DNA, Cell Cycle, Mitosis, And Meiosis Review

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 156

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DNA, Cell Cycle, Mitosis, And Meiosis Review

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The following illustration depicts which stage of mitosis.
    • A. 

      Metaphase

    • B. 

      Telophase

    • C. 

      Prophase

    • D. 

      Anaphase

  • 2. 
    What type of bonds hold the DNA strands together?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen Bonds

    • B. 

      Nitrogen Bonds

    • C. 

      Phosphate Bonds

    • D. 

      Helium Bonds

  • 3. 
    What occurs in the S Phase of the Cell Cycle?
    • A. 

      DNA Replication

    • B. 

      DNA Transcription

    • C. 

      DNA Translation

    • D. 

      Growth and Development

  • 4. 
    During meiosis the process of _______________ occurs, which causes genetic variation.
    • A. 

      Crossing Over

    • B. 

      Over Crossing

    • C. 

      Over Pass

    • D. 

      Under Crossin

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not part of interphase, which is the longest phase of the cell cycle?
    • A. 

      G0

    • B. 

      G2 G2

    • C. 

      G1

    • D. 

      S-Phase

  • 6. 
    Which process produces gametic (sex) cells?
    • A. 

      Meiosis

    • B. 

      Mitosis

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 7. 
    Which process produces somatic (body/diploid) cells?
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 8. 
    Which process produces diploid cells (2n)?
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 9. 
    Which process produces haploid cells (n)?
    • A. 

      Meiosis

    • B. 

      Mitosis

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 10. 
    Mitosis produces identical diploid daughter cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Meiosis produces 4 genetically different haploid (gametic) cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Spindle fibers are responsible for chromosomes separating during cell division. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    After DNA Replication the newly synthesized strands are composed of---
    • A. 

      One original strand and one new strand

    • B. 

      Two new strands

    • C. 

      Two old strands

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 14. 
    DNA is composed of--
    • A. 

      Repeating units of nucleotides

    • B. 

      Repeating units of saccharides

    • C. 

      Repeating units of amino acids

    • D. 

      Repeating units of fatty acids

  • 15. 
    Which biomolecule is made of subunits that contain a phosphate, sugar, and nitrogen base?
    • A. 

      Nucleic Acid

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Lipids

  • 16. 
    Why would plant cell mitosis differ from a human cell mitosis?
    • A. 

      The formation of a cell plate (wall)

    • B. 

      The formation of the cytoplasm.

    • C. 

      The formation of a prokaryote

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 17. 
    In meiosis, homologous chromosomes separate in order to form 4 haploid  gametic (sex) cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    What is our diploid and haploid number (respectively)?
    • A. 

      46 and 23

    • B. 

      23 and 46

    • C. 

      24 and 48

    • D. 

      48 and 24

  • 19. 
    Crossing over occurs in mitosis and provides genetic variation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Which of the following has the steps of mitosis in the correct order?
    • A. 

      Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase

    • B. 

      Telophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Prophase

    • C. 

      Metaphase, Prophase, Anaphase, Cytokynesis

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 21. 
    Which one of the following is not a step of mitosis?
    • A. 

      Cytokinesis

    • B. 

      Prophase

    • C. 

      Metaphase

    • D. 

      Anaphase

  • 22. 
    Cell division in a prokaryote is known as sexual reproduction.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    If all living organisms share the same four nitrogen basis (GCAT), then what makes them different?
    • A. 

      The sequence of the DNA Nucleotides

    • B. 

      The sequence of the sugars

    • C. 

      The sequence of the lipids

    • D. 

      The amount of hydrogen bonds

  • 24. 
    Before DNA replication it has to unzip then unwind with the help of enzymes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    What is the name of the enzyme the unzips DNA?
    • A. 

      DNA Helicase

    • B. 

      DNA Polymerase

    • C. 

      Amylase

    • D. 

      Lactase

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