Phlebotomy Exam MCQ Quiz!

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| By Bima Baje
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Bima Baje
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 5,009
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 2,326

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Phlebotomy Exam MCQ Quiz! - Quiz



Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A typical blood donor unit contains 450 ml blood.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A typical blood donor unit contains 450 ml of blood. This means that when someone donates blood, they typically give 450 ml of blood.

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  • 2. 

    A paternity test can prove that a specific child has been fathered by a specific male.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A paternity test is a scientific method used to determine the biological father of a child. It compares the DNA of the child and the potential father to identify if there is a biological relationship. Therefore, a paternity test can only provide evidence of whether a specific male is the biological father of a child. It cannot prove it definitively as there is always a small possibility of error or rare genetic variations that may affect the accuracy of the test. Hence, the given statement is false.

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  • 3. 

    Eating sugarless foods cannot affect the results of a glucose tolerance test.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because eating sugarless foods can actually affect the results of a glucose tolerance test. During this test, a person's blood sugar levels are measured after consuming a specific amount of glucose. If someone consumes sugarless foods before the test, it may not provide an accurate measurement of their body's ability to process glucose. Sugarless foods may not contain glucose or may have a low glycemic index, which means they are digested and absorbed more slowly, leading to different blood sugar responses compared to regular foods. Therefore, consuming sugarless foods can potentially affect the results of a glucose tolerance test.

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  • 4. 

    Turnaround time in a lab refers to the time between the drawing of the testing specimen and the return of the testing results.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Turn around time in a lab starts when the order is received not when the draw of the testing specimen is completed.

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  • 5. 

    Adhesive bandages should not be used on children younger than 2. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Adhesive bandages pose a choking hazard to children under the age of two.

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  • 6. 

    OSHA does not require sharps containers to be labeled with the biohazard symbol.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    OSHA requires sharps containers to be marked with a biohazard symbol.

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  • 7. 

    A 1:10 dilution of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite is effective in killing HIV when used as a disinfectant.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Also known as household bleach, this solution has been proven to kill HIV as well as HBV.

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  • 8. 

    Butterfly needles are the standard needles used for routine venipuncture.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Butterfly needles are used with infants and with difficult veins. A 21-gauge needle is the standard needle used for routine venipuncture.

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  • 9. 

    An artery spasm occurs when the improper technique is used.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An artery spasm can occur when proper technique is used. It is a reflective constricting of the artery, possibly caused by anxiety, pain or arterial muscle irritation.

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  • 10. 

    Arterial puncture is extremely painful.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Arterial puncture is more painful than venipuncture, but it should not be extremely painful.

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  • 11. 

    Vasovagal syncope is due to large amounts of blood being draw.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Vasovagal syncope is due to hypotension as the result of abrupt pain or trauma.

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  • 12. 

    The best way to tell if a specimen is arterial is by its color. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The best way to tell if a specimen is arterial is by the way the blood pumps into the syringe.

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  • 13. 

    A lawsuit  raised against professionals for injury or loss resulting from negligence on the part of the professional in rendering services.

    Correct Answer
    malpractice
    Explanation
    Malpractice refers to a lawsuit filed against professionals when they have caused injury or loss due to their negligence while providing services. It is a legal term commonly used in the context of medical or legal professions, where professionals are expected to adhere to a certain standard of care. If they fail to meet this standard and their actions result in harm or loss to their clients or patients, they can be held liable for malpractice.

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  • 14. 

    Failure to perform or act with the prudence expected by a reasonable person in the same circumstance.

    Correct Answer
    negligence
    Explanation
    Negligence refers to the failure to exercise the level of care and caution that a reasonable person would in a similar situation. It involves the lack of prudence and can result in harm or damage to others. Negligence can occur in various contexts, such as personal injury cases, medical malpractice, or even in everyday situations where someone fails to take necessary precautions. It is a legal concept that holds individuals accountable for their actions or lack thereof when they breach their duty of care.

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  • 15. 

    Do not resuscitate. No code should be called for this patient and no heroic measures should be taken to revive the patient if the patient stops breathing.

    Correct Answer
    DNR
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DNR, which stands for "Do Not Resuscitate." This term is used in medical settings to indicate that if a patient's breathing stops, no code should be called and no heroic measures should be taken to revive the patient. It is a medical order that respects the patient's wishes to not undergo life-saving interventions in the event of cardiac or respiratory arrest.

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  • 16. 

    Phlebotomy may be used to help treat which of the following medical conditions?

    • A.

      Polycythemia

    • B.

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C.

       Hypertension

    • D.

