Animal And Plant Cell Quiz

Reviewed by Stephen Reinbold
Stephen Reinbold, PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
Review Board Member
Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
, PhD, Biological Sciences
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Animal And Plant Cell Quiz - Quiz

Embark on an educational adventure with our "Animal and Plant Cell Quiz"! Explore the fascinating microscopic worlds of cells, where the building blocks of life come to life. You must have read about animal and plant cells in your biology textbook. You can test how well you still remember them through this quiz? The cell of a human or plant is the smallest functional and structural unit of life. Everyone is taught about cells back in high school. Now you are expected to take up this quiz and check your knowledge for the same.

This quiz is designed to test Read moreyour knowledge of the similarities and differences between animal and plant cells, two fundamental components of the biological landscape. Get ready to challenge your understanding of cellular biology, reinforce your knowledge, and perhaps learn something new along the way. Whether you're aiming for a perfect score or just seeking to expand your scientific horizons, the "Animal and Plant Cell Quiz" promises an engaging and enlightening experience. Could you give it a go and try not to cheat? Good luck!


Animal and Plant Cell Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Mitochondria is known as:

    • A.

      Wall of cell

    • B.

      Brain of cell

    • C.

      Protein of cell

    • D.

      Powerhouse of the cell

    Correct Answer
    D. Powerhouse of the cell
    Explanation
    Mitochondria is commonly referred to as the powerhouse of the cell because it is responsible for generating most of the cell's energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) through the process of cellular respiration. This organelle contains enzymes that facilitate the production of ATP, which is essential for various cellular activities and metabolic processes. The term "powerhouse" emphasizes the vital role of mitochondria in providing energy to support the cell's functions.

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  • 2. 

    Single cell organisms are known as unicellular organisms. True or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Single cell organisms are indeed known as unicellular organisms. This means that they are made up of only one cell, as opposed to multicellular organisms which are made up of multiple cells. Therefore, the statement "Single cell organisms are known as unicellular organisms" is true.

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  • 3. 

    What controls most of the cell processes and contains the genetic information of DNA?

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Chloroplast

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Nucleolus

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus controls most of the cell processes and contains the genetic information of DNA. It acts as the command center of the cell, regulating the activities of the cell and storing the genetic material that determines the characteristics and functions of the organism. The nucleus is surrounded by a nuclear membrane, which helps in protecting and organizing the DNA. It also contains a nucleolus, which is responsible for the production of ribosomes.

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  • 4. 

    What is the Cell membrane?

    • A.

      A thin, flexible barrier around the cell that regulates transport.

    • B.

      A rigid cover that provides support for the cell.

    • C.

      The place where light energy, water, and carbon dioxide are used.

    • D.

      Converts solar energy to chemical energy.

    Correct Answer
    A. A thin, flexible barrier around the cell that regulates transport.
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is a thin, flexible barrier that surrounds the cell and serves as a protective layer. It regulates the transport of molecules in and out of the cell, controlling the movement of substances such as nutrients, waste products, and ions. This selective permeability allows the cell to maintain its internal environment and carry out essential functions.

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  • 5. 

    What is the primary function of the Cell Wall?

    • A.

      To protect and provide support for the cell

    • B.

      Builds proteins

    • C.

      Convert solar energy to chemical energy

    • D.

      Takes in carbon dioxide

    Correct Answer
    A. To protect and provide support for the cell
    Explanation
    The primary function of the cell wall is to protect and provide support for the cell. The cell wall is a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane in plant cells, fungi, and some bacteria. It provides structural support and protection against mechanical stress, as well as preventing the cell from bursting due to osmotic pressure. Additionally, the cell wall helps maintain the shape of the cell and provides a barrier against pathogens and other harmful substances.

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  • 6. 

    What regulates what enters and leaves the cell and provides protection and support?

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Ribosomes

    • C.

      Cell Wall

    • D.

      Cell Membrane

    Correct Answer
    D. Cell Membrane
    Explanation
    The cell membrane regulates what enters and leaves the cell through its selectively permeable nature. It acts as a barrier, allowing only certain substances to pass in and out of the cell, while preventing others from entering. This control of molecular movement is essential for maintaining the cell's internal environment and ensuring its proper functioning. Additionally, the cell membrane provides protection by enclosing the cell and providing structural support to maintain its shape.

