Medicines: Phlebotomy Technician Certification (CPT) Practice Quiz!

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Medicines: Phlebotomy Technician Certification (CPT) Practice Quiz! - Quiz

Most people are terrified of needles to the point others develop needle phobias. A Phlebotomist is expected to be able to make correct incisions on a patient at all times without fail. How ready are you for the exams to be one? Try out this quiz and find out. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is another work for Systolic and Diastolic?

    • A.

      Contraction, Relaxation

    • B.

      Contraction, Restless

    • C.

      Relaxation, Contraction

    • D.

      Relaxation, Corrupt

    Correct Answer
    A. Contraction, Relaxation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Contraction, Relaxation" because systolic refers to the contraction phase of the heart when it pumps blood, while diastolic refers to the relaxation phase of the heart when it fills with blood.

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  • 2. 

    What is Hematology?

    • A.

      Study of urine

    • B.

      Study of diseases

    • C.

      Study of organs

    • D.

      Study of blood

    Correct Answer
    D. Study of blood
    Explanation
    Hematology is the study of blood. It involves the examination of blood cells, blood clotting mechanisms, and blood diseases. Hematologists analyze blood samples to diagnose and monitor various conditions such as anemia, leukemia, and blood clotting disorders. They also study the functions and disorders of the organs involved in blood production and circulation, such as the bone marrow, spleen, and lymph nodes. Understanding hematology is crucial for diagnosing and treating blood-related disorders and ensuring overall health and well-being.

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  • 3. 

    What are Meninges?

    • A.

      The protective wall that covers the heart.

    • B.

      Protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord.

    • C.

      Protective walls that cover the skin.

    • D.

      Protective layers that protect veins, capillaries, and arteries.

    Correct Answer
    B. Protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord." The meninges are a set of three membranes (dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater) that surround and protect the brain and spinal cord. They provide a barrier against infections and physical damage, and also help to cushion and support the central nervous system.

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  • 4. 

    What are Fomites?

    • A.

      Objects that can harbor infectious agents and transmit infections. (e.g., door knobs, glasses, sinks, phlebotomy supplies)

    • B.

      Blood that can harbor infectious diseases and transmit infections. (e.g., blood, bodily fluids)

    • C.

      Diseases that can cause infection and transmit the infection (e.g., HBV, HIV, AIDS)

    • D.

      Skin contact that can cause infection and transmit the infection (e.g., contact with skin, touching, oral)

    Correct Answer
    A. Objects that can harbor infectious agents and transmit infections. (e.g., door knobs, glasses, sinks, phlebotomy supplies)
    Explanation
    Fomites are objects that can harbor infectious agents and transmit infections. This includes items like door knobs, glasses, sinks, and phlebotomy supplies. These objects can become contaminated with pathogens and can then transfer those pathogens to other individuals who come into contact with them. It is important to practice proper hygiene and disinfection protocols to prevent the spread of infections through fomites.

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  • 5. 

    What are the steps to the Chain of Infection?

    • A.

      Source, mode of tranmission, susceptible host.

    • B.

      Mode of transmission, Susceptible host, source.

    • C.

      Source, susceptible host, mode of transmission.

    • D.

      Susceptible host, source, mode of transmission.

    Correct Answer
    A. Source, mode of tranmission, susceptible host.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is source, mode of transmission, susceptible host. This sequence follows the chain of infection model, which explains how infectious diseases are transmitted. The source refers to the origin of the pathogen, such as a person or object. The mode of transmission is the method by which the pathogen is spread, such as through direct contact or through the air. Finally, the susceptible host is the person or organism that can be infected by the pathogen. By understanding and interrupting each step in the chain of infection, the spread of infectious diseases can be prevented.

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  • 6. 

    What is a Nosocomial Infection?

    • A.

      Infections acquired after admission into a health facility. Most common infection is Urinary tract infection.

    • B.

      Infections acquired after treatment from an infection. Most common infection is flu.

    • C.

      Infections acquired before treatment from an infection. Most common infection is HBV.

    • D.

      Infection acquired before admission into a health facility. Most common infection is HIV.