      Anemia

    Correct Answer
    A. Polycythemia
    Explanation
    Explanation: Polycythemia is often treated by removing excess blood volume using phlebotomy techniques. Difficulty: 1 Easy Topic: Phlebotomist's Role Learning Objective: 01.02 Explain the role of the phlebotomist in the various healthcare facilities where he or she may be employed. Bloom's: Remember ABHES: 2.c Identify diagnostic and treatment modalities as they relate to each body system CAAHEP: I.C.9.b Analyze pathology for each body system including: treatment modalities.

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  • 17. 

    Inpatient facilities where phlebotomists can work include all of the following EXCEPT:

    • A.

       physician office laboratories (POL

    • B.

      Hospitals

    • C.

      Nursing homes

    • D.

      Rehabilitation centers

    Correct Answer
    A.  physician office laboratories (POL
    Explanation
    Explanation: A doctor's office is not an inpatient facility, even though phlebotomists do sometimes work at physician office laboratories (POL).
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: Healthcare Facilities
    Learning Objective: 01.03 Describe inpatient and outpatient healthcare facilities and their relationship to the practice of phlebotomy.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 4.f Comply with federal, state, and local health laws and regulations as they relate to healthcare settings
    CAAHEP: 1.4 Discuss the roles of the clinical laboratory personnel and their qualifications for these professional positions.

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  • 18. 

    Routine inspections by which of the following agencies ensure that hospital and reference laboratories are following standards of performance for laboratory testing and phlebotomy procedures?

    • A.

      CAP

    • B.

      CLSI

    • C.

      NAACLS

    • D.

      NCCLS

    Correct Answer
    A. CAP
    Explanation
    Answer: A
    Explanation: The College of American Pathologists (CAP) regularly inspects hospital and reference laboratories to ensure that they are performing to the standards of the organization.
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: Regulatory Agencies
    Learning Objective: 01.06 Recognize the agencies that regulate hospitals and medical laboratories.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 4.f Comply with federal, state, and local health laws and regulations as they relate to healthcare settings

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  • 19. 

    Which agency is responsible for hospital accreditation?

    • A.

      CLSI

    • B.

      TJC

    • C.

      NAACLS

    • D.

      OSHA

    Correct Answer
    B. TJC
    Explanation
    Answer: B
    Explanation: The Joint Commission (TJC), formerly called JCAHO, accredits hospitals.
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: Regulatory Agencies
    Learning Objective: 01.06 Recognize the agencies that regulate hospitals and medical laboratories.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 4.f Comply with federal, state, and local health laws and regulations as they relate to healthcare settings

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  • 20. 

    Work-related injuries are reported to which regulatory organization?

    • A.

      CDC

    • B.

      DOT

    • C.

      EPA

    • D.

      OSHA

    Correct Answer
    D. OSHA
    Explanation
    Explanation: Work-related injuries are reported to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: Regulatory Agencies
    Learning Objective: 01.06 Recognize the agencies that regulate hospitals and medical laboratories.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 4.f Comply with federal, state, and local health laws and regulations as they relate to healthcare settings

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  • 21. 

    Blood and blood products that are used in the treatment of patients must be labeled according to the standards set forth by which agency?

    • A.

      AAB

    • B.

      CDC

    • C.

      EPA

    • D.

      FDA

    Correct Answer
    D. FDA
    Explanation
    Explanation: Blood and blood products that are used in the treatment of patients must be labeled according to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standards.
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: Regulatory Agencies
    Learning Objective: 01.06 Recognize the agencies that regulate hospitals and medical laboratories.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 4.f Comply with federal, state, and local health laws and regulations as they relate to healthcare settings

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  • 22. 

    Neonatologists diagnose and treat disorders associated with which type of patients

    • A.

      Elderly Patients

    • B.

      Newborn Infants

    • C.

      Pregnant Women

    • D.

      Men with reproductive health issues

    Correct Answer
    B. Newborn Infants
    Explanation
    Explanation: Neonatologists diagnose and treat disorders associated with newborns.
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: The Healthcare Team
    Learning Objective: 01.04 Identify the healthcare providers and other members of the healthcare team with whom the phlebotomist will interact in inpatient and outpatient facilities.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 3.c Apply medical terminology for each specialty
    CAAHEP: I.C.6 Compare structure and function of the human body across the life span

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  • 23. 

    The assessment and treatment of hormone disorders is the function of which medical specialty?

    • A.

      Geriatrics

    • B.

      Endocrinology

    • C.

      Nephrology

    • D.

      Gynecology

    Correct Answer
    B. Endocrinology
    Explanation
    Explanation: The assessment and treatment of hormone disorders is the function of endocrinology. Difficulty: 1 Easy Topic: The Healthcare Team Learning Objective: 01.04 Identify the healthcare providers and other members of the healthcare team with whom the phlebotomist will interact in inpatient and outpatient facilities. Bloom's: Remember ABHES: 3.c Apply medical terminology for each specialty CAAHEP: I.C.6 Compare structure and function of the human body across the life span  

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  • 24. 