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  • 7. 

    Which organelle would you expect to find in a plant cell but not an animal cell?

    • A.

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Ribosome

    • D.

      Chloroplast

    Correct Answer
    D. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are the organelles responsible for photosynthesis in plant cells. They contain chlorophyll, which captures light energy and converts it into chemical energy to produce glucose. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts because they obtain energy through other means, such as consuming other organisms. Therefore, chloroplasts are unique to plant cells and not found in animal cells.

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  • 8. 

    What part of the cell is identified with the arrow?

    • A.

      The nucleus

    • B.

      The ribosome

    • C.

      The vacuole

    • D.

      The chloroplast

    Correct Answer
    A. The nucleus
    Explanation
    The arrow is pointing to the nucleus. The nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle found in eukaryotic cells. It contains the cell's genetic material in the form of DNA and is responsible for controlling the cell's activities, including gene expression and cell division.

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  • 9. 

    Which organelles helps provide the cell with energy and release energy?

    • A.

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • B.

      Golgi apparatus and ribosomes

    • C.

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts

    • D.

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitochondria and chloroplasts
    Explanation
    Mitochondria and chloroplasts are organelles that help provide the cell with energy and release energy. Mitochondria are responsible for cellular respiration, where they convert nutrients into ATP, the cell's main energy source. Chloroplasts, found in plant cells, are responsible for photosynthesis, where they convert sunlight into chemical energy in the form of glucose. Both processes are essential for the cell's energy production and metabolism.

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  • 10. 

    Which part of the plant cell is the chloroplast?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    The chloroplast is located in part 4 of the plant cell. The chloroplast is an organelle that is responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. It contains chlorophyll, a green pigment that captures sunlight and uses it to produce glucose, a form of sugar that the plant can use for energy. The chloroplast is typically found in the mesophyll cells of plant leaves, where it can receive the most sunlight.

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  • 11. 

    Vacuoles are generally small in animal cells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because vacuoles in animal cells are generally smaller compared to those in plant cells. Vacuoles in plant cells are large and play a crucial role in maintaining turgidity and storing water, nutrients, and waste materials. In contrast, animal cells have smaller vacuoles that primarily function in storing and transporting molecules. Additionally, animal cells may have multiple small vacuoles instead of one large central vacuole like in plant cells.

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  • 12. 

    Cell wall is present in both plant and animal cell.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because cell walls are only present in plant cells, not animal cells. The cell wall is a rigid structure that provides support and protection to plant cells, while animal cells do not have a cell wall. Instead, animal cells have a flexible cell membrane that surrounds and protects the cell.

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  • 13. 

    Which cell part is not present in a plant cell but is found in an animal cell?

    • A.

      Centrosome 

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Vacuoles

    Correct Answer
    A. Centrosome 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is centrosome. The centrosome is a cell part that is found in animal cells but not in plant cells. It plays a crucial role in cell division by organizing the microtubules that form the spindle fibers. Plant cells do not have centrosomes, but they have other structures such as a cell wall and chloroplasts that are not present in animal cells.

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  • 14. 

    Which cell organelle is known as the protein factory of the cell?

    • A.

      Lysosome

    • B.

      Ribosome

    • C.

      Golgi apparatus

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Ribosome
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are known as the protein factories of the cell because they are responsible for protein synthesis. They are composed of RNA and proteins and can be found either floating freely in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes read the genetic information encoded in messenger RNA (mRNA) and use it to assemble amino acids into proteins. This process is crucial for the growth, repair, and functioning of cells, making ribosomes essential for protein production in the cell.

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  • 15. 

    Where are mitochondria located?

    • A.

      Cytoplasm

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Out of the cell

    • D.

      Inside the cell wall

    Correct Answer
    A. Cytoplasm
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are located in the cytoplasm. They are membrane-bound organelles found in the cells of eukaryotic organisms. The cytoplasm refers to the gel-like substance that fills the cell and surrounds the organelles. Mitochondria play a crucial role in energy production through cellular respiration, generating ATP molecules that power various cellular processes. Their location within the cytoplasm allows for efficient communication and exchange of molecules with other organelles and cellular components.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD, Biological Sciences |
Biology Expert
Stephen Reinbold has a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
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