# Scientific Method Problem Solving (Middle School)

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This quiz is a middle school quiz. This will determine how well you do in Earth Science and Physics.

• 1.

### Which variable could be measured during an experiment?

• A.

Independent Variable

• B.

Dependent Variable

B. Dependent Variable
Explanation
The dependent variable is the variable that is being measured or observed in an experiment. It is the outcome or result that is affected by the independent variable. In other words, it is the variable that depends on the manipulation or changes made to the independent variable. Therefore, the dependent variable is the variable that could be measured during an experiment.

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• 2.

### Which variable could be changed by the experimenter?

• A.

Independent Variable

• B.

Dependent Variable

A. Independent Variable
Explanation
The independent variable is the variable that the experimenter can manipulate or change in an experiment. It is the variable that is deliberately altered to observe its effect on the dependent variable. The dependent variable, on the other hand, is the variable that is being measured or observed and is expected to change as a result of the manipulation of the independent variable. Therefore, the correct answer is the independent variable, as it is the variable that the experimenter has control over and can change.

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• 3.

### Which could be a factor that remains at the same phases of an experiment?

• A.

Observation(s)

• B.

Science

• C.

Scientific Method(s)

• D.

Technology

• E.

Constant(s)

E. Constant(s)
Explanation
In an experiment, a constant is a factor that remains unchanged throughout the entire process. It is a variable that is intentionally kept the same in order to isolate the effect of other variables being tested. By keeping certain factors constant, scientists can accurately determine the impact of the variables they are specifically studying. Therefore, constants play a crucial role in maintaining control and ensuring the validity of experimental results.

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• 4.

### What is a standard used for comparison called?

• A.

Constant(s)

• B.

Control(s)

• C.

Scientific Method(s)

• D.

Science

• E.

Technology

B. Control(s)
Explanation
A standard used for comparison is called a control. In scientific experiments, a control is a group or condition that remains unchanged and is used as a reference point to compare the results of the experimental group. The control group is not subjected to the variable being tested, allowing researchers to isolate and measure the effects of the variable on the experimental group. Controls are essential in ensuring the validity and reliability of scientific experiments by providing a baseline for comparison.

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• 5.

### What are new products or tools made, because of knowledge gained through science called?

• A.

Observation(s)

• B.

Inference(s)

• C.

Hypothesis

• D.

Technology

• E.

Scientific Method(s)

D. Technology
Explanation
New products or tools made as a result of knowledge gained through science are called technology. Technology refers to the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, leading to the development of innovative products or tools that improve our lives and solve various problems. It involves the use of scientific principles, techniques, and methods to create something new or improve existing processes, devices, or systems.

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• 6.

### What is an educated statement that could be tested called?

• A.

Observation(s)

• B.

Science

• C.

Hypothesis

• D.

Scientific Method(s)

• E.

Technology

C. Hypothesis
Explanation
A hypothesis is an educated statement that can be tested. It is a proposed explanation or prediction based on prior knowledge or observations. In the scientific method, a hypothesis is formulated before conducting experiments or gathering data to test its validity. It serves as a starting point for scientific investigations and helps to guide the research process. By testing the hypothesis through experimentation, scientists can either support or reject it, leading to further understanding and development of scientific knowledge.

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• 7.

### What is the process of understanding the world called?

• A.

Science

• B.

Technology

• C.

Constant(s)

• D.

Control(s)

• E.

Observation(s)

A. Science
Explanation
Science is the correct answer because it refers to the systematic study and understanding of the natural and physical world through observation, experimentation, and analysis. It involves the formulation and testing of hypotheses and the development of theories and laws to explain and predict phenomena. Science is a methodical process that aims to increase knowledge and understanding of the world around us. It relies on empirical evidence and logical reasoning to make sense of the universe and uncover the underlying principles and mechanisms governing it.

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• 8.

### What are step-by-step approaches to solving problems called?

• A.

Science

• B.

Technology

• C.

Scientific Method(s)

• D.

Inference(s)

• E.

Constant(s)

C. Scientific Method(s)
Explanation
Step-by-step approaches to solving problems are called scientific methods. This term refers to a systematic and logical approach used in scientific investigations to gather evidence, form hypotheses, conduct experiments, analyze data, and draw conclusions. The scientific method is a fundamental process used in various fields of study to ensure accuracy, objectivity, and reproducibility in problem-solving.

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• 9.

### What is a conclusion about an observation called?

• A.

Technology

• B.

Hypothesis

• C.

Science

• D.

Inference(s)

• E.

Scientific Method(s)

D. Inference(s)
Explanation
An inference is a conclusion drawn from observations or evidence. It involves using logical reasoning and existing knowledge to make an educated guess or prediction about something that is not directly observed. Inferences are an important part of the scientific method as they help scientists make sense of their observations and formulate hypotheses. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "Inference(s)".

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• 10.

### What is it called if I use my senses to gather bits of information called?

• A.

Control(s)

• B.

Science

• C.

Constant(s)

• D.

Hypothesis

• E.

Observation(s)

E. Observation(s)
Explanation
Observation is the correct answer because it refers to the act of using our senses to gather bits of information. When we observe, we pay attention to the details and gather data through our senses such as sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. This process is fundamental in scientific research and allows us to collect empirical evidence that can be used to form hypotheses, make predictions, and draw conclusions.

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• 11.

### What is the 1st step to the scientific method?

• A.

Observe and Infer

• B.

Recognize the Problem

• C.

Plan the Experiment

• D.

• E.

Communicate

B. Recognize the Problem
Explanation
The first step to the scientific method is to recognize the problem. This involves identifying and defining the specific issue or question that needs to be investigated. Without recognizing the problem, it would be impossible to proceed with the rest of the scientific method, such as formulating hypotheses, conducting experiments, and analyzing data. Recognizing the problem sets the foundation for the entire scientific inquiry process.

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• 12.

### What would be the final step to the scientific method?

• A.

Communicate

• B.

Observe and Infer

• C.

Draw Conclusion

• D.

Do the Experiment

• E.

Draw Conclusions

A. Communicate
Explanation
The final step of the scientific method is to communicate the findings and results of the experiment. This involves sharing the information with others in the scientific community through presentations, publications, or discussions. By communicating the results, scientists can contribute to the collective knowledge and understanding in their field, and allow others to replicate or build upon their work. It also allows for peer review and validation of the findings, ensuring the credibility and reliability of the research.

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• Current Version
• May 03, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Jan 16, 2010
Quiz Created by
Aacgectyuoki

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