are unable to grow due to these factors. Therefore, if the trees were stunted, one would be standing at the Tree Line.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is not a major component of an ecosystem?

    • A.

      Autotroph

    • B.

      Decomposer

    • C.

      Heterotroph

    • D.

      Biotic

    Correct Answer
    D. Biotic
    Explanation
    The term "biotic" refers to all living organisms in an ecosystem, including autotrophs, heterotrophs, and decomposers. Therefore, "biotic" cannot be the correct answer as it encompasses all the options given.

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  • 8. 

    What mineral makes both sapphires and rubies when cut and polished?

    • A.

      Apatite

    • B.

      Fluorite

    • C.

      Corundum

    • D.

      Topaz

    Correct Answer
    C. Corundum
    Explanation
    Corundum is the correct answer because it is the mineral that makes both sapphires and rubies when cut and polished. Sapphires and rubies are both gem varieties of corundum, with sapphires being blue and rubies being red. Corundum is a very hard mineral, second only to diamond, and is composed of aluminum oxide. Its crystal structure and impurities determine its color, with iron and titanium causing blue sapphires and chromium causing red rubies.

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  • 9. 

    How old is the sun estimated to be?

    • A.

      5,600,000,000 Years Old

    • B.

      6,500,000,000 Years Old

    • C.

      6,400,000,000 Years Old

    • D.

      4,600,000,000 Years Old

    Correct Answer
    D. 4,600,000,000 Years Old
    Explanation
    The sun is estimated to be 4,600,000,000 years old. This estimate is based on scientific research and analysis of various data, such as the age of the oldest rocks on Earth and the rate at which the sun is burning its fuel. By studying these factors, scientists have determined that the sun formed about 4.6 billion years ago, around the same time as the formation of our solar system.

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  • 10. 

    How was the 12-mile limit of a country's boundary set?

    • A.

      Firing Of Cannon Balls From A Ship To The Shore

    • B.

      Firing Of Cannon Balls From The Shore

    • C.

      Escape Velocity Of A Windjammmer

    • D.

      The Distance A Cutter Could Sail In 15 Minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. Firing Of Cannon Balls From The Shore
    Explanation
    The 12-mile limit of a country's boundary was set by the firing of cannon balls from the shore. This practice, known as "cannon-shot rule," was used in the past to determine the extent of a country's territorial waters. The idea was that the range of a cannon shot from the shore would mark the boundary of a country's control over its coastal waters. Therefore, the firing of cannon balls from the shore was used as a method to establish the 12-mile limit of a country's boundary.

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  • 11. 

    Which of these pairs of elements was discovered before the 14th century?

    • A.

      Antimony And Carbon

    • B.

      Gold And Oxygen

    • C.

      Tin And Silicon

    • D.

      Sulfur And Sodium

    Correct Answer
    A. Antimony And Carbon
    Explanation
    Antimony and Carbon were discovered before the 14th century. Antimony has been used since ancient times, with its use dating back to at least 3000 BC. It was known to the ancient Egyptians and was used for various purposes, including as a cosmetic and in the production of alloys. Carbon, on the other hand, has been known since prehistoric times. It was used by early humans for cave paintings and as a source of fuel. The discovery of both Antimony and Carbon predates the 14th century.

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  • 12. 

    What is the origin of dinoflagellates?

    • A.

      Plankton

    • B.

      Algae

    • C.

      Flowering Plants

    • D.

      Trees

    Correct Answer
    B. Algae
    Explanation
    Dinoflagellates are single-celled organisms that belong to the group of algae. They are characterized by their ability to photosynthesize and their flagella, which they use for movement. Algae, including dinoflagellates, are aquatic organisms that can be found in both freshwater and marine environments. They play a crucial role in the food chain as primary producers, providing food for other organisms. Therefore, the correct answer is Algae.

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  • 13. 

    Gold, silver, lead, and copper exhibit the properties of which of the following crystal systems?

    • A.

      Tetragonal

    • B.

      Cubic

    • C.

      Hexagonal

    • D.

      Trigonal

    Correct Answer
    B. Cubic
    Explanation
    Gold, silver, lead, and copper exhibit the properties of the cubic crystal system. The cubic crystal system is characterized by a three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or ions in a lattice structure, with equal sides and angles. This system is known for its symmetry and regularity, which is reflected in the properties of these metals.

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  • 14. 

    Which national park is directly west of the Painted Desert?

    • A.

      Grand Canyon

    • B.

      Petrified Forest

    • C.

      Carlsbad Canyon

    • D.

      Mesabi Range

    Correct Answer
    B. Petrified Forest
    Explanation
    The Petrified Forest is directly west of the Painted Desert. The Petrified Forest National Park is located in northeastern Arizona and is known for its large deposits of petrified wood. The Painted Desert, on the other hand, is a colorful desert landscape located in northern Arizona. Since the Petrified Forest is directly west of the Painted Desert, it is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 15. 

    To which island group do Kwajalein and Eniwetok belong?

    • A.

      Aleutians

    • B.

      Midway

    • C.

      Crimean

    • D.

      Marshall

    Correct Answer
    D. Marshall
    Explanation
    Kwajalein and Eniwetok belong to the Marshall Islands. The Marshall Islands is an island group located in the central Pacific Ocean. It is composed of 29 atolls and 5 isolated islands, including Kwajalein and Eniwetok. These two atolls are well-known for their strategic importance during World War II and their use as military testing sites.

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