    Making sure that you adhere to the required dress code and presenting a well-groomed appearance and manner are part of:

    • A.

      Customer feedback.

    • B.

      Professionalism.

    • C.

      Scope of practice.

    • D.

      Occupational safety

    Correct Answer
    B. Professionalism.
    Explanation
    Explanation: Compliance with the dress code established by your facility is important for establishing a professional public image.
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: Qualities of a Phlebotomist
    Learning Objective: 01.07 List the qualities and characteristics of a phlebotomist.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 10.b Demonstrate professional behavior

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  • 25. 

    The measurement of proteins, lipids, hormones, and other substances in serum is the function of:

    • A.

      Clinical chemistry.

    • B.

      Histology

    • C.

      Immunology

    • D.

      Microbiology

    Correct Answer
    A. Clinical chemistry.
    Explanation
    Explanation: Clinical chemistry analyzes serum—along with other body fluids—for proteins, lipids, hormones, and other substances. Serum is 45% of our total blood volume.
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: The Medical Laboratory
    Learning Objective: 01.05 Summarize the organization of the medical laboratory.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 3.c Apply medical terminology for each specialty; 9.b.3 Chemistry testing
    CAAHEP: I.C.9.a Analyze pathology for each body system including: diagnostic measures

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  • 26. 

    In the medical laboratory organizational chart, phlebotomists are placed under the oversight of the:

    • A.

      Hematology supervisor

    • B.

      Chemistry supervisor

    • C.

      Microbiology supervisor

    • D.

      Specimen procurement supervisor

    Correct Answer
    D. Specimen procurement supervisor
    Explanation
    Explanation: Phlebotomists and specimen processors are under the supervision of the specimen procurement section supervisor.
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: The Medical Laboratory
    Learning Objective: 01.05 Summarize the organization of the medical laboratory.
    Bloom's: Remember

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  • 27. 

    The investigation of human cells for the presence of cancer cells is performed in which the laboratory department.

    • A.

      Serology

    • B.

      Hematology

    • C.

      Histology

    • D.

      Cytology

    Correct Answer
    D. Cytology
    Explanation
    Explanation: Cytology is the investigation of human cells for the presence of cancer. The most common specimens examined by cytologists are gynecological specimens.
    Difficulty: 1 Easy
    Topic: The Medical Laboratory
    Learning Objective: 01.05 Summarize the organization of the medical laboratory.
    Bloom's: Remember
    ABHES: 3.c Apply medical terminology for each specialty

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  • 28. 

    Determining whether or not a pathogen is resistant to an antibiotic is the responsibility of which medical laboratory department?

    • A.

      Blood Bank

    • B.

      Clinical Chemistry

    • C.

      Immunology

    • D.

      Microbiology

    Correct Answer
    D. Microbiology
    Explanation
    Explanation: Through various means of testing, the microbiology department determines whether or not a pathogen is resistant to an antibiotic. Difficulty: 1 Easy Topic: The Medical Laboratory Learning Objective: 01.05 Summarize the organization of the medical laboratory. Bloom's: Remember ABHES: 3.c Apply medical terminology for each specialty

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  • 29. 

    While working in the specimen processing area, you are asked to deliver specimens for trace element testing. Where will you deliver these specimens?

    • A.

      Clinical chemistry

    • B.

      Hematology

    • C.

      Immunology

    • D.

      Molecular diagnostics

    Correct Answer
    A. Clinical chemistry
    Explanation
    Explanation: The clinical chemistry section may perform toxicology studies for trace elements such as lead.
    Difficulty: 2 Medium
    Topic: The Medical Laboratory
    Learning Objective: 01.05 Summarize the organization of the medical laboratory.
    Bloom's: Understand
    ABHES: 3.c Apply medical terminology for each specialty; 9.b.3 Chemistry testing

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  • 30. 

    You are to draw sodium citrate evacuated tube for a PT/PTT coagulation test. To which department will you deliver this tube for proper analysis?

    • A.

      Blood bank

    • B.

      Hematology

    • C.

      Immunology

    • D.

      Molecular diagnostics

    Correct Answer
    B. Hematology
    Explanation
    Explanation: The hematology section usually performs coagulation tests. The proper evacuated tube is a sodium citrate light-blue-topped tube. At some laboratories, the chemistry department may be the one performing coagulation tests. Difficulty: 3 Hard Topic: The Medical Laboratory Learning Objective: 01.05 Summarize the organization of the medical laboratory. Bloom's: Apply ABHES: 9.d.1 Perform venipuncture CAAHEP: I.P.2.b Perform: venipuncture

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 25, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 19, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Bima Baje
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