    Correct Answer
    A. Infections acquired after admission into a health facility. Most common infection is Urinary tract infection.
    Explanation
    A nosocomial infection refers to an infection that is acquired after admission into a health facility. The most common type of nosocomial infection is a urinary tract infection.

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  • 7. 

    What are the vectors?

    • A.

      Termites, and bacteria.

    • B.

      Bugs, and rodents.

    • C.

      Fevers of unknown origin (FOU).

    • D.

      Infectious diseases, and viruses.

    Correct Answer
    B. Bugs, and rodents.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is bugs and rodents. Bugs and rodents are commonly referred to as vectors because they can transmit diseases to humans and animals. Bugs, such as mosquitoes and ticks, can carry and spread diseases like malaria, Lyme disease, and Zika virus. Rodents, such as rats and mice, can carry diseases like hantavirus and leptospirosis. These vectors play a significant role in the spread of infectious diseases and pose a threat to public health.

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  • 8. 

    Human skin is always covered with?

    • A.

      Dead cells

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Algae

    • D.

      Hair

    Correct Answer
    B. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Human skin is always covered with bacteria. The human skin is home to a diverse community of microorganisms, including bacteria. These bacteria are part of the normal flora of the skin and play a crucial role in maintaining skin health. They help protect the skin from harmful pathogens, regulate the skin's pH balance, and contribute to the overall immune function of the body. Therefore, it is natural for the human skin to be covered with bacteria.

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  • 9. 

    Blood is the most common source of the spread of...

    • A.

      Anthrax, Bacterial Vaginosis, Bird Flu (Avian Flu, Avian Influenza).

    • B.

      AIDS, Syphilis, and Gonorrhea.

    • C.

      HBV, HCB, and HIV.

    • D.

      Chronic Bronchitis, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), and Common Cold.

    Correct Answer
    C. HBV, HCB, and HIV.
    Explanation
    Blood is the most common source of the spread of HBV, HCB, and HIV. These three diseases are bloodborne pathogens, meaning they can be transmitted through contact with infected blood. HBV (Hepatitis B virus), HCV (Hepatitis C virus), and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can all be transmitted through activities such as sharing needles, receiving contaminated blood transfusions, or having unprotected sex with an infected individual. Therefore, it is important to practice safe behaviors and take precautions to prevent the spread of these diseases.

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  • 10. 

    What is Contamination?

    • A.

      The process by which an area or object becomes unclean or dirty.

    • B.

      The process by which a person skin becomes unclean or dirty.

    • C.

      When a patient becomes unclean or dirty.

    • D.

      The process by which a healthcare worker becomes unclean or dirty.

    Correct Answer
    A. The process by which an area or object becomes unclean or dirty.
    Explanation
    Contamination refers to the process through which an area or object becomes unclean or dirty. It does not specifically pertain to a person's skin or a patient, but rather focuses on the cleanliness of an area or object. This can occur through the introduction of harmful substances, germs, or pollutants, which can pose risks to health and safety.

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  • 11. 

    What are Antiseptics?

    • A.

      Chemicals used to clean human skin by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms (e.g., 70% isopropyl alcohol, iodine, chlorhexidine, chlorine, hexachlorophene, chloroxylenol, quaternary ammonium compounds, and triclosan)

    • B.

      Chemicals used only on infants to decontaminate areas of the skin (e.g., water)

    • C.

      Chemicals used to make the skin dry and make venipunctures more safe (e.g., hand sanitizer)

    • D.

      Chemicals used to make the vein easier to palpate and select (e.g., heel warmer)

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemicals used to clean human skin by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms (e.g., 70% isopropyl alcohol, iodine, chlorhexidine, chlorine, hexachlorophene, chloroxylenol, quaternary ammonium compounds, and triclosan)
    Explanation
    Antiseptics are chemicals that are used to clean human skin by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. They are effective in killing or preventing the growth of bacteria, viruses, and other harmful pathogens. Common antiseptics include 70% isopropyl alcohol, iodine, chlorhexidine, chlorine, hexachlorophene, chloroxylenol, quaternary ammonium compounds, and triclosan. These chemicals help to reduce the risk of infection and promote cleanliness and hygiene.

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  • 12. 

    What are disinfectants?

