Quiz To Know About The Process Of philebotomy

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 778

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Quiz To Know About The Process Of philebotomy - Quiz

Phlebotomy is the process of making a puncture in a vein usually in the arm, with a cannula, for the purpose of drawing blood. The procedure itself is known as a venipuncture, which is also used for intravenous therapy. Know about the process of Philebotomy in this medical quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
      A tourniment should be applied:
    • A. 

      8 to 10 inches above the intended venipuncture site.

    • B. 

      Tight enough to stop all flow

    • C. 

      Away from open sores

    • D. 

      On the Intra Venous line

  • 2. 
    The following tests have all been ordered at the same time on different inpatients. There is only one phlebotomist on duty. Which test would the phlebotomist collect first?
    • A. 

      ASAP CBC in oncology

    • B. 

      Routine Hgb in long-term care

    • C. 

      STAT electrolytes in the ER

    • D. 

      Timed blood culture in ICU

  • 3. 
    Which of the following should be used to enhance the vein selection process?
    • A. 

      Have the patient make a fist

    • B. 

      Lower the arm

    • C. 

      Palpate the antecubital area

    • D. 

      Use a warm towel to increase blood flow

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Before obtaining a blood specimen from a child, you must do all of the follow except:
    • A. 

      Establish rapport with the child and parent

    • B. 

      Greet the parent and child

    • C. 

      Tell the child it won't hurt

    • D. 

      Tell the child what to expect

  • 5. 
    You arrive to draw a "fast specimen." The patient is just finishing a big breakfast. What do you do?  
    • A. 

      Check with the patient's nurse first to see if the specimen should be collected

    • B. 

      Collect the specimen anyway since breakfast was just eaten and not absorbed

    • C. 

      Collect the specimen but write "non-fasting" on the laboratoryslp

    • D. 

      Refuse to collect the specimen and fill out an incident report slip

  • 6. 
    What may happen if you mix tubes too vigorously?
    • A. 

      Hemoconcentration

    • B. 

      Hemolysis

    • C. 

      Lipemia

    • D. 

      Vigorous mixing has no effect

  • 7. 
    Never leave a tourniquet on for more than:
    • A. 

      30 seconds

    • B. 

      45 seconds

    • C. 

      1 minute / 60 seconds

    • D. 

      3 minutes

  • 8. 
    How can you tell that you are in a vein when using a needle and a syringe?
    • A. 

      The blood will pump into the syringe if you are in a vein

    • B. 

      There is no way to tell

    • C. 

      You cannot tell until you pull back on the plunger and see the blood

    • D. 

      You should see blood appear in the hub of the needle

  • 9. 
    What is the most critical error a phlebotomist can make?
    • A. 

      Collecting a timed specimen late

    • B. 

      Failing to obtain a specimen from a patient

    • C. 

      Giving a patient hematoma

    • D. 

      Misidentifying a patient specimen

  • 10. 
    If a patient adamantly refuses to have blood drawn you should
    • A. 

      Convince the patient to cooperate

    • B. 

      Restrain the patient and collect the specimen

    • C. 

      Leave that patient's room and go for the next patient

    • D. 

      Write a note to the physician or nurse

  • 11. 
    What would be the system of choice to identify laboratory specimens from an unconscious, unidentified woman in the emergency room?
    • A. 

      Assign a name to the patient such as Jane Doe

    • B. 

      Assign a number to the patient until admitted

    • C. 

      Use a three-part identification band and label

    • D. 

      Wait to process specimens until the patient can be identified

  • 12. 
    A phlebotomist needs to collect a blood specimen for complete blood count. The patient has IV lines in both arms. Both IV lines are located below the antecubital area. What should the phlebotomist do?
    • A. 

      Collect the specimen above the IV that is located closest to the wrist area.

    • B. 

      Collect the specimen below an IV after it has been shut off for 2 minutes.

    • C. 

      Collect the specimen by finger puncture

    • D. 

      Collect the specimen from the IV line.

  • 13. 
    Test are classified as routine if they are ordered
    • A. 

      For collection at a specific time

    • B. 

      In the start to establish a diagnosis

    • C. 

      To assess a patient's condition after surgery

    • D. 

      To specifically eliminate the effects of diet.

  • 14. 
    You arrive to draw a specimen on an inpatient. The patient's door is closed. What do you do?
    • A. 

      Knock softly and open the door slowly, checking to see if it is all right to enter

    • B. 

      Knock softly and wait for someone to come to the door

    • C. 

      Leave to draw another patient and come back later

    • D. 

      Open the door and proceed into the room

  • 15. 
    It is important to mix anticoagulant tubes immediately after filling them in order to:
    • A. 

      Encourage coagulation

    • B. 

      Inhibit hemoconcentration

    • C. 

      Minimize hemolysis.

    • D. 

      Prevent microclot formation.

  • 16. 
    You must collect a specimen on a 3 year old. The child is a little fearful. What do you do?
    • A. 

      Explain what you are going to do in simple terms and ask the child for cooperation.

    • B. 

      Have someone restrain the child and go ahead and draw the specimen without talking to the child

    • C. 

      Tell the child not to worry because it won't hurt

    • D. 

      Tell the child that you will give him or her a treat if he or she doesn't cry

  • 17. 
    The patient asks if the test advised is for diabetes. How do you answer?
    • A. 

      If the test is for glucose, say, "Yes, it is."

    • B. 

      Say, "No," even if the test is for diabetes

    • C. 

      Say that you don't know

    • D. 

      Tell the patient that it's best to discuss the test with his or her physician

  • 18. 
    An unconscious patient does not have an ID band. The name and room number on the door agree with the requisition. What should you do?
    • A. 

      Call your supervisor and ask what to do

    • B. 

      Do not draw the patient until the nurse has applied an ID bracelet

    • C. 

      Draw the blood and fill out an incident report form

    • D. 

      Draw the blood and then ask the nurse to identify the patient

  • 19. 
    A hematoma may result from all of the following except:
    • A. 

      The needle bevel is only partly inserted into the vein.

    • B. 

      Not enough pressure is applied to the site after venipuncture

    • C. 

      The tourniquet is released before needle withdrawal.

    • D. 

      The needle has penetrated all the way through the vein

  • 20. 
    What is the purpose of waiting 30 sec for the alcohol to dry before needle insertion?
    • A. 

      To allow the evaporation process to help destroy microbes

    • B. 

      To avoid a stinging sensation

    • C. 

      To prevent hemolysis of the specimen

    • D. 

      All of the above.

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