Scientific Method MCQ Quiz!

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| By Maroongrad
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Scientific Method MCQ Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is true?

    • A.

      A theory can turn into a law

    • B.

      Several laws can result in a theory

    • C.

      A law is the top level of the scientific method

    • D.

      A theory is just a hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Several laws can result in a theory
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because in the scientific method, laws and theories are not mutually exclusive. A theory is a well-substantiated explanation of a phenomenon that is based on a large body of evidence and has been repeatedly tested and confirmed. On the other hand, a law is a statement that describes an observed phenomenon, often expressed in mathematical terms. Laws and theories can coexist, with laws providing a description of what happens, and theories providing an explanation of why it happens. Therefore, it is possible for several laws to contribute to the development of a theory.

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  • 2. 

    A well-tested scientific theory is a fact.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A well-tested scientific theory is considered a fact because it has been extensively researched, tested, and supported by empirical evidence. Scientific theories are based on a comprehensive understanding of a particular phenomenon and are supported by multiple lines of evidence. They are constantly subjected to rigorous testing and scrutiny by the scientific community. While theories can be revised or refined as new evidence emerges, they are considered factual explanations that have withstood rigorous testing and are widely accepted within the scientific community.

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  • 3. 

    Which of these is not a scientific theory?

    • A.

      Plate tectonics (the continents are in motion)

    • B.

      Cell theory (all living things are made of cells)

    • C.

      Atomic theory (everything is made of atoms)

    • D.

      Those are all scientific theories

    Correct Answer
    D. Those are all scientific theories
    Explanation
    The given answer states that all of the options provided (plate tectonics, cell theory, and atomic theory) are scientific theories. This means that none of them can be considered as the correct answer to the question. Therefore, the answer implies that there is no option that is not a scientific theory among the given choices.

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  • 4. 

    Which order is correct for the Scientific Method?

    • A.

      Observation, Hypothesis, Testing, Analysis, Conclusion

    • B.

      Hypothesis, Observation, Conclusion, Testing, Analysis

    • C.

      Hypothesis, Testing, Analysis, Conclusion, Observation

    • D.

      Observation, Hypothesis, Testing, Analysis, Conclusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Observation, Hypothesis, Testing, Analysis, Conclusion
    Explanation
    The correct order for the Scientific Method is Observation, Hypothesis, Testing, Analysis, Conclusion. This is because the scientific method begins with making observations and gathering data. Based on these observations, a hypothesis is formulated to explain the observed phenomena. The next step involves testing the hypothesis through experiments or further observations. The data collected during testing is then analyzed to draw conclusions and determine if the hypothesis is supported or not. Finally, a conclusion is reached based on the analysis of the data, which may lead to further observations and the formulation of new hypotheses.

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  • 5. 

    A scientific theory is an explanation for multiple scientific laws.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A scientific theory is a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world that is based on a body of evidence and has been repeatedly tested and confirmed through experimentation and observation. Scientific laws, on the other hand, are concise descriptions of natural phenomena that have been consistently observed and are considered to be universal. Therefore, it is accurate to say that a scientific theory can provide an explanation for multiple scientific laws, as it encompasses a broader understanding of the underlying principles and mechanisms behind these laws.

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  • 6. 

    A law explains multiple theories.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A law does not explain multiple theories. Laws are statements or principles that describe a general phenomenon or relationship between variables. They are typically derived from repeated observations or experiments and are used to predict or explain specific events or phenomena. Theories, on the other hand, are comprehensive explanations that incorporate multiple laws and observations to provide a broader understanding of a particular phenomenon. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that a law explains multiple theories.

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  • 7. 

    A scientific theory:

    • A.

      Like a hypothesis it is a "guess".

    • B.

      May progress to a law

    • C.

      Has to be proven to be true

    • D.

      Allows scientists to make and test predictions

    Correct Answer
    D. Allows scientists to make and test predictions
    Explanation
    A scientific theory allows scientists to make and test predictions. This means that scientists can use the theory to make educated guesses about what will happen in a certain situation and then conduct experiments or observations to see if their predictions are accurate. The ability to make and test predictions is a crucial aspect of the scientific method, as it allows scientists to gather evidence and further refine their understanding of the natural world.

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  • 8. 

    Science proves things.

    • A.

      True: If it doesn't prove something is true, it's not a theory

    • B.

      False: You want proofs, study Geometry!

    Correct Answer
    B. False: You want proofs, study Geometry!
    Explanation
    This answer is false because it implies that proofs are only applicable in the study of Geometry. In reality, proofs are used in various scientific disciplines to support theories and establish the validity of scientific claims. While Geometry is known for its emphasis on proofs, it does not mean that other scientific fields do not rely on evidence and proof to validate their theories.

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  • 9. 

    Laws can be very complex, but theories are simple concepts.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that laws are more complex than theories. However, this is not always the case. While some laws can be complex, theories can also be intricate and involve multiple concepts. The complexity of laws and theories can vary depending on the specific subject or field they pertain to. Therefore, the given statement is not entirely accurate, making the correct answer false.

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  • 10. 

    How does the Scientific Method work?

    • A.

      You learn enough about something to make an educated guess, then try to show it is wrong.

    • B.

      A repeatable, well-tested rule learned from multiple experiments can become a law.

    • C.

      Scientific Laws simply state a fact: an explanation for how they work is not always known (yet).

    • D.

      Why a law (usually several laws) works is called a Scientific Theory

    • E.

      All of the above are part of the Scientific Method

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above are part of the Scientific Method
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that all of the statements mentioned in the options are part of the Scientific Method. The Scientific Method involves learning about something, making an educated guess, testing and trying to prove it wrong, developing repeatable and well-tested rules, and stating facts as scientific laws. Scientific theories are explanations for why laws work. Therefore, all of the above statements are integral components of the Scientific Method.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 17, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Maroongrad
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