    • A.

      Chemical compounds used on human skin to remove or kill pathogenic microorganisms; typically used on patients before venipuncture.

    • B.

      Chemical compounds used on infants to remove or kill pathogenic mircroorganisms; typically infants and todlers.

    • C.

      Chemical compounds used to remove or kill pathogenic microorganisms; typically used in medical instruments or countertops.

    • D.

      Chemical compounds used to romove or kill radioactive waste; typically used on radioactive sites.

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemical compounds used to remove or kill pathogenic microorganisms; typically used in medical instruments or countertops.
    Explanation
    Disinfectants are chemical compounds that are used to remove or kill pathogenic microorganisms. They are typically used in medical instruments or countertops to ensure that they are free from harmful bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Disinfectants are not used on human skin or infants, as mentioned in the other options. Additionally, they are not used to remove or kill radioactive waste, as stated in the last option.

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  • 13. 

    How long should a phlebotomist wash their hands for?

    • A.

      5-10 minutes

    • B.

      1-2 minutes

    • C.

      3-5 minutes

    • D.

      60 seconds

    Correct Answer
    B. 1-2 minutes
    Explanation
    Phlebotomists should wash their hands for 1-2 minutes. This duration allows for thorough cleaning of hands, ensuring the removal of any potential pathogens or contaminants. Washing hands for less than a minute may not effectively eliminate all harmful microorganisms, while washing for longer than 2 minutes may lead to skin dryness or irritation. Therefore, 1-2 minutes is the recommended time for phlebotomists to wash their hands to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 14. 

    What are Universal Precautions also called Standard Precautions?

    • A.

      To treat all specimens and patients as if they are hazerdous and infectious, also known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, HCV, or other bloodborne pathogens.

    • B.

      To treat all phlebotomist as if they were hazardous and infectious to patients.

    • C.

      To treat all specimens and patients as if they were exposed to radioactive waste or material, also known to be exposed for fevers of unknown origins.

    • D.

      To treat all healthcare facilities as if they were hazardous and infectious.

    Correct Answer
    A. To treat all specimens and patients as if they are hazerdous and infectious, also known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, HCV, or other bloodborne pathogens.
    Explanation
    Universal Precautions, also known as Standard Precautions, refer to the practice of treating all specimens and patients as if they are hazardous and infectious, particularly for HIV, HBV, HCV, or other bloodborne pathogens. This approach ensures the safety of healthcare workers by assuming that all individuals may potentially transmit infectious diseases. By following Universal Precautions, healthcare professionals can minimize the risk of exposure and transmission of pathogens, protecting both themselves and their patients.

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  • 15. 

    What plane is this?

    • A.

      Transverse (horizontal) plane.

    • B.

      Sagital (median) plane.

    • C.

      Coronal (frontal) plane.

    • D.

      Posterior (Vertical) plane.

    Correct Answer
    B. Sagital (median) plane.
    Explanation
    The given answer, Sagittal (median) plane, is correct because the plane divides the body into left and right halves, passing through the midline of the body. This plane is also known as the median plane. The other options mentioned, such as the transverse plane, coronal plane, and posterior plane, do not accurately describe the plane in question.

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  • 16. 

    What plane is this?

    • A.

      Coronal (frontal) plane.

    • B.

      Posterior (Vertical) plane.

    • C.

      Sagital (median) plane.

    • D.

      Transverse (horizontal) plane.

    Correct Answer
    A. Coronal (frontal) plane.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is the coronal (frontal) plane. The coronal plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections. It is a vertical plane that runs from side to side, separating the front (anterior) from the back (posterior). This plane is commonly used in medical imaging to view structures from a front and back perspective.

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  • 17. 

    What plane is this?

    • A.

      Sagital (median) plane.

    • B.

      Coronal (frontal) plane.

    • C.

      Posterior (Vertical) plane.

    • D.

      Transverse (horizontal) plane.

    Correct Answer
    D. Transverse (horizontal) plane.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the transverse (horizontal) plane. This plane divides the body into superior and inferior parts, or upper and lower parts. It is perpendicular to both the sagittal and coronal planes, and it is often used to visualize cross-sectional images of body structures.

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