Year 9 Plant And Animal Cells

Reviewed by Stephen Reinbold
Stephen Reinbold, PhD (Biological Sciences) |
Biology
Review Board Member
Stephen Reinbold has a PhD in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
, PhD (Biological Sciences)
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Year 9 Plant And Animal Cells - Quiz

A quiz to check that students have understood the differences between plant and animal cells


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Cells have parts (called organelles). Which of the following organelles (parts) are found ONLY in PLANT CELLS?

    • A.

      The nucleus

    • B.

      Chloroplasts

    • C.

      The cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    B. Chloroplasts
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are found only in plant cells and are responsible for photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. They contain chlorophyll, a pigment that gives plants their green color and is essential for capturing light energy. The nucleus and cell membrane, on the other hand, are found in both plant and animal cells. The nucleus is the control center of the cell, containing the genetic material, while the cell membrane is a protective barrier that controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell.

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  • 2. 

    There are some organelles (cell parts) that are found in BOTH plant and animal cells. Choose the list that ONLY has organelles that are found in both plant and animal cells.

    • A.

      Nucleus, cell wall, cell membrane

    • B.

      Cell membrane, nucleus, chloroplast

    • C.

      Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm

    • D.

      Large vacuole, cell wall, chloroplasts

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
    Explanation
    The nucleus is found in both plant and animal cells and is responsible for controlling the cell's activities. The cell membrane is also found in both plant and animal cells and acts as a barrier, controlling the movement of substances in and out of the cell. The cytoplasm is a gel-like substance found inside the cell that contains various organelles and is also present in both plant and animal cells. Therefore, the list that ONLY has organelles found in both plant and animal cells is nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm.

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  • 3. 

    A plant cell can contain one large vacuole (which stores water and substances). Can animal cells have vacuoles?

    • A.

      No, only plants have them

    • B.

      Yes, animal cells only ever have one vacuole and it is very big

    • C.

      Yes, but animal cells can contain many small vacuoles instead of one big one

    Correct Answer
    C. Yes, but animal cells can contain many small vacuoles instead of one big one
    Explanation
    Animal cells can indeed have vacuoles, but they typically contain many small vacuoles instead of one large vacuole like plant cells. These small vacuoles in animal cells serve various functions such as storage of waste products, ions, and water. They are also involved in maintaining the cell's shape and providing structural support. Therefore, while the presence of vacuoles is more prominent in plant cells, animal cells can still have vacuoles, albeit in a different form.

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  • 4. 

    Only plant cells have a cell ______. This is found on the very outside of the plant cell and helps to keep the shape of the plant cell. Animal cells never have these.

    Correct Answer
    wall
    Explanation
    Plant cells have a cell wall, which is found on the very outside of the cell. The cell wall helps to maintain the shape of the plant cell and provides structural support. Animal cells, on the other hand, do not have a cell wall. Instead, they have a flexible cell membrane that allows for movement and flexibility.

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  • 5. 

    Which part of a plant cell contains the chlorophyll that is involved in photosynthesis (plants making food)?

    • A.

      Chloroplates

    • B.

      Chloroplasts

    • C.

      Cloroplasts

    Correct Answer
    B. Chloroplasts
    Explanation
    Chloroplasts are the correct answer because they are the part of a plant cell that contains chlorophyll, which is necessary for photosynthesis. Chloroplasts are responsible for capturing sunlight and converting it into energy for the plant to produce food. Without chloroplasts, plants would not be able to carry out photosynthesis and produce their own food.

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  • 6. 

    Once a plant cell has made some glucose (sugar) during photosynthesis, it can then be stored as _________.

    • A.

      Fat

    • B.

      Sugar

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Starch

    Correct Answer
    D. Starch
    Explanation
    After a plant cell produces glucose through photosynthesis, it can store it as starch. Starch is a complex carbohydrate that plants use to store energy. It is made up of many glucose molecules linked together in a chain-like structure. Starch is an ideal storage form for glucose because it is insoluble in water and can be easily broken down when the plant needs energy. Storing glucose as starch allows the plant to have a readily available energy source for growth, reproduction, and other metabolic processes.

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  • 7. 

    Which list below contains ONLY organelles that are never found in animal cells (only in plant cells)?

    • A.

      Chloroplasts. cell wall, large vacuole

    • B.

      Cilia (hairs), chloroplasts, cell wall

    • C.

      Nucleus, cell wall, cytoplasm

    • D.

      Flagellum (tail), cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroplasts. cell wall, large vacuole
    Explanation
    The correct answer is chloroplasts, cell wall, large vacuole. Chloroplasts are unique to plant cells and are responsible for photosynthesis. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts. Cell walls are also exclusive to plant cells and provide support and protection. Large vacuoles are found in plant cells and are used for storage and maintaining turgor pressure. Cilia, flagellum, nucleus, and cytoplasm are present in both animal and plant cells.

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  • 8. 

    Which organelles (cell parts) are not found in plant cells (only in animal cells)?

    • A.

      A tail (flagellum) or hairs (cilia) to allow the cell to move

    • B.

      A cell wall to keep the cells shape

    • C.

      An eyelet to allow the cell to see

    Correct Answer
    A. A tail (flagellum) or hairs (cilia) to allow the cell to move
    Explanation
    Plant cells do not have a tail (flagellum) or hairs (cilia) to allow the cell to move. Plant cells have a rigid cell wall to maintain their shape and provide structural support. They do not possess any structures that allow them to move like animal cells do. Additionally, plant cells do not have an eyelet or any specialized structure for vision as they do not have the ability to see.

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  • 9. 

    What do we call an animal or plant that is only made up of one single cell?

    • A.

      Onicellular

    • B.

      Singucellular

    • C.

      Unicellular

    Correct Answer
    C. Unicellular
    Explanation
    An animal or plant that is only made up of one single cell is called unicellular. This means that the entire organism, including all its functions and structures, is contained within a single cell. This is in contrast to multicellular organisms, which are made up of multiple cells that work together to form tissues, organs, and systems. Unicellular organisms are found in various forms, such as bacteria and protozoa, and they are capable of carrying out all necessary life processes within their single cell.

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  • 10. 

    Which list below contains only organisms that have cell walls on their cells?

    • A.

      Green-lipped mussel, kiwifruit, chicken

    • B.

      Cabbage tree, algae, pea

    • C.

      Paramecium, human, rabbit

    Correct Answer
    B. Cabbage tree, algae, pea
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cabbage tree, algae, pea. All of these organisms have cell walls on their cells. Cabbage tree is a type of plant that has a cell wall made of cellulose. Algae also have cell walls made of cellulose or other materials. Peas are plants as well and have cell walls made of cellulose.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD (Biological Sciences) |
Biology
Stephen Reinbold has a PhD in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.

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  • Feb 08, 2024
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    Hrobinson
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