Ped's Test 1 Material Quiz

51 Questions | Total Attempts: 166

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Material Quizzes & Trivia

I am not a professional quiz maker, all questions are from other sources and are referenced in the explanation/rationale after each question. . .


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
      Which of the following foods should be introduced into the infant's diet first?
    • A. 

      Strained yellow vegetables

    • B. 

      Iron-fortified cereals

    • C. 

      Pureed fruits

    • D. 

      Whole milk

  • 2. 
    Which of the following play activities is expected for a preschooler?
    • A. 

      Playing on a soccer team

    • B. 

      Reading a book quietly

    • C. 

      Playing the violin

    • D. 

      Finger Painting

  • 3. 
    Which of the following activities demonstrates that a school-age child is working toward a healthy achievement of Erikson's developmental task of industry??
    • A. 

      The child brings home completed school work to show parents.

    • B. 

      The child prefers to watch cartoons on TV rather than practicing the piano.

    • C. 

      The child depends on older siblings to tell him what to wear to school.

    • D. 

      The child refuses to play by the rules of a board game.

  • 4. 
    When asked about spanking as a disciplinary technique, the nurse should respond:
    • A. 

      "It really depends on the child's age"

    • B. 

      "It is strongly suggestive of negative role modeling".

    • C. 

      "This may be the only option when no other technique works."

    • D. 

      "Research studies have shown it to be an ineffective disciplinary technique".

  • 5. 
    Toddlers should not be allowed to eat sandwiches.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The _______ is the one group that should be constant in a child's life. 
  • 7. 
    The parent of a 2 year old toddler tells the nurse that she is frustrated with her child's behaviors.  The child throws temper tantrums and says "no"" every time she tries to help her.  Although the parent knows toddlers do this, she cannot understand why.  The nurse explains that toddlers are often negative, which is the normal expression of their desire to:
    • A. 

      Increase their independence

    • B. 

      Develop their sense of trust

    • C. 

      Gratify their oral fixation

    • D. 

      Finish a project they set out to do

  • 8. 
    The nurse manager of a home health care agency is teaching a group of nursing assistants about pica.  The nurse explains why this practice is more common among:
    • A. 

      Toddlers

    • B. 

      Older Adults

    • C. 

      Preschoolers

    • D. 

      Pregnant women

  • 9. 
    Piaget's developmental theory type is psychosocial.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Magical thinking can be the cause of preschooler's feelings of guilt.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Health promotion for adolescents should include screening for Scoliosis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Fruit juices should be limited to 4 to 6 oz per day for toddlers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Development is cephalocaudal; therefore, before the infant can walk, he/she must develop the skills of sitting and standing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Children are not affected by cultural barriers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Before cleaning an abrasion on a 3 year old, what diversional activity could a nurse use to help decrease the child's anxiety?
    • A. 

      Give the child pain medication as prescribed

    • B. 

      Tell the child what to expect

    • C. 

      Allow the child to pick out a sticker

    • D. 

      Have the child "clean the owie" on her doll

  • 16. 
    Autonomy vs. _________ refers to the stage of development for a  toddler in Erikson's Theory.
  • 17. 
    An 8-month-old infant is brought into the health facility by his parent.  The nurse notes several bruises on the infant's abdomen, legs, and arms.  The infant also has a cut on his scalp, his clothes are dirty, and he has areas of redness and skin breakdown around his buttocks and scrotum.  When assessing this infant for abuse, the nurse should look for which of the following manifestations? choose all that apply
    • A. 

      Normal Growth and Development

    • B. 

      Bruising, welts, and lacerations

    • C. 

      Poor hygiene

    • D. 

      Smiles at care givers

    • E. 

      Fear of strangers

  • 18. 
    Adolescents are likely to take risks because...
    • A. 

      They are incapable of thinking at an adult level.

    • B. 

      They see themselves as invincible to bad outcomes.

    • C. 

      They have a short attention span.

    • D. 

      They have no respect for the rules.

  • 19. 
    A toddler's anterior fontanel closes by age 18 months.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    A parent of a 17-month old toddler is frustrated with the toddler's behavior.  The parent tells the nurse that the child is "bad" but doesn't know how to make the toddler behave better.  Which of the following responses should the nurse make to this parent?
    • A. 

      "Allow your child to learn by trial and error".

    • B. 

      "Consistently enforce well-defined limits, such as no climbing on the counters".

    • C. 

      "Reward your child's good behavior, but ignore the bad behaviors".

    • D. 

      "Punish your child when he behaves badly".

  • 21. 
    A nurse is providing nutritional teaching to a group of parents whose children attend a local day care.  Which of the following is the most effective way to encourage good nutritional habits for preschool children?
    • A. 

      Offer snacks if the child does not like what is served.

    • B. 

      Serve nutritious foods that all family members will eat.

    • C. 

      Allow the child to eat only what she asks for.

    • D. 

      Insist that the child eat all of the food that is served to her.

  • 22. 
    A mother of a 2-month old infant asks a nurse when she should introduce solid foods into her infant's diet.  Which of the following responses by the nurse is most appropriate regarding the mother's question?
    • A. 

      "Infants should only be given breast milk until they are 1 year old".

    • B. 

      "You may feed your baby rice cereal at 6 months".

    • C. 

      "You may feed your baby cereal now if he seems to be hungry after he eats".

    • D. 

      "Infants can be given yellow vegetables when they are 4 months old".

  • 23. 
    A 5 year old child with autism lives with her mother, two brothers, and grandmother. Which of the following describes this family's composition?
    • A. 

      Nuclear

    • B. 

      Blended

    • C. 

      Extended

    • D. 

      Same sex

  • 24. 
    A 5 year old child is hospitalized and is in skeletal traction for a fractured femur.  Which of the following is the most appropriate diversional activity for this child?
    • A. 

      Putting together a jigsaw puzzle

    • B. 

      Playing with puppets

    • C. 

      Watching TV

    • D. 

      Stacking blocks to build towers

  • 25. 
    A 13 month old toddler is being discharged from the hospital.  Which of the following potential health risks should be addressed with the parents??  Choose all that apply.
    • A. 

      Cholesterol screening

    • B. 

      Poisoning

    • C. 

      Peer pressure

    • D. 

      Burns

    • E. 

      When to leave the child home alone

    • F. 

      Falls